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GB/T 43119-2023 English PDF (GBT43119-2023)

GB/T 43119-2023 English PDF (GBT43119-2023)

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GB/T 43119-2023: Technical requirements for construction of closed test site for automatic driving

This document specifies the general requirements for closed test site for automatic driving, road main bodies, plane intersections, traffic facilities, as well as supporting test facilities and supporting service facilities. This document applies to the planning, design and construction of test sites required for automatic driving closed field tests for large, medium, small and micro passenger vehicles as well as heavy, medium, light and micro truck vehicles.
GB/T 43119-2023
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 93.080
CCS P 66
Technical requirements for construction of closed test site
for automatic driving
ISSUED ON: SEPTEMBER 07, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2024
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 General requirements ... 5
5 Road main bodies ... 5
6 Plane intersections ... 9
7 Traffic facilities ... 12
8 Supporting test facilities ... 16
9 Supporting service facilities ... 17
Bibliography ... 20
Foreword
This document was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2020 "Directives for standardization - Part 1: Rules for the structure and drafting of standardizing documents".
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. The issuing authority shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Intelligent Transportation System of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 268).
The drafting organizations of this document: Highway Science Research Institute of the Ministry of Transport, Zhonggong Gaoyuan (Beijing) Automobile Inspection Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Intelligent Vehicle Industry Innovation Center Co., Ltd., Deqing Chebai High-tech Intelligent Vehicle Demonstration Zone Operation Co., Ltd., China Merchants Inspection Vehicle Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd. , Xiangyang Da'an Automobile Inspection Center Co., Ltd., Chang'an University, Tongji University, Shanghai Motor Vehicle Inspection and Certification Technology Research Center Co., Ltd., Zhongzhi Zhitong Inspection Technology Co., Ltd., Shandong Hi- Speed Group Co., Ltd., Beijing Baidu Zhixing Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Jingwei Hengrun Technology Co., Ltd., Telu (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this document: Hou Dezao, Wang Lin, Song Xianghui, Li Zhenhua, Zhang Yipeng, Fan Qinglan, Qian Yue, Wu Mengyi, Zhang Zhuomin, Li Yiding, Liu Yanyue, Zhang Jiancang, Xu Ling, Gao Landa, Chen Chuanyang, Chen Juanjuan, Wu Qiong, Dong Xiao, Shen Maowu, Xia Junnan, Niu Chengyong, Zhang Fan, Xu Zhigang, Liu Zhanwen, Bi Xin, Cang Xuejun, Feng Aisong, Tong Xing, Liu Shengxiang, Peng Wei, Yao Shengwang, Liu Jing, Liu Chunjie, Liu Chun.
Technical requirements for construction of closed test site
for automatic driving
1 Scope
This document specifies the general requirements for closed test site for automatic driving, road main bodies, plane intersections, traffic facilities, as well as supporting test facilities and supporting service facilities.
This document applies to the planning, design and construction of test sites required for automatic driving closed field tests for large, medium, small and micro passenger vehicles as well as heavy, medium, light and micro truck vehicles.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. GB 5768.2-2022, Road traffic signs and markings -- Part 2: Road traffic signs GB 5768.3, Road traffic signs and markings -- Part 3: Road traffic markings GB 5768.4, Road traffic signs and markings -- Part 4: Work zone
GB 14886, Specifications for road traffic signal setting and installation GB 14887, Road traffic signal lamps
GB/T 24720-2009, Traffic cones
GB 50016, Code for Fire Protection Design of Buildings
GB 50057, Code for design protection of structures against lightning
CJJ 37, Code for design of urban road engineering
CJJ 45-2015, Standard for lighting design of urban road
CJJ 152-2010, Specification for design of intersections on urban roads
GA 802, Road traffic management -- Types of motor vehicles
GA 1029-2022, Specification for setting up test venues and facilities for motor vehicle drivers
JGJ 100-2015, Code for design of parking garage building
JTG B01-2014, Technical Standard of Highway Engineering
JTG D20-2017, Design Specification for Highway Alignment
JTG D70/2-2014, Specifications for Design of Highway Tunnels. Section 2 Traffic Engineering and Affiliated Facilities
JTG D80-2006, General Specification of Freeway Traffic Engineering and Roadside Facilities
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions defined in GB 5768.2- 2022, GB 5768.3, GB 5768.4, GB 14886 and GA 802 as well as the followings apply. 3.1 test site
A closed site environment that provides R and D testing, technology verification, capability assessment and other services for automatic vehicles.
4 General requirements
4.1 The test site shall have roads, traffic safety facilities and service facilities required for automatic driving testing.
4.2 The test site shall take overall consideration of traffic organization, roads and ancillary facilities. Layout is reasonable. It is advisable to ensure continuous testing in different scenarios.
4.3 Test sites shall be physically separated from public roads and have access control systems.
4.4 The color, shape, characters, size, graphics and setting requirements of traffic signs in the test site shall comply with the regulations of GB 5768.2-2022. The color, shape, characters, size, graphics and setting requirements of traffic markings shall comply with the provisions of GB 5768.3.
5 Road main bodies
5.1 Basic requirements
Figure 17 -- Schematic diagram of the test site for simulated tunnel
8.3 Toll station
The toll station shall include elements such as crossbars, deceleration hills, deceleration markings, toll station signs, speed limit signs, and guard booths. Conditional test sites shall be equipped with toll plazas, toll islands, toll ceilings, and non-stop toll collection systems. The number of entrance-exit toll lanes at a toll station shall not be less than 2. The facility setting of toll stations shall comply with the provisions of 7.4 in JTG D80- 2006.
8.4 Vehicle target
Vehicle targets shall have functions such as general acceleration and deceleration, lane changing, and emergency braking.
8.5 Pedestrian target
The appearance of the pedestrian target shall have the same reflective characteristics as a real person. It shall also have the function of walking.
8.6 Non-motor vehicle target
The appearance of non-motor vehicle targets shall conform to the appearance characteristics of non-motor vehicles. Surface feature parameters can represent non- motor vehicle characteristics and shall have driving functions.
9 Supporting service facilities
9.1 Communication requirements
9.1.1 The test site shall contain roadside wireless communication equipment with full coverage and low latency. Wireless communication equipment shall support at least one of cellular communication, dedicated short-range communication or wireless LAN communication to support communication between roadside equipment and vehicle- mounted equipment. Wired communication equipment shall have optical
communication interfaces and RJ45 interfaces.
9.1.2 The test site shall have satellite signals capable of supporting centimeter-level high-precision positioning.
9.1.3 The test site communication network shall connect roadside communication equipment through wired or wireless connections. Services such as information reception, transmission, exchange, processing and storage shall be provided for site managers and testers. Data centers and monitoring centers shall be established at test sites where conditions permit.
9.1.4 The test site shall be equipped with radio communication equipment to ensure real-time communication among personnel in the test site.
9.2 Power supply requirements
9.2.1 The power supply shall be AC 220 V or 380 V power supply, three-phase four- wire system. It is advisable to source it from a nearby power substation. Power supply is provided according to level three load.
9.2.2 General loads shall adopt tree-trunk power distribution. Radial power distribution shall be used for concentrated loads or important loads. The power supply line from the power supply point to the power distribution device shall be laid with cables. 9.2.3 The fire protection design of buildings and structures in the test site shall comply with GB 50016. Lightning protection design shall comply with GB 50057. Construction equipment and electrical appliances shall comply with the provisions of 7.4 in JGJ 100- 2015.
9.3 Other requirements
9.3.1 The test site shall be equipped with a full-coverage high-definition video surveillance system. Surveillance cameras shall adjust their focus. Sites with suitable conditions shall install high-point monitoring equipment and traffic operation sensing equipment.
9.3.2 A buffer zone shall be set outside the test road and no other objects shall be set inside the buffer zone. Where conditions permit, soft isolation materials such as tires shall be used for buffering. Soft insulation such as tires shall not affect the normal driving of automatic vehicles.
9.3.3 The test site shall have clearly visible test status prompts and warning systems to indicate the status and area of the test. It shall be implemented by means of variable information boards or lighting with clearly distinguishable states.
9.3.4 The test site shall be equipped with fire-fighting equipment. Sites with suitable conditions shall be equipped with emergency first aid drugs and equipment. 9.3.5 The test site shall have complete water supply and drainage facilities. Water supply facilities shall meet the needs of site facility testing, greening and fire protection. Drainage facilities shall ensure the normal use of site facilities. The roadbed and road surface will not be damaged by water accumulation. Open ditch drainage shall ensure that the test vehicle does not cause secondary damage after an accident.

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