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GB/T 8942-2002 English PDF (GBT8942-2002)

GB/T 8942-2002 English PDF (GBT8942-2002)

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GB/T 8942-2002: Paper -- Determination of softness

This Standard specifies the method of using the hand-feeling softness tester to determine the softness of paper. This Standard is applicable to various wrinkle toilet paper, tissue paper and its derivatives, as well as other papers that require softness.
GB/T 8942-2002
ICS 85.060
Y 30
Replacing GB/T 8942-1988
Paper ?€? Determination of Softness
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms ... 4
4 Instrument ... 4
5 Sample Taken ... 6
6 Sample Processing ... 6
7 Sample Preparation ... 6
8 Test Procedures ... 6
9 Calculation of Results ... 7
10 Test Report ... 7
Appendix A (Suggestive) Inspection of Instrument Parameters ... 8
Paper ?€? Determination of Softness
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the method of using the hand-feeling softness tester to determine the softness of paper.
This Standard is applicable to various wrinkle toilet paper, tissue paper and its derivatives, as well as other papers that require softness.
2 Normative References
The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this Standard, constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated are valid. All standards are subject to revision. The parties who are using this Standard shall explore the possibility of using the latest version of the following standards. GB/T 450-2002 Paper and Board--Sampling for Testing (eqv ISO 186:1994)
GB/T 10739-2002 Paper, Board and Pulps - Standard Atmosphere for
Conditioning and Testing (eqv ISO 187:1990)
3 Terms
For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms apply.
3.1 Softness
Under the specified conditions, when the plate-shaped probe presses the sample into the slit to a certain depth (about 8mm), the sum BETWEEN bending resistance force of the sample itself AND the maximum vector of the friction force of sample and the slit; it is expressed by millinewtons; the smaller the softness value is, the softer the paper is.
4 Instrument
The instrument shall adopt the hand-feeling softness tester shown in Figure 1. 4.7 Instrument accuracy
4.7.1 Maximum range of the instrument: 1000mN.
4.7.2 Load accuracy: ??1%.
4.7.3 Repeatability: less than 3%.
5 Sample Taken
The average sample shall be taken as stipulated in GB/T 450.
6 Sample Processing
The sample shall be subjected to temperature and humidity treatment according to GB/T 10739; and prepared and measured under these conditions.
7 Sample Preparation
According to the number of layers specified in the product standard, cut the sample from the sample taken into the size of 100mm??100mm; mark the longitudinal, lateral, front and rear sides, respectively. The size deviation shall not exceed ??0.5mm. Whether the embossed or un-embossed sample, after uncovering the layer of the sample, then overlap for the test of softness.
8 Test Procedures
8.1 After starting and preheating according to the instrument manual, adjust the instrument zero point; adjust the slit width according to the provisions of product standard. Meanwhile, check the width error and parallelism according to A1 in Appendix A; so that they meet the requirements of 4.1 and 4.5.
8.2 Place the sample on the test bench; and make it as symmetrical as possible to the slit. The multilayer sample shall be stacked up and down. Turn the instrument peak value/tracking switch is turned to peak value position, press the test button, the plate- shaped probe of the instrument begins to move. After the probe completes the whole process, read the measurement value from the display; then test the next sample. 10 data shall be tested in the longitudinal and lateral directions, respectively. Appendix A
Inspection of Instrument Parameters
A1 Inspection of slit width, width error and parallelism
Use a Vernier caliper (with scale of 0.02mm) to measure the width on the two ends and middle of the slit; the average value of the measured values at the three positions is the actual slit width; its difference with nominal width of the slit shall not exceed ??0.05mm; the difference between the maximum and minimum values of the three measured values shall be the parallelism error.
A2 Inspection of average running speed and total stroke of the probe
A2.1 Firstly, turn the probe to the highest position of the stroke; use the height gauge to measure the height, h1, from the upper end to the bench surface. Then drop the probe to the lowest position of the stroke; measure the height, h2, from the upper end to the bench surface. Calculate the total stroke, H, (in mm) as per the Formula (A1): A2.2 Use the stopwatch to measure the time, expressed by t, for the probe travelling from the highest to the lowest position, accurate to 0.01s; then calculate the average running speed, V, (in mm/s) as per the Formula (A2):
A3 Inspection of pressing depth into slit
Use a Vernier caliper to measure the height, B, of plate-shaped probe itself; then calculate the pressing depth, K, (in mm) as per the Formula (A3):
A4 Inspection of instrument accuracy
Adjust the instrument to zero point; install the special pulley frame according to Figure A1; hang the 400mN balancing weight. Then successively equip with 100mN, 200mN, 400mN, 600mN, 800mN balancing weights; or directly add the balancing weight to the plate-shaped probe. Repeat the above procedures for three times to obtain three sets

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