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GB/T 3883.311-2019 English PDF (GBT3883.311-2019)

GB/T 3883.311-2019 English PDF (GBT3883.311-2019)

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GB/T 3883.311-2019: Safety of motor-operated hand-held, transportable and garden tools -- Part 311: Particular requirements for transportable cut-off machines

GB/T 3883.311-2019
Safety of motor-operated hand-held, transportable and garden tools - Part 311.Particular requirements for transportable cut-off machines ICS 25.140.20
K64
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replace GB/T 13960.11-2000
Safety of hand-held and portable electric tools and garden tools
Part 311.Special requirements for portable profile cutting machines
2019-10-18 released
2020-05-01 Implementation
State Administration for Market Regulation
Issued by China National Standardization Administration
Table of contents
Foreword Ⅰ
Introduction Ⅲ
1 Scope 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and definitions 1
4 General requirements 2
5 Test general conditions 2
6 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards 2
7 Category 3
8 Signs and instructions 3
9 Protection against touching live parts 5
10 Start 5
11 Input power and current 5
12 Fever 5
13 Heat resistance and flame resistance 5
14 Moisture resistance 5
15 Rust prevention 6
16 Overload protection of transformers and related circuits 6
17 Durability 6
18 Abnormal operation 6
19 Mechanical hazards 6
20 Mechanical strength 10
21 Structure 11
22 Internal wiring 11
23 Components 11
24 Power connection and external flexible cord 11
25 Terminals for external wires 11
26 Grounding device 12
27 Screws and connectors 12
28 Creepage distance, electrical clearance and insulation penetration distance 12 Appendix 18
Appendix I (Informative Appendix) Measurement of Noise and Vibration 19 Appendix K (Normative Appendix) Battery-powered tools and battery packs 20 Reference 21
Preface
Part 3 of "Safety of Handheld, Portable Power Tools and Garden Tools" Portable power tools currently consists of the following 2 parts composition.
---GB/T 3883.306-2017 The safety of hand-held and portable electric tools and garden tools-Part 3.Portable liquid carrying Special requirements for source diamond drills;
Special requirements for wood cutting machines.
This part is part 311 of GB/T 3883.
This section was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This part replaces GB/T 13960.11-2000 "Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for profile cutting machines", Compared with GB/T 13960.11-2000, the main technical changes are as follows. ---The scope of application is to increase cutting objects such as concrete and masonry, increase the use of diamond cutting wheels, and clarify the type and line of grinding wheels used Speed and range, increase the non-applicable range of this part (see Chapter 1); --- The term "inner flange", "consolidated enhanced grinding wheel", "cutting device", "D", "diamond cutting wheel", "grid", "outer flange" and "stop Rest position"; modify the terms "profile cutting machine" and "grinding wheel guard"; delete the terms "spindle", "clamping plate assembly" and "straight edge groove clamp" Squeeze plate" and "workpiece fixture" (see Chapter 3, Chapter 2 of the.2000 edition); ---Add the description of the parts that should be included in the tool quality in the general conditions of the test (see Chapter 5); --- Abnormal operation modify Table 4 in Part 1 (see Chapter 18);
---Mechanical hazards 19.6 increase the prevention of overspeed test; 19.7 increase the prevention of tipping test and facilitate the fixing of tools; 19.101.1 Increase the general requirements for grinding wheel protection; modify the original 18.1.103, 18.1.104 and 20.17 to 19.101.2, that is, to improve the grinding wheel guard Seek; modify the original 18.104 to 19.101.3, and improve the protection of the grinding wheel under the table; modify the original 18.1.105 to 19.102, which is complete Improve the deflection of spark splash; modify the original 18.101 to 19.103, that is, improve the fixation of the workpiece; increase the installation of the 19.104 accessory; repair Change the original 18.102 to 19.105.1 and 19.105.2, that is, improve the general requirements and minimum dimensions of the flange; add 19.105.3 diamond The size requirements for the flange of the stone cutting wheel; add 19.105.4 flange strength test; modify 18.103 to 19.106, and improve the tool master Shaft requirements (see Chapter 19, Chapter 18 of the.2000 edition);
---Mechanical strength was revised from 18.1.102 to 20.101 and 20.102, and the strength requirements for the wheel guard were improved (see Chapter 20,.2000 edition Chapter 18);
--- The structure is revised from 20.18 of the original Part 1 to 21.18.2.1, and the requirements for the power switch are improved; the discomfort corresponding to Part 1 is added Terms of use (see Chapter 21, Chapter 20 of the.2000 edition);
--- The component increases corresponding to 23.3 of Part 1 (see Chapter 23); ---The power connection and external flexible cord are modified from the original 23.2 to 24.4, that is, the requirements for the power cord material are improved (see Chapter 24,.2000 edition Chapter 23);
---Add informative Appendix I "Measurement of Noise and Vibration" (see Appendix I). The translation method used in this part is equivalent to the IEC 62841-3-10.2015 "Motor-driven handheld and portable electric tools and gardens Machine Safety Part 3-10.Special Requirements for Portable Profile Cutting Machines. The Chinese documents that have a consistent correspondence with the international documents cited in this section are as follows. ---GB/T 4127.15-2007 Fixed size of abrasive tools Part 15.Cutting wheels for stationary or mobile cutting machines (ISO 603-15.1999, MOD)
---GB/T 34560 (all parts) structural steel [ISO 630 (all parts)]
This section has made the following editorial changes.
--- Amend the standard name to "Safety of hand-held, portable electric tools and garden tools Part 311.Movable profile cutting Special requirements for cutting machines";
---This part incorporates the content of IEC 62841-3-10.2015/COR1.2016, and the clauses involved in these technical corrections have been passed It is marked by the vertical double line (‖) on the outer margin position; ---There is an error in the international standard. Now the 8mm metric system in Table 102 is changed to 5/16in from 2in. This part shall be in accordance with GB/T 3883.1-2014 "Safety of Hand-held and Portable Electric Tools and Garden Tools Part 1.General Requirements" Seek to be used together.
This part specifies the "applicable" part, which means that the corresponding clause in GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies; this part specifies the "replacement" part, The clauses in this part shall prevail; the part in this part with “modification” indicates the relevant clauses of GB/T 3883.1-2014 The content should be subject to the revised content of this section, and the other content in this clause still applies; the “additional” part in this section means that except In addition to complying with the corresponding provisions of GB/T 3883.1-2014, it should also comply with the additional provisions of this section. This part was proposed by China Electrical Equipment Industry Association. This part is under the jurisdiction of the National Electric Tool Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC68). Drafting organizations of this section. Hongda Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai Electric Tool Research Institute (Group) Co., Ltd., Ruiqi Holding Co., Ltd. Company, Zhengyang Technology Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Xinyuan Electric Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Baoshide Technology (China) Co., Ltd. The main drafters of this section. Yao Xucheng, Gu Jing, Zhu Xianbo, Xu Feihao, Chen Huazheng, Ding Yucai, Cao Zhenhua, Yao Tongsuo, Chen Jianqiu. The previous releases of the standards replaced by this part are.
---GB/T 13960.11-2000;
---GB 14807-1993.
introduction
In.2014, my country issued the national standard GB/T 3883.1-2014 ``Safety No. of Handheld and Portable Power Tools and Garden Tools' Part 1.General Requirements, the original GB/T 3883 (part of hand-held power tools), GB/T 13960 (part of portable power tools) and The common technical requirements of the general safety standards of the three series of electric tools in GB/T 4706 (only for garden electric tools) have been integrated. There are 3 parts in the special requirements for specific types of small products used in conjunction with GB/T 3883.1-2014, which are Part 2 (Hand Portable power tools section), section 3 (portable power tools section), and section 4 (garden power tools section), all transform the corresponding countries The specific requirements of the international standard IEC 62841 series. The main element of the standard name is expanded to "safety of hand-held and portable electric tools and garden tools", and the original hand-held electric tools are used Part of the standard number GB/T 3883.The standard sub-part number of each sub-category product consists of 3 digits, of which the first digit Indicates the corresponding part, the 2nd and 3rd digits indicate different small products. The new version of the GB/T 3883 series of standards will form a more scientific, complete, universal, and unified series of safety standards for electric tool products The system makes the implementation of the standard more practical and convenient to use. At present, the new version of GB/T 3883 series standard "portable electric tools part" has published standards as follows. ---GB/T 3883.306-2017 The safety of hand-held and portable electric tools and garden tools-Part 3.Portable liquid carrying Special requirements for source diamond drills (instead of GB/T 13960.7-1997); Special requirements for wood cutting machines (instead of GB/T 13960.11-2000). The following standards will be revised in the future.
---GB/T 13960.2-2008 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for circular saws; ---GB/T 13960.3-1996 Special requirements for safe rocker saws for portable power tools; ---GB/T 13960.4-2009 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for planing and thickness planing; ---GB/T 13960.5-2008 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for bench grinders; ---GB/T 13960.6-1996 Special requirements for safety band saws for portable power tools; ---GB/T 13960.8-1997 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for diamond saws with water source; ---GB/T 13960.9-1997 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for oblique cutting machines; ---GB/T 13960.10-2009 Safety of portable electric tools Part 2.Special requirements for single-axis vertical wood milling; ---GB/T 13960.13-2005 The second part of the safety of portable electric tools. the special requirements for the oblique cutting bench combination saw. Safety of hand-held and portable electric tools and garden tools
Part 311.Special requirements for portable profile cutting machines
1 Scope
In addition to the following clauses, this chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies. increase.
This part is applicable to a portable profile cutting machine used for cutting metal, concrete, masonry and other materials, equipped with a piece of the following types of grinding wheels. ---41 type consolidation reinforced grinding wheel; or
---Diamond cutting wheel, if there is a circumferential groove, the width does not exceed 10mm; and
---The maximum diameter of the grinding wheel at the rated no-load speed, the linear speed of the edge of the grinding wheel does not exceed 100m/s; and ---The diameter of the grinding wheel ranges from 250mm to 410mm.
Note 1.Unless otherwise specified, the "grinding wheel" in this section includes the "41 type consolidated reinforced grinding wheel" and "diamond cutting wheel" specified in the scope. This section does not apply to.
---Removable miter saw;
---Removable ceramic tile cutter;
---Removable metal saw.
Note 2.The portable miter saw is covered by IEC 62841-3-9, and the portable tile cutter and portable metal saw are part of the future IEC 62841-3 cover.
2 Normative references
In addition to the following clauses, this chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies. increase.
ISO 603-15 Bonded Abrasive Product Dimensions Part 15.Cutting wheels for stationary or mobile cutting machines ISO 630 (all parts) structural steel
3 Terms and definitions
In addition to the following clauses, this chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies. 3.101
Inner flange
Contact and support the parts on the back of the grinding wheel, and are located on the spindle between the grinding wheel and the tool. 3.102
Consolidation enhanced grinding wheel
Grinding wheels that comply with ISO 603-15 and have different purposes. 3.103
Profile cutting machine
A tool for cutting through a rotating consolidation-enhanced grinding wheel or diamond cutting wheel. The grinding wheel is fixed on the main shaft of the cutting device. work The tool is equipped with a base to support and place the workpiece fixed by the clamping device, the cutting device is fixed on the cantilever, and the cantilever passes through the base or tool The fulcrum on the bracket protrudes above the base.
Note. See Figure 101.
3.104
Cutting device
A device equipped with an additional grinding wheel can produce cutting action. 3.105
The maximum specified grinding wheel diameter.
3.106
Diamond cutting wheel
Metal cutting wheels with sanded edges, the edges are continuous or notched. 3.107
Fence
A device that positions the workpiece and bears the horizontal force generated by the grinding wheel during the cutting process. 3.108
Outer flange
Support the parts on the front side of the grinding wheel, and fix and clamp the grinding wheel on the main shaft and inner flange. 3.109
Resting position
The highest position of the cutting device determined by the design.
3.110
Wheel guard
A shield that partially encases the grinding wheel to protect the operator. 4 General requirements
This chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies.
5 Test general conditions
In addition to the following clauses, this chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies. 5.17 Added.
The quality of the tool should include the wheel guard and the backing grid. Other parts required by the instruction manual, such as handling devices, should also be included in the quality of the tool. 6 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards
This chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies.
7 categories
This chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies.
8 Signs and instructions
In addition to the following clauses, this chapter of GB/T 3883.1-2014 applies. 8.1 Added.
Tools should be marked with.
---The rated no-load speed of the output shaft.
8.2 Added.
Tools should be marked with the following safety warnings.
"Warning-Always wear protective goggles" or ISO 7010 M004 symbol or the following safety signs. Goggles logo can be modified, for example, add other personal protective equipment such as ear protection, dust mask and other logos. 8.3 Add.
The tool should also be marked with the following additional information. --- Wheel diameter D;
---The direction of rotation of the grinding wheel should be indicated by raised or recessed arrows or other equivalent clear and durable methods. 8.14.1 Added.
The safety instructions added in 8.14.1.101 shall be given. This part can be printed separately from the "General Safety Warning for Power Tools". For all warnings in 8.14.1.101, the word "cutting device" can be replaced with another appropriate word at the choice of the producer. 8.14.1.101 Safety instructions for profile cutting machine
1) Safety warning of profile cutting machine
a) The operator and bystanders should stay away from the rotating cutting surface of the grinding wheel. The guard helps protect the operator from being hit by grinding wheel debris And accidentally touch the grinding wheel.
b) Only use consolidation-enhanced grinding wheels or diamond cutting wheels suitable for this tool. Other attachments that can be installed on this tool The software cannot guarantee safe operation.
Note 1.The applicability of the term "consolidation enhancement" or "diamond" is determined according to the function of the tool. c) The rated speed of the accessory should be at least equal to the maximum speed marked by the tool. If the attachment speed exceeds its rated value, it will break and Splash.
d) The grinding wheel should be used according to the application method recommended by the manufacturer. For example, do not use the end face of the grinding wheel for grinding. The grinding wheel is round When working on the peripheral surface, the lateral force exerted on the grinding wheel will cause the grinding wheel to break. e) Always use a good grinding wheel flange, and its diameter should match the selected grinding wheel. Suitable grinding wheel flange can support the grinding wheel And reduce the possibility of grinding wheel breakage.
f) The outer diameter and thickness of the selected accessories should be within the rated value of the tool. Accessories with incorrect dimensions are not properly protected Protection and control.
g) The aperture of the grinding wheel and flange should match the output shaft of this tool. The difference between the grinding wheel and flange shaft hole and the installation part of this tool Matching can cause imbalance, excessive vibration, and may lead to loss of control. h) Do not use damaged grinding wheels. Check the grinding wheel for nicks and cracks before each use. If the tool or grinding wheel falls, To check whether the grinding wheel is damaged or install a good grinding wheel. After checking and installing the grinding wheel, the operator and bystanders Keep away from the plane where the rotating grinding wheel is located, and run the tool at the maximum no-load speed for 1 min. Usually, the damaged grinding wheel A burst occurred during this test period.
i) Wear personal protective equipment. According to the occasion, wear a face shield, goggles or safety glasses. Depending on the situation, wear Dust masks, earmuffs, gloves, and aprons that can block small fragments of the grinding wheel or workpieces. Eye protection should be able to block all kinds of Flying debris generated during operation. The face mask or mask should be able to filter the particles generated during operation. Prolonged exposure to high intensity noise May cause hearing loss.
j) Keep bystanders a safe distance from the work area. Anyone entering the work area must wear personal protective equipment. Artifact Or fragments of the bursting grinding wheel may fly out, causing injuries near the operating area. k) Keep the power cord away from rotating accessories. If the operator loses control, the power cord may be cut or broken, the operator's hand or arm It may be caught in the rotating grinding wheel.
l) Clean the vent of the tool regularly. The motor fan will suck dust into the casing, and excessive accumulation of metal dust may produce Electrical hazard.
m) Do not operate tools near flammable materials. Do not operate the tool when it is placed on the surface of combustible materials such as wood. spark Easy to ignite these materials.
n) Do not use accessories that require liquid coolant. Using water or other liquid coolants may cause electric shock.
Note 2.This warning does not apply to tools with a fluid supply system design. 2) Rebound and related warnings
Rebound is the reaction force suddenly produced when the rotating grinding wheel is squeezed or stuck. The rotating grinding wheel will quickly produce after being squeezed or jammed Bloc...

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