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GB/T 39224-2020 English PDF (GBT39224-2020)

GB/T 39224-2020 English PDF (GBT39224-2020)

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GB/T 39224-2020: Technical specification for used batteries take-back

This Standard specifies the overall requirements, collection requirements, sorting requirements, transportation requirements and storage requirements for used batteries take-back. This Standard applies to the entire process of used batteries take-back, with the exception of used batteries that are hazardous waste.
GB/T 39224-2020
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.030.50
Z 05
Technical specification for used batteries take-back
ISSUED ON: NOVEMBER 19, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: JUNE 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Overall requirements ... 6
5 Collection requirements ... 7
6 Sorting requirements ... 7
7 Transportation requirements ... 7
8 Storage requirements ... 8
Appendix A (Informative) Classification and product examples of used
batteries for echelon use ... 10
References ... 11
Technical specification for used batteries take-back
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the overall requirements, collection requirements, sorting requirements, transportation requirements and storage requirements for used batteries take-back.
This Standard applies to the entire process of used batteries take-back, with the exception of used batteries that are hazardous waste.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB 2894, Safety Signs and Guideline for the Use
GB 15630, Requirements for the placement of fire safety signs
GB 18599, Standard for pollution control on the non-hazardous industrial solid waste storage and landfill
GB/T 19001, Quality management systems - Requirements
GB/T 24001, Environmental management systems - Requirements with
guidance for use
GB/T 26493, Store and transport regulation of battery scraps
GB/T 26724, One-off battery scraps
GB/T 26932, Rechargeable battery scraps
GB/T 36576, Classification and code of waste batteries
GB/T 45001, Occupational health and safety management systems -
Requirements with guidance for use
GB 50016, Code for fire protection design of buildings
GB 50140, Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings
The process of using transportation equipment to transfer used batteries. Note: Transportation includes collection, distribution, handling, loading and unloading.
3.6
Storage
The activity of temporarily storing used batteries in specific places that meet the requirements, for the purpose of collection, transportation, take-back and disposal.
4 Overall requirements
4.1 Used batteries take-back enterprises shall establish and operate a
management system in accordance with GB/T 19001, GB/T 24001, GB/T
45001 and other standards.
4.2 Used batteries take-back enterprises shall establish labor protection, fire safety responsibility management systems and environmental protection
management systems.
4.3 Used batteries take-back enterprises shall establish a safety accident and environmental pollution prevention mechanism, and formulate an emergency plan system for handling safety accidents and environmental pollution
accidents.
4.4 Used batteries take-back enterprises shall establish a used batteries take- back information management system to record the category name,
characteristics, recycling time, location, quantity (weight), source, flow direction, transaction status and other information of each batch of used batteries, report statistical information, and keep relevant information for at least two years. 4.5 During the used batteries take-back process, the structure and appearance of the used batteries shall be kept intact. It is strictly prohibited to damage the used batteries without authorization. The damaged used batteries shall be collected, sorted, transported and stored separately to prevent leakage, corrosion, fire and other phenomena.
4.6 Hazardous waste which is generated or mixed in the used batteries take- back process, or identified as hazardous waste according to the hazardous waste identification standards and identification methods prescribed by the country, shall meet the relevant requirements of HJ 2025 and be handed over to an organization of relevant processing qualifications for processing. 7.3 The transportation of used batteries shall comply with the relevant regulations of GB/T 26493.
7.4 It is prohibited to dump and discard used batteries without authorization during transportation.
7.5 The packaging and transportation of retired power batteries for vehicles should be carried out in accordance with the relevant regulations in GB/T 38698.1.
8 Storage requirements
8.1 The temporary storage site shall have an independent centralized site and sufficient storage space; the storage volume shall not exceed 10 t.
8.2 The centralized storage site shall be selected in an urban industrial plot, and conform to the local environmental protection and regional development plan; the construction project of the newly-built centralized storage site shall pass the environmental impact assessment. The storage scale shall match the capacity of the storage site; the area of the storage site shall not be less than 500 m2; the storage time of used batteries shall not exceed 1 year.
8.3 Both the temporary storage site and the centralized storage site shall have the functions of rain and flood prevention; the ground shall be hardened and leak-proof; the pollution control shall meet the relevant requirements of GB 18599.
8.4 The storage site shall be equipped with fire safety facilities in accordance with GB 50016 and GB 50140; fire safety and warning signs shall be set up in accordance with GB 2894 and GB 15630, and be cleaned and transported
regularly.
8.5 Used batteries shall be stored in a closed or semi-enclosed environment of good ventilation; they shall not be stacked in the open air. Used batteries shall be stacked at a certain distance, and shall be kept away from flammable, explosive and other dangerous goods warehouses and high-voltage
transmission line protection areas.
8.6 The storage of used batteries shall comply with the relevant regulations of GB/T 26493.
8.7 Leaky used batteries shall be placed in insulated, fireproof and heat- insulated containers after insulation and other protective treatments.
8.8 Used lithium-ion batteries shall be subject to safety testing before storage; they shall be protected from light. The ambient temperature of the storage place

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