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GB/T 34590.7-2022 English PDF (GBT34590.7-2022)

GB/T 34590.7-2022 English PDF (GBT34590.7-2022)

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GB/T 34590.7-2022: Road vehicles -- Functional safety -- Part 7: Production, operation, service and decommissioning

GB/T 34590.7-2022
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040
CCS T 35
Replacing GB/T 34590.7-2017
Road Vehicles - Functional Safety - Part 7: Production,
operation, service and decommissioning
(ISO 26262-7:2018, MOD)
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 30, 2022
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 1, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 7
1 Scope ... 11
2 Normative references ... 12
3 Terms and definitions ... 13
4 Requirements ... 13
4.1 Purpose ... 13
4.2 General requirements... 13
4.3 Interpretations of tables ... 14
4.4 ASIL-dependent requirements and recommendations ... 14
4.5 Adaptation for motorcycles ... 15
4.6 Adaptation for trucks, buses, special-purpose vehicles and trailers ... 15 5 Planning for production, operation, service and decommissioning ... 15 5.1 Objectives ... 15
5.2 General ... 15
5.3 Inputs to this clause... 16
5.4 Requirements and recommendations ... 16
5.5 Work products ... 21
6 Production ... 21
6.1 Objectives ... 21
6.2 General ... 22
6.3 Inputs to this clause... 22
6.4 Requirements and recommendations ... 22
6.5 Work products ... 23
7 Operation, service and decommissioning ... 24
7.1 Objectives ... 24
7.2 General ... 24
7.3 Inputs to this clause... 24
7.4 Requirements and recommendations ... 25
7.5 Work products ... 25
Annex A (Informative) Overview on and document flow of production, operation, service and decommissioning ... 26
Bibliography ... 29
Foreword
This document was drafted in accordance with the rules provided in GB/T 1.1-2020 Directives for Standardization - Part 1: Rules for the Structure and Drafting of Standardizing Documents. This document is Part 7 of GB/T 34590 Road Vehicles - Functional Safety. GB/T 34590 has issued the following parts:
-- Part 1: Vocabulary;
-- Part 2: Management of Functional Safety;
-- Part 3: Concept Phase;
-- Part 4: Product Development at the System Level;
-- Part 5: Product Development at the Hardware Level;
-- Part 6: Product Development at the Software Level;
-- Part 7: Production, Operation, Service and Decommissioning;
-- Part 8: Supporting Processes;
-- Part 9: Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL)-oriented and Safety-oriented Analyses; -- Part 10: Guideline;
-- Part 11: Guidelines on Applications to Semiconductors;
-- Part 12: Adaptation for Motorcycles.
This document serves as a replacement of GB/T 34590.7-2017 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 7: Production and operation. In comparison with GB/T 34590.7-2017, apart from structural adjustments and editorial modifications, the main technical changes are as follows: -- Modify the Scope of the standard from “series production passenger cars” into “series production road vehicles, excluding mopeds” (see Clause 1; Clause 1 of Version 2017); -- Add requirements for adaptation for motorcycles (see 4.5);
-- Add requirements for adaptation for trucks, buses, special-purpose vehicles and trailers (see 4.6);
-- Modify the objectives of planning for production, operation, service and decommissioning (see 5.1; 5.1 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the general of planning for production, operation, service and decommissioning (see 5.2; 5.2 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the prerequisites of planning for production, operation, service and decommissioning (see 5.3.1; 5.3.1 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the supporting information of planning for production, operation, service and decommissioning (see 5.3.2; 5.3.2 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the content to be considered in planning the production process of the item and its elements (see 5.4.1.1; 5.4.1.1 of Version 2017);
-- Modify "Series pre-production" to "Pre-production" (see 5.4.2; 5.4.2 of Version 2017); -- Modify the purpose of the difference between the pre-production process and the target series production process (see 5.4.2.2; 5.4.2.2 of Version 2017);
-- Add the requirements for decommissioning and the requirements for emergency rescue services [see items c) and d) in 5.4.3.1];
-- Modify "warning and degradation concept" to "warning and degradation strategy" (see 5.3.1, 5.4.3.1, and 5.4.3.4; 6.4.1.1 and 6.4.1.4 of Version 2017);
-- Modify "tools and means of maintenance" to "tools and equipment" (see 5.4.3.3; 6.4.1.3 of Version 2017);
-- Add the information for rescue services (see 5.4.3.7 and 5.5.10);
-- Modify production-related prerequisites (see 6.3; 5.3.1 of Version 2017); -- Modify the requirement that the test equipment shall be controlled in accordance with the applied quality management system (see 6.4.1.4; 5.4.3.4 of Version 2017); -- Modify the objectives of operation, service and decommissioning (see 7.1; 6.1 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the general of operation, service and decommissioning (see 7.2; 6.2 of Version 2017);
-- Modify the prerequisites of operation, service and decommissioning (see 7.3.1; 6.3.1 of Version 2017).
This document has been modified using ISO 26262-7:2018 Road Vehicles - Functional Safety - Part 7: Production, operation, service and decommissioning.
The technical differences between this document and ISO 26262-7:2018, and the causes for these differences are as follows:
-- Use the normatively-referenced GB/T 34590.1-2022 to replace ISO 26262-1 (see Clause 3; Clause 3 of ISO 26262-7), to adapt to China's national conditions;
-- Modify the description of T and B vehicles from "trucks, buses, trailers and semi-trailers" to "trucks, buses, special-purpose vehicles and trailers" (see 4.6; 4.6 of ISO 26262- 7:2018); to be consistent with the vehicle types specified in GB/T 3730.1-2022 Terms and definitions of motor vehicles, trailers and combination vehicle - Part 1: Types. This document also makes the following editorial modifications:
-- Adjust the sequence of paragraphs in the Scope;
-- List the normatively-referenced GB/T 34590.12-2022 in the list in Clause 2; -- Delete the terminological database websites maintained by ISO and IEC for standardization in Clause 3 of ISO 26262-7:2018;
-- Change the last paragraph of 5.2 in ISO 26262-7:2018 to a list of items; -- Correct 5.4.3.1j) of ISO 26262-7:2018 to 5.4.3.1i);
-- Delete subclause numbers 6.3.1 and 7.5.1 in ISO 26262-7:2018.
Please be noted that certain content of this document may involve patents. The institution issuing this document does not undertake the responsibility of identifying these patents. This document was proposed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People’s Republic of China.
This document shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 114 on Auto of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 114).
The drafting organizations of this document: China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd.; Great Wall Motor Co., Ltd.; ZF Automotive Technologies (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.; BYD Auto Industry Co., Ltd.; Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.; Pan Asia Technical Automotive Center Co., Ltd.; Nexteer Automotive (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.; Neusoft Reach Automotive Technology (Shenyang) Co., Ltd.; China FAW Group Co., Ltd.; Schaeffler (China) Co., Ltd.; Beijing Walter Times Electric Vehicle Technology Co., Ltd.; BOSCH Auto Parts (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.; Daimler Greater China Ltd.; SINCODE Technology (Taizhou) Co., Ltd.; Beijing Borgward Automotive Co., Ltd.; Shanghai NIO Automobile Co., Ltd.; Shanghai G- PULSE Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.; SAIC VOLKSWAGEN Co., Ltd.; CRRC Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd.; SVOLT Energy Technology Co., Ltd.; SAIC MAXUS Co., Ltd.; Hella Shanghai Electronics Co., Ltd.; SINOEV (Hefei) Technologies Co., Ltd.; Zhuzhou CRRC Times Electric Co., Ltd.; Suzhou Inovance United Power System Co., Ltd.; YUTONG Bus Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this document: Li Bo, Qi Xinhua, Li Xinran, Fu Yue, Ma Fangping, Wei Fang, Shang Shiliang, Shao Haihe, Guo Xiaodong, Liang Yu, Xue Jianbo, Zhuang Ping, Qu Road Vehicles - Functional Safety - Part 7: Production,
operation, service and decommissioning
1 Scope
This document specifies the requirements for vehicle production, operation, service and decommissioning, including related planning activities.
This document is intended to be applied to safety-related systems that include one or more electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems and that are installed in series production road vehicles, excluding mopeds.
This document does not address unique E/E systems in special vehicles such as vehicle systems designed for drivers with disabilities.
NOTE: Other dedicated application-specific safety standards can complement this document or vice versa.
Systems and their components released for production, or systems and their components already under development prior to the publication date of this document, are exempted from the scope of this document. This document addresses alterations to existing systems and their components released for production prior to the publication of this document by tailoring the safety lifecycle depending on the alteration. This document addresses integration of existing systems not developed according to this document and systems developed according to this document by tailoring the safety lifecycle.
This document addresses possible hazards caused by malfunctioning behaviour of safety- related E/E systems, including interaction of these systems. It does not address hazards related to electric shock, fire, smoke, heat, radiation, toxicity, flammability, reactivity, corrosion, release of energy and similar hazards, unless directly caused by malfunctioning behaviour of safety-related E/E systems.
This document describes a framework for functional safety to assist the development of safety- related E/E systems. This framework is intended to be used to integrate functional safety activities into a company-specific development framework. Some requirements have a clear technical focus to implement functional safety into a product; others address the development process and can therefore be seen as process requirements in order to demonstrate the capability of an organization with respect to functional safety.
This document does not address the nominal performance of E/E systems.
Annex A provides an overview on objectives, prerequisites and work products of this document. 2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents, through normative references in this text, constitute indispensable provisions of this document. Among them, for dated references, only the edition corresponding to that date applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 34590.1-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 1: Vocabulary (ISO 26262- 1:2018, MOD)
GB/T 34590.2-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 2: Management of functional safety (ISO 26262-2:2018, MOD)
NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.2-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-2:2018.
GB/T 34590.3-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 3: Concept phase (ISO 26262- 3:2018, MOD)
NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.3-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-3:2018.
GB/T 34590.4-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 4: Product development at the system level (ISO 26262-4:2018, MOD)
NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.4-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-4:2018.
GB/T 34590.5-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 5: Product development at the hardware level (ISO 26262-5:2018, MOD)
NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.5-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-5:2018.
GB/T 34590.8-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 8: Supporting processes (ISO 26262-8:2018, MOD)
NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.8-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-8:2018.
GB/T 34590.9-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 9: Automotive safety integrity level(ASIL)-oriented and safety-oriented analyses (ISO 26262-9:2018, MOD) NOTE: There is no technical difference between the reference content in GB/T 34590.9-2022 and the reference content in ISO 26262-9:2018.
GB/T 34590.12-2022 Road vehicles - Functional safety - Part 12: Adaptation for EXAMPLE 2: Read back of the part number from the software loaded into the ECUs and comparison with the target part number for that specific vehicle from the bill of materials; as well as read back and comparison of the loaded calibration data with the calibration data for that specific vehicle from the bill of materials.
5.4.1.4 Reasonably foreseeable production process failures and their effects on functional safety shall be identified and the appropriate measures implemented to address the relevant process failures.
EXAMPLE: Process Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (PFMEA).
5.4.1.5 When developing the production control plan, the control descriptions (with their criteria) for the item or elements and the safety-related special characteristics shall be considered.
5.4.1.6 The sequence and methods of the control steps shall be described in the production control plan, as well as the necessary test equipment, tools and test criteria. 5.4.1.7 Safety requirements identified during the planning for production shall be directed to the persons responsible for the system, hardware and software development as appropriate in accordance with GB/T 34590.2-2022, Clause 6.
EXAMPLE: Adding a mistake-proofing feature (poka-yoke) in a connector to ensure it is plugged into the ECU correctly during assembly.
5.4.1.8 Changes to the production, operation, service and decommissioning, impacting the item or its elements, shall be managed in accordance with the requirements in GB/T 34590.8-2022, Clause 8.
5.4.2 Pre-production
5.4.2.1 The pre-production process and its control measures should be representative of the target series production process.
NOTE: Pre-production is production of items or elements before release for production. 5.4.2.2 Differences between the pre-production process and the target series production process can be analysed in order to determine if the capability of the production process can be obtained during the pre-production stage.
NOTE 1: If the pre-production process is the same as the target series production process, the capability of the production process according to 6.4.1.3 can be obtained during pre-production. NOTE 2: Differences can include the production rate, the sequence and methods of the production or control steps, test equipment, and tools.
5.4.3 Planning of operation, service and decommissioning

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