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GB/T 39947-2021 English PDF (GBT39947-2021)

GB/T 39947-2021 English PDF (GBT39947-2021)

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GB/T 39947-2021: Selection and design for food packaging

This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, general principles, food packaging materials and container selection requirements, packaging design requirements for selection and design for food packaging. This Standard is applicable to selection and design for food packaging materials and containers.
GB/T 39947-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 67.250
X 02
Selection and design for food packaging
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ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 4
4 General principles ... 5
5 Requirements for selection for food packaging materials and containers ... 5 6 Requirements for design for food packaging ... 6
Selection and design for food packaging
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, general principles, food packaging materials and container selection requirements, packaging design requirements for selection and design for food packaging.
This Standard is applicable to selection and design for food packaging materials and containers.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 4768, Mould-proof packaging
GB/T 5048, Moisture-proof packaging
GB/T 7350, Packaging
GB/T 8166, Package cushioning design
GB/T 12123, General requirements for designing of packages
GB/T 16716.1, Packaging and the environment - Part 1: General rules
GB 23350, Requirements of restricting excessive package - Foods and
cosmetics
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 contents
food contained in the package
3.2 design for food packaging
6.2.1 Design for food packaging shall meet the protection requirements of the contents during production, storage, circulation.
6.2.2 It shall, according to factors such as food characteristics, forms, methods of use, sales targets, select packaging methods and packaging patterns such as bags, bottles, drums, vacuum packaging, and inflatable packaging.
6.2.3 Design for food packaging shall meet mechanical requirements.
Reasonably protect against external shocks. Compressive strength, impact strength, drop strength shall meet the requirements of food production, storage, circulation and other processes.
6.2.4 Design for food packaging shall reduce the loss of contents during transportation, storage and sales. Consider factors such as the strength and brittleness of the contents.
6.2.5 Food anti-mold design shall meet the requirements of GB/T 4768. Food moisture-proof design shall meet the requirements of GB/T 5048. Food
waterproof design shall meet the requirements of GB/T 7350. Food buffer packaging design shall meet the requirements of GB/T 8166.
6.3 Requirements for being economical
6.3.1 Design for food packaging shall adopt packaging methods and packaging patterns that facilitate the maximum use of food.
6.3.2 According to food consumption characteristics, food packaging can be used to store food in separate packaging, repeated opening.
6.3.3 Design for food packaging shall reduce the amount of stickiness on the food packaging after the food is eaten.
6.3.4 It shall select design for food packaging methods that extend the shelf life of food.
6.3.5 It shall, according to different food consumption rates, consider the per capita serving size and other factors for design for food packaging.
6.3.6 Design for food packaging can consider factors including consumer group, age, gender, location.
6.4 Requirements for environmental protection
6.4.1 Design for food packaging shall meet the requirements of GB 23350. 6.4.2 Under the premise of ensuring the volume and strength of food packaging, it shall save materials and reduce packaging volume and weight.
6.4.3 It shall, according to food production, storage, circulation, and consumption methods, including but not limited to factors such as saving transportation space and recycling materials, carry out design for food packaging.
6.4.4 Design for food packaging shall reduce the number of types of materials. The packaging that uses composite material structure shall be designed as a detachable structure.
6.4.5 Multi-purpose design for food packaging shall consider its reuse value. 6.4.6 Design for food packaging shall consider the treatment of food packaging waste and shall meet the requirements of GB/T 16716.1.
6.5 Requirements for convenience
6.5.1 Design for food packaging shall consider its convenience in the process of production, storage, circulation, consumption.
6.5.2 Design for food packaging shall conform to the principles of ergonomics and be convenient for consumers to carry, open.
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