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GB/T 33156-2016 English PDF (GBT33156-2016)

GB/T 33156-2016 English PDF (GBT33156-2016)

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GB/T 33156-2016: Precision welded tubes for gas spring
This Standard specifies the classification, code, size, shape, weight and allowable deviation, technical requirement, inspection and test method, inspection rule, packaging, marking and quality certificate of precision welded tubes for gas spring. This Standard applies to cold-drawn or cold-rolled precision welded tubes for gas spring (including seat air pressure bars and lifters) in machinery manufacturing, vehicle manufacturing, and furniture products.
GB/T 33156-2016
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.140.75
H 48
Precision Welded Tubes for Gas Spring
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 13, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON: SEPTEMBER 01, 2017
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Classification, code ... 6
4 Ordering content ... 7
5 Size, shape, weight and allowable deviation ... 7
6 Technical requirements ... 10
7 Inspection and test methods ... 14
8 Test rules ... 15
9 Packaging, marking and quality certificate ... 15
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Industry Association. This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 183 on Iron and Steel of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 183). The drafting organizations of this Standard: Jiangsu DOM Corporation Limited, Qingdao Sanhong Precision Instrument Co., Ltd.
The drafters of this Standard: Zhou Feiyao, Pu Chengfu, Bao Yongli, Zhang Qixu, Yao Zhiqiang, Jiang Xiaojun, Yu Qingwen.
Precision Welded Tubes for Gas Spring
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the classification, code, size, shape, weight and allowable deviation, technical requirement, inspection and test method, inspection rule, packaging, marking and quality certificate of precision welded tubes for gas spring.
This Standard applies to cold-drawn or cold-rolled precision welded tubes for gas spring (including seat air pressure bars and lifters) in machinery
manufacturing, vehicle manufacturing, and furniture products.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 222, Permissible tolerances for chemical composition of steel products GB/T 223.5, Steel and iron. Determination of acid-soluble silicon and total silicon content. Reduced molybdosilicate spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.9, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of aluminium content.
Chrome azurol S photometric method
GB/T 223.11, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of chromium content. Visual titration or potentiometric titration method
GB/T 223.12, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The sodium carbonate separation-diphenyl carbazide photometric method for the determination of chromium content
GB/T 223.14, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The N- benzoy-N-phenylhydroxylamine extraction photometric method for the
determination of vanadium content
GB/T 223.16, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The chromotropic acid photometric method for the determination of titanium
content
GB/T 223.18, Methods for chemical analysis of iron steel and alloy. The sodium thiosulfate separation iodometric method for the determination of cupper content
GB/T 223.19, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The neocuproine-chloroform extraction photometric method for the determination of copper content
GB/T 223.23, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of nickel content. The dimethylglyoxime spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.26, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of molybdenum content. The thiocyanate spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.32, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The hypophosphite reduction-iodometric method for the determination of arsenic content
GB/T 223.37, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The indophenol blue photometric methods for the determination of nitrogen
content after distillation separation
GB/T 223.40, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of niobium content by the sulphochlorophenol S spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.53, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The flame atomic absorption spectrophotometric method for the determination of copper content
GB/T 223.58, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The sodium arsenite-sodium nitrite titrimetric method for the determination of manganese content
GB/T 223.59, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of phosphorus content. Bismuth phosphomolybdate blue spectrophotometric method and antimony
phosphomolybdate blue spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.60, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The perchloric acid dehydration gravimetric method for the determination of silicon content
GB/T 223.63, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy. The sodium (potassium) periodate photometric method for the determination of manganese content
GB/T 223.64, Iron, steel and alloy. Determination of manganese content. Flame atomic absorption spectrometric method
GB/T 223.68, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The potassium iodate titration method after combustion in the pipe furnace for the determination of sulfur content
GB/T 223.71, Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The gravimetric method after combustion in the pipe furnace for the determination of carbon content
GB/T 223.72, Iron, steel and alloy - Determination of sulfur content.
Gravimetric method
GB/T 228.1, Metallic materials. Tensile testing - Part 1: Method of test at room temperature
GB/T 242, Metal materials. Tube. Drift-expending test
GB/T 246, Metal materials. Tube. Flattening test
GB/T 700, Carbon structural steels
GB/T 1031, Surface roughness parameters and their values
GB/T 1591, High strength low alloy structural steels
GB/T 2102, Acceptance, packing, marking and quality certification of steel pipe
GB/T 2975, Steel and steel products. Location and preparation of samples and test pieces for mechanical testing
GB/T 4336, Carbon and low-alloy steel. Spark discharge atomic emission
spectrometric method (routine method)
GB/T 7735-2004, Steel tubes. The inspection method on eddy current test GB/T 20066, Steel and iron. Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical composition
GB/T 20123, Steel and iron. Determination of total carbon and sulfur content Infrared absorption method after combustion in an induction furnace (routine method)
GB/T 20125, Low-alloy steel. Determination of multi-element contents.
Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric method
3 Classification, code
Steel pipes are divided into five classifications according to the delivery state, and their classifications and codes are:
a) cold drawing or cold rolling / hard state: +C;
b) cold drawing or cold rolling / soft state: + LC;
c) stress-relief annealing state: +SR;
d) annealing state: +A;
e) normalizing state: +N.
4 Ordering content
The contract or order form that orders steel pipes according to this Standard shall include the following:
a) number of this Standard;
b) product name:
c) steel grade (quality grade);
d) dimensions;
e) ordering quantity (total weight or total length);
f) delivery state;
g) manufacturing method;
h) special requirements.
5 Size, shape, weight and allowable deviation
5.1 Outer diameter, inner diameter and wall thickness
5.1.1 Steel pipes shall be delivered in nominal outer diameter (D) and nominal inner diameter (d). When the buyer requests delivery at the nominal outside diameter and nominal wall thickness (S) OR nominal inner diameter and
nominal wall thickness, it shall be indicated in the contract.
5.1.2 The outer diameter, inner diameter and wall thickness of steel pipes shall comply with the requirements of Table 1.
According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the supplier and the buyer, steel pipes of different sizes than those that are listed in Table 1 may be supplied.
Table 1 -- Size and allowable deviation
in millimeters
Outer diameter
and allowable
deviation
Wall thickness
Inner diameter
Allowable
deviation of
inner diameter
5.1.3 For cold-drawn or cold-rolled (+C, +LC) steel pipes, the allowable deviation of the outer and inner diameters shall comply with the requirements of Table 1.
For heat-treated (+SR, +A, +N) steel pipes, the allowable deviation of the outer and inner diameters shall comply with the requirements of Table 2.
Table 2 -- Allowable deviation of outer diameter and inner diameter of
heat-treated steel pipes
Serial No. Wall thickness / outer diameter (S/D) Allowable deviation
1 S/D ≥ 0.05 As specified in Table 1
2 0.025 ≤ S/D < 0.05 1.5 times the value specified in Table 1
3 S/D < 0.025 2.0 times the value specified in Table 1
5.1.4 The allowable deviation of the wall thickness of the steel pipe is ±6%S. 5.1.5 According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, steel pipes of the dimensional allowable deviation other than those that are specified in Table 1 and Table 2 may be supplied.
5.2 Length
5.2.1 Normal length
The normal length of the steel pipe is 3 000 mm ~ 12 000 mm.
5.2.2 Fixed length
According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, the steel pipe can be delivered according to the fixed length. The fixed length of the steel pipe shall be within the normal length; the full-length allowable deviation shall comply with the following requirements:
a) for the length not more than 5 000 mm, 0 mm ~ 5 mm;
a) for the length more than 5 000 mm, 0 mm ~ 10 mm;
5.2.3 According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, steel pipes of other lengths and allowable deviations may be supplied.
5.3 Bending
5.3.1 The full-length bending of the steel pipe shall not exceed 0.1% of the length of the steel pipe.
5.3.2 According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, other provisions may be imposed for the bending per meter and the full-length bending of the steel pipe. 5.4 End shape
The end faces of the steel pipe shall be perpendicular to the axis of the steel pipe; the burrs of the cut shall be removed.
5.5 Out-of-roundness and uneven wall thickness
The out-of-roundness and uneven wall thickness of the steel pipe shall be no more than 80% of the outer diameter allowance and the wall thickness
allowance, respectively.
5.6 Delivery weight
Steel pipes can be delivered according to actual weight and the theoretical weight. When they are delivered according to the theoretical weight, the theoretical weight per meter of steel pipe is calculated according to Formula (1): Where:
W -- the weight per unit length of the steel pipe, in kilograms per meter (kg/m); D -- the nominal outer diameter of the steel pipe, in millimeters (mm); S -- the nominal wall thickness of the steel pipe, in millimeters (mm); 6 Technical requirements
6.1 Steel grade and chemical composition
6.1.1 The steel grade and chemical composition (melting analysis) shall comply with the provisions of Q195, Q215, Q235, Q275 in GB/T 700 and Q345 in GB/T 1591.
According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the supplier and the buyer, steel pipes of other grades can be supplied.
6.1.2 When the buyer requests an analysis of the finished product, it shall be indicated in the contract; the allowable deviation of chemical composition of the finished steel pipe shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 222.
6.2 Manufacturing method
6.2.1 Smelting method of steels
The steel shall be a killed steel that is smelted in an electric furnace or an oxygen converter.
6.2.2 Manufacturing method of steel pipes
Steel pipes shall be manufactured by electric welded pipe blank through cold- drawing or cold-rolling.
6.3 Delivery state
Steel pipes shall be delivered in any of the states that are listed in Table 3. Table 3 -- Delivery state
Serial
No. Code Delivery state Note
1 +C Cold drawing or cold rolling / hard
After the final cold drawing or cold rolling, carry
out no heat treatment
2 +LC Cold drawing or cold rolling / soft
After the final heat treatment, carry out
appropriate cold drawing or cold rolling
3 +SR
After cold drawing or
cold rolling, stress-
relief annealing
After the final cold drawing or cold rolling, for the
steel pipes, adopt a controlled atmosphere
furnace for stress-relief annealing
4 +A Annealing
After the final cold drawing or cold rolling, for the
steel pipes, adopt a controlled atmosphere
furnace for annealing
5 +N Normalizing
After the final cold drawing or cold rolling, for the
steel pipes, adopt a controlled atmosphere
furnace for normalizing
6.4 Mechanical property
6.4.1 Tensile mechanical properties
The tensile mechanical properties of the steel pipe shall comply with the requirements of Table 4.
Table 4 -- Tensile mechanical properties of the steel pipe
6.4.2 According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, the steel pipe may be subjected to a hardness test, and the value shall be determined by mutual agreement.
6.5 Process performance
6.5.1 Flattening
Steel pipes, of a +A and +N state, of which the wall thickness to outer diameter ratio of less than 15%, shall be subjected to a flattening test. The distance H between the plates after the sample is flattened is calculated according to Formula (2):
Where:
Grade
Rank
Tensile
strength R
MPa
Elongation
after break A
Elongation
after break A
Elongation
after break A
Elongation
after break A
Elongation
after break A
Tensile
strength R
MPa
Tensile
strength R
MPa
Tensile
strength R
MPa Tensile
strength R
MPa
Yield strength
a, b R
eL
MPa
Yield strength
a, b R
eL
MPa
Not less than Not less than
a For the steel pipe whose outer diameter is not more than 30 mm and the wall thickness is not more than 3 mm, its minimum yield strength can be reduced by 10 MPa.
b When the ReL cannot be measured, measure the specified plastic elongation strength Rp0.2. H -- the distance between two plates, in millimeters (mm).
D -- the nominal outer diameter of the steel pipe, in millimeters (mm); S -- the nominal wall thickness of the steel pipe, in millimeters (mm); α -- the coefficient of deformation per unit length, for Q275 steel pipe, take 0.07; for Q345 steel pipe, take 0.06; for steel pipes of other grades, take 0.09. After the flattening test, crevices or cracks are not allowed on the sample. 6.5.2 Flaring
According to the requirements of the buyer, if it is negotiated between the buyer and the supplier AND indicated in the contract, the steel pipes of delivery states +A and +N can be subjected to a flaring test. The taper of the flaring test is 60°; the flaring ratio of outer diameter of the sample after flaring shall meet the requirements of Table 5.
Table 5 -- Flaring ratio of outer diameter of the steel pipe
After the flaring test, crevices or cracks are not allowed on the sample. 6.6 Non-destructive testing
The steel pipes shall be subjected to eddy current testing one by one; the acceptance level of eddy current testing shall comply with the provisions of B of GB/T 7735-2004.
6.7 Surface quality
6.7.1 The inner and outer surfaces of steel pipes shall be smooth. The depth of local pits, scratches and fine scribes shall not exceed 0.04 mm. The actual wall thickness of the steel pipe where these defects locate shall not be less than the minimum allowable deviation of wall thickness.
6.7.2 Other defects on the inner and outer surfaces of the steel pipe may be removed by appropriate methods. The actual wall thickness of the steel pipe after cleaning shall not be less than the minimum allowable deviation of wall Grade Flaring ratio / %
thickness.
6.7.3 The inner and outer surfaces of the steel pipes, which are delivered in cold drawing or cold rolling state, are allowed to have the phosphate and lubricant adhesion layers from the manufacturing process.
6.7.4 The inner and outer surfaces of the steel pipes, which are delivered after heat treatment, are allowed to have an oxide film layer that does not affect the surface inspection; however, there shall be no loose oxide scale.
6.7.5 When the buyer has requirements of roughness on the surface of the steel pipe, it shall be indicated in the contract. The parameters of surface roughness are determined according to the arithmetical mean deviation of the profile Ra that is specified in GB/T 1031; the surface roughness value and the sampling length value at the time of measurement are determined by negotiation
between the supplier and the buyer.
7 Inspection and test methods
7.1 Chemical composition analysis of steel pipes shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of GB/T 20066. The spectral analysis method of chemical composition is carried out according to the provisions of GB/T 4336, GB/T 20123 and GB/T 20125; the chemical analysis method of chemical
composition is carried out according to the provisions of GB/T 223.5, GB/T 223.9, GB/T 223.11, GB/T 223...12, GB/T 223.14, GB/T 223.16, GB/T 223.18, GB/T 223.19, GB/T 223.23, GB/T 223.26, GB/T 223.32, GB/T 223.37 , GB/T
223.40, GB/T 223.53, GB/T 223.58, GB/T 223.59, GB/T 223.60, GB/T 223.63, GB/T 223.68, GB/T 223.71, GB/T 223.72 and GB/T 20123; however, the
arbitration analysis shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the chemical analysis method.
7.2 The size and shape of the steel pipe shall be measured one by one by gauges that meet the accuracy requirements.
7.3 The inner and outer surfaces of the steel pipe shall be inspected visually under full lighting conditions.
7.4 The test method and sampling method of other inspection items of the steel pipe shall comply with the requirements of Table 6.
Table 6 -- Sampling quantity, sampling method and test method of
various inspection items of the steel pipe
Serial
No. Inspection items Sampling quantity
Sampling
method Test method
1 Chemical composition Take 1 sample per furnace GB/T 20066 7.1
2 Tensile test Take 1 sample for each batch on 2 steel pipes GB/T 2975 GB/T 228.1 3 Flattening test Take 1 sample for each batch on 2 steel pipes GB/T 246 GB/T 246 4 Flaring test Take 1 sample for each batch on 2 steel pipes GB/T 242 GB/T 242 5 Eddy current testing One by one - GB/T 7735
6 Surface roughness test
Take 1 sample for each
batch on 2 steel pipes GB/T 1031 GB/T 1031
8 Test rules
8.1 Inspection and acceptance
The inspection and acceptance of steel pipes shall be carried out by the supplier's quality and technical supervision department.
8.2 Batch rules
Steel pipes shall be inspected and accepted in batches. Each batch shall consist of steel pipes of the same grad...
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