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GB/T 4146.1-2009 English PDF (GBT4146.1-2009)

GB/T 4146.1-2009 English PDF (GBT4146.1-2009)

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GB/T 4146.1-2009: Textiles -- Man-made fibres -- Part 1: Generic names

This Part of GB/T 4146 lists the generic names used to designate the different categories of man-made fibres currently manufactured on an industrial scale for textile and other purposes, together with the distinguishing attributes that characterize them. The term man-made fibres has been adopted for those fibres obtained by a manufacturing process, as distinct from materials which occur naturally in fibrous form.
GB/T 4146.1-2009
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.060.20
W 04
Partially replacing GB/T 4146-1984
Textiles - Man-made fibres - Part 1. Generic names
(ISO 2076.1999, Textiles - Man-made fibres - Generic names, MOD)
ISSUED ON. JUNE 15, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 1, 2010
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PEOPLE Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
1 Scope ... 3
2 General ... 3
3 Generic names ... 4
Textiles - Man-made fibres - Part 1. Generic names
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 4146 lists the generic names used to designate the different categories of man-made fibres currently manufactured on an industrial scale for textile and other purposes, together with the distinguishing attributes that characterize them. The term man-made fibres has been adopted for those
fibres obtained by a manufacturing process, as distinct from materials which occur naturally in fibrous form.
2 General
The entries in Table 1 are organized into the four following principle elements. 2.1 Generic name (e.g. acetate)
This is the name to be used for the fibre whose attributes are described under the heading Distinguishing attribute in Table 1. Use of this name shall be limited to those fibres that contain no more than 15% (mass fraction) of fibre- forming additives (no limit is placed upon the proportion of additives that are not fibre-forming). The generic name may be expressed in Chinese, English and French. In both the English and the French languages, the generic name shall be written without capital letters. The generic name may also be used to describe textile products (yarns, fabrics, etc.) made from man-made fibres, in which case it is accepted that the manufacturing process may have modified the distinguishing attribute.
2.2 Code (e.g. CA)
This is a two-to-four-letter designation used to facilitate the naming of man- made fibres, e.g. in sales and technical literature. In some cases, the coding system given to textile fibres is different from the one used for plastics. 2.3 Distinguishing attributes
These are attributes that differentiate one fibre from all others. Chemical difference, which often results in distinctive property differences, is the main basis for classification in this Standard; other attributes are used where necessary to differentiate between otherwise similar man-made fibres. The distinguishing attributes are not necessarily those by which the fibres might be NOTE 1. According to the specific product, polyamide (nylon) may be subdivided into nylon 610, nylon 1010, nylon 11, etc.
NOTE 2. According to the specific product, aramid may be subdivided into aramid 14, aramid 1313 and aramid 1414.
NOTE 3. According to the specific product, chlorofibre may be subdivided into polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (vinyl chloride), etc. NOTE 4. Chinese in brackets under the heading Generic names refers to the abbreviation for the generic name.
a Forms part of the elastofibre class.
b The term ?€?rubber?€? is used in some cases.
c Same code used for polyether sulfone in ISO 1043 (plastics).
d Forms part of the polyolefin class.
e In some European countries, this product is also called ?€?sillionne?€? when it is in the form of continuous filaments and ?€?veranne?€? when in the form of staple fibres.
f Fibres can be coated with metals, in which case they are described as ?€?metallized fibres?€? and not ?€?metal fibres?€?.
Table 2 -- Index of generic names in Chinese, English and French
Chinese English French Clause number Code
???????????? acetate ac??tate 3.5 CA
?????????????????? acrylic acrylique 3.8 PAN
???????????? alginate alginate 3.7 ALG
???????????????????????? aramid aramide 3.9 AR
????????? carbon carbone 3.21 CF
???????????? ceramic c??ramique 3.25 CRF
??????????????? chitin chitin 3.26 CHT
???????????? chlorofibre chlorofibre 3.10 CLF
???????????? cupro cupro 3.1 CUP
?????????????€??????? elastane or spandex ??lasthanne or spandex 3.11 EL
?????????????€??????? elastolefin elastolefine 3.24 EOL
???????????? fluorofibre fluorofibre 3.13 PTFE
???????????? glass verre 3.19 GF
??????????????? lyocell lyocell 3.2 CLY
??????????????? modal modal 3.3 CMD
??????????????? polyamide polyamide 3.14 PA
???????????? polyester polyester 3.15 PES a
??????????????? polyethylene poly??thyl??ne 3.16 PE
??????????????? polylactide polylactide 3.23 PLA
?????????????????? polyimide polyimide 3.17 PI
?????????????????? polyphenylene 3.27 PPS

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