Skip to product information
1 of 9

PayPal, credit cards. Download editable-PDF and invoice in 1 second!

NB/SH/T 0944.1-2017 English PDF (NBSHT0944.1-2017)

NB/SH/T 0944.1-2017 English PDF (NBSHT0944.1-2017)

Regular price $215.00 USD
Regular price Sale price $215.00 USD
Sale Sold out
Shipping calculated at checkout.
Quotation: In 1-minute, 24-hr self-service. Click here NB/SH/T 0944.1-2017 to get it for Purchase Approval, Bank TT...

NB/SH/T 0944.1-2017: Standard test method for wear preventive characteristics of lubricating fluid. FE8 rolling bearing method. Part 1: Lubricating oil

This Part specifies the test method for determining the wear preventive performance of lubricating oil, by the use of thrust cylindrical rolling bearings, on the FE8 bearing wear testing machine. This Part applies to the evaluation of bearing and #39;s wear preventive performance of lubricating oils, under mixed friction conditions.
NB/SH/T 0944.1-2017
ICS 75.100
E 34
Standard test method for wear preventive characteristics of
lubricating fluid - FE8 rolling bearing method - Part 1.
Lubricating oil
Issued by. National Energy Administration
Table of Contents
Foreword... 3
1 Scope... 4
2 Normative references... 4
3 Terms and definitions... 4
4 Method overview... 7
5 Test equipment... 7
6 Reagents and materials... 10
7 Preparation of test bearings... 10
8 Test steps... 10
9 Report of results... 13
10 Precision... 14
Appendix A (Normative) Safety measures and precautions... 15
Appendix B (Normative) Maintenance and repair... 16
Standard test method for wear preventive characteristics of
lubricating fluid - FE8 rolling bearing method - Part 1.
Lubricating oil
WARNING. The application of this Part may involve certain hazardous materials, operations, equipment. But not all safety issues related to this are advised. It is the user's responsibility to formulate appropriate safety and protection measures, meanwhile determine the applicability of relevant regulatory restrictions, before using this Part (see Appendix A for details).
1 Scope
This Part specifies the test method for determining the wear preventive performance of lubricating oil, by the use of thrust cylindrical rolling bearings, on the FE8 bearing wear testing machine.
This Part applies to the evaluation of bearing's wear preventive performance of lubricating oils, under mixed friction conditions.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is applicable to this standard.
GB 1922-2006 Petroleum solvents for paints and cleaning
GB/T 6391 Rolling bearings - Dynamic load ratings and rating life
GB/T 17754-2012 Tribology terminology
DIN 722 Rolling bearings - Single direction thrust cylindrical roller bearings 3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
Cage wear
The wear amount of the bearing cage, during the loading time, expressed in mk. 3.9
Test speed
The rotational speed of the test bearing, expressed by n.
Axial bearing load
The axial load, which is applied to the test bearing, expressed by Fa.
Test temperature
The temperature (T), which is measured at the position of the outer ring spring assembly of the test bearing, during the test.
Note. Due to the high heat loss at the drive end of the test bearing, the temperature, which is measured here may be 2 °C ~ 5 °C lower.
Operating temperature
Test temperature (Tb), at the end of the running-in time.
Running-in time
The time, from the start of the test to the establishment of a steady state. Note. During the running-in period, the grease is evenly distributed to the surface of each test piece, with the rotation of the motor, meanwhile a certain amount of wear is generated. Due to the mutual contact of the bearing test pieces on the working surface, the working surface gradually tends to be smooth, resulting in an increase in the ratio, between the thickness of the lubricating film and the roughness of the contact surface, so does the isolation effect of the lubricating film. The reduction in sliding friction, which is caused by this smoothing action, results in a downward trend in friction torque, during the running-in. During the loading time, wear also generally decreases.
The phenomenon and process of surface deformation, damage or gradual loss of surface material, due to friction.
[GB/T 17754-2012, definition 2.3]
Wear loss
The amount of deformation of the material contact surface of the friction pair OR loss of surface material, during wear.
[GB/T 17754-2012, definition 5.1]
4 Method overview
4.1 When using the FE8 bearing wear testing machine for the lubricating oil test, first install two test bearings on the testing machine. Apply a certain amount of test oil into the lubricating oil circulation system. Through the lubricating oil circulation system, it supplies oil, at a rate of 0.1 L/min ± 0.02 L/min, to each test bearing. The test is carried out, under the specified conditions (motor speed 7.5 r/min, axial load 80 kN, test temperature 80 °C). Weigh the mass of each component of the test bearing, before and after the test. The wear performance of the lubricant is evaluated, by the wear mass loss. 4.2 During the test, when the friction torque of the bearing continuously exceeds 60 N·m for more than 10 s, due to poor lubrication, OR the continuous running time reaches 80 h, the test ends. After the test, weigh the bearing components and calculate the wear loss (mg). Each lubricating oil sample is tested twice; the wear performance of the lubricating oil is evaluated by the wear loss of the bearing components. 5 Test equipment
5.1 FE8 testing machine
5.1.1 The test equipment adopts FE8 bearing wear testing machine, which consists of test head, drive unit, control system. The test head (see Figure 1) is detachably connected to the drive unit, through the cone seat of the test head shaft (7). The drive shaft (1) of the drive unit is installed in two auxiliary bearings (2), which is driven directly by a motor (not shown in the Figure), at different speeds in the range of 7.5 r/min ~ 3000 r/min, OR through gear meshing. The test bearing (3) is installed in the test head. A certain axial load is applied, through the butterfly spring assembly (4). 5.4.4 Brush. The size shall be suitable for the cleaning of the test bearing. 5.4.5 Special rag. No lint or fibers falling off, during the process of use. 5.4.6 Balance. It is used to weigh the test piece. The recommended weighing range is 0 kg ~ 2 kg; the division value is 1 mg.
5.4.7 Demagnetizer. It is used for demagnetization, after the test piece is magnetized. The power-on continuity rate is 60%; the power is 100 W; the voltage is 220 V. 6 Reagents and materials
Cleaning solvent. The solvent oil for cleaning meets the requirements of No.2 solvent oil in GB 1922-2006.
Warning. It is flammable material, whose volatile gases are harmful. It shall keep away from fire, sparks, open flames; avoid prolonged or frequent skin exposure. 7 Preparation of test bearings
7.1 Take the roller of the test bearing out of the cage. Put it into the cleaning cup. Use a brush, which is dipped in cleaning solvent, to clean it. In the same way, clean the bearing's outer ring, bearing's inner ring, bearing cage, etc. Place the cleaned bearing parts in a drying oven, which was preheated to 80 °C, for 30 minutes. Place the dried bearing parts in a clean container, to naturally dry it to room temperature. Protective gloves shall be used, when doing the above.
7.2 Use balance to weigh the mass of the roller and the cage. Record it, accurate to 1 mg. Install the rollers into the cage housing, at room temperature. Before installation, use cleaning solvent and special cloth, to clean the installation tool. Check for free movement of the temperature sensor and friction torque measurement connections. Before starting the test run, calibrate the friction sensor.
8 Test steps
8.1 Setting of test conditions
The set speed is 7.5 r/min ± 0.5 r/min; the temperature is 80 °C ± 1 °C. Apply an axial load of 80 kN ± 3 kN, to the test bearing.
8.2 Installation of test bearings
8.2.1 Install the bearing spacer, the inner ring of the test bearing, the cage with rollers, the outer ring of the bearing, on the test shaft in sequence (see Figure 1). The inner ring of the bearing needs to be heated to 80 °C, before installation. Install the bearing- mounted test shaft, into the test head housing. Then install the loading spring into the test head. Apply a certain test load, to the assembled test head, through the high-pressure press. Use bolts to tighten it (tightening torque is 40 N•m). Connect the assembled test head to the testing machine.
8.2.2 Install the temperature sensor, friction sensor, lubricating oil circulation hose, heater, cooling fan in sequence.
Note. The heater and cooling fan are configured, according to the test temperature requirements. 8.3 Preparation of the lubrication system
The lubricating oil circulation system is composed of an oil tank and an oil pump, which has a filter and a flow regulating device. Lubricating oil is supplied to each bearing, at a volume flow rate of 0.1 L/min ± 0.02 L/min, through the lubricating oil circulation system. The volume of the fuel tank is 4 L. The lubricating oil circulation system is connected to the test head, through a hose. The connecting hose shall be free. A new filter element (with a filtration accuracy of 0 ~ 100 µm) shall be used, every time a new oil sample test is performed. Fill the fuel tank with test lubricating oil before the test. The filter element and test oil do not need to be replaced, in the second test of the same oil sample.
8.4 Start-up test
After the test is started, adjust the external heating device, so that the test oil reaches the required stable test temperature. Properly position heaters and cooling fans, as relative to each other, for temperature control. The temperature regulation is realized, by the temperature sensor and the data processing system, which is connected to it. If the test set temperature of the test oil is higher than 130 °C, the test shall be started, when the oil temperature reaches 100 °C, through a period of preheating for 15 minutes, before starting. Within 1 min after starting, it may not limit the maximum limit value of friction torque. The test temperature's reference value and the adjustment temperature value are based on the stationary bearing ring temperature. Heating is done by an external heating device.
8.5 Monitoring of friction torque variation
If the friction torque is greater than the boundary value by 60 N•m AND lasts for more than 10 s, the test shall be terminated immediately. It reports the actual test time, in the test report. Record change of friction torque, by the corresponding recording system. It can obtain the starting friction torque and operating friction torque, at the end of the test.
8.6 End of test
After the test, shut down the machine. Remove the cooling fan, heater, lubricating oil circulation hose, friction sensor, temperature sensor in turn. Disconnect the test head corresponding Vw value is calculated; the four Vw values correspond to the wear values in ascending order.
9 Report of results
9.1 Test information
9.1.1 The lubricating oil's test information shall at least include the following contents. - Sample name;
- Name of test method;
- Basis for test;
- Markings of test bearing;
- Speed, r/min;
- Bearing load, kN;
- Test temperature, °C.
9.1.2 Example of test information. The test is identified as "Testing method-D-7.5/80- 80". That is, "The lubricating oil test, which is specified in this Part, is carried out under the condition of axial force of 80 kN, test speed of 7.5 r/min, test temperature of 80 °C". 9.2 Report
9.2.1 Roller's wear loss (mw50) and cage's wear loss (mk50), when the wear rate is 50%, in milligrams (mg); as well as the test conditions and the arithmetic mean of the starting friction torque (Mrs) and the operating friction torque (Mrb), in Newtons (N). 9.2.2 Example of a result report.
Testing method-D-7.5/80-80;
Roller's wear loss. mw50 = 15 mg;
Cage's wear loss. mk50 = 110 mg;
The average value of starting friction torque is. Mrs = 38.5 Nm;
The average value of operating friction torque is. Mrb = 33.5 Nm.
Appendix B
Maintenance and repair
B.1 The following shall be checked, each time before the test run
B.1.1 Thermocouple. Check for damage.
B.1.2 Degree of housing cleanliness.
B.1.3 O-ring (check for damage).
B.1.4 Shaft's taper joint of test head and drive unit shaft (check for cleanliness and damage).
B.1.5 The condition of the rope, which is used to measure the friction force. B.1.6 Drive unit condition.
B.1.7 Bearing cage inside the test head (check whether it is installed correctly). B.1.8 When installing the thrust cylindrical rolling bearing, the cleanliness of each auxiliary bearing of the test head.
B.2 Perform the following operations every 18 months
B.2.1 Thermocouple calibration (J-type calibration within ±2, 5%; L-type calibration within ±3%).
B.2.2 Tolerance check of the test bearing shaft (diameter. mm, bearing retainer tolerance (diameter). and); check the condition of bearing
contact surface.
B.2.3 Check the tolerance of pin hole of test head (diameter. mm).
B.3 The following inspections shall be additionally performed every two years B.3.1 Axial load. ±5%;
B.3.2 Friction. ±2%;

View full details