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GB/T 31024.4-2019 English PDF (GBT31024.4-2019)

GB/T 31024.4-2019 English PDF (GBT31024.4-2019)

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GB/T 31024.4-2019: Cooperative intelligent transportation systems -- Dedicated short range communications -- Part 4: Equipment application specification

This Part of GB/T 31024 specifies the application technology framework, the general equipment requirements for road side unit (RSU) and on-board unit (OBU), as well as the technical specifications of road side unit equipment OF dedicated short range communication equipment of cooperative intelligent transportation systems.
GB/T 31024.4-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 35.100
L 79
Cooperative intelligent transportation systems -
Dedicated short range communications - Part 4:
Equipment application specification
ISSUED ON: MAY 10, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 01, 2019
Issued by: State Administration of Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Abbreviations ... 5
5 Application technology framework of dedicated short range communication equipment of cooperative intelligent transportation systems ... 6
6 General requirements for RSU equipment ... 7
7 General requirements for OBU equipment ... 9
8 Technical specifications of RSU equipment ... 10
Cooperative intelligent transportation systems -
Dedicated short range communications - Part 4:
Equipment application specification
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 31024 specifies the application technology framework, the general equipment requirements for road side unit (RSU) and on-board unit (OBU), as well as the technical specifications of road side unit equipment OF dedicated short range communication equipment of cooperative intelligent transportation systems.
This Part applies to the design and development of dedicated short range communication equipment of cooperative intelligent transportation systems. 2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
GB/T 2423.6 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products - Part 2: Test methods - Test Eb and guidance: Bump
GB/T 2423.10 Environmental testing for electric and electronic products - Part 2: Tests methods - Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)
GB/T 2423.18 Environmental testing - Part 2: Test methods - Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium chloride solution)
GB/T 31024.1 Cooperative intelligent transportation systems - Dedicated short range communications - Part 1: General technical requirement
GB/T 31024.3 Cooperative intelligent transportation systems - Dedicated short range communications - Part 3: Network layer and application layer specification
ISO/IEC 7816 Identification cards - Integrated circuit cards
a) The cooperative vehicle infrastructure application layer communication protocol between RSU and OBU shall meet the requirements of GB/T
31024.3;
b) RSU supports IPV6 communication and DSMP communication between
on-board equipment and application system, and DSMP communication
shall meet the requirements of GB/T 31024.3;
c) The wireless communication capability of RSU equipment shall meet the requirements of GB/T 31024.1;
d) RSU can support multiple communication protocol functions by installing different communication modules.
6.2 Requirements for equipment function state
The RSU working state shall support at least the following five working states: a) Initial state: RSU does not contain any user configuration information when it is in the initial state; RSU returns to the initial state after performing the initialization operation;
b) Standby state: When RSU is in the standby state, it supports the
configuration function of the host computer to the equipment, and the
radio function is turned off at this time;
c) Standby power-off state: RSU enters the standby power-off state after the power is off in the standby state; RSU in the standby power-off state
enters the standby state after the power is on;
d) Running state: When RSU is in the running state, it works normally
according to the relevant user configuration, all the radio frequency
functions are turned on, and the configuration function to the equipment is turned off at the same time;
e) Running power-off state: RSU enters the running power-off state after the power is off in the running state; RSU in running power-off state enters the running state after the power is on.
6.3 Requirements for forwarding
The forwarding shall meet the following requirements:
a) When DSU uses DSMP communication, it supports two sending modes,
i.e. storing-and-forwarding and direct forwarding, of DSMP messages,
and it supports the receiving and forwarding of DSMP messages sent by
other DSRC equipment.
d) When forwarding a DSMP message, it searches the forwarding
configuration information in the corresponding MIB according to the AID in the message, and forwards the message to the correct application
system.
e) The MIB information of the store-and-forward configuration meets the requirements of GB/T 31024.3.
f) It supports the keeping and maintenance of equipment time, the time
precision is no more than 10 ms, and supports the time adjustment
through Beidou or NTP; when the system works, the Beidou is the main
clock.
g) When the time adjustment fails, the alarm is reported through the SNMP V3 protocol.
h) The internal time format follows the UTC standard time format, starting at 0:00 on January 1, 1970.
8.5.2 RSU position function
The RSU position function shall meet the following requirements:
a) It configures the Beidou positioning module to achieve the positioning function;
b) RSU in running state reports the alarm through the SNMP V3 protocol
when the positioning fails.
c) It supports the configuration of the legal running area, and reports the alarm through the SNMP V3 protocol when the positioning position is not in the legal running area.
8.5.3 RSU system log function
The RSU system log function requirements are as follows:
a) It shall support 8 levels of log function, including: emergency (level 1), alarm (level 2), critical (level 3), error (level 4), warning (level 5), notification (level 6), information (level 7), debugging (level 8);
b) It is advisable to adopt an open source operating system and implement conversion of its own log to operating system logs;
c) The level 1 ~ 5 logs that appear shall be written to the log file and saved and guaranteed to not be lost when power is off.
c) The processing rules for directly forwarded messages include at least the following: message type, application identification, priority, channel
information, signature, and whether it is encrypted;
d) It forwards the message content directly according to the processing rules. 8.5.6 RSU equipment security
The RSU equipment security shall have the following functions:
a) The system is protected by the user name and password. The password
is guaranteed to be complex and is prompted to replace regularly through the system.
b) The system supports the maximum number of retries after the password is incorrectly configured; the specific number of times is configured by the service operator;
c) The system supports multiple management users and can configure
management rights for different users;
d) It supports China national cryptographic algorithms, which are used for certificate, signature and encryption authentication;
e) The system supports the initialization operation. It clears all user data after initialization and returns to the factory settings;
f) It supports IP address-based access to ACL. Only the IP address in the ACL can access RSU;
g) RSU supports data encryption storage;
h) It supports WEB-based management interfaces. WEB-based
management interfaces use HTTPS encryption;
i) When the NTP protocol is used to synchronize time, NTP packets are
signed and authenticated.
j) It provides integrity verification capabilities for store-and-forward data; k) When reading the DSRC message of verification failure, storing the
forwarding data, and generating a failed login attempt, the alarm is
reported through the SNMP V3 protocol to the management system;
l) It supports the shell anti-detachment function. When the shell is detached, the alarm is reported through the SNMP V3 protocol to the management
system.
8.5.8 RSU configuration functions
The RSU configuration shall include the following functions:
a) It supports the overall initialization of the system with the internally stored configuration parameters;
b) The RF output power of RSU is configurable;
c) When it is fresh from the factory or reset to factory-fresh condition, it will enter the standby state from the initial state after the power is on;
d) It supports the standby command issued by the receiving management
system to enter the standby state from the running state;
e) It supports the running command issued by the receiving management
system to enter the running state from the standby state;
f) It supports to enter the running power-off state when it suddenly loses power in the running state, which will not cause damage to the file system; g) It supports to enter the running state or standby state respectively after the power is on in the running power-off state or the standby power-off state;
h) It supports the factory reset command, and clears all the configuration information and enters the initial state after receiving the factory reset command;
i) It keeps the running state according to the working time sent downstream by the application system or the management system after the running
state is disconnected from the application system, and enters the standby state after the working time is out;
j) It supports the reporting of the health status of the equipment, including the memory usage, the CPU usage, the file system usage, the running
time, the management user login information, and the statistics of the
number of data packets of each application identification sent and
received by each protocol;
k) The configuration file of RSU supports export and import. When the
equipment is faulty, it can quickly import the previous data and resume normal operation.
l) The application-independent configuration of RSU supports default values; m) RSU supports remote configuration over a wide area network.

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