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GB/T 8685-2008 English PDF (GBT8685-2008)

GB/T 8685-2008 English PDF (GBT8685-2008)

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GB/T 8685-2008: Textiles -- Care labeling code using symbols

This Standard establishes a system of symbols, intended for use in the label of textile products, providing information on the most violent care procedures that will not cause any irreversible damage to the product; it specifies the methods of use of these symbols in the care labelling.
GB/T 8685-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.080.01
W 04
Replacing GB/T 8685-1988
Textiles - Care Labelling Code Using Symbols
(ISO 3758.2005, MOD)
ISSUED ON. JUNE 18, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ);
Standardization Administration (SAC) of the People's
Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 5
1 Scope ... 6
2 Terms and Definitions ... 6
3 Symbols ... 9
4 Application and Use of Symbols ... 15
Appendix A (Informative) Characteristics and Available Test Methods for the Correct Selection of Care Symbols ... 17
Appendix B (Informative) Regional and National Practices in Care Labelling ... 22 Appendix C (Informative) Examples of Additional Wording ... 25
Bibliography ... 26
Foreword
This Standard modifies and adopts ISO 3758.2005 "Textiles-Care Labelling Code Using Symbols"; and it also makes reference to the contents of the latest draft revision in 2008 of ISO 3758.2005.
This Standard was redrafted in accordance with ISO 3758.2005. The differences from ISO 3758.2005 are as follows.
1. The definition of textile products was modified to be consistent with the definition stated in relevant standard.
2. The tumble drying and natural drying are the specific drying methods and should not be used as basic symbols; the clauses on tumble drying and natural drying in 3.1.3.1 and 3.1.3.2 of ISO 3758.2005 were deleted in accordance with the draft revision of ISO.
3. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the symbol for mild washing at 95??C in Table 1 was deleted.
4. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the natural drying symbol for drip flat drying was added, and the symbols for natural drying were modified. 5. Appendix A and the ISO standards given in the Bibliography were replaced by the corresponding national standards, while the ISO standards were still directly quoted in case of no corresponding national standard.
6. In accordance with the draft revision of ISO, the contents of Appendix C were adjusted into the normative provisions and were included in the corresponding 2.4 and 3.4. Appendix C was deleted.
7. The serial number of Appendix D was changed to Appendix C accordingly; the contents on natural drying in the "Examples of Additional Wording" were deleted.
This Standard replaces GB/T 8685-1988 "Care Labelling Code of Textiles and Apparel". The main changes in contents are as follows.
1. The standard name was changed into "Textiles-Care Labelling Code Using Symbols".
2. The scope was changed from "is applicable to various textiles and garments" to "is applicable to all the textile products in the form in which they are supplied to the end user".
3. The chapter "Normative References" was deleted.
4. The relevant terms and definitions were added.
5. The meanings of two basic symbols (triangle and circle) were modified; the transverse line in washtub was changed to wavy line; and the meanings and representation of the four additional symbols were defined.
6. Among the symbols for washings, the mild process at 95??C was deleted, and the very mild processes at 40??C and 30??C were added; the symbol "do not wring out" was deleted and was included in Appendix C in form of description in words.
7. For symbols for bleaching, the oxygen/non-chlorine bleach was added. 8. For symbols for ironing and pressing, the representation by adding the ?€?high, middle, low?€? Chinese characters was deleted; and the symbols for ironing and pressing with press sheet and for steam ironing were deleted.
9. The specific symbols for dry cleaning and wet cleaning were added; in relation to symbol for tumble drying, the representation of temperature by dots was added. 10. The symbols for shape of clothes in the natural drying were deleted, and the square symbol was modified.
11. The arrangement sequence of the care symbols was changed FROM washing, chlorine bleach, ironing and pressing, dry cleaning, washing and drying TO washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and pressing, and professional textile care. 12. Provisions on the colour of symbols were deleted.
13. Appendix A and Appendix B were added.
Please pay attention to that the patents relating to care labelling may be involved during the implementation process of this Standard.
Appendixes A, B and C of this Standard are informative.
This Standard was proposed by China National Textile and Apparel Council. This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the Basic Branch of Technical Committee on Textiles of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 209/SC 1). Chief drafting organizations of this Standard. Standardization Institute of Textile Industry AND China (Beijing) Textile Testing and Certification Services Co,. Ltd. Chief drafting staffs of this Standard. Zheng Yuying, Xu Lu and Si Ying. The previous edition replaced by this Standard is as follows.
- GB/T 8685-1988.
Textiles - Care Labelling Code Using Symbols
1 Scope
This Standard establishes a system of symbols, intended for use in the label of textile products, providing information on the most violent care procedures that will not cause any irreversible damage to the product; it specifies the methods of use of these symbols in the care labelling.
This Standard includes the domestic care methods, like washing, bleaching, drying and ironing and pressing, and also includes the professional textile care methods, like dry cleaning and wet cleaning, but excluding the industrial laundering. The information imparted by the four kinds of symbols of domestic care methods may also be of assistance to the professional cleaner and launderer.
This Standard is applicable to all the textile products in the form in which they are supplied to the end user.
2 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Standard, the following terms and definitions apply. 2.1
Textile products
It refers to the products with natural fibre and chemical fibre as principal raw materials, and being spined, weaved, dyed and other processing techniques or then sewed, composed, such as yarns, textiles and their finished products.
2.2
Washing
It refers the process designed to clean textile products in an aqueous bath. Note. Washing includes all or some of the following operations in relevant combinations. - Soaking, pre-washing and normal washing (carried out usually with heating, mechanical action and in the presence of detergents or other products) and rinsing.
- Water extraction, i.e. spinning or wringing performed during and/or at the end of the operations mentioned above.
These operations may be carried out by machine or by hand.
2.3
Bleaching
It refers the process carried out in an aqueous medium before, during, or after washing, requiring the use of an oxidizing agent including either chlorine or oxygen/non-chlorine products, for the purpose of improving soil and stain removal and/or improving whiteness.
2.3.1
Chlorine bleach
It refers to the agent that releases hypochlorite ions in solution, e.g. sodium hypochlorite.
2.3.2
Oxygen/non-chlorine bleach
It refers to the agent that releases a hyperoxides in solution.
Note. Oxygen bleach products encompass a wide range of activity, including different activated and non-activated bleaching species which vary in their activity. The bleach activator is the agent that allows bleaching to occur at relatively lower wash temperatures.
2.4
Drying
It refers to the process carried out on textile products after washing to remove the residual moisture.
2.4.1
Natural drying
It refers to the process carried out on a textile product after washing, with the intention of removing residual moisture by line drying, drip line drying, flat drying or drip flat drying in the sun or in the shade.
2.4.1.1
Line drying
It refers to the process carried out on a textile product after washing and water extraction, with the intention of removing residual moisture by hanging the textile product vertically on rope (rod) or coat hanger.
4.2 Characteristics and test methods for the selection of appropriate symbols The relevant characteristics and the test methods are given in Appendix A. 4.3 Use of symbols
The symbols shall be arranged in the order washing, bleaching, drying, ironing and pressing and professional textile care. Adequate and appropriate symbols shall be used so as to protect the products and not cause any irreversible damages. The treatment processes represented by the symbols apply to the whole of the textile product, except for the one with special explanation.
Appendix A
(Informative)
Characteristics and Available Test Methods for the Correct
Selection of Care Symbols
A.1 Definitions
A.1.1 C...

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