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SH/T 0805-2008 English PDF (SHT0805-2008)

SH/T 0805-2008 English PDF (SHT0805-2008)

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SH/T 0805-2008: Determination of the filterability of lubricating oils

This Standard specifies the determination of filterability of lubricating oil taking mineral oil as base oil, especially the method for evaluating the filterability of hydraulic oil in hydraulic system. This Standard applies to oils with viscosity grade being not higher than 100 according to the viscosity classification provisions of GB/T 3141. This Standard does not apply to liquids taking other materials as base material, such as fire resistant fluid, because there may be compatibility problems between it and the filtration membrane used in this Standard. This Standard does not apply to hydraulic oil with special properties, because it may contain insolvable additives or partially dissolved additives or special macromolecular substances.
SH/T 0805-2008
SH
INDUSTRY STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 75.100
E34
Determination of the filterability of lubricating oils
(ISO 13357-2.2005, Petroleum products - Determination of the filterability of lubricating oils - Part 1. Procedure for dry oils; ISO 13357-1.2002, Part 2. Procedure for oils in the presence of water, MOD)
ISSUED ON. APRIL 23, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. OCTOBER 01, 2008
Issued by. National Development and Reform Commission of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 4
1??Scope ... 5
2??Normative??references ... 5
3??Terms??and??definitions ... 6
4??Method??one??(dry??method) ... 6
5??Method??two??(wet??method) ... 13
6??Test??report ... 15
Annex??A ... 16
Annex??B ... 17
Foreword
This Standard modifies and adopts international standards ISO 13357-2.2005 ?€?Petroleum products ?€? Determination method of the filterability of lubricating oils ?€? Part 2. Procedure for dry oils?€? and ISO 13357-1.2002 ?€?Petroleum products ?€? Determination method of the filterability of lubricating oils ?€? Part 1. Procedure for oils in the presence of water?€?.
The method one in this Standard is redrafted according to the standard ISO 13357-2.2005; the method two is redrafted according to the standard ISO13357 -1.2002.
In order to suit to the national condition of China, this Standard is partly modified when adopting ISO 13357-2.2005 and ISO13357-1.2002. The comparison table between the chapter and article numbers of this Standard and the chapter and article numbers of ISO 13357-2.2005 and ISO13357-1.2002 is shown in Annex B. The main technical differences between this Standard AND ISO 13357-2.2005 and ISO13357-1.2002 are as follows.
?€? CHANGE the 70??C ?? 10??C of the oven precision in method one in ISO
13357-2.2005 TO 70??C ?? 2??C. The change is done to simplify the test device for the 70??C ?? 2??C of the oven precision used in method two.
?€? CHANGE some of reference standards TO current national standards in China. ?€? MODIFY the repeatability and reproducibility textual representation according to the habits in China.
Annex A and Annex B in this Standard are informative.
This Standard was proposed by China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group). This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Research Institute of Petroleum and Petrochemicals of China Petrochemical Corporation.
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Dalian Lubricant Research and Development Center of PetroChina Company Limited, and Lubricant Research and Development Center (Beijing) of China Petrochemical Corporation.
Main drafters of this Standard. Li Chuncheng, Cui Haiou, and Yanghua.
Introduction
As a lubricant in hydraulic system, the main function of the fluid is to reduce the wear and tear of mechanical components. Therefore, lowering the concentration of the hard particle contamination in the system is very important, especially in the sophisticated systems with small gap. Generally, the particulate contaminants are removed through filters. The capacity of not being clogged by hydraulic oil when it passes through filters with certain specification is called filterability. ISO 13357-1 describes the laboratory determination methods for evaluating the filterability of the mineral oil after being heated in the presence of water. ISO 13357-2 describes the laboratory determination method for evaluating the filterability of the mineral oil under dry environment. The filterability defined here is not the physical property of oil products, but reflects the performance assessment of oils at work.
Each part of the ISO 13357 method contains two evaluation methods, known as the "stages". Stage I utilizes the ratio between the mean flow rate of the fluid through the filtration membrane and the initial flow rate to evaluate the filterability. When the fluid has good filterability at stage I, while has poor filterability in stage II (see below), the use of it will not generate performance problems generally, unless the very sophisticated system filter is used.
Stage II uses the ratio between the mean flow rate of the fluid through the filtration membrane and the initial flow rate to evaluate the filterability. It is generally believed that the test conditions at stage II are more demanding, and more sensitive to the gel and fine debris in the oil products. Especially in the aging of oil or the heating at high temperatures, the debris and gel are easier to generate. If oils at stage II has good filterability, it will not arise filtration problem even under extreme conditions or under the condition where the precision filter (pore diameter is less than 5??m) is used. Therefore, this kind of oil product is applicable to more demanding hydraulic and lubrication systems.
This test method can be used to evaluate mineral oil with ISO viscosity grade being not higher than 100, and does not apply to oil products with higher viscosity grade. At present, the actual reason has not been found (the highest viscosity of oil products used in reality is 220). Similarly, the applicable scope of this method can also be expanded to fluids other than mineral oils. However, some fluids, such as fire resistance fluid, are not compatible with the filtration membrane specified in this method. For these fluids, even the filtration membrane with the same pore size and same pore density are used, the obtained test data can only be used for comparison. Determination of the Filterability of Lubricating Oils
Warning. this Standard may involves certain hazardous materials, equipment, and operations. However, the recommendations about relevant safety problem of equipment are not ALL been proposed. Therefore, the user has the responsibility to establish appropriate safety and protective measures before using this Standard, and determine the corresponding management system.
1??Scope
1.1 This Standard specifies the determination of filterability of lubricating oil taking mineral oil as base oil, especially the method for evaluating the filterability of hydraulic oil in hydraulic system. This Standard applies to oils with viscosity grade being not higher than 100 according to the viscosity classification provisions of GB/T 3141. This Standard does not apply to liquids taking other materials as base material, such as fire resistant fluid, because there may be compatibility problems between it and the filtration membrane used in this Standard. This Standard does not apply to hydraulic oil with special properties, because it may contain insolvable additives or partially dissolved additives or special macromolecular substances.
1.2 Method one. dry method; it is suitable for evaluating the filterability of lubricating oils under dry conditions.
1.3 Method two. wet method; it is suitable for evaluating the filterability of lubricating oils in the presence of water.
2??Normative??references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 3141 Industrial liquid lubricants - ISO viscosity classification (GB/T 3141-1994, eqv ISO 3448.1992)
GB/T 4756 Petroleum liquids - Manual sampling (GB/T 4756-1998, eqv ISO 3170. 1988)
GB/T 6682 Water for analytical laboratory use - Specification and test methods (GB/T 6682-1992, neq ISO 3696.1987)
GB/T 7305 Standard test method for water separability of petroleum oils and synthetic fluids
3??Terms??and??definitions
Following terms and definitions apply to this Standard.
3.1
Filterability
The specific volume ratio of the filtration sample (stage I) or the filtration rate ratio of the sample (stage II), expressed by percentage.
3.2
Stage I filterability
The ratio between the volume of filtration sample and 240mL, under the ideal condition where there is no membrane clogging it, expressed by percentage. 3.3
Stage II filterability
The ratio BETWEEN the flow rate closing to the start of the sample AND the flow rate when filtering 200mL~300mL, expressed by percentage.
4??Method??one??(dry??method)
4.1 Method outline
Under specified conditions, MAKE the sample to pass through the filtration membrane with average pore size of 0.8??m; RECORD the time that is used to filter specified volume of sample. CALCULATE the filterability through the ratio between the initial filtration rate and the filtration rate of the last 100mL; TAKE the average value of three determined values as the test result.
Note. The filtration rate is constant under ideal condition.
4.2 Reagents and ...

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