GB/T 32441-2015 English PDF (GBT32441-2015)
GB/T 32441-2015 English PDF (GBT32441-2015)
GB/T 32441-2015: General technical requirements of electrically driven ride-on vehicles for children
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
General Technical Requirements of
Electrically Driven Vehicles for Children
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 31, 2015
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 1, 2017
Issued by. State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the PEOPLE Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Application Scope ... 4
2 Normative References ... 4
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Technical Requirements ... 6
5 Test Method ... 13
6 Inspection Rules ... 20
7 Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 23
Annex A (Informative) Reduction Ratios of Reduction Gearboxes ... 24
Annex B (Informative) Product Classification, Codes and Designation ... 25 Annex C (Informative) Parameters of Relationship between Seat Height and Track of Common Vehicles ... 27
Annex D (Informative) Product Marking and Operating Instructions ... 28 Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard was proposed by China National Light Industry Council.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Standardization Technical Committee on Toys (SAC/TC 253).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Goodbaby Child Products Co., Ltd., Weikesi Children Toys Co., Ltd., Pinghu Jiajia Baby Carriage Co., Ltd., Pinghu Jinhou Baby Carriage Co., Ltd., Jinjianfeng Children Tricycle Co., Ltd., Pinghu Institute of Product Quality Supervision and Inspection, Guangdong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Inspection and Quaratine Technology Center Toy Laboratory, Vkan
Certification and Testing Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Inspection and Quarantine Bicycle Testing Center, Toy Testing Technology Center of Shenzhen Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau and Beijing Certification Center of Light Industry Council. The main drafters of this Standard. Lei Zaiming, Hu Guanchang, Fei Liping, Lu Liping, Zhang Zhichu, Li Jinxi, Ding Jie, Li Shili, Wang Mei, Qian Liehui and Xie Jinxiong. General Technical Requirements of Electrically Driven
Vehicles for Children
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the general technical requirements and test methods for electrically driven vehicles for children.
NOTE The safety requirements for electrically driven vehicles for children are specified in GB 6675.1 to GB 6675.4 and GB 19865.
This Standard applies to electrically driven vehicles for children under 14 years old. This Standard does not apply to electrically driven vehicles for children for the following intended applications.
-- special-purpose electrically driven ride-on vehicle for children, such as electrically driven vehicles for children for beach and electrically driven vehicles for children for racing; and
-- electrically driven vehicles for children for public places and commercial purposes. 2 Normative References
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all amendments) applies to this Standard.
GB 5296.5, Instructions for use of products of consumer interest ?€? Part 5. toys GB 6675.1, Toys safety ?€? Part 1. Basic code
GB 6675.2, Safety of toys ?€? Part 2. Mechanical and physical properties
GB 6675.3, Safety of toys ?€? Part 3. Flammability
GB 6675.4, Safety of toys ?€? Part 4. Migration of certain elements
GB 19865, Electric toys ?€? Safety
GB/T 22753, Technical requirements of surface coatings on toys
GB/T 29777, Toy coating technology condition
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purpose of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. NOTE The term ?€?month?€? used in this Standard indicates a complete number of months (e.g. 18 months indicates 18 months old and below).
Electrically driven vehicles for children
the toy vehicles intended to be ridden-on by children under 14 years old, driven by electric battery and not intended for traffic, such as the electrically driven vehicles for children including bicycles (equipped with jockey pulley devices), tricycles and quadricycles.
the distance between two wheels sharing the same axle, i.e. the external dimension of two wheels in contact with the ground. If the wheels have a second contact surface with the height difference not greater than 3 mm in the design, they can be deemed as the actual contact points.
the mechanism assembly which is used to control the direction of vehicles manually or remotely
box (basket) or similar device on vehicles used for decoration or to carry a small load 3.5
the mechanism with which a guardian helps riding children go forward and backward or steer through a push rod
jockey pulley device
4.5.3 Remote-control distance
Under regular service conditions, the maximum remote control capacity tested in accordance with 5.6.2 shall not be less than 80% of the nominal remote control distance or range value of the products.
4.5.4 Key configuration
Remote control shall not be provided with vehicle automatic driving key or automatic switch or similar key functions.
4.5.5 Drop resistance of remote control
After the drop test in accordance with 5.6.3, remote control shall not have any structural or functional damage.
4.6 Control device
4.6.1 Location and operating performance
The devices used to control all functions and speeds of electrically driven vehicles for children, including switches, keys, rotary knobs, handles and rotary handles, shall be at the locations convenient for the operation of consumers, which shall be convenient for operation without distinctive jamming. The designed automatic reset device shall reset automatically during the operating process. The speed-control rotary handle shall be installed at the right-hand location of the rider. It shall be tested in accordance 5.7.1. The low value point can accomplish zero potential and the high value point can accomplish rated voltage/ current value. In absence of external forces, it reset zero potential automatically. The rotary handle shall be capable of regulating the speed of vehicles smoothly without distinctive impact.
4.6.2 Displacement and run-out of speed-control rotary handle
Speed-control rotary handle is tested in accordance with 5.7.2. The axial displacement of speed-control rotary handle shall not be greater than 1.0 mm and the radial run-out 1.0 mm.
It shall be tested in accordance with 5.7.3. The control device shall have no functional damage after the test.
4.7 Breaking device
4.7.1 Design and operation
The breaking system shall function effectively without distinctive jamming. If a foot brake is designed, the area of pedals shall not be less than 15 cm2 and the pedal surfaces shall be slip-resistant.
4.10.1 Pedal design
Pedals shall be designed with a skid resistant structure. Their width measured in accordance with 5.11.1 shall not be less than 60 mm.
4.10.2 Center distance of pedals
The distance from the center point of one-side pedal to the vertical plane of vehicle center shall not be greater than 1/2 of the maximum track of vehicles; if the distance from the center point of one-side center point to the vertical plane of vehicle center is greater than or equal to 1/2 of the maximum track of vehicles, then the test shall be carried out in accordance with 5.11.2 and the vehicles shall not overturn. 4.10.3 Pedal strength
After being tested in accordance with the method specified in 5.11.3, the permanent deformation of pedals is not greater than 15 mm and no part shall show any visible crack.
4.11.1 Goods-carrying basket
Basket is designed to carry articles of certain weight; load is applied in accordance with 5.12; and basket maintains its original functions after all tests along with vehicles. 4.11.2 Dismountable basket
Basket of a convenient and dismountable structure is designed; no article from the vehicle noumenon after dismounting is allowed to cause harm to children; no article affects the other functions of vehicles after dismounting.
If vehicles are provided with an assist-push-rod operated by a guardian, the strength test shall be carried out for those which are intended to be ridden by children below 36 months old and the original functions shall remain.
4.13.1 Sectional area
The driving power line shall be capable of bearing the rated current of the working area; the nominal sectional area of core shall not be less than the corresponding values of Table 1.
Table 1 ?€? Correspondence of rated current and core sectional area of driving power line
Rated current I/ A Core sectional area/ mm2
4.19 Forced stoppage
After the test in accordance with 5.20, all functions of complete vehicles shall not be lost...