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GB/T 29475-2012 English PDF (GBT29475-2012)

GB/T 29475-2012 English PDF (GBT29475-2012)

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GB/T 29475-2012: Design principles and basic requirements for mobile laboratory
This Standard specifies the design principles and basic requirements for mobile laboratories. This Standard applies to mobile laboratories which are used on land.
GB/T 29475-2012
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 01.110
A 01
Design principles and basic requirements for mobile
laboratory
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2012
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 31, 2013
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
FOREWORD ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions... 5
4 Classification of mobile laboratories ... 5
5 Design principles... 6
6 Basic design requirements ... 6
Design principles and basic requirements for mobile
laboratory
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the design principles and basic requirements for mobile laboratories.
This Standard applies to mobile laboratories which are used on land.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. GB 1495-2002, Limits and measurement methods for noise emitted by accelerating motor vehicles
GB 1589-2004, Limits of dimensions, axle load and masses for road vehicles GB 3096-1993, Standard of environmental noise of urban area
GB 7258-2012, Safety specifications for power-driven vehicles operating on roads GB 19489-2008, Laboratories - General Requirements for Biosafety
GB/T 29473-2012, Classification, code and marking of mobile laboratory
GB/T 29477-2012, General technical specification for mobile laboratory shelter GB/T 29478-2012, Mobile laboratory hazardous waste management specification GB/T 29479-2012, General requirements of mobile laboratory
QC/T 252, Type test regulations for special automobile
QC/T 484, Automobile Paint Coating
-- comprehensive mobile laboratory.
5 Design principles
5.1 Safety
When designing the mobile laboratory, the unsafe factors in the process of use, movement and storage shall be fully identified and effectively controlled. 5.2 Environmental protection
When designing the mobile laboratory, the environmental protection requirements in the process of production and use shall be fully considered.
5.3 Reliability
The mobile laboratory shall be subjected to reliability design, reliability verification and reliability test.
5.4 Maintainability
The design scheme of the mobile laboratory and the parts, assemblies and equipment of the mobile laboratory shall be maintainable, and the wearing parts shall be easy to maintain and replace.
5.5 Modularity
Modular design shall be adopted in the mobile laboratory, to maximize laboratory functions, minimize space and minimize production costs.
5.6 Generalization
Standardized design shall be adopted in the mobile laboratory; a mature structure shall be preferred for component design under the premise of satisfying functions, so as to maximize the universal interchangeability of parts and assemblies.
6 Basic design requirements
6.1 Environmental adaptability
6.1.1 Fully identify the climatic environmental conditions (such as temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed) in the area where the mobile laboratory is used, so as to ensure the normal operation of the mobile laboratory.
6.1.2 Fully identify the road environmental conditions (such as highways, urban roads, rural areas, mountain roads, ports) in the area where the mobile laboratory is used, and select the corresponding moving methods and vehicles.
6.6.4 The drainage system shall be equipped with sewage collection and discharge devices.
6.6.5 The water supply and drainage system shall be provided with a water level display and alarm system.
6.6.6 The water supply and drainage system shall be provided with an emptying device, which, when necessary, shall have the functions of heat preservation and antifreeze. 6.7 Air conditioning, cleaning and ventilation systems
6.7.1 For the mobile laboratory in need, install a temperature and humidity conditioning system to make the environment in the laboratory meet the requirements for the use of laboratory apparatus and equipment.
6.7.2 The mobile laboratory shall be equipped with ventilation devices such as detoxification cabinets, universal exhaust hoods, and fans as required. 6.7.3 The mobile laboratory shall be equipped with primary, middle and high efficiency filters as required.
6.8 Air supply system
The mobile laboratory shall be equipped with an air supply system as required, and the system shall ensure airtightness, high cleanliness, durability, safety and reliability. It shall meet the requirements of continuous use of various gases by laboratory apparatus and full adjustment of overall or partial gas pressure and flow.
6.9 Environmental protection
6.9.1 The management of hazardous waste in the mobile laboratory shall comply with the standard requirements of GB/T 29478-2012.
6.9.2 Pretreatment facilities should be set up as required for hazardous wastes that are allowed to be stored for a short period of time.
6.9.3 The noise of the mobile laboratory is divided into driving noise and operation noise. The driving noise value shall meet the limit requirements in Table 1 of GB 1495- 2002; the operating noise in the urban area shall meet the requirements of the standard GB 3096-1993.
6.10 Intelligence
6.10.1 The mobile laboratory should be equipped with comprehensive intelligent systems such as laboratory shelter automatic control system, laboratory information management system, office automation system, safety early warning system, and automatic fire alarm system as required.
6.10.2 The laboratory shelter automatic control system shall conduct centralized control of ventilation, experimental gas, water supply and drainage, temperature and humidity. 6.10.3 The laboratory information management system shall be equipped with necessary remote communication facilities or reserved interfaces.
6.11 Safety protection
6.11.1 The design of the mobile laboratory shall ensure that the level of protection against biological, chemical, radiation and physical hazards is controlled to an acceptable level after assessment, so as to provide a safe working environment for the associated space and prevent environmental hazards.
6.11.2 The risk of theft and improper use of samples, reagents and confidential information required for the experiment shall be assessed, and corresponding protective measures shall be taken.
6.11.3 The biosafety mobile laboratory shall meet the requirements of 7.8 in GB 19489- 2008.
6.11.4 The mobile laboratory shall be equipped with a dangerous goods protection and warning system.
6.12 Reliability
6.12.1 The road movement (driving) reliability test scheme of the complete set of equipment in the mobile laboratory shall meet the requirements of QC/T 252. 6.12.2 Working under the specified conditions of use, the average fault mileage of the complete set of equipment in the mobile laboratory is not less than 3 000 km. 6.12.3 After passing the specified reliability driving test, all laboratory apparatus and equipment in the mobile laboratory shall be able to be used normally; no faults affecting the mobile function and experimental function shall occur.
6.13 Marking
The mobile laboratory shall be equipped with nameplates and warning signs that meet the requirements of GB/T 29473-2012, including laboratory functions, area management, guidelines, dangerous goods protection, warnings, prohibition prompts, instructions, etc. The power supply lines shall be clearly marked and distinguished. 6.14 Technical documents
The mobile laboratory shall have complete and traceable technical documents. The mobile laboratory shall be provided with the following technical documents: product certificate, instruction manual, tools and accessories list and other safeguard documents.
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