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GB/T 31114-2014 English PDF (GBT31114-2014)

GB/T 31114-2014 English PDF (GBT31114-2014)

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GB/T 31114-2014: Frozen drinks -- Ice cream

This Standard specifies ice cream terms and definitions, product classifications, raw and auxiliary materials, technical requirements, production process control, inspection methods, inspection rules, label, packaging, transport, storage, sales and recall requirements.
GB/T 31114-2014
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 67.100.40
X 53
Frozen drinks ?€? Ice cream
???????????? ?????????
ISSUED ON. SEPTEMBER 3, 2014
IMPLEMENTED ON. APRIL 1, 2015
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Product classification ... 6
5 Raw materials ... 7
6 Technical requirements ... 8
7 Production process control ... 9
8 Inspection methods ... 9
9 Inspection rules ... 9
10 Label ... 11
11 Packaging ... 11
12 Transport ... 11
13 Storage ... 12
14 Sales ... 12
15 Recall ... 12
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard was proposed by China General Chamber of Commerce.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee of Standardization on Frozen Drinks (SAC/TC 497).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Wufeng Cold Drinks and Snacks Co., Ltd., Shenzhen
Haichuan Industry Corp., Youcan Foods (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd., Beijing Allied Faxi Food Co.,Ltd., Inner Mongolia Mengniu Dairy (Group) Co., Ltd., Shenyang Deshi Enterprise Group Co., Ltd., Guangdong Meiyile Foodstuffs Co., Ltd., Frozen Frinks Professional Committee of China Association of Bakery and Confectionery Industry, and Business Standard Centre of China Chamber of Commerce.
Main drafters of this Standard. Li Ning, Hu Wulian, He Weiping, Zhao Jianhua, Fan Qing, Bi Peng, Liu Weixing, Zhang Yingchun, Wang Guoming, Ouyang
Shuzhen, Ji Xiaolei and Zhang Xi.
Frozen drinks ?€? Ice cream
1 Scope
This Standard specifies ice cream?€?s terms and definitions, product
classifications, raw and auxiliary materials, technical requirements, production process control, inspection methods, inspection rules, label, packaging, transport, storage, sales and recall requirements.
This Standard is applicable to production, inspection and sales of pre-packaged ice cream; it is not applicable to soft ice cream products that are made on-site and sales.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 3186 White granulated sugar
GB 2716 Hygienic standard for edible vegetable oil
GB 2749 Hygienic standard for egg products
GB 2759.1 Hygienic standard for frozen drinks
GB 2760 National Food Safety Standard - Hygienic standards for uses of
food additives
GB 5749 Standards for Drinking Water Quality
GB 7718 National Food Safety Standard - Standard for nutrition labelling of prepackaged foods
GB 14880 National Food Safety Standard for the Use of Nutritional
Fortification Substances in Foods
GB 14881 National Food Safety Standard General Hygienic Regulation for
Food Production
JJF 1070 Rules of Metrological Testing for Net Quantity of Products in
Prepackages with Fixed Content
4.1.2 Combination of milk fat ice cream
4.2 Half milk-fat ice cream
4.2.1 Uniform half-milk fat ice cream
4.2.2 Combination of half-milk fat ice cream
4.3 Vegetable fat ice cream
4.3.1 Uniform vegetable fat ice cream
4.3.2 Combination of vegetable fat ice cream
5 Raw materials
5.1 Drinking water
It shall comply with the provisions of GB 5749.
5.2 White sugar
It shall comply with the provisions of GB 317.
5.3 Dairy product
It shall comply with the provisions of relevant national standards or industrial standards.
5.4 Egg product
It shall comply with the provisions of GB 2749.
5.5 Edible vegetable oil
It shall comply with the provisions of GB 2716.
5.6 Other raw materials
The scope of use and application amount shall respectively comply with the provisions of GB 2760 and GB 14880.
5.7 Food additive and food enrichment
The quality shall comply with the provisions of relevant national standards or industrial standards.
It shall comply with the provisions in Measures for the Examination of
Measurement Standards.
6.5 Food additive and food enrichment
It shall respectively comply with the provisions in GB 2760 and GB 14880. 7 Production process control
It shall comply with the provisions in GB 14880.
8 Inspection methods
8.1 Sensory requirements
In the frozen state, take a single packaged sample. Place it in a clean and dry white porcelain plate. Examine the packaging quality first, then peel the package. Visually inspect the color, the shape, the structure and the impurities. Taste and smell the taste and the odor.
8.2 Negative deviation of net weight
It shall conduct according to the provisions in JJF 1070.
8.3 Total solid, fat and protein
The determination shall be conducted according to the methods stipulated in SB/T 10009.
8.4 Health indicators
The determination shall be conducted according to the methods stipulated in GB 2759.1.
9 Inspection rules
9.1 Batch
Products of same-shift, same-type and same-specifications shall be deemed as the same batch.
9.2 Sampling method and amount
In finished products, randomly and uniformly extract 1/2000 in batch. The extraction of each batch shall not be less than 2 kg.
9.5.2.2 When 3 and more items (except microbiological indicators prescribed in health indicators) of type inspection items fail to comply with the provisions in this Standard, it shall double the sample for re-inspection. If one item still fails in re-inspection, then this batch of product shall be determined as unqualified. When more than 3 items of type inspection items fail to comply with the provisions in this Standard, then this batch of product shall be determined as unqualified. It shall not conduct re-inspection.
9.5.2.3 If 1 item of microbiological indicators prescribed in health indicators fails to comply with the provisions in this Standard, then this batch of product shall be determined as unqualified. It shall not conduct re-inspection.
10 Label
10.1 The label of pre-packaged product shall comply with the provisions in GB 7718. The classification shall be indicated.
10.2 It shall be labeled as ?€????? fruit flavor ice cream?€? when mass fraction of original fruit juice content in ice cream is less than 2.5%. It shall be labeled as ?€????? fruit juice ice cream?€? when mass fraction of original fruit juice content is ??? 2.5%. It shall be labeled as ?€????? fruit ice cream?€? when it has fruit pulp or fruit pieces.
11 Packaging
11.1 Packaging material shall comply with the provisions in relevant national standards or industrial standards.
11.2 Single package shall be complete, tightly sealed and without damage. 11.3 The packaging box shall be firm, clean, complete, without damage, and clean in appearance. It shall be in conformity with the packed items. Outer of the box shall be sealed.
12 Transport
12.1 Transport vehicles shall meet health requirements. Short-distance
transport shall use refrigerated trucks while the temperature of long-distance transport refrigerated compartment shall be < -15??C.
12.2 The products shall not be packaged or transported with toxic or
contaminated items. Prevent extrusion.
12.3 The products shall be handled with care. Throwing, hitting or squeezing

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