GB/T 42312-2023 English PDF (GBT42312-2023)
GB/T 42312-2023 English PDF (GBT42312-2023)
GB/T 42312-2023: Guide for production safety emergency response plan of electrochemical energy storage station
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
CCS F 19
Guide for production safety emergency response plan of
electrochemical energy storage station
ISSUED ON: MARCH 17, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 1, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 General requirements ... 5
5 Working procedures for plan preparation ... 6
6 Comprehensive emergency plan ... 10
7 Special emergency plan ... 12
8 Site disposal plan ... 13
Appendix A (Normative) On-site disposal measures ... 15
Guide for production safety emergency response plan of
electrochemical energy storage station
This document establishes the working procedures for the preparation of the production safety emergency plan for electrochemical energy storage power stations, and specifies the main contents of the comprehensive emergency plan, special emergency plan, and site disposal plan.
This document is applicable to the preparation of production safety emergency plans for electrochemical energy storage power stations in which lithium-ion batteries, flow batteries, lead-acid (carbon) batteries, sodium-ion batteries, and water electrolysis- producing hydrogen/fuel cells are used as energy storage carriers.
2 Normative references
The following documents contain the provisions which, through normative reference in this document, constitute the essential provisions of this document. For the dated referenced documents, only the versions with the indicated dates are applicable to this document; for the undated referenced documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 29639 Guidelines for enterprises to develop emergency response plan for work place accidents
GB/T 38315 Guidelines for preparation and implementation of fire fighting and emergency evacuation plans for workplaces
GB/T 42314 Guide for hazard sources identification of electrochemical energy storage station
GB/T 42317 Code for emergency exercises of electrochemical energy storage station
DL/T 2247.5 Electrochemical energy storage station dispatch and operation management - Part 5: Emergency disposal
DL/T 2528 Basic terms of electric energy storage
4.3 The emergency plan of the electrochemical energy storage power station shall be connected with the emergency plan of the local government department and relevant units of the power station.
4.4 After the preparation of the emergency plan for the electrochemical energy storage power station, the rationality and feasibility of the plan shall be tested through emergency exercises.
4.5 After the actual situation of safety production of the electrochemical energy storage power station changes greatly or problems are found in the emergency exercises, the emergency plan shall be revised in time and reviewed again.
5 Working procedures for plan preparation
5.1 Establishment of the working group for plan preparation
5.1.1 The electrochemical energy storage power station shall establish an emergency plan preparation working group according to the emergency management requirements, and organize relevant production, technology, safety, administrative, financial, and other personnel to participate in the emergency plan preparation work.
5.1.2 The working group shall clarify the job responsibilities and division of tasks, and formulate a work plan.
5.1.3 The working group shall include professional and technical personnel in the fields of electric power, fire protection, medical treatment, and environmental protection. 5.2 Data collection
The following information shall be collected before the preparation of the emergency plan for the electrochemical energy storage power station:
a) Basic overview of power station installed capacity, battery type, function positioning, etc.;
b) Geographic location map of the power station, general layout plan, emergency evacuation route map, surrounding terrain, environmental conditions,
hydrology, and traffic information;
c) Relevant national laws and regulations, departmental and local rules and regulations, etc.;
d) The emergency plan of the local government department of the power station, the emergency plan of relevant units, and the emergency plan of similar power stations;
e) The emergency management system, accident investigation and handling system, and dispatching procedures of the unit with which the power station is affiliated and the grid to which the power station is connected;
f) Technical standards such as power station operation and maintenance
regulations, maintenance regulations, and safety regulations;
g) Technical information on energy storage batteries, battery management systems, energy storage converters, monitoring systems, power transformation and distribution systems, communication systems, fire-fighting facilities, heating and ventilation systems, etc.
5.3 Hazard source identification and risk assessment
5.3.1 Hazard source identification and risk assessment shall be carried out before the emergency plan of the electrochemical energy storage power station is prepared. Hazard source identification shall cover all equipment, work sites, and work activities of the power station, and the content of hazard source identification and risk assessment methods shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB/T 42314.
5.3.2 The electrochemical energy storage power station shall formulate corresponding emergency plans for the risk factors of hazard level I and above as a result of the risk assessment.
5.4 Investigation of emergency resources
5.4.1 The electrochemical energy storage power station shall comprehensively investigate the emergency resource status of the unit, relevant units, and competent government departments, including:
a) Internal emergency teams, emergency equipment, emergency supplies,
emergency places, emergency funds, etc.;
b) Monitoring, control, and alarm means such as a power station monitoring system, fire protection system, centralized control center, fire control center, and urban networking system;
c) Surrounding fire rescue teams, medical rescue teams, and other rescue forces; d) The situation of the rescue force and volunteer teams that can be provided by the superior administrative unit, the local government, and related units. 5.4.2 After the investigation of emergency resources, an emergency resource investigation report shall be written. The report shall include the internal emergency resource status of the unit, the external emergency resource status of the unit, and the gap analysis of emergency resources; a supplementary plan for emergency resources d) Disposal plans for preventing extreme high-temperature disasters.
126.96.36.199 Site disposal plans for human casualty accidents
The site disposal plans for human casualty accidents should include:
a) Disposal plans for electric shock accidents;
b) Disposal plans for mechanical injury accidents;
c) Disposal plans for high-altitude fall accidents.
188.8.131.52 Site disposal plans for fire and explosion accidents
The site disposal plans for fire and explosion accidents should include: a) Disposal plans for battery fire and explosion accidents;
b) Disposal plans for other electrical equipment fire accidents;
c) Disposal plans for building (structure) fire accidents.
184.108.40.206 Site disposal plans for environmental emergencies
The site disposal plans for environmental emergencies should include:
a) Disposal plans for liquid leakage;
b) Disposal plans for gas leakage.
220.127.116.11 Site disposal plan for power grid abnormalities
The site disposal plans for power grid abnormalities should include:
a) Disposal plans for grid voltage and frequency abnormalities;
b) Disposal plans for power grid oscillation;
c) Disposal plans for large-scale blackout accidents in the power grid. 5.6 Emergency exercises
5.6.1 The electrochemical energy storage power station shall conduct an emergency exercise after the emergency plan is prepared, and the cycle and method of the emergency exercise shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB/T 42317. 5.6.2 The emergency plan shall be revised and perfected according to the problems exposed by the emergency exercise.
5.7 Emergency plan review
5.7.1 The electrochemical energy storage power station shall set up a review expert group to review the emergency plan. The review experts shall include experts in safety production and emergency management, and meet the relevant requirements of the local government and industry regulatory authorities.
5.7.2 The comprehensiveness of the risk assessment and emergency resource investigation, the pertinence of the emergency response plan system design, the rationality of the emergency organization system, the scientific nature of the emergency response procedures and measures, the feasibility of emergency safeguard measures, the continuity of the emergency plan shall be assessed during emergency plan review. 5.7.3 The review procedure of the emergency plan shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB/T 29639.
5.7.4 The emergency plan review meeting shall form a review opinion, and it shall be archived in the form of written materials.
5.8 Approval and filing
5.8.1 After the emergency plan has passed the review, it shall be approved by the main person in charge of the electrochemical energy storage power station, and shall be issued to the relevant departments and posts of the unit in a timely manner, and the relevant units shall be notified.
5.8.2 After the electrochemical energy storage power station releases an emergency plan, the station shall submit a filing application to the relevant competent authority in accordance with the regulations, and submit it to the emergency management department of the local government and other departments responsible for safety production supervision and management after obtaining the approval.
6 Comprehensive emergency plan
6.1 Basic requirements
The basic requirements shall specify the following contents:
a) Risk assessment conclusion of electrochemical energy storage power station; b) The scope of application of the comprehensive emergency plan;
c) The cohesive relationship between the comprehensive emergency plan and the emergency plan of the local government and relevant units.
6.2 Response grading
c) Basic conditions and requirements for early warning cancellation;
d) Emergency response activation conditions, information release channels, and content;
e) Various emergency work carried out after the emergency response is initiated, including the holding of emergency meetings, information reporting, resource coordination, on-site disposal measures, logistics, and material support, etc.; f) Basic conditions and requirements for suspension and termination of
6.6 Emergency rescue
The procedures for the emergency rescue team to request support and the command and coordination relationship after the rescue team arrives shall be clarified for the emergency rescue.
6.7 Emergency support
The following contents shall be specified for emergency support:
a) Contact information of emergency support units, departments, and personnel, and emergency contacts and contact information;
b) Contact information of emergency experts and full-time (part-time) emergency rescue teams;
c) A list of emergency supplies and equipment, the person in charge of
management, and the contact information;
d) Funding guarantee, transportation guarantee, energy guarantee, public security guarantee, technical guarantee, medical guarantee and logistics guarantee, and other related guarantee measures required for emergency work.
7 Special emergency plan
7.1 Basic requirements
The scope of application of the special emergency plan, as well as its relationship with the comprehensive emergency plan and other special emergency plans shall be clarified in the basic requirements.
7.2 Emergency organization and responsibilities
The special emergency working group, and the specific composition, division of responsibilities, and action tasks of each group shall be specified for the emergency organization and responsibilities.
7.3 Response initiation
The response procedural work, including emergency meeting convening, information reporting, resource coordination, information disclosure, logistics, and funding support shall be clarified during response initiation.
7.4 On-site disposal
For on-site disposal, the guiding principles and specific requirements for emergency response shall be clarified, and a corresponding on-site disposal plan shall be formulated according to the possible accident risk, degree of harm, and scope of influence.
7.5 Emergency support
For emergency support, the relevant support information and measures, including contact information of emergency units and personnel, lists of emergency supplies and equipment, and other safeguards required for emergency work, etc. shall be compiled according to the emergency support measures of the comprehensive emergency plan, combined with the specific circumstances of the special emergency plan. 8 Site disposal plan
8.1 Accident risk
About the accident risk, the risk assessment results of the accident event to which the site disposal plan will be applied shall be briefly described.
8.2 Emergency work responsibilities
The emergency personnel, division of labor, and responsibilities shall be specified for emergency work responsibilities.
8.3 Emergency disposal
Emergency disposal shall include the following contents:
a) Emergency disposal procedures that specify the conditions for initiation, suspension, and termination of accident alarming, emergency measures and emergency rescue, and procedures for connecting with the emergency plans of relevant units;
b) Information receiving and reporting that specifies the contact persons and Appendix A
On-site disposal measures
A.1 Disposal measures for natural disasters
Disposal of natural disasters shall include the following measures.
a) Before a natural disaster event, the building conditions of the power station, the operation of the equipment, and the contents of emergency protection shall be inspected, the dangerous places shall be closed, isolated, or restricted, and the production activities that may cause the expansion of the hazards shall be suspended. When a disaster occurs, emergency measures shall be taken to reduce the impact of the disaster, depending on the disaster situation at the scene and ensuring the safety of personnel. After the disaster, the site safety situation shall be evaluated before rescue teams enter the site to carry out cleaning and equipment repair work.
b) For disasters such as typhoons, floods, rainstorms, and strong convective weather, the external wall of the building and the sealing of the equipment casing shall be checked before the disaster, and reinforcement and shielding shall be carried out as appropriate; the drainage channels of the power station shall be cleaned and dredged. If water seepage or flooding occurs during a disaster and the equipment may be soaked, the power supply of the electrical equipment shall be disconnected in time, the risks such as electric leakage and electrolyte leakage shall be evaluated, and appropriate measures shall be taken according to the risk situation before drainage.
c) For disasters such as blizzards, cold waves, and extreme freezing weather, during the disaster, the snow-covering, icing, and operation of equipment shall be monitored, the risk of equipment damage shall be assessed, and snow
removal and ice melting shall be arranged in time.
d) For earthquake disasters, the energy storage station buildings (structures) and equipment damage shall be evaluated after the disaster, and the cleaning and repair work can only be carried out after the site is ensured to be safe. e) For extreme high-temperature disasters, the outdoor work plan of personnel shall be adjusted after the high-temperature warning is issued. During the disaster, the operating temperature of energy storage batteries, energy storage converters, and other equipment shall be monitored, and the operating status of the equipment shall be adjusted according to the situation to ensure that the equipment is operating within the normal temperature range.
A.2 Disposal measures for human casualty accidents
Disposal of human casualty accidents shall include the following measures: a) After a personal electric shock injury accident occurs, the power supply of the relevant equipment shall be disconnected immediately, or the electrocuted person shall be disconnected from the power supply quickly with an insulating device; after the electrocuted person is removed from the power supply, the injured shall be rescued on the spot according to the injury condition; if the injury is serious, immediately call 120 for medical assistance or send the injured to the nearest hospital for treatment;
b) After a personal mechanical injury accident occurs, the operation of the machine shall be stopped first, and the injured shall be removed from the hazard source without causing secondary injury. If necessary, the machine shall be disassembled and the injured limb shall be removed. After the injured are out of the hazard source, the injured shall be rescued on the spot according to the injury. If the injury is serious, immediately call 120 for medical rescue or send the injured to the nearest hospital for treatment;
c) After a person falls from a height, the injured shall be transferred to a safe place, and the injured shall be rescued on the spot according to the injury. If the injury is serious, immediately call 120 for medical assistance or send the injured to the nearest hospital for treatment.
A.3 Disposal measures for fire and explosion accidents
Disposal of fire and explosion accidents shall include the following measures. a) After receiving the battery fire early warning, pay close attention to the temperature and voltage of the early-warning battery, flammable gas
concentration, and other data changes, stop the operation of the energy storage system where the battery is located according to the situation, and notify the relevant personnel to make emergency preparations according to the
requirements of emergency information receiving and reporting.
b) In the event of a fire, irrelevant personnel shall be evacuated first; the situation shall be reported to relevant departments and institutions according to the procedures and reported to the local fire rescue agency according to the fire response level. When casualties are found, 120 for medical rescue shall be dialed.
c) When the fire situation is reported, the nature of the fire, the location of the fire,