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TB 10101-2009 English PDF (TB10101-2009)

TB 10101-2009 English PDF (TB10101-2009)

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TB 10101-2009: Code for railway engineering survey

This code is formulated in order to unify the technical requirements of railway engineering survey, and to ensure the quality of surveying and mapping achievements comply the requirements of each phase of survey, construction, and operation and maintenance.
TB 10101-2009
P TB 10101-2009
J 961-2009
Code for railway engineering survey
Issued by. Ministry of Railway of PRC
3. No action is required - Full-copy of this standard will be automatically and immediately delivered to your EMAIL address in 0~60 minutes.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 6
1 General provisions ... 8
2 Terms and symbols ... 9
2.1 Terms ... 9
2.2 Symbol ... 11
3 Plane control survey ... 12
3.1 General provisions ... 12
3.2 Satellite positioning survey ... 13
3.3 Traverse survey ... 16
3.4 Triangular network survey ... 23
4 Elevation control survey ... 24
4.1 General provisions ... 24
4.2 Leveling survey ... 25
4.4 Cross-river leveling survey ... 32
5 Route survey ... 37
5.1 General provisions ... 37
5.2 Basic horizontal control network (CP I) surveys ... 38
5.3 Route horizontal control network (CP II) survey ... 39
5.4 Route elevation control survey ... 40
5.5 Preliminary survey control survey ... 40
5.6 Topographic survey ... 41
5.7 Centerline survey ... 46
5.8 Cross-section survey ... 48
5.9 Special investigation survey ... 49
5.10 Construction resurvey ... 50
5.11 Subgrade construction survey ... 52
5.12 Offline work completion survey ... 53
5.13 Track construction survey ... 54
5.14 Route completion survey ... 57
6 Tunnel survey ... 58
6.1 General provisions ... 58
6.2 Control network technology design ... 61
6.3 Tunnel outside GPS survey ... 66
6.4 Tunnel outside traverse survey ... 67
6.5 Tunnel outside elevation survey ... 68
6.6 Tunnel inside traverse survey ... 69
6.7 Tunnel inside elevation survey ... 70
6.8 Construction survey ... 71
6.9 Shaft connection survey ... 73
6.10 Determination and adjustment of breakthrough error ... 76
6.11 Completion survey ... 78
7 Bridge culvert survey ... 80
7.1 General provisions ... 80
7.2 Bridge site control survey ... 82
7.3 Bridge site hydrological survey ... 83
7.4 Bridge culvert site centerline and section survey ... 91
7.5 Bridge site topography mapping ... 93
7.6 Bridge construction plane control survey ... 94
7.7 Bridge construction elevation control survey ... 97
7.8 Bridge construction control network resurvey ... 98
7.9 Construction setting out and completion survey ... 100
8 Structural deformation survey ... 113
8.1 General provisions ... 113
8.2 Deformation monitoring reference network ... 115
8.3 Main methods and technical requirements of deformation monitoring ... 117 8.4 Subgrade deformation survey ... 122
8.5 Bridge deformation survey ... 122
8.6 Tunnel deformation survey ... 126
8.7 Survey results sorting ... 128
Appendix A Control-point buried stone and mark ... 129
Appendix B Photoelectric rangefinder and total station technical requirements ... 137
Appendix C Level (digital level) and level gauge technical requirements .. 140 Appendix D Control-point mark ... 141
Wording descriptions of this code ... 142
This standard is, based on the requirements of the "Notice on issuing the plan of compiling railway construction standards in 2005" (TJSH [2005] No.84) of the Ministry of Railways, revised from the ?€?Code for new railway engineering survey?€? (TB 10101-99). To adapt to the development of the railway construction in China, the code name is changed to ?€?Code for railway engineering survey?€? in
accordance with the requirements of establishing railway engineering
In accordance with the requirements of railway construction and the
development of surveying and mapping technology, this code starts from the requirements of survey, design, construction, operation and maintenance of railway engineering, and is based on the comprehensive summary of practical experience in railway engineering surveying, to assimilate the new technologies and new methods of railway engineering survey in recent years, while deleting some of the content which is not applicable.
This specification is divided into eight chapters, the main contents include. general provisions, terms and symbols, plane control survey, elevation control survey, route survey, tunnel survey, bridge culvert survey, and structural deformation survey, and another four appendixes.
The main content of this revision is as follows.
1. EMPHASIZE the importance of control surveying in railway engineering survey, ADD two chapters (plane control survey and elevation control
survey), INCLUDE the main technical standards and requirements for
control surveying of route, bridge, and tunnel into the chapters of plane and elevation control survey.
2. REFLECT the survey concept of ?€?three networks combined into one?€? of
railway engineering survey.
The plane and elevation control network for railway engineering survey is divided into survey control network, construction control network, and
operation and maintenance control network in accordance with the survey phase, the survey purpose and function. In order to ensure that the survey results of the control network meet the requirements of three phases
(railway engineering survey, construction, and operation and
maintenance), and to meet the needs of railway construction and
operation and management, the plane and elevation control survey of the three phases must adopt a uniform scale and calculation baseline, namely ?€?three networks combined in one?€?.
3. DETERMINE the laying principle of the grading network for railway
engineering plane control survey.
4. PROPOSE that the railway engineering survey plane coordinate system
shall be such that the projection length deformation value is not more than 25 mm/km.
5. CLARIFY the principle that the precision grade of railway engineering plane and elevation control survey shall be determined in accordance with the designed travel speed of passenger train.
6. CHANGE that the fixed center line control stake is used as the control reference for route plane survey connecting the railway survey design and the construction, into that the plane control network is used as the control reference for railway engineering design and construction survey.
7. SUPPLEMENT the relevant technical requirements for construction
repetitive survey.
8. ADD the information of using GPS RTK location survey setting out and aerial survey method to survey the subgrade cross-section.
9. In the elevation control surveys, ADD such information as using
photoelectric distance survey triangular control survey method in the
mountainous area to perform grade 3 elevation control surveys.
10. ADD such information as the structure deformation survey and track
construction survey.
In the process of implementing this code, it is hoped that all units will combine their work practices, earnestly sum up experience and accumulate data. If there is any need of revision or supplement, please promptly send comments and relevant information to the Technical Center of China Railway ERYUAN
Engineering Group Co., Ltd. (No.3 Tongjin Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, zip code. 610031), and copy it to the Ministry of Railways Economic Planning Institute (Yangfangdian Road No.A8, Haidian District, Beijing, zip code. 100038) for reference during future revision.
As for this code, the Ministry of Railways Construction Management Division is responsible for its interpretation.
The main drafting organizations of this code. China Railway ERYUAN
Engineering Group Co., Ltd.
This participating drafting organizations of this code. China Railway Second Bureau Group Co., Ltd., China Railway Bridge Survey and Design Institute Co., Ltd., Southwest Jiaotong University.
The main drafters of this code. Zhou Shilin, Lu Jiankang, Liu Hua, Yang Weiyu, Wu Dijun, Cheng Ang, Mei Xi, Cen Minyi, Wang Zhi, Xiong Wei, Li Xueshi, Liu Chenglong, Zhang Jianjun, Xiao Genwang, Wang Guoxiang, He Jun, Xu
Code for railway engineering survey
1 General provisions
1.0.1 This code is formulated in order to unify the technical requirements of railway engineering survey, and to ensure the quality of surveying and mapping achievements comply the requirements of each phase of survey, construction, and operation and maintenance.
1.0.2 This code is applicable to the engineering survey for the new ballast railways having a passenger train driving speed of 200 km/h and below.
1.0.3 The survey coordinate system of railway engineering shall adopt national coordinate system or engineering independent coordinate system. It is not preferable for the projection length deformation value on the route design elevation plane to be more than 25 mm...

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