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GB/T 32886-2016 English PDF (GBT32886-2016)

GB/T 32886-2016 English PDF (GBT32886-2016)

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GB/T 32886-2016: Guidelines for recoverable material selection of electrical and electronic products

This standard specifies the terms and definitions, general procedures, basic requirements and options for recoverable material selection of electrical and electronic products.
GB/T 32886-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.020
Z 05
Guidelines for recoverable material selection of
electrical and electronic products
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 29, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 01, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 4
4 General procedure of material selection ... 7
5 Basic requirements of recoverable materials selection ... 9
6 Recoverable material selection method ... 9
Appendix A (Informative) Thermoplastics compatibility list ... 1
Appendix B (Informative) Recycling rate and recovery rate of common materials used for electrical and electronic products ... 1
Appendix C (Informative) Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics commonly used in electronic and electrical products ... 4
References ... 6
Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This standard was proposed by AND shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Standardization Technical Committee for Environmental
Standardization (SAC/TC 297) for Electrical and Electronic Products and Systems.
The drafting organizations of this standard. Shenzhen Institute of Measurement Quality Testing, China Quality Certification Center, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd., Lenovo (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this standard. Yao Tingting, Ke Dengming, Luo Mingfei, Chen Huan, Ye Wei, Fu Mijin, Zhu Yongguang, Gong Xun, Zong Jianfang and Chen Zeyong.
Guidelines for recoverable material selection of
electrical and electronic products
1 Scope
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, general procedures, basic requirements and options for recoverable material selection of electrical and electronic products.
This standard applies to material selection of electrical and electronic products (including packaging materials, AND other types of product may also refer to it. 2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 16288-2008 Marking of plastic products
GB/T 23384-2009 The recovery marking of products and components
GB/T 29769-2013 Waste electrical and electronic products recovery -
Terminology
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions as defined in GB/T 29769-2013 apply to this document. For ease of use, some terms and definitions in GB/T 29769-2013 are repeated listed as below.
3.1
Electrical and electronic products
It refers to the products that need to rely on current or electromagnetic fields to work properly AND designed for use in equipment that generates,
transmits and measures such currents and electromagnetic fields as AC
voltages not exceeding 1000 V and DC voltages not exceeding 1500 V.
It refers to the percentage of the sum of the mass of the reusable part and the recyclable part of the waste electrical and electronic product (excluding the energy recovery part) to the total mass of the waste electrical and electronic product.
[GB/T 29769-2013, definition 3.27]
3.12
Biodegradable plastics
It refers to, under certain conditions, the materials which is degraded due to the microbes present in the natural world AND finally completely degraded into carbon dioxide (CO2) or/and methane (CH4), water (H2O) and the
mineralized inorganic salt of its contained elements, and new biomass.
4 General procedure of material selection
In general, the material selection procedure is divided into five steps, as shown in Figure 1.
- The principle of environment. conducive to the recycling of resources, AND environmental impact as small as possible;
- The principle of economy. to ensure a reasonable total cost of the product. 5 Basic requirements of recoverable materials
selection
The selection of the recoverable materials from electrical and electronic products shall comply with the following basic requirements.
- The material shall not affect the safety, performance, quality and other requirements for the purposes of achieving high recovery rate;
- For component material selection, it shall give priority to the consideration of the reusability of the components, secondly the recyclability of the materials, and finally the energy recovery of the materials;
- At the manufacturing stage of the product, it shall, in accordance with the requirements of GB/T 16288-2008 and GB/T 23384-2009, indicate the
material composition on the material surface, the component surface OR in the product specification, in order to facilitate conducting recovery at the end of the service life of the product.
6 Recoverable material selection method
6.1 Materials for electrical and electronic products
6.1.1 General
In addition to packaging materials, the principles of recoverable material selection from the electrical and electronic products mainly include.
- SELECT as few material types as possible;
- SELECT materials of higher recovery rate;
- SELECT non-toxic harmless, low toxicity and low harmful materials.
6.1.2 Select as few material types as possible
The less material types used by complete machine, the more conducive to the material recovery.
6.2.1 General
The packaging material is featured by large consumption and short service life, so the material selection method is highly different from the material selection of electrical and electronic products. The main packaging materials include paper, plastic, and foaming materials, AND the principle of recoverable material selection includes.
- SELECT as few material types as possible;
- USE recyclable materials;
- USE biodegradable plastics.
6.2.2 Select as few material types as possible
It shall minimize the types of the materials which form the product packaging, AND the main methods include.
- The structure shall be as simple as possible;
- The material surface shall not be coated or plated as far as possible; - The outer packaging printing color shall be as simple as possible.
6.2.3 Use recyclable materials
In the appropriate production process, the recycled material made from a certain proportion of waste raw material has basically the same physical and chemical properties as that of the original materials, which can satisfy the performance requirements of the packaging. Therefore, the packaging material shall be recycled materials as far as possible, including recycled metal, recycled paper products, recycled plastics and recycled foaming materials.
Note. In general, the proportion of the waste paper materials in the recycled paper to the total raw material can be over 90%; AND the proportion of the waste plastic materials in the recycled plastics to the total raw material can be over 30%
6.2.4 Use biodegradable plastics
Biodegradable plastics in nature can gradually generate carbon dioxide, methane and water, so it can be directly used for composting without recycling treatment. It may use the biodegradable plastics to replace petrochemical plastics for the production of packaging, such as polylactic acid (PLA), starch- based plastic, etc., in which the biodegradable plastics shall comply with the following requirements.
ne
PE-HD
Polypropyl
ene PP 4 2 1 2 4
Table D.1 (Continued)
Thermoplasti
cs
Low
density
polyethyl
ene
PE-LED
Linear low
density
polyethylen
e PE-LLD
Very low
density
polyethyl
ene
PE-VLD
Polyethyl
ene PE
High-
density
polyethylen
PE-HD
Polyprop
ylene PP
Ethylene
Propylen
e Plastics
E/P
Polystyr
ene
PS
Styrene and
acrylonitrile
plastic
SAN
Acrylonitrile
Butadiene
and Styrene
Plastics
ABS
Polyvin
yl
chloride
PVC
Polyami
de
PA
Polyc
arbon
ate
PC
Polymeth
ylmethacr
ylate
PMMA
Polybutyl
ene
terephtha
late PBT
Polyethyle
ne
terephthal
ate
PET
Ethylene and
Propylene
Plastics
E/P
4 4 1 3 4 1 -
- - - - -
Polystyrene
PS 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Styrene and
acrylonitrile
plastic
SAN
Acrylonitrile
and Butadiene
and Styrene
Plastics
ABS
Polyvinyl
chloride
PVC
4 4 4 2 4 4 4 4 2 3
Polyamide
PA 4 4 4 1 4 4 1 4 4 4 4
Polycarbona 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 4 4
Polypropylene (PP) 94 95
Blends of polypropylene and ethylene - propylene -
cyclopentadiene terpolymers (PP + EPDM)
Glass fiber reinforced polypropylene (PP-GF) 94 95
Natural fiber polypropylene 0 97
Polypropylene with additive 94 95
High impact polystyrene (PS-HI) 94 95
High impact polystyrene with additive (PS-HI) 94 95
Polyethylene (PE) 94 95
Polycarbonate with or without additive (PC) 94 95
Blends of polycarbonate and acrylonitrile-butadiene-
styrene plastic with or without additive (PC + ABS)
...

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