TB 10063-2016 English PDF (TB10063-2016)
TB 10063-2016 English PDF (TB10063-2016)
TB 10063-2016: [Including 2019XG1] Code for Design of Fire Prevention for Railway Engineering
INDUSTRY STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
P TB 10063-2016
Code for design of fire prevention for railway
ISSUED ON: NOVEMBER 30, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 01, 2017
Issued by: National Railway Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 9
1 General ... 12
2 Fire hazard classification and fire resistance rating ... 12
3 Fire separation distance ... 13
3.1 Line ... 13
3.2 Locomotive and vehicle facilities ... 17
3.3 Substations ... 18
4 Combustible liquid and combustible gas pipelines crossing the railway ... 20 4.1 Pipeline crossing the line ... 20
4.2 Pipeline crossing bridge ... 22
4.3 Pipeline crossing the station yard ... 23
5 Firefighting lane ... 23
6 Building fire prevention zone and building construction ... 25
6.1 Passenger station... 25
6.2 Electrical equipment room ... 27
6.3 Workshop (warehouse) ... 28
6.4 Others ... 30
7 Firefighting water supply and firefighting facilities ... 31
7.1 Outdoor water supply for firefighting ... 31
7.2 Indoor water supply for firefighting ... 35
7.3 Firefighting facilities ... 35
8 Ventilation, air conditioning and smoke prevention and exhaust ... 38 9 Electricity... 39
9.1 Automatic fire alarm... 39
9.2 Firefighting power distribution and wires and cables ... 41
10 Railway tunnel ... 43
10.1 Tunnels and tunnel groups ... 43
10.2 Tunnel lighting ... 44
11 Underground station ... 44
Appendix A Fire hazard classification of main production houses ... 48 Appendix B Division of explosive hazardous environment grades in main
production area ... 49
Appendix C Start point for calculating fire separation distance ... 50 Appendix D Hazard level classification of main production areas equipped with fire extinguishers ... 51
Explanation of wording in this code ... 52
Code for design of fire prevention for railway
1.0.1 In order to ensure the production of railway transportation and the safety of people's lives and property, implement the fire protection policy of ?€?prevention first, combined fire protection and prevention" in railway engineering design, prevent and reduce fire hazards, this code is hereby formulated.
1.0.2 This code is applicable to the fire protection design of newly constructed and rebuilt railway projects.
1.0.3 The fire protection design of railway engineering must follow the relevant national laws, regulations and policies; correctly handle the relationship between production and safety, key points and ordinary points; actively adopt effective and advanced fire protection technologies, to be safe, reliable, advanced, mature, economical.
1.0.4 In addition to this code, the fire protection design of railway engineering shall also comply with the current relevant national standards.
2 Fire hazard classification and fire resistance rating
2.0.1 The fire hazard classification of the main production houses such as the locomotive depot, car depot, EMU depot (station), power supply depot,
comprehensive maintenance base (depot), large-scale road maintenance
machinery depot, luggage express transportation base, transfer warehouse, tank truck wheel change line (depot) of port station, etc., as well as the grading and zoning of explosion and fire hazard environment of the main production sites shall comply with the provisions of Appendix A and Appendix B of this code. 2.0.2 The fire resistance rating of station buildings and underpasses,
overpasses, platform rain sheds at passenger stations, railway logistics center warehouses, passenger car technical servicing depot and repair garages, EMU servicing garage (inspection garage), mechanical insulation trucks and ice-filled insulation vehicle maintenance warehouses shall not be lower than the level 2. The fire resistance rating of other types of production and living buildings shall not be lower than level 2.
2.0.3 When the steel structure is used in the spray paint warehouse, paint railway lines can be exempted from the restriction of clause 3.1.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3 of this code, but the fire separation distance between the barreled category B diesel warehouse, the category B and C liquid storage tanks and the railway line shall comply with the relevant provisions of the national standards. 3.1.5 The buildings and structures installed under or adjacent to the railway viaduct shall adopt non-combustible walls with a fire resistance rating of not less than 2.00 h, non-combustible roof panels with a fire resistance rating of not less than 1.50 h, as well as category C fireproof doors and windows.
3.1.6 No greasy plants shall be planted in the railway land boundary.
3.1.7 When the railway passes through the forest area, the width of the fire isolation belt from the center line of the railway line closest to the forest to the edge of the vertical projection of the forest shall not be less than 30 m. 3.1.8 When the railway passes through the fire prevention zone of key
grassland, it shall set a fire isolation belt of not less than 20 m from the railway land boundary to the edge of grassland.
3.1.9 When the pipelines for transporting category A, B, C liquids and
combustible gas pipelines are buried parallel to the railway, the distance from the crude oil and finished oil pipeline to the railway line shall be not less than 25 m; the liquefied petroleum gas pipeline shall be no less than 50 m away from the railway line, the distance from the railway land boundary shall be greater than 3.0 m, meanwhile it shall comply with the provisions on railway safety protection zone in the "Railway safety management regulations".
The fire separation distance between the category B and category C liquid and low-pressure combustible gas pipelines directly serving railway transportation and the adjacent railway line shall not be less than 5.0 m. The fire separation distance between the pipeline of medium-pressure and sub-high pressure
inflammable gas and the slope foot of the adjacent railway embankment shall not be less than 5.0 m; however, it can be appropriately reduced after effective safety protection measures are taken under difficult conditions.
3.1.10 The fire separation distance between buried pipelines for transporting category A, B, C liquids and combustible gas pipelines and railway houses shall comply with the provisions of relevant national standards "Design code for gas transmission pipeline engineering" GB 50251, "Code for design of oil
transportation pipeline engineering" GB 50253, "Code for design of city gas engineering" GB 50028.
3.2 Locomotive and vehicle facilities
3.2.1 The tank washing line shall be of flat slope end type; the safety distance 4 Combustible liquid and combustible gas pipelines
crossing the railway
4.1 Pipeline crossing the line
4.1.1 The pipeline shall not cross intercity railways, railways with a design speed of 200 km/h and above, railways for EMU. The pipeline should not cross over other railways. However, if the crossing is necessary, it shall take safe and reliable protective measures and meet the following requirements:
1 The distance from the bottom surface of the pipeline crossing structure to the top surface of the railway track shall not be less than 12.5 m; the distance from the live part of contact network shall not be less than 4.0 m; the fire resistance rating of the supporting structure shall be level 1. 2 The wall thickness of the crossing segment of the pipeline shall comply with the requirements of "Code for design of oil and gas transportation pipeline aerial crossing engineering" GB 50459.
3 The span shall not be less than the land boundary of the railway. Pipe parts such as flanges and valves shall not be installed in the range of span. 4.1.2 The position where the pipeline crosses the railway shall meet the following requirements:
1 The pipeline should be selected to cross through existing facilities such as railway bridges, reserved pipeline culverts, etc.
2 The pipeline shall not cross the subgrade segment of the ballast-less track of the existing railway. The crossing under special conditions shall be specially designed and shall comply with the limit criteria for the settlement of the subgrade.
3 The pipeline should not be crossed at the base segment of the ballasted track road where the design speed is 200 km/h and above and the track
of the EMU, various transition segments, the segments where the railway bridge crosses the main river course of the river.
4.1.3 The crossing angle between the category A, B, C liquid and combustible gas pipelines and the railway shall meet the following requirements:
1 The crossing of pipelines and railways should adopt vertical crossing or large-angle oblique crossing; the crossing angle should not be less than 30??.
shall be provided on both sides of the marshalling yard. The fire lanes of the marshalling yard shall be connected to each other. Fire lanes shall be provided on the side of the departure yard of marshalling yard of regional and above marshalling stations. The fire lane should be set close to the parking lot; the distance from adjacent lines should not be greater than 25 m.
The fire lane of the marshalling yard can be exempted from providing a
5.0.3 For the cargo yard with flammable and explosive dangerous goods, the combustible material stock yard and a liquefied petroleum gas tank area with an area of more than 30000 m2, the category A, B, C liquid storage tank area, between the circular fire lanes in the combustible gas storage tank area, it shall set up an intermediate fire lane connected to the circular fire lane. The distance between the fire lanes shall not be greater than 150 m; meanwhile it shall comply with the relevant provisions of the "Code of design on building fire protection and prevention" GB 50016.
The distance from the edge of the fire lane to the edge of the combustible material stacking yard shall not be less than 5 m.
5.0.4 For large and extra-large passenger stations, when the station building is line-side flat type, the basic platform shall be used as the fire lane. 5.0.5 The net width and headroom height of the fire lane shall not be less than 4.0 m.
5.0.6 The servicing line for passenger cars and mechanical insulation vehicles as well as the parking lines for passenger cars, EMUs, large-scale road maintenance machinery shall be provided with a fire lane parallel to the line, which shall comply with the following requirements:
1 When the distance between the outermost two lines of the servicing line and the parking line area is less than or equal to 80 m, it shall provide a fire lane and there shall be a turnaround area.
2 When the distance between the outermost two lines is greater than 80 m and less than or equal to 160 m, two fire lanes shall be provided.
3 When the distance between the outermost lines is greater than 160 m,
three fire lanes shall be provided.
4 When there are two or more fire lanes, the fire lanes shall be connected to each other.
5 The hardened ground between lines can also be used as a fire lane; its net width shall not be less than 4 m.
6.1.4 It is strictly forbidden to set up entertainment, performing arts and other places in the public area of the passenger station building. Catering and commodity retail outlets set up to serve passengers shall meet the following requirements:
1 The fire resistance rating of the roof slab shall not be less than 1.50 h; the fire resistance rating of the partition wall shall not be less than 2.00 h. A solid wall or category A fireproof glass with a width of not less than 2.0 m shall be installed between the aisles on both sides of the partition wall. 2 The area of fixed catering and retail outlets shall not be greater than 100 m2; the total building area shall not be greater than 500 m2 when set up continuously.
3 No open flame shall be used during operation.
4 The fixed catering and retail outlets of medium-sized and above stations shall be equipped with automatic fire alarm systems and automatic
sprinkler systems. When they are continuously installed and the building area is greater than 100 m2, a mechanical smoke exhaust system shall
also be installed.
5 When the building area of the commodity retail point is not more than 20 m2, meanwhile the distance from other functional houses or catering or
commodity retail points is not less than 8.0 m, fire separation measures can be exempted.
6.1.5 The public area of the station building and the centralized office area and equipment area of medium-sized and above railway passenger stations shall be divided into independent fire compartments. When the luggage (parcel) warehouse is co-built with the passenger station, the luggage (parcel)
warehouse shall be divided into independent fire compartments; meanwhile the public area of the station building shall not be combined with the luggage (parcel) warehouse.
6.1.6 When the inbound staircase leading to the platform of the elevated waiting hall (room) is used as a fire evacuation staircase, the buffer distance from the evacuation door to the stair step should not be less than 4.0 m.
6.1.7 The net width of evacuation openings, walkways and stairs of railway passenger stations shall comply with the relevant provisions of the "Code of design on building fire protection and prevention" GB 50016; meanwhile the net width of all staircase sections in the station building for passenger evacuation shall not be less than 1.6 m.
6.1.8 When the waiting hall (room) is located on the top floor of the passenger station building, meanwhile the height difference between the indoor floor and limit monitoring system.
6.2.2 Traction substation, substation, autotransformer station, main control room of switching station, power distribution device room, compensation device room, transformer room, control room of 10 kV and above transformer and power distribution station shall use the partition wall with a fire resistance rating of not less than 2.00 h and a floor slab with a fire resistance rating of not less than 1.50 h to separate from other parts.
When traction substations, substations, autotransformer stations, main control rooms of switching stations, power distribution equipment rooms, compensation equipment rooms, transformer rooms, control rooms of 10 kV and above
substations and power distribution stations are co-built with the passenger station rooms or other civil buildings, their internal door and windows shall be category A fireproof doors and windows. When independently installed, the fire protection requirements for internal door and windows shall comply with the relevant provisions of "Code for design of fire protection for fossil fuel power plants and substations" GB 50229, "Code for design of 20kV and under electric substation" GB 50053, "Code for design of 35kV ~ 110kV substation" GB 50059. 6.2.3 The cable well of communication room, signal machinery room,
information equipment room, dispatching center (station), vehicle safety precaution and early warning system room and power substation and
distribution station, traction substation, substation, autotransformer station, switching station shall adopt an enclosure structure with a fire resistance rating of not less than 1.00 h; the inspection door shall adopt a category B fireproof door. The fire protection requirements of cable wells and inspection doors on shaft walls in other buildings shall comply with the relevant provisions of the "Code of design on building fire protection and prevention" GB 50016.
6.3 Workshop (warehouse)
6.3.1 The painting depot and paint warehouse of the locomotive depot, vehicle depot, EMU depot (station), comprehensive maintenance base (depot), large- scale maintenance machinery depot shall be set up separately. When installed at the end of the joint workshop, it must be separated by a fire shutter with a fire resistance rating of not less than 3.00 h; meanwhile it shall meet the following requirements:
1 The paint storage room, paint shop, drying room and other auxiliary
buildings in the warehouse shall adopt firewalls with fire resistance rating of not less than 3.00 h and category A fire doors.
2 Use lightweight roofing or have enough doors and windows, to ensure the pressure relief area; the ground shall be made of building materials that protection requirements, fire hydrants shall be installed at both ends of the basic platform for medium-sized and below passenger stations, other
intermediate stations, overpass stations, give-way stations.
3 Fire hydrants shall be installed on the basic platforms for passenger and freight shared line, high-speed railways, large passenger stations of
intercity railways; the distance between them shall not be greater than 100 m. A fire hydrant shall be installed at each end of other platforms. For passenger stations of high-speed railways and intercity railway without basic platforms, it shall select one platform and set the fire hydrant
according to the criteria of the basic platform.
4 Fire hydrants shall be installed at each platform of ultra-large passenger stations; the distance between fire hydrants shall not be greater than 100 m.
5 The marshalling yard of depot stations and marshalling station, the
departure yards of regional and above marshalling stations shall be
equipped with fire hydrants along the fire lane.
6 For passenger car servicing lines, EMU parking yards (lines), passenger car parking lines, spare passenger car parking lines (yards), mechanical insulation vehicle servicing lines, large-scale road maintenance
machinery parking lines, fire hydrants shall be provided between lines at the interval of every two lines; the distance between them shall not be greater than 50 m.
7 Fire hydrants shall be installed along the fire lanes aside the fuel unloading line, the oil tanker wheel change line (depot) of port station, the tank washing line.
8 Two fire hydrants shall be installed at the entrances on both sides of the passenger and freight shared railway tunnel with a length of 5.0 km and above. The distance between the fire hydrants and the entrance should
not be less than 50 m.
9 The distance between fire hydrants in emergency rescue stations of railway tunnels shall not be greater than 50 m.
7.1.11 The outdoor firefighting water consumption of the oil unloading line shall comply with the relevant provisions of the "Code for design of foam
extinguishing systems" GB 50151.
The cooling water consumption shall be calculated and determined in
accordance with the maximum water demand for one fire extinguishing at the loading and unloading platform and the requirements of "Code of design on fire protection water supply and hydrant systems" GB 50974.
or smoke fire extinguishing systems may be used.
5 Two sets of mobile high-pressure water mist fire extinguishing devices shall be equipped in the EMU inspection warehouse.
7.3.2 When fire hydrants are arranged in depots for centralized overhauling and parking of passenger cars such as the EMU depot (station), passenger car technical servicing depot (passenger car technical station), passenger car repairing depot, the scope of protection shall not span two railway lines. 7.3.3 The following spaces with electronic equipment shall be equipped with gas fire extinguishing devices:
1 Each communication machine rooms of railway communication hubs.