JT/T 1094-2016 English PDF (JTT1094-2016)
JT/T 1094-2016 English PDF (JTT1094-2016)
JT/T 1094-2016: Safety specifications for commercial bus
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY
STANDARD OF THEPEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Safety Specifications for Commercial Bus
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 30, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 1, 2017
Issued by. Ministry of Transport of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 Technical Requirements ... 6
5 Requirements for Transition Period of Standard Implementation ... 13
Appendix A (Normative) Performance Requirements and Test Method for
Electronic Stability Control System of the Commercial Bus ... 15
This Standard was drafted as per the rules specified in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Standard was proposed by Transport Service Department, Ministry of Transport of the PRC.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Bus Subcommittee of the National Technical Committee for Standardization of Automotive (SAC/TC 114/SC22). Drafting organizations of this Standard. Chongqing Vehicle Test and Research Institute Co., Ltd., and Bus Institute of China Highway and Transportation Society.
Participating drafting organizations of this Standard. Research Institute of Highway Ministry of Transport, Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry Co., Ltd., Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd., King Long United Automotive Industry (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Zhongtong Bus Holding Co., Ltd., Xiamen Golden Dragon Van Co., Ltd., Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd., Jinhua Youngman Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Transport Administration Bureau of Jiangsu Transportation Department, Chongqing Municipal Road Transport Administration Bureau, Road Transport Administration Bureau of Hunan Provincial Transportation Department, Guizhou Provincial Road Transport Bureau, and Beijing North Huade Neoplan Bus Co., Ltd.
Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Zhang Yidong, Hu Xuanru, Li Qiang, Yao Bo, Wu Xiaoguang, You Guoping, Cao Fei, Zhang Hongwei, Zhang Xiong, Tian Yongsheng, Zhong Bin, Huang Xinyu, Chen Zhangyu, Su Liang, Zhao Tianhong, Yu Yali, Zhang Mike, Yan Zejin, Xu Xiaofang, Pu Yanliang, Wang Hua, Li Jianfang, and Gao Bin. Safety Specifications for Commercial Bus
This Standard specifies the safety technical requirements for the entire vehicle, main assembly, safety protection device of the commercial bus.
This Standard is applicable to the Class-B and Class-III commercial bus in the Type- M2 and Type-M3 vehicle.
This Standard is not applicable to the school bus.
2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 2408 Plastics ?€? Determination of Burning Characteristics ?€? Horizontal and Vertical Test
GB/T 3730.1 Motor Vehicles and Trailers ?€? Types ?€? Terms and Definitions GB/T 6323 Controllability and Stability Test Procedure for Automobiles
GB 7258 Safety Specifications for Power-Driven Vehicles Operating on Roads GB 12676 Technical Requirements and Testing Methods for Commercial Vehicle and Trailer Braking Systems
GB 13057 The Strength of the Seats and their Anchorages of Passenger Vehicles GB 13094 The Safety Requirements for Bus Construction
GB/T 13594 Antilock Braking Performance and Test Procedure for Motor Vehicles and their Trailers
GB 14166 Safety-Belts, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems and ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems for Occupants of Power-Driven Vehicles
GB 14167 Safety-Belt Anchorages, ISOFIX Anchorages Systems and ISOFIX Top Tether Anchorages for Vehicles
GB/T 14172 Static Roll Stability Test Method for Motor Vehicles
GB/T 15089 Classification of Power-Driven Vehicles and Trailers
GB 17578 Requirements and Test Methods of Strength for the Superstructure of Bus
GB/T 17619 Limits and Methods of Testing for Immunity of Electrical / Electronic Sub-Assemblies in Vehicles to Electromagnetic Radiation
GB 18565 Composite Performance Requirement and Detecting Methods for Road Transport Vehicles
GB/T 18655 Vehicles Boats and Internal Combustion Engines - Radio Disturbance Characteristics - Limits and Methods of Measurement for the Protection of on- Board Receivers
GB/T 19056 Vehicle Travelling Data Recorder
GB 19239 Mounting Requirements of Special Equipment for Gas Vehicle
GB/T 23334 Open-Type Roof Escape Hatch on Bus
GB/T 24545 Requirement of Speed Limitation System for Motor Vehicles
GB/T 30677 Performance Requirements and Testing Methods for Electronic
Stability Control System (ESC) for Light Vehicles
GB 30678 Safety Signs and Information Symbols for the Use of Bus
JT/T 721 Requirements and Test Methods of Electromagnetic Retarder for the Use of Bus
JT/T 782 Technical Requirements of Tyre Failure Emergency Safety Device for Bus
JT/T 794 GNSS System for Operating Vehicles - Technical Specification for Vehicle Terminals
JT/T 808 GNSS System for Operating Vehicles - General Specifications for Vehicle Terminal Communication Protocol and Data Format
JT/T 883 Driving Danger Warning System for Commercial Vehicles - Technical Requirements and Test Method
JT/T 889 Loading Performance Requirements and Test Methods for Engine
3500kg shall meet the requirements of GB/T 30677; the ESC equipped onto the other commercial buses shall meet the requirements of Appendix A. The electromagnetic compatibility of the ESC shall conform to the provisions of GB/T 18655 and GB/T 17619.
4.1.5 The commercial bus with length greater than 9m shall be equipped with the Lane Departure Warning System (LDWS) that conforms to the provisions of JT/T 883; and equipped with the Automatic Emergency Braking System (AEBS). The forward collision warning function of the AEBS shall conform to the provisions of JT/T 883; other functions shall conform to the provisions of relevant standards.
4.1.6 When leaving the factory, the commercial bus shall be equipped with vehicle inside and outside video monitoring system with the storage and upload functions; and equipped with the vehicle terminal based on satellite positioning system with the travel recording function.
--- The video monitoring system shall conform to the provisions of JT/T 1076 and JT/T 1078; and the video monitoring range shall cover at least the driver?€?s area, passenger door area, passenger area, and front area outside of the vehicle. --- The vehicle terminal based on satellite positioning system shall conform to the provisions of GB/T 19056, JT/T 794 and JT/T 808.
4.1.7 The commercial bus shall be equipped with safety signs, which shall conform to the provisions of GB 30678.
4.1.8 The commercial bus shall indicate the number of seats (including the driver?€?s seat) in Chinese and Arabic numerals with a height greater than or equal to 100mm in the vicinity of the passenger door outside the bus.
4.1.9 The commercial bus roll stability shall conform to the provisions of GB 7258. 4.10 The commercial bus with maximum design speed of greater than 100km/h shall have the speed limit function; or shall be equipped with the speed limit device meeting the requirements of GB/T 24545; and the maximum speed adjusted by the speed limit function or speed limit device shall be no greater than 100km/h.
4.2 Steering system
4.2.1 When the maximum design axle load of steering shaft is greater than 4000kg, the power steering device shall be installed. When steering, the power steering function shall be continuously valid; and when the power steering device failed, the steering wheel can also control the vehicle.
4.2.2 The commercial bus shall be understeering characteristics; perform the test as per GB/T 6323; the understeering degree shall conform to the provisions of QC/T 480. 18.104.22.168 The commercial bus with length greater than 9m shall be equipped with at least 2 safety roof windows; while the commercial bus with length greater than 7m and less than or equal to 9m shall be equipped with at least 1 safety roof window. The open-type safety roof window shall meet the requirements of GB/T 23334. 22.214.171.124 The emergency hammer conforming to the provisions of QC/T 1048 shall be installed nearby the emergency window of the commercial bus; when the emergency hammer is removed, it can alarm through the sound signal.
126.96.36.199 A emergency hammer shall be installed nearby the driver?€?s seat. If installing the power-controlled passenger door, the passenger door emergency switch shall be set up for the benefit of the driver?€?s operation; if installing the automatic window-breaker, the automatic window-breaker switch shall be set up.
188.8.131.52 The stepping floor area of the commercial bus shall set up no seat. No folding seats shall be provided in the channel. The emergency door approach width shall conform to the provisions of GB 13094; the front row seat-back on the emergency door approach shall be nonadjustable.
4.7 Safety guards
4.7.1 The commercial bus shall be equipped with single fuel tank, the rated capacity of which shall be less than or equal to 260L, and the following requirements shall be met.
a) The fuel tank shall be fixed firmly; its installing position shall be subject to t...