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GB/T 5008.1-2013 English PDF (GBT5008.1-2013)

GB/T 5008.1-2013 English PDF (GBT5008.1-2013)

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GB/T 5008.1-2013: Lead-acid starter batteries -- Part 1: Technical conditions and methods of test

This Part of GB/T 5008 specifies the classification, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules and signs, packaging, transportation, storage and other aspects of lead-acid starter-batteries. This Part is applicable to the vented (flooded) lead-acid battery and valve regulated (gas recombination) battery with a nominal voltage of 12 V, which are used for the starting, ignition, and lighting of various automobiles, tractors, and internal combustion engines. This Part does not apply to batteries used for other purposes, such as: railway internal combustion engine starter-batteries.
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.220.20 K 84
GB/T 5008.1-2013
Replacing GB/T 5008.1-2005
Lead-acid starter batteries ?€?
Part 1. Technical conditions and methods of test
Issued on. February 7, 2013 Implemented on. July 1, 2013
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC; Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions, codes, classification ... 6
4 Technical requirements ... 8
5 Methods of test ... 11
6 Inspection rules ... 23
7 Marking, packaging, transport, storage ... 26
Appendix A (Normative) Signs for lead-acid battery... 29
Foreword
GB/T 5008 ?€?Lead-acid starter batteries?€? is divided into two parts.
- Part 1. Technical conditions and methods of test;
- Part 2. Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals. This Part is Part 1 of GB/T 5008. This Part is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Part replaces GB/T 5008.1-2005 ?€?Lead-acid starter batteries - Technical conditions?€?. As compared with GB/T 5008.1-2005, it mainly changes in the following. -The standard?€?s name is changed to ?€?Lead-acid starter batteries -Part 1. Technical conditions and methods of test?€? (SEE the cover; the cover of the 2005 version); ADD ?€?classification?€? and content (SEE Chapter 3; Chapter 3 of the 2005 version); ADD technical requirements for ?€?battery model, dimensions, classification, terminal dimensions, and polarity?€? (SEE 4.1); ADD technical requirements for ?€?electrolyte density and open-circuit voltage?€? (SEE 4.2); MODIFY the technical requirements for ?€?20 h rate capacity?€? (SEE 4.3.1;
4.1.2 of the 2005 version);
MODIFY the technical requirements for ?€?-18 ??C low temperature startup performance?€? (SEE 4.4.1; 4.2 of the 2005 version); - ADD technical requirements for ?€?-29 ??C low temperature startup performance?€? (SEE 4.4.2); -MODIFY the technical requirements for ?€?charge acceptance?€? (SEE 4.5; 4.3 of the 2005 version); - MODIFY the technical requirements for ?€?charge retention?€? (SEE 4.6; 4.4 of the 2005 version); -ADD and MODIFY the technical requirements for ?€?cyclic endurance?€? (SEE 4.8; 4.6 of the 2005 version); Lead-acid starter batteries ?€?
Part 1. Technical conditions and methods of test
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 5008 specifies the classification, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules and signs, packaging, transportation, storage and other aspects of lead-acid starter-batteries. This Part is applicable to the vented (flooded) lead-acid battery (hereafter known as battery for short) and valve regulated (gas recombination) battery with a nominal voltage of 12 V, which are used for the starting, ignition, and lighting of various automobiles, tractors, and internal combustion engines. This Part does not apply to batteries used for other purposes, such as. railway internal combustion engine starter-batteries. 2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For the dated references, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this document. GB/T 5008.2 Lead-acid starter batteries -Part 2. Dimensions of batteries and dimensions and marking of terminals IEC 60095-1.2006 Lead-acid starter batteries -Part 1. General requirements and methods of test 3 Terms and definitions, codes, classification
3.1 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions are applicable to this document.
3.1.1
Vented battery (flooded)
The battery with one or more exhaust devices on its cover capable of precipitating gaseous products, including normal water loss battery, low water 4.8.2
Cyclic endurance I
When the battery is tested according to 5.9.2, the number of cycles shall not be less than 120. 4.8.3 Cyclic endurance II
When the battery is tested according to 5.9.3, the cycle unit shall not be less than 5. 4.8.4 Cyclic endurance III
When the battery is tested according to 5.9.4, the number of cycles shall not be less than (2.8??Cn+82) times (applicable to vented batteries with a 20 h rate capacity of 60 Ah~220 Ah). 4.8.5 Cyclic endurance IV
When the battery is tested according to 5.9.5, the number of cycles shall not be less than (34??Cr, n-581) times (applicable to batteries with a Cr, n of 40 min~150 min). 4.9 Water loss
4.9.1 Low water loss battery
When the battery is tested according to 5.10, calculated according to the rated capacity Cn, the mass loss of the battery shall not be greater than 4 g/Ah. 4.9.2 Micro water loss battery (maintenance_free battery)
When the battery is tested according to 5.10, calculated according to the rated capacity Cn, the mass loss of the battery shall not be greater than 1 g/Ah. 4.10 Vibration resistance
When the battery is tested according to 5.11, and is discharged with Icc (A) current to 30 s, the terminal voltage shall not be less than 7.2 V. 4.11 Startup performance of dry-charged (or conserved-charge) batteries When the battery is tested according to 5.12, and is discharged with Icc (A) current to 30 s, the terminal voltage shall not be less than 7.2 V. 4.12 Air tightness
When the battery is tested according to 5.13, it shall have good air tightness. same or higher precision to measure the battery boundary dimensions, terminal dimensions. 5.3.2 USE visual inspection and antipolar instrument to check the battery model, terminal polarity. 5.4 Capacity test
5.4.1 20 h rate capacity test
After the battery is fully charged in accordance with 5.2.2, within 1 h~5 h, according to the method of 5.2.4, it shall be maintained at the ambient temperature of 25 ??C??2 ??C. DISCHARGE it with In (A) current, the change of current value during the discharge time shall not be greater than ??2%. During the discharge, RECORD battery voltage every 2 h; RECORD battery temperature every 4 h. When the voltage reaches 10.80 V, the battery voltage is recorded every 5 min. When the voltage reaches 10.50 V??0.05 V, the discharge is stopped, and the discharge time and temperature are recorded. And according to the equation (1), CONVERT to the actual capacity at the reference temperature of 25 ??C. Where.
Ce25 ??C - Actual capacity at 25 ??C, in ampere-hour (A ?? h);
t - Discharge time, in hours (h);
T - Final temperature, in degrees Celsius (??C);
?? - 0.01, in per degree Celsius (??C-1).
5.4.2 Reserve capacity test
After the battery is fully charged in accordance with 5.2.2, within 1 h~5 h, according to the method of 5.2.4, it shall be maintained at the ambient temperature of 25 ??C??2 ??C. DISCHARGE it with 25 A current, the change of current value during the discharge time shall not be greater than ??1%. During the discharge, RECORD battery voltage every 10 min. When the voltage reaches 11 V, the battery voltage is recorded every 1 min. When the voltage reaches 10.50 V??0.05 V, the discharge is stopped, and the discharge time and temperature are recorded. And according to the equation (2), CONVERT to the actual reserve capacity at the reference temperature of 25 ??C. 5.8.4 The battery is tilted forward, rearward, leftward, and rightward in turn. The time interval between each tilt is not less than 30 s. The tilting method is as follows. a) The battery, within 1 s, is tilted by 45?? from the vertical position; b) The battery stays in this position for 3 s;
c) Then, the battery, within 1 s, returns to the vertical position from the tilt position;
d) OBSERVE visually whether the electrolyte spills.
5.9 Cyclic endurance test
5.9.1 High temperature erosion test
5.9.1.1 Test conditions
The battery is charged according to 5.2.2.2 in constant voltage current limiting for 10 h, and by the method of 5.2.4, is maintained at an ambient temperature of 60 ??C??2 ??C. 5.9.1.2 Test process
The battery, according to the following procedures, is tested.
a) The battery, at an ambient temperature of 60 ??C??2 ??C, is charged at a constant voltage of 14.00 V??0.01 V for 13 days; b) Then the battery, at an ambient temperature of 60 ??C??2 ??C, stays still in an open circuit for 13 days; c) LOWER the temperature of the battery to 25 ??C??2 ??C; when necessary, it shall adjust the electrolyte level in each single battery to the specified position; d) After the battery is charged according to 5.2.2.2 in constant voltage current limiting for 6 h, at an ambient temperature of 25 ??C??2 ??C, it stays still in an open circuit for 20 h; e) The battery, at an ambient temperature of 25 ??C??2 ??C, is discharged with a current of 0.6Icc (A) for 30 s, RECORD the voltage at 30 s; The above a)~e) constitute a complete test cycle. When the battery terminal voltage at 30 s is lower than 7.2 V, the test is terminated. 5.9.2 Cyclic endurance I test
c) It is charged with the charge current 2.5In (A) of vented battery or the charge current 0.5In (A) of valve regulated battery for 15 min; d) The above a)~c) constitute a test cycle. Repeated 18 cycles constitute a unit; e) The battery is charged according to 5.2.2.2. The charge time is limited to 6 h; f) The battery stays still in an open circuit for 5 h; g) It is discharged with a constant current of 5In (A). The cut-off voltage is 10.00 V??0.05 V. The calculated discharge capacity shall not be lower than 0.5Cn, otherwise the test is terminated; h) The battery, according to 5.2.2.2, is fully charged; i) The above a) to h) constitute a complete test cycle. When completing a unit, according to 5.5.1, PERFORM -18 ??C??1 ??C low temperature test; j) The discharge current is 0.6Icc (A). When discharged to 30 s, the voltage shall not be lower than 7.2 V;
k) Then, PROCEED to the next unit test.
5.9.4 Cyclic endurance III test
5.9.4.1 Test conditions
After the battery is fully charged according to 5.2.2, by the method of 5.2.4, it is maintained at an ambient temperature of 40 ??C??2 ??C. At the same time, when necessary, it shall adjust the electrolyte level in each single battery to the specified position. 5.9.4.2 Test process
The battery, according to the following procedures, is tested. a) The battery is discharged at the current specified in Table 3 for 1 h; b) Then, it is charged at the current specified in Table 3 for 5 h; c) The above a) to b) constitute a complete test cycle. 25 times constitute one cycle. After completing a cycle, at the current in Table 3, fully CHARGE it; and then according to the current in Table 3, PERFORM capacity test. The cut-off voltage is 10.2 V; d) CALCULATE the discharge capacity. When the battery capacity is higher terminated. The number of cycles is determined by the intersection of the curve composed of 30 s discharge voltages and the straight line of V=7.2 V.
5.10 Water loss test
5.10.1 The battery is fully charged according to 5.2.2. WIPE the entire surface; DRY it and WEIGH the mass (W1) to a precision of ??0.05%. 5.10.2 The battery, by the method of 5.2.4, is maintained at an ambient temperature of 40 ??C??2 ??C. 5.10.3 The battery is charged at a constant voltage of 14.40 V??0.05 V for 500 h.
5.10.4 WIPE the entire surface; DRY it and WEIGH the mass (W2) to a precision of ??0.05%. 5.10.5 According to the equation (6), CALCULATE the water loss quantity. Where.
W - Water loss quantity, in grams per ampere-hour [g/(A ?? h)];
W1 - Battery mass at the start of charging, in grams (g);
W2 - Battery mass after charging, in grams (g);
Cn - 20 h rate rated capacity, in ampere-hour (A ?? h).
5.11 Vibration resistance test
5.11.1 After the battery is fully charged according to 5.2.2, it is placed at an ambient temperature of 25 ??C??2 ??C for 24 h. 5.11.2 The battery, according to its structure, is fixed by the following methods. -Lower fixed. USE M8 bolt, a torque of 15 N ?? m~25 N ?? m to fix the battery on the vibrating table; -Upper fixed. USE the X (mm) width angle iron in Table 4 to press the battery; USE M8 bolt, a torque of 8 N ?? m~12 N ?? m to fix the battery on the vibrating table. 5.11.3 The frequency of the battery at 30 Hz??2 Hz and the maximum
- Battery classification (For details, SEE 3.3. Class A batteries can be omitted); Battery case material sign (For details, SEE A.1);
Warning signs (Either one is optional. SEE A.2.1 and A.2.2 for details). 7.1.2 The outer wall of packaging box shall be marked as follows.
- Product name, model, or specifications, quantity;
-Exit-factory date;
-Manufacturer name;
-Net and gross weight per box;
-Express signs for moisture-proof, no inversion, handling with care, and liquid-filled. 7.2 Packaging
7.2.1 The packaging of the battery shall meet the requirements for moisture-proof and anti-vibration. 7.2.2 The packaging box shall be loaded with the documents supplied with the product. -Packing list (multiple packages);
- Product qualification certificate;
-Product use instructions.
7.3 Transport
7.3.1 During transport, the product shall not be subjected to violent mechanical shock and exposure to solarization and rain; and shall not be inverted. 7.3.2 During the loading and unloading, the product shall be handled with care; and shall be protected from throwing, rolling, and heavy pressure. 7.4 Storage
7.4.1 The product shall be stored in a dry, clean, and well-ventilated warehouse with a temperature of 5 ??C~40 ??C. 7.4.2 It shall not be exposed to direct sunlight. The distance from heat sources

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