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GB/T 3634.1-2006 English PDF (GBT3634.1-2006)

GB/T 3634.1-2006 English PDF (GBT3634.1-2006)

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GB/T 3634.1-2006: Hydrogen -- Part 1: Industrial hydrogen

This part specifies the requirements, test methods, packaging and marking, storage, transportation and safety requirements for industrial hydrogen. This part is suitable for the hydrogen contained in cylinder, containerized, and pipeline delivery which is made from chemical cracking, electrolysis, adsorption, membrane separation, hydrogenation and other methods. It is mainly used for such industries as the manufacturing, metal smelting, cutting, and welding of petroleum, food, fine chemicals, glass and artificial gem.
GB/T 3634.1-2006
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 71.100.20
G 86
Replacing GB/T 3634-1995
Hydrogen ?€? Part 1. Industrial hydrogen
ISSUED ON. JANUARY 23, 2006
IMPLEMENTED ON. NOVEMBER 01, 2006
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
3. No action is required - Full-copy of this standard will be automatically and immediately delivered to your EMAIL address in 0~60 minutes.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Requirements ... 6
4 Test method ... 6
5 Packaging, marking and storage ... 8
6 Safety requirements ... 8
Appendix A (Normative) Determination of oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen in industrial hydrogen ... 10
Appendix B (Normative) Determination of chlorine and alkali in industrial hydrogen ... 13
Appendix C (Informative) Hydrogen volume conversion ... 16
Foreword
GB/T 3634 ?€?Hydrogen?€? is divided into the following two parts
- Part 1. Industrial hydrogen;
- Part 2. Pure hydrogen, high pure hydrogen and ultrapure hydrogen.
This part is part 1 of GB/T 3634.
This part replaces GB/T 3634-1995 ?€?Industrial hydrogen?€?.
As compared with GB/T 3634-1995, the main changes of this part are as
follows.
- In the Chapter of scope, ADD the hydrogen production methods and
industrial hydrogen application scopes (Chapter 1 of this version);
- ADD the relevant normative references (Chapter 2 of this version);
- IMPROVE the requirements for nitrogen content and argon content
(Chapter 3 of the 1995 version; Chapter 3 of this version);
- ADD the inspection rules for containerized products (SEE clause 4.1.1 and 4.1.2 of this version);
- MODIFY the test method; ADD the method of determining oxygen and
oxygen components (clause 4.3 of 1995 version; Appendix A of this
version);
- INCLUDE the chlorine and alkali measurement device schematics into the normative appendix (Figure 2 of 1995 version; Appendix B of this version); - INCLUDE the hydrogen volume calculation into the informative appendix (clause 6.6 and Appendix A of 1995 version; Appendix C of this version). Appendix A and Appendix B of this part are normative, AND Appendix C is an informative appendix.
This part was proposed by the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry
Association.
This part shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Gas Standardization Technical Committee.
The drafting organizations of this part. Southwest Chemical Research and Design Institute, Jiangsu Xinyuan Group Corporation Wuxi Xinyuan Science Gas Factory, Beijing Saisi Ruitai Science and Technology Co., Ltd.,
Guangming Chemical Research and Design Institute, Shandong Institute of Semiconductor.
Hydrogen ?€? Part 1. Industrial hydrogen
1 Scope
This part specifies the requirements, test methods, packaging and marking, storage, transportation and safety requirements for industrial hydrogen. This part is suitable for the hydrogen contained in cylinder, containerized, and pipeline delivery which is made from chemical cracking, electrolysis,
adsorption, membrane separation, hydrogenation and other methods. It is mainly used for such industries as the manufacturing, metal smelting, cutting, and welding of petroleum, food, fine chemicals, glass and artificial gem. Molecular formula. H2
Relative molecular mass. 2.01588 (in accordance with the 2001 International Relative Atomic Scale)
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of GB/T 3634.1 through reference in GB/T 3634.1. For the dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to GB/T 3634.1; however, parties who reach an agreement based on GB/T 3634.1 are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies. GB 190 Packaging symbol of dangerous goods
GB/T 3723 Sampling of chemical products for industrial use ?€? Safety in
sampling (GB/T 3723-1999, idt ISO 3165.1976)
GB 4962 Technical safety regulation for gaseous hydrogen use
GB 5099 Seamless steel gas cylinder (GB 5099-1994, neq ISO 4705.1983)
GB/T 5832.2 Gas analysis - Determination of moisture ?€? Part 2. Dew point method
GB/T 6285 Determination of trace oxygen in gases - Electrochemical
method
GB/T 6681 General rules for sampling gaseous chemical products
GB 7144 Colored cylinder mark for gases
GB 14194 Provisions for filling of permanent gas cylinders
Gas cylinder safety supervision procedures
as measured by this method is extended to 1 ?? 10-2. When there is objection on the oxygen contents as determined by the two methods, the method
specified in GB/T 6285 is used as the arbitration method.
4.5 Determination of chlorine and alkali
Determination of chlorine and alkali are as given in Appendix B.
5 Packaging, marking and storage
5.1 Hydrogen cylinders shall comply with the provisions of GB 5099, AND the cylinder color mark shall comply with the provisions of GB 7144. When
transporting, the hydrogen cylinders shall be marked with the signs as
specified in GB 190.
5.2 The filling, marking and storage of hydrogen shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB 14194 and the Gas cylinder safety supervision provisions. 5.3 The finished product pressure of the hydrogen contained in cylinder is (13.5 ?? 0.5) MPa at 20 ??C. The accuracy of the pressure gauge for
measurement shall be not less than level 2.5.
5.4 The residual pressure of the hydrogen cylinder returned back to plant shall not be less than 0.05 MPa. As for the gas cylinder having a residual pressure failing to comply with requirements, the gas cylinder after hydraulic test, and the new gas cylinder, before filling, it shall be heated, emptied and replaced as specified.
5.5 Hydrogen shall be attached with a quality certificate during exit-factory, which shall include at least.
- Product name, manufacturer name;
- Production date or batch number, finished product pressure, main
components and content;
- Standard number of this part, product level, and inspector number.
5.6 Calculation of hydrogen volume
SEE Appendix C for the calculation of hydrogen volume.
6 Safety requirements
6.1 The production, use and storage of hydrogen shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB 4962, Provisions on safety management of hazardous
chemicals, and Special equipment safety supervision provisions.
6.2 Hydrogen is colorless, tasteless, flammable and explosive gas. The
hydrogen mixed with chlorine, oxygen, carbon monoxide, and air has a risk of 9 - Switchover six-way valve;
10 - Deoxygenated column
11 - Sample gas outlet;
12 - Sample injection six-way valve;
13 - Volume measuring tube;
14 - Sample gas inlet.
Figure A.1 -- Gas chromatograph gas flow diagram
A.1.3 Determination conditions
A.1.3.1 Carrier gas. hydrogen having a volume fraction of not less than 99.99 ?? 10-2, at a flow rate of about 40 mL/min.
A.1.3.2 Column. A stainless steel tube with a length of about 2 m and an inner diameter of 3 mm, containing a 13X molecular sieve of 0.25 mm ~ 0.40 mm; or other equivalent column. The column is hydrogenated for activation at 180 ?? C ~ 220 ?? C for about 3 h at a flow rate of 60 mL/min ~ 80 mL/min. The column is used at room temperature.
A.1.3.3 Deoxygenated column. stainless steel tube with a length of 3 m and an inner diameter of 3 mm, fitted with a 401 deoxidizer of 0.4 mm ~ 0.8 mm. The use and activation of the deoxidizer is carried out in accordance with its instructions.
A.1.4 Gas standard samples
The certified gas standard sample having a component content similar with the corresponding component content in the sample gas, AND its balancing gas is hydrogen.
A.1.5 Determination
After the instrument is stable, MAKE determination in accordance with the instrument manual. MAKE parallel determination of the gas standard sample and sample gas for at least two times; RECORD the peak area (or peak
height), until the relative deviation of the adjacent two measurements is not more than 5 ?? 10-2; TAKE the average.
A.1.6 Result processing
USE the peak area (or peak height) for quantification; USE the external standard method to calculate the results.
The volume fraction of oxygen (argon) and nitrogen volume is calculated through the external standard method in accordance with the formula (A.1). Appendix B
(Normative)
Determination of chlorine and alkali in industrial hydrogen
B.1 Determination of chlorine
B.1.1 Methods and principles
The bromine fluorescent yellow developing method. When the chlorine
containing chlorine passes through the bromine fluorescent yellow indicator impregnated cotton plug, the chlorine reacts with t...

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