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GB/T 41310-2022 English PDF (GBT41310-2022)

GB/T 41310-2022 English PDF (GBT41310-2022)

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GB/T 41310-2022: Image-based test method for vision module photoelectric performance

This document describes the basic principles, testing conditions, instruments, testing samples, testing steps, data processing, testing reports of the image-based test method for vision module photoelectric performance. This document applies to digital vision modules with linear photoelectric response characteristics, analog vision modules with digital frame grabbers, image sensors that are part of a vision module. Note: Vision modules include monochrome, color, area scan, line scan types, etc.
GB/T 41310-2022
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 31.260
CCS L 50
Image-based test method for vision module photoelectric
performance
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions... 4
4 Fundamentals ... 7
5 Testing conditions ... 8
6 Instruments and equipment ... 8
7 Samples under testing ... 9
8 Testing procedures ... 10
8.1 Establish a testing environment ... 10
8.2 Testing of basic photoelectric parameters ... 11
8.3 Testing of spatial non-uniformity ... 12
8.4 Testing of dark current characteristics ... 13
8.5 Testing of spectral sensitivity ... 13
9 Data processing ... 14
9.1 Data processing of basic optoelectronic parameters ... 14
9.2 Data processing of spatial non-uniformity ... 23
9.3 Data processing of dark current ... 26
9.4 Data processing of spectral sensitivity ... 28
10 Test report ... 29
References ... 30
Image-based test method for vision module photoelectric
performance
1 Scope
This document describes the basic principles, testing conditions, instruments, testing samples, testing steps, data processing, testing reports of the image-based test method for vision module photoelectric performance.
This document applies to digital vision modules with linear photoelectric response characteristics, analog vision modules with digital frame grabbers, image sensors that are part of a vision module.
Note: Vision modules include monochrome, color, area scan, line scan types, etc. 2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute essential provisions of this document through normative references in the text. Among them, for dated references, only the version corresponding to the date applies to this document; for undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document. GB/T 2900.56-2008 Electrotechnical terminology - Control technology
GB/T 29298-2012 Digital still camera general specification
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions, which are defined in GB/T 2900.56-2008 and GB/T 29298- 2012, as well as the following terms and definitions, apply to this document. 3.1
Vision module
A device, that performs photoelectric conversion for the visual image with light as a carrier, finally outputs digital image data.
Note: Vision modules are generally composed of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) or charge coupled device (CCD) image sensors and auxiliary electronic devices, which have linear photoelectric response characteristics, that is, the the light source shall be selected, as the maximum response wavelength of the tested sample;
b) When the sample to be tested is a color vision module, light sources with different wavelengths shall be selected, where each wavelength is close to the maximum response wavelength of the different color channels of the sample to be tested. Instruments and equipment, such as light sources, irradiance meters, thermometers, incubators, shall be regularly calibrated, to ensure the accuracy of data. 7 Samples under testing
During the testing process, the parameter settings of the vision module under testing meet the following requirements:
a) Temperature: The temperature of the vision module under testing shall be kept stable, during the testing process;
b) Digital resolution: The pixel bit depth of the vision module under testing shall be set to the maximum value, to reduce the influence of quantization noise in the test; c) Gain: Set the gain of the vision module under testing, so that the saturation value of each pixel reaches the full well and the signal does not overflow;
d) Offset: Set the offset of the vision module under test, so that the number of pixels with cut-off (gray level is zero value) in the dark signal, which is output by the vision module under testing, is less than 0.5%;
e) Number of collected lines: A single image of the line array sensor vision module shall not be less than 100 rows; the calculation formula of the area array sensor is used, to evaluate the parameters;
f) Radiation exposure: The radiation exposure of the tested sample is controlled, by the following three methods:
1) Change of exposure time under constant illumination: The brightness of the light source is fixed; the radiation exposure shall be changed, by adjusting the exposure time of the tested sample;
2) Illumination change under constant exposure time: The exposure time of the tested sample is fixed; the radiation exposure shall be changed, by adjusting the brightness of the light source;
3) Using pulse illumination under constant exposure time: The exposure time of the sample to be tested is fixed; the radiation exposure shall be changed, by adjusting the pulse width of the LED light source. The selected exposure time record the ambient temperature; record the radiation exposure conditions. c) Follow the steps below for image acquisition:
1) The vision module under test starts to collect images. Turn on the light source. Increases the radiation exposure, at equal intervals from 0, until the output of the tested sample is saturated. At this time, the average gray level of the collected images will not increase. It shall collect at least 10 sets of images with different radiation exposure levels;
2) Collect two brightfield images, under each radiation exposure condition. Record the irradiance E, which is measured by the irradiance meter;
3) Turn off the light source. Collect two dark-field images without illumination, corresponding to the exposure time of each radiation exposure;
4) Turn off the light source. Collect two dark-field images without illumination, at the shortest exposure time, that can be set for the sample to be tested. d) Calculate the responsivity, total system gain, quantum efficiency, time-domain dark noise, absolute sensitivity threshold, saturation capacity, dynamic range, signal-to-noise ratio, linearity, according to the calculation method of basic optoelectronic parameters in 9.1.
8.3 Testing of spatial non-uniformity
Carry out testing as follows.
a) Power on all instruments and equipment in the testing environment.
b) Set up the sample to be tested, according to the requirements of Chapter 7. Record the ambient temperature.
c) Follow the steps below, for image acquisition:
1) The measured vision module starts to collect images. Turn on the light source. Adjust the radiation exposure, to make the output image of the tested sample reach 50% of the saturated gray level. At this time, the average gray level of the collected image is half of the average gray level of the saturated output. Collect L (L ??? 16) brightfield images. Record the irradiance E, which is measured by the irradiance meter;
2) Turn off the light source. Keep the exposure time of the tested sample in step 1) unchanged. Turn off the light source. Collect L dark field images without illumination.
d) Calculate the spatial non-uniformity, according to the calculation method in 9.2. 8.4 Testing of dark current characteristics
8.4.1 Testing of dark current
Carry out testing, as follows:
a) Power on all instruments and equipment in the testing environment. Turn off the light source. Place the tested sample in a dark field environment;
b) The sample to be tested shall be preheated to a stable state, with a constant temperature, that is, the sample to be tested shall reach a state of thermal equilibrium;
c) The vision module to be tested starts to collect images. Within the interval from the minimum exposure to the maximum exposure of the tested sample, select at least 6 exposure times, at equal intervals. Collect 2 images at each exposure time; d) Calculate the dark current, according to the calculation method in 9.3.1. 8.4.2 Testing of temperature dependence of dark current
Carry out testing, as follows:
a) Within the working temperature range of the sample to be tested, select at least 6 temperature points evenly spaced;
b) Collect images at each temperature point, according to the steps in 8.4.1; calculate the dark current at each temperature point.
8.5 Testing of spectral sensitivity
Carry out testing, as follows:
a) Power on all instruments and equipment in the testing environment;
b) Set up the sample to be tested, according to the requirements of Chapter 7. Record the ambient temperature;
c) Select a wavelength-tunable light source, according to the requirements in Chapter 6. Select multiple test points, within the full wavelength range, that the tested sample can respond to. The wavelength interval, between two adjacent test points, shall be less than or equal to two times the full width at half maximum value of the light source, at the corresponding wavelengths;
Where:
??y - Average gray level;
N - The number of columns of the image;
M - The number of rows of the image;
m - The mth row of the image;
n - The nth column of the image;
yA[m][n] - The gray level of mth row and nth column of image A;
yB[m][n] - The gray level of mth row and nth column of image B.
9.1.1.3 Average gray level of darkfield ??y.dark
For the two darkfield images (image A and image B), corresponding to the exposure time, under each radiation exposure, calculate the average gray value of the darkfield according to formula (1).
9.1.1.4 Time-domain variance
For two brightfield images (image A and image B) for each radiation exposure condition, calculate the time-domain variance according to formula (2):
Where:
- The time-domain variance;
??yA - The mean of all pixels in image A;
??yB - The mean of all pixels in image B.
9.1.1.5 Darkfield time-domain variance
For the two darkfield images (image A and image B) corresponding to the exposure time. under each radiation exposure, calculate the darkfield time-domain variance, according to formula (2).
9.1.1.6 Plot the photon transfer curve (PTC curve)
9.1.1.8 Average photon quantity ??p
For each radiation exposure condition, calculate the average photon quantity, according to formula (3):
Where:
??p - The average photon quantity;
A - The pixel area of the sample to be tested;
E - The irradiance of the imaging surface of the sample to be tested;
texp - The exposure time of the sample to be tested. When the radiation exposure is controlled by means of f)3) pulse illumination in Chapter 7, texp is the sum of the pulse widths of all the pulses of the light source, during the exposure process; h - Planck's constant;
c - Velocity of light;
?? - Wavelength of the light source.
9.1.2 Responsivity R
The relationship between ??y - ??y.dark and ??p is given by the formula (4): Where:
R - Responsivity.
Draw a responsivity curve, where the horizontal axis is the average photon quantity ??p, AND the vertical axis is ??y - ??y.dark. Connect the calculated ??y - ??y.dark values, under each radiation exposure, to obtain the responsivity curve. An example is as shown in Figure 6. Linear regression fitting is performed, within the range of the minimum gray level (point A in Figure 6) and 70% of the saturation value (point B in Figure 6); the slope of the resulting straight line is the responsivity R.
For color vision modules, it shall calculate the responsivity R, for each color channel. wavelength of the light source for testing, AND the vertical axis is the quantum efficiency calculated, when using each wavelength. Connect the data curves. An example is as shown in Figure 12.
10 Test report
The test report shall at least provide the following:
- The test object;
- The standard used (including the year of issue or publication);
- The method used (if several methods are included in the standard);
- The result;
- The observed anomalies;
- The test date;
- Peak wavelength ??p, centroid wavelength ??c, full width at half maximum FWHM, of the selected light source;
- The ambient temperature and sample working temperature during testing, as well as the temperature control method;
- The method of selecting the saturation point, during testing;
- Parameters that affect sample performance, such as gain.

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