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SH 0164-1992 English PDF (SH0164-1992)

SH 0164-1992 English PDF (SH0164-1992)

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SH 0164-1992: Rules for the packing, storage, transportation and inspection upon delivery of petroleum products

This Rules applies to the packaging, storage and delivery acceptance of petroleum products. Petroleum products that are not listed in this Rules may be treated in accordance with the methods stipulated in their similar petroleum product types according to their physical and chemical properties and quality requirements. For petrol containing tetraethyl lead, labor protection measures for production, storage, transportation, and use of leaded gasoline shall also be implemented.
SH 0164-1992
SH
PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
SH 0164-92
Replacing ZB E30 005-88
Rules for the packing, storage, transportation and
inspection upon delivery of petroleum products
APPROVED ON. MAY 20, 1992
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 20, 1992
Issued by. China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation
Table of Contents
1 Packing methods ... 3
2 Marks ... 4
3 Sample retention ... 4
4 Repeated washing requirements for tanks, tankers, oil carriers, and drums ... 5
5 Pipeline oil delivery ... 7
6 Storage and transport ... 9
7 Delivery acceptance and measurement ... 11
8 Other ... 12
Rules for the packing, storage, transport and
inspection upon delivery of petroleum products
This Rules applies to the packaging, storage and delivery acceptance of petroleum products. Petroleum products that are not listed in this Rules may be treated in accordance with the methods stipulated in their similar petroleum product types according to their physical and chemical properties and quality requirements. For petrol containing tetraethyl lead, labor protection measures for production, storage, transportation, and use of leaded gasoline shall also be implemented.
1 Packing methods
1.1 When liquid products such as crude oil, fuel oil, lubricating oil, soft wax and benzene are stored and transported, they must be loaded into tanks, tankers, oil carriers, iron drums, plastic drums, glass bottles, etc. When oil products are injected into the above-mentioned containers, it is necessary to take into account the change in temperature, taking into account the
expansibility of oil products, leaving the necessary safety space, and must not be fully filled.
1.2 Grease products shall be packed in iron drums, plastic drums, or in relatively solid bamboo, paper, wooden drums - containers lined with non-oil- absorbing paper (or plastic bags).
1.3 Solid wax products shall be cast into blocks (or sprayed into pellets) and placed in cartons, tin boxes, plastic bags or sacks. Each piece weight must not exceed 60 kg.
1.4 Petroleum asphalt can, based on its nature, take the following methods according to the season.
a. Petroleum bitumen with a softening point higher than 95??C shall be cast into blocks, strips, balls, or pellets that are easy to ship. In cold season (September 15 to March 15) can be bulk loaded. In hot season (March 16
to September 14), use splinter talc to prevent sticking.
b. Petroleum asphalt with a softening point of 60-95??C can be packed in bulk in the cold season, and packed in kraft paper or baskets lined with kraft paper in the hot season.
c. Petroleum bitumen with a softening point lower than 60??C, is generally there is disagreement about the mass, the samples (1L for liquid product; 0.5kg for solid product) specified in this Rules shall be used as evidence for the arbitration inspection.
3.1 The sample retention for acceptance inspection of petroleum products must be stipulated by the sampling parties in accordance with the Petroleum Products Sampling Act and taken according to the mode of delivery (such as oil tanks, pipelines, vehicles and ships or cargo stacks). After bottling (solid products can use plastic products), it shall take effect immediately after co- sealing. However, if one party fails to participate for some reason, the other party's sampling and sealing are also effective.
3.2 The container for sample retention must be clean, dry. The label shall indicate manufacturer's mine name and deliverer name, sample name, batch number, issued product quality certification number, sampling site (number of tank, pipeline, tanker, oil carrier, etc.) date, serial number, and sampler's name, for reference.
3.3 The sample retention period is as follows.
a. three months for fuel oils (gasoline, kerosene, diesel, etc.);
b. five months for lubricants (various lubricants, greases and special
petroleum products, etc.);
c. three months for solid petroleum products (asphalt, paraffin, ground wax, petroleum coke, etc.);
d. directly delivered, exported or agreed products shall appropriately shorten or extend retention time according to specific circumstances;
e. when national defense petroleum product user requires that the sample retention period must be extended, it shall be negotiated and determined by the manufacturer and user.
3.4 Samples must be stored in a cool, dry, dark room protected from light. 3.5 Samples shall remain intact during the entire storage period.
4 Repeated washing requirements for tanks, tankers,
oil carriers, and drums
See Table 1 for container washing requirements.
with the floor. The size of the bucket shall be on the same horizontal line to prevent rainwater infiltration.
6.4 Drums containing petroleum products can be stacked and stored in
groups. Cement floor shall be padded with a wooden board as much as possible. It shall be best to pad a thicker wood on the soil floor. The volume of each stack must not exceed 50 m3. Stacking height depends on the mass of the drum, in general, 2~3 layers for big drum, 5~6 layers for small drum. The two layers are separated by a wooden board. Each stack shall be tagged with the name, brand name and time of the stored oil. There shall be a distance of more than 1 m between groups or ranks. The fire prevention regulations shall also be
implemented.
6.5 When the temperature is high (above 30??C), light oils such as gasoline are easily lost, affect quality, and are unsafe, so proper cooling methods must be used.
6.6 Flammable petroleum products must comply with fire safety regulations in their storage and transport. Fireworks must be strictly prohibited and perfect firefighting equipment shall be set up. When pumping oil or pouring the tank, the tank and the living pipe must be grounded with a conductive metal wire to prevent the static electricity from accumulating.
6.7 Transport of easily condensable petroleum products can be carried out with steam heating coils or insulated vehicles with heating equipment. Heavy diesel oil, heavy oil, semi-soft asphalt, etc. can be heated with direct steam, prohibiting the use of open fire.
6.8 When opening and closing the container lid, special wrenches must be used. Chisels and hammers must not be used to avoid sparks and fire. Wipe before opening, and add gaskets when closing to avoid soiling the oil.
6.9 Larger containers (such as oil tanks) shall be regularly inspected, tested, and cleaned from deposits and contaminants. Testing and cleaning period shall be made in accordance with storage conditions and product quality
requirements.
6.10 When transporting by tanker, oil carrier, etc., it is necessary to protect the lead seal of the filling or drain port. When the station is handed over, the rules of sealing and unpacking of the truck shall be stipulated by the Ministry of Railways, and the condition of sealing shall be carefully checked to avoid accidents during transport.
6.11 The consignee of all kinds of oil products loaded and unloaded by
tankers shall, after unloading, promptly fill out a tanker's return form for each oil tanker that records the name and designation of the oil product loaded the previous time, which shall be taken away or sent to the station so as to record 7.1.7 When disputes arise between the two parties in the product quality test, the two parties may jointly test or entrust the organization agreed by both parties or the business to request the arbitration authority to decide (the arbitration authority is the Petrochemical Research Institute of China Petrochemical Corporation).
7.2 Measurement
7.2.1 The measuring tools (meters, densitometers, thermometers, tape
measures, scales, etc.) used in the acceptance inspection of petroleum
products shall be appraised by the national metrology authority. It shall be used when it is determined as qualified and with a correction table. In the absence of the above conditions, the measurement instrument with the consent of both parties shall be used.
7.2.2 The calculation of the volume of containers for storage and transport of petroleum products (such as tank trucks, oil tankers, oil tanks, etc.) shall be calibrated and converted in accordance with the requirements of the national measurement agency or the methods agreed upon by both parties.
7.2.3 The delivery of petroleum products shall be measured and the payer shall cooperate with the recipient. When the receiving party does not have a measurement condition, it can proceed according to the contractual provisions of both parties. Under permitting conditions, measurement shall be carried out after the oil is loaded into a tanker, oil carrier, oil barge or other container after the oil level is stable.
7.2.4 Sampling and density determination are performed in accordance with relevant standards. Density shall be converted to the actual temperature density of oil in tanker, oil carrier, oil barge or other containers.
7.2.5 When the water content of the delivered petroleum product exceeds the standard in special circumstances and the two parties believe that there is no effect on the quality, the total amount of water contained in the oil shall be deducted from the delivery quantity.
8 Other
Any matters not covered by this Rules may be supplemented in the relevant product standards or be settled by agreement between the receiving and
shipping parties.

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