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QC/T 639-2004 English PDF (QCT639-2004)

QC/T 639-2004 English PDF (QCT639-2004)

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QC/T 639-2004: Rubber weatherstrips for automobile

This Standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, package, transportation and storage of rubber weatherstrips for automobile. This Standard is applicable to the various weatherstrips for automobile manufactured by the base material of EPDM rubber.
QC/T 639-2004
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Replacing QC/T 639-2000, QC/T 640-2000
Rubber Weatherstrips for Automobile
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 20, 2004
IMPLEMENTED ON: APRIL 01, 2005
Issued by: National Development and Reform Commission
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Requirements ... 5
4 Test Methods ... 9
5 Inspection Rules ... 11
6 Marking, Package, Transportation and Storage ... 13
Appendix A (Normative) Corrosivity Test Method of Rubber Weatherstrips ... 15 Appendix B (Normative) Low-Temperature Property Test Method of Rubber
Weatherstrips ... 18
Appendix C (Normative) Test Method for Breakout Force between Dense
Rubber and Sponge Rubber of Rubber Weatherstrips ... 20
Appendix D (Normative) Test Method for Binding Force between Connector
and Connection Angle of Rubber Weatherstrips ... 23
Appendix E (Informative) Classification of Rubber Weatherstrips for
Automobile ... 25
Foreword
This Standard replaced QC/T 639-2000 Buses - Rubber Sealing Strips of Doors and Windows, and QC/T 640-2000 Buses ?€? Flocking Sealing Strips of Doors and Windows. Compared with QC/T 639-2000 and QC/T 640-2000, this Standard has the major changes as follows:
--- Combine the two standards into the one standard; change the standard name into Rubber Weatherstrips for Automobile;
--- Add the Appendixes A, B, C, D and E.
--- Add product length table without tolerance;
--- Add ?€?corrosivity?€?, ?€?water resistance?€? items to the properties of the rubber; --- Delete ?€?tear performance?€? item from the properties of the rubber;
--- Add three hardness range of the rubber of 50??5, 80??5, 90??5 to the properties of the rubber; and improve the original index;
--- Replace the expression of oxygen concentration of ppm by 10-6;
--- Add 11 items for the performance of the finished products; and the corresponding standards of the test methods.
Appendixes A, B, C, and D of this Standard are normative; while Appendix E is informative.
This Standard was proposed by National Technical Committee for Standardization of Automobile.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee for Standardization of Automobile.
Drafting organizations of this Standard: Shanghai SAIC-METZELER Sealing Systems Co., Ltd.; Beijing Wanyuan Gdx Automotive Sealing Products Co., Ltd.; Guizhou Guihang Automobile Parts Co., Ltd. Hongyang Seal Components Corporation; Tianjin Xingguang Rubber Plastic Co., Ltd.; Chongqing Yifeng Automobile Sealing Strips Co., Ltd.; Xiamen Baiji Sealing Element Co., Ltd.; and Hubei Konx Automobile Sealing Strips Co., Ltd.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard: Chen Haiyan, Ma Junli, Hu Zhugeng, Hao Jie, Deng Mingxiang, He Wenbing, and Yu Gangli.
Rubber Weatherstrips for Automobile
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, package, transportation and storage of rubber weatherstrips for automobile. This Standard is applicable to the various weatherstrips for automobile manufactured by the base material of EPDM rubber.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies.
GB/T 528-1998 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Determination of Tensile Stress-Strain Properties (eqv ISO 37:1994)
GB/T 531-1999 Rubber - Determination of Indentation Hardness by Means of Pocket Hardness Meters (idt ISO 7619:1986)
GB/T 1682-1994 Rubber, Vulcanized - Determination of Low-Temperature
Brittleness (Single Test Piece Method) (eqv ISO 812:1991)
GB/T 2828.1-2003 Sampling Procedures for Inspection by Attribute ?€? Part 1: Sampling Schemes Indexed by Acceptance Quality Limit (AQL) for Lot-by-Lot Inspection (idt ISO 2859-1:1999)
GB/T 2941-1991 Standard Temperature, Humidity and Time for Environmental Regulation and Testing of Rubber Samples (eqv ISO 471:1983)
GB/T 3511-2001 Rubber, Vulcanized and Thermoplastic - The Test Method of Resistance to Direct Natural Weathering (neq ISO 4665:1998)
GB/T 3512-2001 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Accelerated Ageing and Heat Resistance Tests - Air-Oven Method (eqv ISO 188:1998)
GB/T 3672.1-2002 Rubber - Tolerances of Products - Part 1: Dimensional
Tolerances (idt ISO 3302-1:1996)
GB/T 5721-1993 General Rules of Identification, Packaging, Transportation and Storage for Rubber Sealing Products
GB/T 7759-1996 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Determination of
Compression Set at Ambient Elevated or Low Temperatures (eqv ISO 815:1991) GB/T 7762-2003 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Resistance to Ozone Cracking - Static Strain Test (eqv ISO 1431-1:1989)
GB/T 8170-1987 Rules of Rounding off for Numerical Values
GB/T 9868-1988 Rubber - General Directions for Achieving Elevated or
Subnormal Temperatures for Test Purposes (idt ISO 3383-1985)
GB/T 12831-1991 Rubber, Vulcanized - Test Method of Resistance to Artificial Weathering (Xenon Lamp) (neq ISO 4665-3:1987)
GB/T 19243-2003 Rubber, Vulcanized or Thermoplastic - Methods of Test for Staining in Contact with Organic Material (idt ISO 3865:1997)
HG/T 2369-1992 Technical Conditions on Rubber Plastic Tensile Testing Machine HG/T 3055-1988(1997) Latex Foam - Determination of Apparent Density (eqv ISO 845:1997)
HG/T 3090-1987(1997) General Rules of Visual Quality for Moulded and Extruded Rubber Products
QC/T 709-2004 Test Method of Compression Set for Automobile Weatherstrips QC/T 710-2004 Test Method of Compression Load for Automobile Weather-Strips QC/T 711-2004 Test Method of Abrasion of Flock for Automotive Weather-Strips QC/T 716-2004 Retention Strength and Insertion Resistance Test Method for Automobile Weatherstrips
3 Requirements
3.1 General requirements
The weatherstrips shall be manufactured in accordance with technical document approved by the specified procedures. If the user has other special requirements, it shall be determined through the negotiation between the supplier and the purchaser. 3.2 Appearance
3.2.1 The appearance for the dense rubber of the weatherstrips shall conform to the relevant provisions of HG/T 3090-1987(1997). The appearance for the sponge rubber shall be free of the defects that may affect the appearance and use performance of the products, such as bubbles, cracked skin, broken skin, lack of rubber, etc. 3.2.2 The flocked surface is evenly flocked; the surface is clean, no stains; and the substrate is not allowed to be exposed.
3.2.3 The special requirements shall meet the requirements of the approved sealed sample or sample determined through the negotiation between the supplier and the purchaser.
3.3 Specification size
3.3.1 The shape and size of the cross-section of product shall be within the tolerance range of control chart with a magnification of 10. If the drawings have no explicit requirements, it can be performed as per GB/T 3672.1-2002.
3.3.2 The length size and tolerance of the products shall conform to the relevant provisions of the product drawings. The tolerance that is not indicated can be performed as per Table 1.
Table 1 Unindicated Tolerance mm (except those indicated otherwise)
3.4 Materials
3.4.1 The substrate material of the weaterstrips take the rubber compound with EPDM as the main raw material; the rubber properties shall meet the requirements of Table 2.
3.4.2 The auxiliary materials (such as fluff, skeleton material, etc.) of weatherstrips shall conform to the relevant provisions of the product drawings.
Size
Tolerance Tolerance
Size Dense
rubber/compound
composition
Dense
rubber/compound
composition
Sponge rubber Sponge rubber
Greater than
4000
Table 2 ?€? Rubber Properties
3.5 Properties of finished products
The properties of finished products shall meet the requirements of Table 3. Table 3 ?€? Properties of Finished Products
Items Property index Test method
Compression set [(70??2) ??C/96h], % As per requirements of drawings 4.4.2 Compression load (squeezing force), N As per requirements of drawings 4.4.3 Insertion force, N As per requirements of drawings 4.4.4
Withdrawal force, N As per requirements of drawings 4.4.4
Low-temperature property [(-40??2) ??C/24h] Still be elastic, no cracks 4.4.5 Breakout force between dense rubber and
sponge rubber, N ???100 4.4.6
Binding force of connector/connection angle ???120 4.4.7
Flocking wear resistance ??? Level-4 4.4.8
Low-temperature property of coating [(-
40??2) ??C/24h]
Coating has no cracks, not
separated from the substrate 4.4.9
Light aging resistance ??? Level-1 4.4.10
Hardness change (Shore A),
degree
Brittle temperature, ??C
Items
Property indexes
Dense rubber Sponge rubber
Test
methods
Hardness change (Shore A), degree
Elongation at break, %
Tensile strength, MPa
Change rate of tensile
strength, %
Change rate of elongation at
break, %
Hardness change (Shore A),
degree
Change rate of tensile
strength, %
Change rate of elongation at
break, %
Hot air aging
Water resistance
Appearance density, g/cm3
Compression set, %
No higher than
Tensile 20%, (40??2) ??C, 72h
Ozone concentration (2??0.2)10-6 Ozone aging resistance
No cracks No cracks No cracks No cracks No cracks No cracks
Pollution Method A Slightly polluted
Corrosivity Level-1: has not become black
NOTE 1: The windshield and flocked weatherstrips need to be tested for water resistance. NOTE 2: The dumbbell-shaped test piece in the items of tensile strength and elongation at break is preferred to use the Type-2 test piece. Weather aging resistance As per requirements of drawings 4.4.11
4 Test Methods
4.1 Appearance
The appearance quality shall be inspected by the visual examination method under the standard environment conditions.
4.2 Specification size
4.2.1 For the inspection for the shape and size of the cross-section, take the sample with thickness of (2~5) mm; then project on a 10?? projection magnifier; perform control inspection on the corresponding product cross-section by 10?? magnification control chart.
4.2.2 The length of the finished product shall be inspected by a special inspection tool of the corresponding product, or measuring tool with corresponding accuracy. 4.3 Rubber properties
4.3.1 The hardness test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 531- 1999.
4.3.2 The tests on tensile strength and elongation at break shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 528-1998. Thereof, when calculating the area of the sponge rubber test piece, the honeycomb shape shall be neglected. When measuring the thickness and width of the test piece, the specimen shall be unstressed. 4.3.3 The hot air aging test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 3512-2001. After the specimen is placed as per requirements, adjust for 2h at the ambient temperature of (23??2) ??C; then perform the corresponding property test. 4.3.4 Water resistance test: place the specimen in the deionized water at the specified temperature; place it as required by the test time. When the test temperature is higher than the lab standard ambient temperature for [(23??2) ??C], fully immerse the specimen in the constant temperature water batch; place it as required by the test time. After the end of the placement, take out the specimen from the deionized water; firstly, dry it with a clean fabric or paper with good water absorption properties; then adjust for 2h at the ambient temperature of (23??2) ??C; finally, perform the corresponding test. 4.3.5 The apparent density test of the sponge shall be performed as per the method specified in HG/T 3055-1988 (1997).
4.3.6 The compression set test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 7759-1996.
4.3.7 Brittle temperature test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 1682-1994.
4.3.8 Ozone aging resistance test shall be performed as per the Method A in GB/T 7762-2003.
4.3.9 Pollution test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 19243- 2003.
4.3.10 Corrosivity test shall be performed as per the method specified in Appendix A. 4.4 Properties of finished products
4.4.1 The specimen for the test on properties of finished products shall be taken from the squeezing semi-finished products or finished products. The specimen shall meet the following requirements:
a) The time interval between test and vulcanization (referring to the lower extrusion line) and the adjustment of the specimen before test shall be carried out as per the method specified in GB/T 2941-1991.
b) Before the test, the specimen shall be adjusted for 3h under the environment with temperature of (23??2) ??C, and relative humidity of (50??5) %; the specimen shall not be applied force during the adjusting period.
c) Except for special requirements, three specimens shall be taken from different finished products with the required length of the test.
4.4.2 Compression set test shall be performed as per the provisions of QC/T 709-2004. 4.4.3 Compression load test shall be performed as per the provisions of QC/T 710- 2014.
4.4.4 The tests on insertion force and withdrawal force shall be performed as per the provisions of QC/T 716-2004.
4.4.5 Low-temperature property test shall be performed as per the provisions of Appendix B.
4.4.6 Breakout force test between dense rubber and sponge rubber shall be performed as per the provisions of Appendix C.
4.4.7 Binding force test between connector and connection angle shall be performed as per the provisions of Appendix D.
4.4.8 Flocking wear resistance test shall be performed as per the provisions of QC/T 711-2004. Thereof, the hot air aging test shall be performed as per the requirements in 4.3.3.
4.4.9 Low-temperature property test of coating shall be performed as per the provisions of Appendix B.
4.4.10 Light aging resistance test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 12831-1991. The test conditions can refer to Table 4.
Table 4 ?€? Light Aging Resistance Test Conditions
4.4.11 Weather aging resistance test shall be performed as per the method specified in GB/T 3511-2001.
5 Inspection Rules
5.1 Inspection classification and items
The weatherstrip inspection can be divided into exit-factory inspection and type inspection; the inspection items can refer to Table 5.
5.2 Batching rules
The batch of weatherstrips is manufactured by the same production line, the same raw materials, the same process, with the same specification. The manufacturer can also take the products within certain production cycle as one batch. He products shall be inspected and accepted in batches.
Dry state
Categories Irradiation intensity Blackboard standard temperature
Relative
humidity Irradiation dose
Interiors
Exteriors
Wet state
Dry state: wet state= 102min:18min
Table 5 ?€? Inspection Items and Types
5.3 Sampling plan and judgement rules
5.3.1 Exist-factory inspection
5.3.1.1 Inspection of appearance quality and finished product length: perform a normal inspection as per GB/T 2828.1-2003 before the products leave the factory; the sampling plan shall be inspected by random sampling with an AQL of 1.5 and general test Level-II. If the products are judged to be unqualified, such batch of products shall be returned to the production department for inspection one by one. After rework, the products shall be inspected once in strict accordance with GB/T 2828.1-2003. The sampling plan shall be re-inspected by random sampling with AQL of 1.5 and test Level-II. Only when the reinspection is qualified, can the products leave the factory. Breakout force between dense
rubber and sponge rubber
SN Inspection items Required clause
No. Test method clause No. Exit-factory Inspection Type Inspection
Appearance quality
Shape and size of cross-section
Length of finished product
Ru
bb
er
pro
pe
rtie
Fin
ish
ed
pr
od
uc
t p
rop
ert
ies
Hardness
Tensile strength
Elongation at break
Hot air aging
Water resistance
Apparent density
Compression set
Brittle temperature
Ozone aging resistance
Pollution
Corrosivity
Compression set
Compression load
Insertion force
Withdrawal force
Low-temperature properties
Binding force between
connector and connection angel
Flocking wear resistance
Low-temperature properties of
coating
Light aging resistance
5.3.1.2 Inspection of shape and size of cross-section, compression load, insertion force, and withdrawal force: during the squeezing period, the number of random sampling per shift per item shall be no less than 3 times. If the inspection is unqualified, immediately adjust the parameters till the random sampling is qualified. The unqualified products shall not be flow into the next process.
5.3.2 Type inspection
5.3.2.1 In case one of the following situations, the type inspection shall be performed: a) The trial-production and finalizing identification of new products;
b) After the normal production, if there are major changes in design, structure, material and process, and the product properties may be influenced;
c) When production is resumed after a long-time shutdown;
d) When the exit-factory inspection results significantly differ from the previous type inspection;
e) When the state quality supervision authority propose the requirements for type inspection.
5.3.2.2 Inspection of appearance quality, shape and size of cross-section, and finished product length: randomly selected 2 pieces of products from the qualified products in the exist-factory inspection. If one item fails after the inspection, then the type inspection is unqualified.
5.3.2.3 Inspection of rubber properties: randomly select 3kg of rubber test sample. After the test, if there is unqualified item, double samples shall be taken from the same batch of rubber to carry out the re-inspection on the unqualified item. If the item is still unqualified after the re-inspection, then this type inspection is unqualified. 5.3.2.4 Inspection of finished product properties: randomly select one piece each time for each item. After the test, if there is unqualified item, double samples shall be taken to carry out the re-inspection on the unqualified item. If the item is still unqualified after the re-inspection, then this type inspection is unqualified.
6 Marking, Package, Transportation and Storage
6.1 Marking
6.1.1 The contents on the finished products shall be marked as per the requirements of the user.
6.1.2 The product certificate can be marked as follows:
a) Product name or code;
b) Manufacturer name or number;
c) Production date or product batch number;
d) The number of pieces;
e) Inspector number and inspection mark for qualification;
f) This Standard number.
6.1.3...

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