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GB/T 38028-2019 English PDF (GBT38028-2019)

GB/T 38028-2019 English PDF (GBT38028-2019)

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GB/T 38028-2019: Gradation standard for panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites
This Standard specifies the gradation for panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites, as well as the specifications, naming and identification of data products at all levels.
GB/T 38028-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 49.020
V 09
Gradation standard for panchromatic data products of
remote sensing satellites
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 30, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 4
4 Abbreviations ... 5
5 Gradation ... 5
6 Data product specifications ... 8
7 Naming and identification of data products at all levels ... 9
Appendix A (Informative) Recommended indicators for panchromatic data
products at all levels of remote sensing satellites ... 10
Appendix B (Informative) Calculation method of related indicators of
panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites ... 13
Gradation standard for panchromatic data products of
remote sensing satellites
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the gradation for panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites, as well as the specifications, naming and identification of data products at all levels.
This Standard applies to the gradation of panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites in the production, management, and application services, and to the specification description and use of data products at all levels. 2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 32453-2015, Rule for classification and gradation of earth observation satellite data product
3 Terms and definitions
Terms and definitions determined by GB/T 32453-2015 and the following ones are applicable to this document. For ease of use, some of the terms and definitions in GB/T 32453-2015 are repeated below.
3.1 Data product
Data, data set, or data set series that conforms to the data product specification. 3.2 Data product specification
The specification that describe data, data set, or data set series in details, which is also equipped with additional specifications that enable data, data set, or data set series to be created, provided, and used by others.
3.3 Panchromatic data product
The target image data product that is acquired by the panchromatic band sensor, and data products that are acquired by processing.
Data products that use ground control points for geometric fine correction on the basis of L0 ~ L2 data; it can be divided into 3 sub-levels according to the degree of radiometric correction processing:
-- L3-1: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric fine correction and no radiometric correction;
-- L3-2: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric fine correction and relative radiometric correction; -- L3-3: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric fine correction and absolute radiometric correction. L3 products shall meet the corresponding indicator requirements, and can be expanded or adjusted according to specific conditions. Refer to Appendix A for each indicator; refer to Appendix B for specific algorithms.
5.6 L4 product
Data products that use ground control points and digital elevation model for geometric terrain correction on the basis of L0 ~ L3 data; it can be divided into 3 sub-levels according to the degree of radiometric correction processing: -- L4-1: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric terrain correction and no radiometric correction;
-- L4-2: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric terrain correction and relative radiometric correction; -- L4-3: panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites that have undergone geometric terrain correction and absolute radiometric
correction.
L4 products shall meet the corresponding indicator requirements, and can be expanded or adjusted according to specific conditions. Refer to Appendix A for each indicator; refer to Appendix B for specific algorithms.
5.7 L5 product
Data products that have other geographic information or navigation and
positioning information to participate in the representation, on the basis of L1 ~ L4 data.
The radiation and geometric accuracy of L5 products shall meet the
corresponding L1 ~ L4 product accuracy requirements.
5.8 L6 product
Record the imaging geometry model parameter information of the image
product; it is used to construct the conversion model between the image point position and the corresponding planimetric point position of the image. 6.4 Metadata file
The metadata file shall contain the product metadata items that are specified in this Standard; other information extension items can be determined according to user needs. The basic content is as follows:
a) data product identification information;
b) data product coordinate reference system information;
c) data product quality information;
d) data product content information;
e) data product acquisition information;
f) data product distribution information.
6.5 Thumbnail file
Browse image that stores the low resolution that is generated by resampling image files.
7 Naming and identification of data products at all
levels
The naming of panchromatic data products of remote sensing satellites shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 32453-2015.
Appendix B
(Informative)
Calculation method of related indicators of panchromatic data products
of remote sensing satellites
B.1 Radiometric correction accuracy test method
B.1.1 Relative radiometric correction uncertainty
Generally, use the products that are processed by relative radiometric
correction to calculate the generalized noise, which serves as the indicator to evaluate the relative radiometric correction uncertainty. The test methods and steps are as follows:
a) Select a number of L1 product images that contain uniform ground objects after radiometric correction;
b) Select uniform sub-images of m rows and n columns (m≥300, n≥300) from images of several brightness types;
c) For the selected kth image, first calculate the mean value (Avgk) of the image; then, calculate the absolute error (Ek) and relative error (REk) of the column pixel DN value;
d) Calculate the relative radiometric uncertainty (E) of the pixels in which all sub-images are located.
The calculation of the average (Avgk) of the images is shown in Formula (B.1). Where:
Avgk -- average of the images;
DNkij -- image brightness value;
m -- row number;
n -- column number.
The calculation of the absolute error (Ek) of the pixel DN value is shown in Formula (B.2).
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