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GB/T 32568-2016 English PDF (GBT32568-2016)

GB/T 32568-2016 English PDF (GBT32568-2016)

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GB/T 32568-2016: General technical requirements of reusable boxes

This Standard specifies the categories, requirements and marking of reusable boxes. This Standard applies to reusable boxes made of the main materials such as paper, plastics, wood, metal and biomaterials.
GB/T 32568-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 55.020
A 80
GB/T 32882-2016
General Technical Requirements of Reusable Boxes
ISSUED ON. FEBRUARY 24, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 10, 2016
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4
4 Categories ... 5
5 Requirements ... 5
6 Marking ... 7
Annex A (Informative) Structures and Fastenings of Commonly-used Wooden Reusable Boxes ... 8
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Standardization Technical Committee on Packaging (SAC/TC 49).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. China National Export Commodities Packaging Research Institute, Guangdong Chigo Air Conditioning Co., Ltd., Shandong Meiquan Environmental Technology Co., Ltd., Seven (Tianjin) Industrial Co., Ltd., Jiangsu Qiancheng Industrial Packaging Co., Ltd., National Food Flexible Packaging Products and Equipment Quality Supervision and Testing Center (Guangdong), Dongguan Science and Technology Service Center, Shandong Institute for Product Quality Inspection, Qingdao Yongchang Iron and Plastics Co., Ltd. and Changchun Jingyue Packaging Co., Ltd.
The main drafters of this Standard. Guo Zhenmei, Xu Yinhua, Luo Jiancheng, Guo Weichu, Hou Jun, Xu Ying, Yang Yun, Li Yi, Wang Jun, Zhou Yang, Wang Bo, Xing Wenbin, Wu Haijiao, Liu Tian Hang and Chen Wei.
General Technical Requirements of Reusable Boxes
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the categories, requirements and marking of reusable boxes. This Standard applies to reusable boxes made of the main materials such as paper, plastics, wood, metal and biomaterials.
2 Normative References
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies to this Standard.
GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB/T 4892 Dimensions of Rigid Rectangular Packages ?€? Transport Packages GB/T 16716.1 Packaging and Packaging Waste ?€? Part 1. General Rules of
Disposal and Utilization
GB/T 16716.4 Packaging and Packaging Waste ?€? Part 4. Reuse
GB/T 16716.5 Packaging and Packaging Waste ?€? Part 5. Recoverable by Material Recycling
GB/T 16716.6 Packaging and Packaging Waste ?€? Part 6. Recoverable by Energy Recovery
GB/T 16716.7 Packaging and Packaging Waste ?€? Part 7. Recoverable by
Composting and Biodegradation
GB/T 23156 Packaging ?€? Packaging and the Environment ?€? Terminology
BB/T 0043 Plastic Logistics Containers
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions and those defined in GB/T 16716.4 and GB/T 23156 apply.
5.2 Reuse
5.2.1 Reusable boxes can be used in reusable systems; reusable systems can be divided into closed-loop systems, open systems and mixed systems in accordance with the specifications of GB/T 16716.4.
5.2.2 Properties of reusable boxes newly adopted in reusable systems shall not be lower than the standard requirements of the category of products. For example, properties of plastic containers shall not be lower than the requirements of BB/T 0043. 5.2.3 Reusable boxes recycled shall be sorted, washed and maintained.
5.2.4 Reusable boxes re-enter into reusable systems shall be free from damages affecting their function and use; their properties shall not be lower than the standard requirements of the category of products.
5.3 Exit and disposal
5.3.1 In one of the following situations, reusable boxes exit from reusable systems. -- they have any damage that is beyond repair and affects function and use; -- their properties are lower than the standard requirements for the category of products; and
-- systems are unable to identify them.
5.3.2 Boxes exiting from reusable systems shall be disposed as appropriate. Those suitable for material recycling shall be disposed in accordance with the specifications of GB/T 16716.5; those suitable for energy recycling shall be disposed in accordance with the specifications of GB/T 16716.6; and those suitable for composting and biodegradation shall be disposed in accordance with GB/T 16716.7.
5.4 Environmental protection
5.4.1 Materials selected for reusable boxes shall meet the national environmental protection policies and relevant regulations; no packaging materials shall be used that are hazardous to the environment and human body or that have been banned by the State.
5.4.2 Total content of heavy metals in reusable boxes shall meet the specifications of GB/T 16716.1. In the event of irreplaceable use, hazardous chemicals should be operated under foreseeable conditions at an appropriate level to reduce the environmental impact of recycling or eventual disposal of packaging wastes.

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