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GB/T 9445-2015 English PDF (GBT9445-2015)

GB/T 9445-2015 English PDF (GBT9445-2015)

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GB/T 9445-2015: Non-destructive testing -- Qualification and certification of NDT personnel

GB/T 9445-2015
Non-destructive testing - Qualification and certification of NDT personnel ICS 03.100.30; 19.100
J04
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replace GB/T 9445-2008
Non-destructive testing personnel qualification and certification
(ISO 9712.2012, IDT)
Released on December 10,.2015
2016-07-01 implementation
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China China National Standardization Administration issued
Content
Foreword III
1 range 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and Definitions 1
4 Methods and abbreviations 4
5 Responsibilities 5
6 Level of Qualification 7
7 Qualification condition 8
8 Qualification Examination 10
9 Certification 14
10 extension 16
11 Recertification 16
12 files 17
13 Transition period 17
14 EN 473.2008 [4], GB/T 9445-2008 and the transition between this standard 17 Appendix A (Normative Appendix) Category 18
Appendix B (Normative) Type and minimum quantity requirements for specimens for Level 1 and Level 2 hands-on exams 19 Appendix C (Normative Appendix) Integral System for Level 3 Recertification 20 Appendix D (Normative) Practical Practice Score 21
Appendix E (informative) Non-destructive testing project 23
Reference 24
Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This standard replaces GB/T 9445-2008 "Non-destructive testing personnel qualification and certification". The main technical changes of this standard compared with GB/T 9445-2008 are as follows. --- Revised the scope of application of the standard (see Chapter 1; Chapter 1 of the.2008 edition); --- Revised some terms and definitions (see Chapter 3; Chapter 3 of the.2008 edition); --- Revised the requirements of the certification body (see 5.2; 5.2 of the.2008 edition); --- Revised the employer's responsibilities (see 5.5; 5.5 of the.2008 edition); --- Increased the requirements of applicants (see 5.6);
--- Increased the requirements of the certificate holder (see 5.7);
--- Adjusted the test content and score of Level 1 and Level 2 (see 8.2; 8.2~8.5 of the.2008 version); --- Adjusted the level 3 exam content and score (see 8.3;.2008 version of 8.6 ~ 8.8); --- Adjusted the implementation of the test (see 8.4; 9.1 of the.2008 edition); --- Adjusted the retest (see 8.5;.2008 version 9.2);
--- Adjusted the exam exemption (see 8.6; 9.3 of the.2008 edition);
--- Adjusted certification management, certification and effectiveness (see 9.1, 9.2 and 9.4;.2008 version 10.1~10.3); ---Added an electronic certificate (see 9.3);
--- Adjusted the extension (see Chapter 10; 10.4 of the.2008 edition);
--- Adjusted recertification (see Chapter 11; 10.5 of the.2008 edition); ---Adjusted the file (see Chapter 12; Chapter 11 of the.2008 edition);
--- Increased the transition period (see Chapter 13);
--- Increased the transition between EN473.2008, GB/T 9445-2008 and this standard (see Chapter 14); --- Deleted the standard test report of the sample (Appendix B of the.2008 edition); --- Revised the composition of the integral system for Level 3 recertification (see Appendix C; Appendix F of the.2008 edition); --- Revised the actual operation test score (see Appendix D; Appendix D and Appendix F of the.2008 edition). This standard uses the translation method equivalent to ISO 9712.2012 "Non-destructive testing personnel qualification and certification" (English version). This standard is proposed and managed by the National Non-Destructive Testing Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC56). This standard was drafted. Shanghai Materials Research Institute, China Mechanical Engineering Society Nondestructive Testing Branch, Shanghai Chengyou Industrial Group Co., Ltd. Suzhou Xinmeida Testing Equipment Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhuyang Automation Equipment Co., Ltd., Shanghai Xinmeida Testing Equipment Co., Ltd., Shanghai Wei Chengbangda Testing Technology Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this standard. Ji Jingyuan, Wang Yingwei, Ding Jie, Jin Yufei, Zhao Cheng, Zhang Ying, Zhu Hao. The previous versions of the standards replaced by this standard are.
---GB/T 9445-1988, GB/T 9445-1999, GB/T 9445-2005, GB/T 9445-2008.
Non-destructive testing personnel qualification and certification
1 Scope
This standard specifies the principle requirements for the qualification and certification of industrial non-destructive testing (NDT) personnel. Note 1. The term "industry" refers to applications outside the medical field. The system specified in this standard can also be applied to other NDT methods or new technologies that have been defined as an NDT method, provided that there is A complete certification scheme, and this method or technology is covered by international, regional or national standards, or this new NDT The method or technique has proven to be effective and satisfactory to the certification body. Note 2. CEN/T R14748 [5] can be used as a guide.
The certification of this standard covers the capabilities of one or more of the following methods. a) acoustic emission detection;
b) eddy current testing;
c) infrared thermal imaging detection;
d) leak detection (excluding hydrostatic test);
e) magnetic particle testing;
f) penetration testing;
g) radiographic testing;
h) strain detection;
i) ultrasonic testing;
j) Visual inspection (excluding direct visual inspection and visual inspection used when applying other NDT methods). Note 3. This standard specifies the requirements for third-party conformity assessment programs. These requirements are not directly applicable to the first party or second party's conformity assessment, but may also Refer to the relevant part of this standard.
Note 4. In this standard, no matter what gender-specific words appear, such as “his”, “her”, “he” or “her”, it applies to all genders. 2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only dated versions apply to this article. Pieces. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document. General requirements for ISO /IEC 17024 conformity assessment personnel certification bodies 3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
Authorized qualification body authorizedqualifyingbody
An organization independent of the employer and authorized by the certification body to prepare and manage the qualification test. 3.2
Basic exam basicexamination
One of the level 3 written examinations to assess applicants' material science and processing techniques, discontinuous types, qualifications and certification systems, And the knowledge of the basic principles of NDT methods equivalent to Level 2 requirements. Note 1. See Chapter 6 for a description of the three levels of qualification. Note 2. The qualification and certification system is specified in this standard. 3.3
Candidate candidate
Applicants who apply for qualification and certification, and who have obtained industrial experience under the supervision of qualified personnel accepted by the certification body. 3.4
Certificate certificate
A written certificate issued by the certification body in accordance with the prescribed terms, which indicates the competence of the holder. Note. These terms are specified in this standard.
3.5
Certification
The certification carried out by the certification body meets the qualification requirements of relevant methods, grades, categories, etc. and the procedures for issuing certificates. 3.6
Certification body certificationbody
The organization that manages the certification process as required.
Note. These requirements are specified in this standard.
3.7
Employer employer
The organization (or unit) where the applicant regularly works.
Note. Employers (such as private bosses) can also be candidates.
3.8
Examination center examinationcentre
The center of the implementation qualification examination approved by the certification body. 3.9
Examiner
Holds the method and the level 3 certificate of the product or industry category, and is authorized by the certification body to be responsible for the conduct of the qualification examination, supervision and The person who scored.
3.10
General exam generalexamination
One of the written exams for Level 1 or Level 2 involves the principles of an NDT method. 3.11
Industrial experience industrialexperience
The experience obtained under effective supervision and accepted by the certification body, that is, the required NDT method for the relevant category specified in the qualification Gained skills and knowledge.
3.12
Invigilator invigilator
The person who is supervised by the certification body.
3.13
Job training job-specifictraining
In order to give an authorization to operate, the employer (or its agent) gives the certificate holder a non-destructive test related to the employer’s product, an NDT device, Training in NDT process procedures, as well as applicable regulations, standards, specifications, and process procedures. 3.14
Main method exam main-methodexamination
One of the level 3 written examinations to assess the general and professional knowledge of the applicant in the industry or product category for which he is applying for certification, and The ability to write the NDT process specification for this NDT method. 3.15
Multiple choice multiple-choiceexaminationquestion
A form of topic that gives four possible answers, of which only one is correct and the other three are incorrect or not completely correct. 3.16
NDT process card NDTinstruction
Written instructions containing precise steps in the test, prepared in accordance with the specified standards, regulations, specifications, or NDT process procedures. 3.17
NDT method NDTmethod
A discipline that applies a certain physical principle in non-destructive testing. For example. ultrasonic testing.
3.18
NDT Process Specification NDTprocedure
Testing procedure
Test procedure
Written in accordance with the requirements of standards, regulations or specifications for the non-destructive testing of products, containing all basic parameters and precautions Description.
3.19
NDT technology NDTtechnique
A specific application of the NDT method.
For example. liquid immersion ultrasonic testing.
3.20
NDT training NDTtraining
The theoretical and practical teaching process associated with the certified NDT method, and the training course is approved by the certification body Requirements for the training program.
3.21
Operation authorization operatingauthorization
Work authorization
A written certificate issued by an employer authorizing an individual to perform a specified job, depending on the scope of the certification. Note. This authorization relies on the job training provided.
3.22
Practical examination practicalexamination
The assessment of actual operational skills to assess the applicant's ability and proficiency in performing tests. 3.23
Qualification
Empirical evidence of the physical fitness, knowledge, skills, training and experience required to properly implement the NDT mission. 3.24
Qualification exam qualificationexamination
An examination administered by a certification body or an accredited accreditation body to assess the applicant's knowledge of general, professional and practical operations. Knowledge and skills.
3.25
Effective supervision of qualifiedsupervision
The supervisor is the holder of the same NDT method, or the license holder, but the certification machine A person who believes that he or she has the knowledge, skills, training, and experience required to properly perform such supervision. 3.26
Class sector
Specific areas of industry or production processes, using specialized methods of operation, requiring specific product-related knowledge, skills, equipment or Training.
Note. A category can be interpreted as a type of product (weld, casting) or an industry (aerospace, in-service inspection) (see Appendix A). 3.27
Major interruption significantinterruption
The licensee has a continuous time of more than one year or is tired in the actual work of the certified methods and categories corresponding to their grades. Detachment or change over a period of more than two years.
Note. Statutory holidays or sick leave not exceeding 30 days are not counted as interruption time. 3.28
Professional exam specificexamination
One of the written exams for Levels 1 and 2, involving testing techniques applied to a particular category, including products being inspected and their regulations, Knowledge of standards, specifications, process procedures and acceptance criteria. 3.29
Specification specification
Clarify the required documents.
3.30
Specimen
Samples used in the actual operation of the exam may also include radiographic negatives and data sets, and are typical products to be tested in the applicable category. It is representative.
Note. A sample can contain more than one area or volume to be inspected. 3.31
Standard test report for specimens specimenmasterreport
The typical answer that reflects the best results is the same conditions as specified in the actual operation test (device type, settings, technology, samples, etc.) If it is obtained in advance, the test report of the applicant is scored accordingly. 3.32
Supervisor
Instruct other NDT personnel to implement NDT behavior, including the management of actions such as preparing for testing, implementing tests, and reporting results. 3.33
Verify validation
Demonstrate the process procedures used in the actual operation to be verified and the behaviors that achieve their intended effects, usually using live witnesses and real This is achieved by means of certification, on-site or laboratory testing or selective testing. 3.34
Deferred rewal
At any time after the first exam, re-examination or re-certification exam is passed, up to five years, the certificate will be re-validated without the exam. program.
3.35
Recertification recertification
A procedure for revalidating a certificate by taking an exam or by satisfying the recertification guidelines issued by the certification body. 4 methods and abbreviations
Table 1 lists the NDT methods and their abbreviations that apply to this standard. Table 1 Methods and abbreviations
NDT method abbreviations
Acoustic emission detection AT
Eddy current testing ET
Infrared thermal imaging detection TT
Leak detection LT
Magnetic particle testing MT
Penetration detection PT
Radiographic inspection RT
Strain detection ST
Ultrasonic detection UT
Visual inspection of VT
5 responsibilities
5.1 Overview
The certification system shall be managed by the certification body (if necessary, by an authorized qualification body). Certification system includes assessment of individuals Accreditation of capabilities is achieved through the implementation of all procedures required to qualify for a specific NDT method and product or industrial category task. 5.2 Certification body
5.2.1 The certification body shall comply with the requirements of ISO /IEC 17024. 5.2.2 Certification body.
a) certification schemes should be proposed, improved, maintained and implemented in accordance with ISO /IEC 17024 and this standard; b) The specification of the training course should be issued, including a syllabus that reflects the content of the approved document, such as ISO /T R25107 [2] or equivalent file;
c) In the case of direct responsibility, the authorized qualification institution may be entrusted to implement the qualification assessment, and it shall issue relevant institutional facilities, Specifications and/or aspects of personnel, NDT equipment calibration and management, test materials, samples, test implementation, test scores, records, etc. program;
d) The initial review of the accredited accreditation body and subsequent periodic surveillance audits to ensure compliance with the specifications; e) all authorization functions should be monitored in accordance with the procedure documentation; f) Examination centres with appropriate staff and equipment should be approved and should be monitored regularly; g) an appropriate system should be established to maintain records, and all records should be kept for at least one certification period (10 years); h) shall be responsible for the issuance of all certificates;
i) should be responsible for the definition of the category (see Appendix A); j) It shall be responsible for ensuring the safety of all test materials (standard test reports, test questions, test papers, etc.) and shall ensure the test specimens Not used for training;
k) Ethical Code of Conduct should be developed and published, and all applicants and certificate holders should be required to commit to compliance by signature or stamp. 5.3 Authorized Qualification Body
5.3.1 An established accreditation body shall.
a) implement the specifications issued by the certification body and work under its management; b) independent of the interests of either party;
c) ensure that each applicant applying for accreditation is impartial and reminds the certification body that it has impaired its impartiality or Potential threats;
d) implement quality management system documents approved by the certification body; e) have the resources and expertise necessary to establish, monitor and manage the test centre, including the calibration and management of exams and equipment; f) prepare, supervise and manage the examinations under the responsibility of the examiner authorized by the certification body; g) Maintain appropriate qualifications and test records as required by the certification body. 5.3.2 If there is no authorized qualification body, the certification body shall meet the requirements of the authorized qualification body. 5.4 Test Center
5.4.1 The test center shall.
a) work under the authority of a certification body or an accredited accreditation body; b) implement quality procedures documents approved by the certification body; c) have the resources required to undertake the examination, including the calibration and management of the equipment; d) Have sufficient qualified staff, sites and equipment to ensure that qualifications for relevant grades, methods and categories are met Test request
e) Prepare and hold the test under the responsibility of the examiner authorized by the certification body, and only use the test determined or approved by the certification body Problems and samples;
f) In the actual operation test, only samples prepared or approved by the certification body or authorized accreditation body may be used (if there are many Test centers, each center should be equipped with samples with similar discontinuities and test difficulty) - in any case The sample should not be used for training;
g) Maintain appropriate qualifications and test records as required by the certification body. 5.4.2 The test center can be located at the employer's premises. In this case, the certification body should increase management to maintain impartiality, and the examination It should only be held in the presence and under the management of a repr...

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