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YY 0599-2015 English PDF (YY0599-2015)

YY 0599-2015 English PDF (YY0599-2015)

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YY 0599-2015: Therapeutic laser equipment. Excimer laser cornea ametropia cure system

This document specifies the terms and definitions, structure and basic parameters, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging, transportation, storage for excimer laser cornea ametropia cure system. This Standard applies to excimer laser cornea ametropia cure system (hereinafter referred to as the cure machine). The cure machine uses a 193nm excimer laser to remove corneal tissue to change the shape of the cornea to improve vision. It is mainly used for refractive keratectomy (PRK), in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and other corneal refractive correction and therapeutic keratectomy (PTK).
YY 0599-2015
YY
PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 11.040.60
C 41
Replacing YY 0599-2007
Therapeutic laser equipment - Excimer laser cornea
ametropia cure system
ISSUED ON: MARCH 02, 2015
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2017
Issued by: China Food and Drug Administration.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Product composition and basic parameters ... 7
5 Requirements ... 8
6 Test methods ... 12
7 Inspection rules ... 18
8 Marks, labels, user?€?s manual ... 19
9 Packaging, transportation, storage ... 20
Therapeutic laser equipment - Excimer laser cornea
ametropia cure system
1 Scope
This document specifies the terms and definitions, structure and basic parameters, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging, transportation, storage for excimer laser cornea ametropia cure system.
This Standard applies to excimer laser cornea ametropia cure system (hereinafter referred to as the cure machine). The cure machine uses a 193nm excimer laser to remove corneal tissue to change the shape of the cornea to improve vision. It is mainly used for refractive keratectomy (PRK), in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and other corneal refractive correction and therapeutic keratectomy (PTK).
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. GB/T 191, Packaging and storage marks
GB 7247.1, Safety of laser products - Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements
GB 9706.1, Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance
GB 9706.20, Medical electrical equipment - Part 2: Particular requirements for the safety of diagnostic and therapeutic laser equipment
GB 11239.1-2005, Operation microscopes - Part 1: Requirements and test methods GB/T 14710, Environmental requirement and test methods for medical electrical equipment
GB/T 17736, Testing method of main parameters for laser protective eyewear YY 91057-1999, General specifications for medical foot switch
ISO 10936-2, Optics and photonics - Operation microscopes - Part 2: Light hazard from operation microscopes used in ocular surgery
ISO 15004-2, Ophthalmic instruments - Fundamental requirements and test methods - Part 2: Light hazard protection
ANSI Z80.11-2007, Ophthalmics - Laser System for Corneal Reshsping
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 small spots scan
Use computer program to control the laser spot usually not larger than 2mm. Scan and cut out the required diopter on the cornea. It is a mode of excimer laser ablation of the cornea.
3.2 slit light spots scan
Use computer program to control the laser slit spot with a maximum size of 5mm??10mm. Scan and cut out the required diopter on the cornea. It is a mode of excimer laser ablation of the cornea.
3.3 complicated spots scan
Use computer program to control laser circular variable spot with diameter of 0.65mm~6.5mm usually, as well as laser cylinder slit variable spot with width of 0.65mm~6.5mm. Scan and cut out the required diopter on the cornea. It is a mode of excimer laser ablation of the cornea.
3.4 optical zone
The area of the cornea that receives the full expected refractive treatment. NOTE: The treatment area is the sum of the optical zone plus the transition zone. It is the entire corneal area involved in laser treatment. The transition zone is outside the optical zone, but within the treatment area.
3.5 alignment
Position the treatment laser beam to the desired 3D position for treatment. 3.6 fluence
The ratio of the energy of a single pulse of an excimer laser beam acting on the cornea and its area of action.
3.7 UV hazard effective exposure; Heff
The cure machine shall be able to work normally under the following conditions at least: - Ambient temperature: +18???~+24???;
- Relative humidity is not more than 50%;
- Atmospheric pressure: 860hPa~1060hPa;
- Power supply: AC 220V, 50Hz;
- No strong electromagnetic field interference around;
- No obvious vibration and disturbance of airflow around.
5.2 Treatment laser
5.2.1 Laser wavelength
193nm. The tolerance is ??5nm.
5.2.2 Laser mode
Basic mode or multimode.
5.2.3 Laser terminal output energy
The manufacturer shall specify the nominal value of the terminal output energy. If the output energy can be set, the setting range shall be given. The tolerance of nominal value or setting range shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.4 Fluence of laser treatment face
The manufacturer shall specify the nominal value of the fluence of the treatment surface. If the fluence can be set, the setting range shall be given. The tolerance of nominal value or setting range shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.5 Laser pulse width
The manufacturer shall specify the nominal value of the terminal laser pulse width. If the pulse width can be set, the setting range shall be given. The tolerance of nominal value or setting range shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.6 Laser repetition frequency
The manufacturer shall specify the nominal value of the terminal laser repetition frequency. If the repetition frequency can be set, the setting range shall be given. The tolerance of nominal value or setting range shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.7 Terminal divergence angle
The manufacturer shall specify the laser termination divergence angle (X and Y) and its tolerance or range. The tolerance shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.8 Spot size of laser treatment surface
The manufacturer shall specify the spot size of the laser terminal output (the treatment surface) and its tolerance. The tolerance shall not exceed ??20%.
5.2.9 Laser terminal output energy instability (St)
It shall not exceed ??5%.
5.2.10 Laser terminal output energy reproducibility (Rp)
It shall not exceed ??10%.
5.2.11 Laser beam drift
It shall not be greater than 0.1mm.
5.3 Alignment system
5.3.1 The cure machine shall have an alignment system for the user to observe and align the desired position of the cornea. The alignment system may include microscopes, fixation lamps, aiming or focusing beams, or other suitable measures. The manufacturer shall give the composition of the alignment system.
5.3.2 The deviation of the alignment system shall not exceed ??0.1mm.
5.4 Range of optical zone
The manufacturer shall give the range of the optical zone and its tolerance. The tolerance shall not exceed ??20%.
5.5 Refractive correction range and tolerance
5.5.1 The manufacturer shall specify the range and tolerance of refractive correction. The tolerance shall not exceed those specified in Table 1.
Laser safety goggles shall be equipped and meet the following requirements: a) Indicate the wavelength range and optical density value of the protection; b) The optical density value of the protective wavelength is ???4;
c) The visible light transmittance: ???50%.
5.13 Appearance
5.13.1 Fasteners shall be firmly connected. The function switch and control mechanism shall be installed correctly. Adjustment is reliable.
5.13.2 Appearance shall be neat. Text, symbols and signs are clear. There are no mechanical damage such as corrosion, coating peeling, obvious scratches, breakage and deformation.
5.14 Safety
5.14.1 The cure machine shall meet the requirements of GB 9706.1, GB 9706.20 and GB 7247.1. The illumination light source of the operating microscope shall meet the limits specified in ISO 10936-2. Other lighting sources shall comply with the limits specified in ISO 15004-2.
5.14.2 Photobiological hazard. The manufacturer shall evaluate the photobiological hazard of the cure machine. In the non-therapeutic wavelength range of 200nm to 330nm, the effective exposure dose of UV hazard effective exposure Heff accumulated in a single operation caused by the laser system including the secondary emission shall be lower than 10mJ/cm2.
5.15 Environmental adaptability
The environmental adaptability of the cure machine shall meet the requirements of GB/T 14710. The manufacturer shall give specific test conditions and inspection items. The inspection items shall at least include the output energy of the laser terminal in 5.2.3.
6 Test methods
NOTE: The test methods listed in this chapter are recommended. If the same effect can be obtained, other test methods are allowed.
6.1 Requirements for therapeutic laser test equipment
A measuring instrument with suitable wavelength, measuring range and measuring uncertainty shall be selected.
6.2 Treatment laser
6.2.1 Laser wavelength measurement
Use a laser wavelength meter or spectrometer to measure. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.1.
6.2.2 Laser mode check
Use a laser beam analyzer (multimode may not be checked) to check. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.2.
6.2.3 Measurement of laser terminal energy
Use a laser energy meter that can test 193nm to measure. If the terminal energy can be set, select measurement points at equal intervals within the energy setting range (at least at the upper, lower and median points of the setting range). Measure the laser terminal energy. Measure each measurement point 10 times. Take the average value. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.3.
6.2.4 Measurement of fluence of laser treatment face
Follow the instructions in the user?€?s manual. If the fluence can be set, select measurement points at equal intervals within the setting range (at least at the upper, lower and median points of the setting range). Measure the output energy of the laser terminal according to the method in 6.2.3. Measure each measurement point 10 times. Take the average value. Measure the spot size according to the method in 6.2.8. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.4.
6.2.5 Measurement of laser pulse width
Use a photoelectric probe and oscilloscope to measure. Take the time difference of the half-peak power point of the output waveform. Measure 10 times. Take the average value. If the pulse width can be set, select the measurement points at equal intervals within the setting range (at least at the upper, lower and median points of the setting range). Measure each measurement point 10 times. Take the average value. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.5.
6.2.6 Measurement of laser repetition frequency
Use a photoelectric probe and oscilloscope to measure. Measure 10 times. Take the average value. If the pulse repetition frequency can be set, select the measurement points at equal intervals within the setting range (at least at the upper, lower and median points of the setting range). Measure each measurement point 10 times. Take the average value. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.2.6.
6.2.7 Measurement of divergence angle ??
results shall meet the requirements of 5.3.2.
6.4 Measurement of setting range of optical zone
Follow the user?€?s manual. At the upper, lower and median points of the setting range, place the test board given by the manufacturer on the treatment surface for the test. Measure the size of the cutting area. Minus the size of the transition zone given by the manufacturer. The size of the optical zone shall be obtained. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.4.
6.5 Inspection of refractive correction range and tolerance
6.5.1 Test according to the method specified in B.1 in ANSI Z80.11-2007. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.5.1.
The manufacturer shall specify parameters such as chemical composition and physical dimensions of the test board used. Give the corresponding relationship between the diopter and the vertex depth of the profile of the cutting surface.
Use a focimeter to measure the diopter value of the cutting surface on the test board. Or use a profilometer to measure the profile curve and profile vertex depth of the cutting surface on the test board.
The test shall include at least three points of the upper, lower and median of the diopter range for corrective treatment.
Calculate the diopter deviation of the cutting face or the corresponding profile vertex depth deviation. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.5.1.
6.5.2 Test according to the method specified in 9.2 of ANSI Z80.11-2007. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.5.2.
6.6 Inspection of air supply circuit
6.6.1 Apply the leak detection solution to the connection between the gas cylinder and the pipeline. Observe if there are bubbles. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.6.1.
6.6.2 Use 0.1mg/L standard fluorine gas to test. Or check the calibration certificate of the fluorine alarm provided by the manufacturer. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.6.2.
6.7 Inspection of eyeball tracking system
6.7.1 Through inspection, the results shall meet the requirements of 5.7.1. 6.7.2 The manufacturer shall give the method of checking the frequency, range and tracking accuracy of eyeball tracking in the registered product standard. Check as above. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.7.2.
6.8 Inspection of surgical microscope
Test according to the method specified in GB 11239.1-2005. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.8.
6.9 Inspection of operating bed
Use a universal gauge to measure. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.9. 6.10 Inspection of auxiliary light sources
6.10.1 Use a wavelength meter or spectrometer to measure the wavelength or spectrum of the light source.
6.10.2 Use the methods and instruments specified by the manufacturer to measure the characteristic parameters of the light source.
The results shall meet the requirements of 5.10.
6.11 Inspection of foot switch
Test according to the method specified in YY 91057-1999. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.11.
6.12 Inspection of laser safety goggles
6.12.1 Visually inspect the marks. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.12.1. 6.12.2 Measure the optical density according to the method specified in GB/T 17736. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.12.2.
6.12.3 Measure the visible light transmittance according to the method specified in GB/T 17736. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.12.3.
6.13 Appearance inspection
Hand feel and visually inspect. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.13. 6.14 Safety
6.14.1 Test according to the methods specified in GB 9706.1, GB 9706.20, GB 7247.1, ISO 10936-2, ISO 15004-2. The results shall meet the requirements of 5.14.1. 6.14.2 Measurement of UV hazard effective exposure Heff
According to the method of 5.3 in ANSI Z80.11-2007, use a spectrometer to measure. Use spectral weighting function S(??) for UV hazard analysis as spectral weighting. 8 Marks, labels, user?€?s manual
8.1 Marks
8.1.1 Each cure machine shall have at least the following:
a) Manufacturer's name and/or trademark;
b) Model and name;
c) Power supply;
d) Product registration number;
e) Product serial number;
f) Date of manufacture;
g) Marks specified in GB 9706.1, GB 9706.20 and GB 7247.1.
8.1.2 The outer packing box shall have the following:
a) Manufacturer's name;
b) Factory site;
c) Product name and model;
d) Gross weight, net weight;
e) Volume;
f) Quantity;
g) Date;
h) Product registration number;
i) "Fragile items", "Upward", "Afraid of the sun", "Afraid of rain" and other signs shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 191. The words and signs on the box shall be guaranteed not to be blurred for a long time.
8.2 Labels
The inspection certificate shall contain the following:
a) Manufacturer's name;
b) Product name and specification model;

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