Skip to product information
1 of 4

PayPal, credit cards. Download editable-PDF and invoice in 1 second!

GB/T 5535.1-2008 English PDF (GBT5535.1-2008)

GB/T 5535.1-2008 English PDF (GBT5535.1-2008)

Regular price $150.00 USD
Regular price Sale price $150.00 USD
Sale Sold out
Shipping calculated at checkout.
Quotation: In 1-minute, 24-hr self-service. Click here GB/T 5535.1-2008 to get it for Purchase Approval, Bank TT...

GB/T 5535.1-2008: Animal and vegetable fats and oils -- Determination of unsaponifiable matter -- Part 1: Method using diethyl ether extraction

GB/T 5535.1-2008
Animal and vegetable fats and oils.Determination of unsaponifiable matter.Part 1.Method using diethyl ether extraction ICS 67.200.10
National Standards of People's Republic of China
GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
Replacing GB/T 553.5-1-1998
Determination of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable fats
Part 1.Ether extraction method
(ISO 3596..2000, IDT)
2008-2008-22 released
2008-12 implementation
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China Issued by China National Standardization Management Committee
GB/T 5535 "Determination of Unsaponifiable Matter of Animals and Plants" is divided into two parts. ---Part 1.Ether extraction method;
---Part 2.Hexane extraction method.
This part is part 1 of GB/T 5535.
This part is equivalent to the use of ISO 3596.2000 "Determination of ether extraction of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable oils and fats" (English version). For ease of use, this section has made the following editorial changes to ISO 3596.2000. --- Delete the preface of international standards;
--- Change "This International Standard" to "This Part";
---Replace the decimal point "." with the decimal point ".";
--- Use GB/T 15687 to replace ISO 661 in the original international standard. This part replaces GB/T 553.5-1-1998 "Determination of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable fats and oils, Part 1.Ether extraction" Law (first method)".
Appendix A of this section is an informative appendix.
This part is proposed by the State Grain Administration.
This part is under the jurisdiction of the National Grain and Oil Standardization Technical Committee. This section was drafted by. Wuhan Institute of Technology.
The main drafters of this section. Yao Li, He Dongping, Zhang Shihong, Gong Zhiyong, Hu Xiaohong, Huang Xiaoping. The release of previous versions of the standard replaced by this part are. ---GB/T 5535-1985, GB/T 553.5-1-1998.
GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
Determination of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable fats
Part 1.Ether extraction method
1 Scope
This part of GB/T 5535 stipulates the method for the determination of the content of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable oils and fats by the ether extraction method. This section applies to the determination of unsaponifiable matter content of general animal and vegetable fats. This section does not apply to wax. For some unsaponifiable matter content High fats, such as marine animal fats, can only get approximate results. When climatic conditions or regulations do not allow the use of ether, the method of GB/T 553.2 can be used. 2 Normative references
The clauses in the following documents become the clauses of this part by quoting in this part of GB/T 5535.All quoted dates The document, all subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions are not applicable to this section, however, encourage The parties to the agreement study whether the latest versions of these documents are available. For the cited documents without date, the latest version applies to this section.
GB/T 15687 Preparation of grease samples (GB/T 15687-1995, eqv ISO 661.1989) 3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this part of GB/T 5535.
All the products after saponification with potassium hydroxide are extracted with the specified solvent, and all the substances that are not volatile under the specified operating conditions. 4 Principle
The ethanol solution of fat and potassium hydroxide is saponified under boiling and refluxing conditions, the unsaponifiables are extracted from the saponified solution with ether, and the solvent is evaporated Weigh the residue after drying.
5 Reagents
The reagents used in this section are analytically pure, and the water is distilled water, deionized water or water of equivalent purity. 5.1 Ether. Freshly steamed, free of peroxides and residues.
5.2 Acetone.
5.3 Potassium hydroxide-ethanol solution. Lu (KOH) ≈ 1mol/L. Dissolve 60g of potassium hydroxide in 50mL of water, then use 95% (volume Fractions) Dilute with ethanol to 1000mL. The solution should be colorless or light yellow. 5.4 Potassium hydroxide aqueous solution. Lu (KOH) ≈0.5mol/L.
5.5 Phenolphthalein indicator solution. 95% (volume fraction) ethanol solution of 10g/L. 6 Instruments
Commonly used instruments in the laboratory, especially the following instruments. 6.1 Round-bottom flask. A 250mL round-bottom flask with a standard grind. 6.2 Reflux condenser. It has a grinding port matched with the flask (6.1). GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
6.3 500mL separating funnel. use Teflon stopcock and bottle stopper.
6.4 Water bath.
6.5 Electric oven. It can be controlled at 103℃±2℃.
7 skewer
Sampling is not the content specified in this part, it is recommended to use the ISO 5555 method. The samples received by the laboratory should be representative and should not be damaged or changed during transportation and storage. 8 Sample preparation
According to GB/T 15687 implementation.
9 Operation steps
9.1 Sample
Weigh about 5g sample (Chapter 8), accurate to 0.01g, placed in a 250mL flask (6.1). 9.2 Saponification
Add 50mL of potassium hydroxide-ethanol solution (5.3) and some zeolite. After the flask is connected to the reflux condenser (6.2), carefully boil it back Flow 1h. Stop heating, add 100mL of water from the top of the return tube and rotate and shake. If the extracted unsaponifiable matter is used for the determination of tocopherol, it is necessary to add pyrogallol and complete the operation as soon as possible (within 30 min). 9.3 Extraction of unsaponifiables
After cooling, transfer the saponification liquid to a 500mL separatory funnel (6.3), wash the flask and zeolite several times with 100mL ether (5.1), and Pour the lotion into the separatory funnel. Close the stopper, invert the separatory funnel, shake vigorously for 1 min, carefully open the stopcock, and release the internal pressure intermittently. Quiet After layering, put the lower layer of saponification liquid as completely as possible into the second separating funnel. If an emulsion is formed, a small amount of ethanol or concentrated hydroxide can be added Potassium or sodium chloride solutions are used for demulsification.
Using the same method, extract the saponification liquid twice with 100 mL of ether each time, collect the ether extract three times and put it in 40 mL of water In the separatory funnel.
9.4 Washing of ether extract
Gently rotate the separatory funnel containing the extraction solution and 40mL of water. Warning. Vigorous shaking may form emulsion.
After waiting for complete stratification, discard the lower water layer. Wash the ether solution twice with 40 mL of water, shaking vigorously each time, and layering Then discard the water layer below. When draining the washing liquid, leave 2mL, then rotate the separating funnel along the axis, and wait a few minutes for the remaining water layer to separate. Discard the water layer and close the stopcock when the ether solution reaches the stopcock. After washing the ether solution successively with 40 mL of potassium hydroxide aqueous solution (5.4) and 40 mL of water, proceed with 40 mL of potassium hydroxide aqueous solution Wash, and then wash with 40mL water at least twice.
Continue to wash with water until one drop of phenolphthalein solution (5.5) is added to the washing liquid until it is no longer pink. 9.5 Evaporation of solvent
Through the upper mouth of the separatory funnel, carefully transfer all the ether solution to a 250mL flask (6.1). This flask needs to be Dry in an oven (6.5) at 103°C ± 2°C, weigh after cooling, and accurate to 0.1 mg. Recover the solvent by distillation on a boiling water bath (6.4). Add 5mL of acetone, hold the flask at an angle while turning on a boiling water bath, and evaporate the volatile solvent completely under a slow air flow. 9.6 Drying and determination of residues
9.6.1 Place the flask horizontally in an oven (6.5) at 103°C ± 2°C and dry for 15 min. Then cool in a desiccator, remove the scale The amount is accurate to 0.1mg.
Repeat drying at 15 min intervals as described above until the difference between the two weighed masses does not exceed 1.5 mg. If it is not dried after three times Constant quality, unsaponifiables may be contaminated and need to be re-measured. GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
Note. If conditions permit, especially if unsaponifiable matter needs further testing, a vacuum rotary evaporator can be used. 9.6.2 When it is necessary to calibrate the free fatty acids in the residue, dissolve the weighed residue in 4 mL of ether and then add 20mL was pre-neutralized to make the phenolphthalein indicator solution (5.5) light pink ethanol. Titrate to the phase with 0.1mol/L standard potassium hydroxide alcohol solution Same end color.
Calculate the mass of free fatty acids with oleic acid and use this to correct the mass of the residue (Chapter 10). 9.7 Number of determinations
The same sample needs to be measured twice.
9.8 Blank test
Use the same steps and the same amount of all reagents, but do not add samples for blank test. If the residue exceeds 1.5mg, the reagent And methods to check.
10 Result calculation
The content of unsaponifiable matter in the sample is calculated according to formula (1). 100 (1)
In the formula.
X---The content of unsaponifiable matter in the sample, in terms of mass fraction, %; among them.
犞 --- The volume of standard potassium hydroxide ethanol solution used for titration, the unit is milliliter (mL); Lu-the exact concentration of potassium hydroxide ethanol standard solution, the unit is mole per liter (mol/L). The arithmetic mean of the two measured data is used as the result.
11 Precision
Appendix A summarizes the inter-laboratory testing of the precision of this method. The values obtained from these tests may not apply to other concentrated Degree range and other test subjects.
12 Test report
The test report needs to explain.
---All relevant information required for testing samples;
---If the sampling method is known, please indicate;
---The adopted inspection method and reference standard;
--- What is not specified in this section or considered optional, as well as all operational details that may affect the results; ---Measurement result, if repeatability test is carried out, the final result is listed. GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
Appendix A
(Informative appendix)
Inter-laboratory test results
A. 11 51 laboratories in 16 countries participated in the joint experiment, using the ether method to test the following samples. ---Sample A. alkali refining, decolorization, deodorization of soybean oil; ---Sample B. Hydrated decollagenated oil after drying.
This test was organized and carried out by the British International Association of Oils, Oils and Fats (FOSA) in.1995, and the results obtained were in accordance with ISO 5725 conducted statistical analysis, and its data is shown in Table A. 1. Table A. 1 Statistical analysis of test results
Soybean oil sample
Number of test laboratories after removing the deviation value 49 50
Average 0.58 0.69
Standard deviation of repeatability (Sr) 0.025 0.027
Coefficient of variation of repeatability/% 4.3 3.9
Standard deviation of reproducibility (SR) 0.22 0.24
Reproducibility coefficient of variation/% 37.9 34.7
Reproducibility limit (R) 0.62 0.67
A. 2 Another joint experiment was conducted by 43 laboratories in 17 countries in July 1989, using ether method to test Japanese fish oil. This test was organized and implemented by the British International Association of Oils, Oils and Fats (FOSFA), and the results obtained were carried out in accordance with ISO 5725 Statistical analysis, the data is shown in Table A. 2.
Table A. 2 Statistical analysis of test results
Parameter Fish Oil
Number of test laboratories after removing the deviation value 37
Average 0.81
Repeatability standard deviation (Sr) 0.02
Coefficient of variation of repeatability/% 2.46
Standard deviation of reproducibility (SR) 0.29
Reproducibility coefficient of variation/% 35.8
Reproducibility limit (R) 0.81
A. 3.The third joint experiment involving 10 laboratories was conducted by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) The United Association (FOSA) organized and implemented it between 1976 and.1997, and the results obtained were statistically analyzed in accordance with ISO 5725, and its data See Table A. 3.
GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
Table A. 3 Statistical analysis of test results
Parameters Refined Soybean Oil Refined Tallow Rapeseed Crude Oil
Number of test laboratories after removing the deviation value 10 10 10 Average 0.630 0.253 1.432
Standard deviation of repeatability (Sr) 0.032 0.024 0.068
Coefficient of variation of repeatability/% 5.0 9.3 0.19
Standard deviation of reproducibility (SR) 0.140 0.154 0.137
Reproducibility coefficient of variation/% 22.3 60.9 9.6
Reproducibility limit (R) 0.397 0.435 0.389
GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000
[1] ISO 5555 Animaldvegetables standards-Sampling.
[2] ISO 5725-1986 Procedures-Determines-Deterministics and Bibliography of Bibliography and Bibliography forstatardestmedbyby-laboratories-laboratories.
[3] GB/T 553.2 Determination of unsaponifiable matter of animal and vegetable fats and oils Part 2.Hexane extraction method (GB/T 553.5-2-2008, ISO 1860.2000, IDT).
GB/T 553.5-1-2008/ISO 3596..2000

View full details