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GB/T 25388.1-2021 English PDF (GBT25388.1-2021)

GB/T 25388.1-2021 English PDF (GBT25388.1-2021)

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GB/T 25388.1-2021: Wind turbines generator system -- Double-fed converter -- Part 1: Technical condition

This Part of GB/T 25388 specifies the relevant terms and definitions, general requirements, calibration rules, and related product information of AC-DC-AC voltage type converters for double-fed variable-speed constant-frequency wind turbines generator systems (hereinafter referred to as ????systems????). This Part applies to AC-DC-AC voltage type converters for double-fed variable-speed constant-frequency wind turbines generator systems, i.e., double-fed converters (hereinafter referred to as ????converters????).
GB/T 25388.1-2021
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.180
F 11
GB/T 25388.1-2021
Replacing GB/T 25388.1-2010
Wind turbines generator system - Double-fed converter -
Part 1: Technical condition
ISSUED ON: MARCH 09, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2021
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 General requirements ... 13
4.1 Requirements for use conditions ... 13
4.2 Cabinets and components ... 15
4.3 Performance indicators ... 16
4.4 Fault protection ... 18
4.5 Security requirements ... 22
4.6 Electromagnetic compatibility ... 25
4.7 Operation and maintenance ... 27
4.8 Communication and monitoring ... 27
4.9 Protective performance ... 28
4.10 Requirements for vibration test ... 28
4.11 Requirements for high temperature test ... 28
4.12 Requirements for low temperature test ... 28
4.13 Requirements for constant damp heat test ... 28
5 Test methods ... 29
6 Inspection rules ... 29
6.1 Type test ... 29
6.2 Factory-exit test ... 29
7 Marking, packaging, storage, and transportation ... 31
7.1 Marking ... 31
7.2 Packaging ... 32
7.3 Storage ... 32
7.4 Transportation ... 33
Wind turbines generator system - Double-fed converter -
Part 1: Technical condition
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 25388 specifies the relevant terms and definitions, general requirements, calibration rules, and related product information of AC-DC-AC voltage type converters for double-fed variable-speed constant-frequency wind turbines generator systems (hereinafter referred to as ?€?systems?€?).
This Part applies to AC-DC-AC voltage type converters for double-fed variable-speed constant-frequency wind turbines generator systems, i.e., double-fed converters (hereinafter referred to as ?€?converters?€?).
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial marking for handling of goods
GB/T 2423.56 Environmental testing - Part 2: Test methods - Test Fh: Vibration, broadband random and guidance
GB/T 2900.53 Electrotechnical terminology - Wind turbine generator systems GB/T 3797 Electrical control assemblies
GB/T 3859.1 Semiconductor converters - General requirements and line
commutated Converters - Part 1-1: Specification of basic requirements
GB/T 3859.2-2013 Semiconductor converters - General requirements and line commutated converters - Part 1-2: Application guide
GB/T 4208 Degrees of protection provide by enclosure (IP code)
GB/T 4798.1 Classification of environmental conditions - Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities - Part 1: Storage
GB/T 4798.2 Classification of environmental conditions - Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities - Part 2: Transportation and handling
factor of three-phase voltage unbalance
The degree of three-phase voltage unbalance in a three-phase power system. The root mean square ratio of the negative sequence fundamental component to the positive sequence fundamental component of the voltage, expressed as a percentage. 3.30
function of fault recorder
When a fault occurs in the converter, the converter has the function of automatically storing the waveform at the fault time.
3.31
environmental temperature
When the converter is at a 60 mm horizontal surface, the average value of several points equidistant between the sample and the test chamber wall, or the average value of several points 1 m away from the sample, whichever is the smaller value. 3.32
mean time between failures
Under specified conditions and specified time, the average operating time between two adjacent failures of the converter. It is calculated as formula (3):
where:
M - the MTBF time value, in hours (h);
T - the total effective operating time of the converter, in hours (h);
F - the total number of failures of the converter in this interval (events that cause the system to shut down due to the converter are recorded as failures/events that cause the system to shut down for maintenance due to the converter are recorded as failures).
4 General requirements
4.1 Requirements for use conditions
4.1.1 Normal operating environment conditions
The grid voltage deviation at the common connection point on the low-voltage side of the box-type transformer connected to the grid-side converter is within the range of - 10 % ~ +10 %, and the converter shall be able to operate continuously and normally. 4.1.2.3 Grid fault ride-through range
When the low-voltage side grid voltage of the step-up transformer connected to the grid-side converter is within the range of 20 % ~ 90 % and 110 % ~ 130 % of the nominal voltage, the converter shall be able to support voltage recovery by feeding reactive current. The support time, the amplitude of the reactive current, and the response time shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 36995.
NOTE: Voltage changes exceeding the above specified value in a short period of time may cause work interruption or tripping. If continuous operation is required, it is agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.1.2.4 Grid voltage unbalance
When the grid voltage unbalance does not exceed 5 %, the converter shall be able to operate normally on the grid. When the grid voltage unbalance is greater than 5 % and less than 8 %, the converter can maintain on-grid operation.
4.1.2.5 Voltage total harmonic distortion rate, THDu
The waveform of the grid voltage shall be a sine wave. Under steady-state conditions, the total harmonic distortion rate of the voltage is less than 5 %, and the converter shall be able to operate normally. The harmonics of each order of the grid voltage shall meet the requirements of GB/T 14549.
4.2 Cabinets and components
4.2.1 Cabinet design requirements
The design requirements of the converter cabinet are as follows:
a) The structure of the converter cabinet shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB/T 20641;
b) The design of the converter cabinet shall meet the installation and maintenance requirements in the tower and engine room; if necessary, corresponding vibration reduction measures shall be taken;
c) The design of the converter cabinet shall meet the requirements for safety grounding;
d) The converter enclosure, appearance, and surface shall be free of scratches and deformations, and shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 3797.
4.2.2 Component requirements
The requirements for components used in the converter are as follows:
a) The components used in the converter shall comply with its own relevant standards and the relevant provisions of GB/T 5226.1;
b) Anti-corrosion measures shall be taken into consideration for the metal parts of the product. All parts shall be intact, and the appearance of the product shall be free of scratches, damage, and deformation;
c) Product parts and components shall be installed correctly and firmly, and achieve reliable mechanical and electrical connections;
d) The operation and adjustment parts of the cabinet, such as knobs, control switches, transfer switches, buttons, etc., shall be flexible in operation, shall not be stuck, loose, or have poor contact, and shall not have loosening or state change after vibration.
4.2.3 Electrical connection requirements
The electrical connection requirements for the converter are as follows: a) It shall ensure the correctness of each electrical connection; auxiliary components such as relays, contactors, miniature circuit breakers, and electronic components shall be confirmed to be in a qualified state before assembly;
b) The laying and connection of cables and conductors shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 5226.1.
4.3 Performance indicators
4.3.1 Cut in current
When the converter performs grid connection control to the double-fed generator, the cut in current shall not exceed one-third of the stator rated current peak value of the double-fed generator.
4.3.2 Converter efficiency
Under the rated operating conditions, the converter efficiency shall not be less than 97 %.
4.3.3 Total power factor
The converter shall have the control function of adjusting the power factor of the system between capacitive 0.95 and inductive 0.95.
The converter receives the reactive power dispatching instructions from the system control system and shall have three reactive power adjustment methods: constant voltage, constant reactive power, and constant power factor.
4.3.13 Reactive power control accuracy
Under different reactive power control modes, the reactive power accuracy of the converter shall not be greater than 2.5 % of the rated reactive power.
4.3.14 Mean time between failures (MTBF)
The mean time between failures (MTBF) of the converter shall not be less than 18000 h.
NOTE: If there are special requirements for the mean time between failures of the converter, the specific indicators shall be agreed between the user and supplier/manufacturer. 4.3.15 Grid current unbalance
Within the allowable range of grid voltage unbalance, the converter shall control the maximum deviation of the three-phase current at the grid connection point of the system to not exceed 5 % of the rated current of the system.
4.3.16 Noise
Under the rated operating conditions, the converter noise shall be less than 80 dB. 4.3.17 Common-mode voltage requirements
The converter shall be designed with a filter link or filter to match the common-mode voltage tolerance level at the generator end.
NOTE: The specific tolerance voltage value is agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.3.18 Differential-mode voltage requirements
The converter shall be designed with a filter link or filter to match the differential-mode voltage tolerance level at the generator end.
NOTE: The specific tolerance voltage value is agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.4 Fault protection
4.4.1 Fault type
When an abnormal situation occurs and the converter?€?s tolerable limit is exceeded, the converter has the function of triggering fault protection to protect the safety of the system and the converter. The converter fault protection functions include the following two categories:
a) Class I fault protection: For serious faults. After this type of fault occurs, the converter shall be able to trigger protection and implement an emergency shutdown strategy. The converter uploads a Class I fault flag to the main control and directly loads the load and shuts down at the same time. Class I fault protection includes overcurrent protection, DC link voltage protection, power device fault hardware protection, ground fault protection, phase loss protection, phase sequence error protection, surge overvoltage protection, anti-islanding protection, etc.
b) Class II fault protection: For general faults. After this type of fault occurs, the converter uploads a Class II fault flag to the main control. At the same time, after the converter continues to work for the set time, it implements a shutdown strategy of slow load reduction on its own. Class II faults include overload protection, power device over-temperature protection, generator under-
speed/over-speed protection, grid voltage unbalance protection, grid voltage over-frequency/under-frequency protection, grid voltage over-voltage/under- voltage protection, communication fault protection, etc.
NOTE: If there are special requirements, they shall be agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.4.2 Protection function
4.4.2.1 Instantaneous overcurrent protection (Class I fault protection) When the operating current exceeds the instantaneous overcurrent protection threshold, the converter shall be able to quickly start protection and shut down, including grid- side overcurrent protection and generator-side overcurrent protection.
4.4.2.2 Short circuit protection (Class I fault protection)
When a short-circuit to ground or a multi-phase short-circuit fault occurs, the converter shall be able to quickly start protection and shut down, including grid-side short-circuit protection and generator-side short-circuit protection.
4.4.2.3 Phase loss protection (Class I fault protection)
The converter shall be equipped with phase loss protection. When a phase loss occurs in the main circuit, the converter shall be able to quickly start protection, including grid- side converter phase loss protection and generator-side converter phase loss protection. 4.4.2.4 Overvoltage protection (Class I fault protection)
When the operating voltage of the converter exceeds the maximum operating voltage allowed by the converter, the converter shall be able to shut down for protection, When the three-phase grid voltage unbalance factor exceeds the protection threshold, the converter shall be able to trigger voltage unbalance protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.12 Grid over-frequency protection (Class II fault protection)
When the grid voltage frequency is higher than the protection threshold of the converter, the converter shall be able to trigger grid over-frequency protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.13 Grid underfrequency protection (Class II fault protection)
When the grid voltage frequency is lower than the protection threshold of the converter, the converter shall be able to trigger grid underfrequency protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism. The setting of the protection threshold shall meet the requirements of the grid frequency range for normal operation of the converter. 4.4.2.14 Generator overspeed protection (Class II fault protection)
When the generator speed exceeds the overspeed protection threshold of the converter, the converter shall be able to trigger generator overspeed protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.15 Generator under-speed protection (Class II fault protection)
During the grid-connected operation of the converter, when the generator speed is lower than the under-speed protection threshold of the converter, the converter shall be able to trigger generator under-speed protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.16 Communication fault protection (Class II fault protection)
The converter shall be equipped with communication fault protection with the system control system. When a communication abnormality occurs, the converter shall be able to trigger communication fault protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.17 Cooling system fault protection (Class II fault protection)
The converter shall be equipped with cooling system fault protection, including faults of cooling fan, water cooling system, etc. When the cooling system is working abnormally, the converter shall be able to trigger cooling system fault protection according to the Class II fault protection mechanism.
4.4.2.18 Over-temperature protection (Class II fault protection)
The converter shall be equipped with over-temperature protection, including ambient temperature over-temperature, water temperature over-temperature, device over- 4.6.2.2 Radiated emissions
The converter used in low-voltage power supply network facilities that are not directly connected to residences shall meet the C3 limits in GB/T 12668.3-2012.
4.7 Operation and maintenance
4.7.1 Operating life
The expected life of the converter within the specified use conditions must be ??? 20 years. If it is used outside the scope of this Part, its expected life can be agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.7.2 Maintenance requirements
The structural design of the converter shall consider the maintainability of each component. The maintenance and replacement time of each component in the entire machine shall be ??? 1 h. The maintenance and replacement time of reactors, transformers, etc. that weigh more than 100 kg shall be ??? 4 h. The converter manufacturer shall specify in the user manual the periodic inspection cycles, tools, and methods for each component.
4.8 Communication and monitoring
4.8.1 Real-time communication
The converter shall have the function of real-time communication with the system control system and the self-diagnosis function of communication loss. The main communication modes include (but are not limited to) CANopen, Profibus-DP, etc. At the same time, the converter shall reserve an Ethernet access port to facilitate converter data upload and remote monitoring.
4.8.2 Statistics
The converter shall calculate statistical data continuously and uninterruptedly (except when the controller is powered off and does not have computing power). The statistical data shall be saved in the power-off retention area of the control system or in a file in a scheduled storage manner. After the control system is powered on again, all data shall be restored to the time of power off.
4.8.3 Fault information record
The converter shall be able to automatically record several recent key accident and fault information in the local controller storage area. The specific number of records is determined by the equipment manufacturer based on the characteristics of its own equipment.
4.8.4 Fault recording
The converter shall have a data recording function. When the converter fails, it can automatically perform date recording of key information. The sampling interval of data recording is the control system scan cycle. The data length is required to be able to reflect the entire process of the fault before and after the fault. Among them, a complete shutdown process can be recorded after a Class I fault; a key exception handling process can be recorded for a Class II fault.
4.8.5 Time synchronization function
The converter has a time synchronization function with the system control system. 4.9 Protective performance
The protective performance of the converter shall be according to the IP enclosure protection degree declared by the manufacturer and shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 4208. The protection degree requirement of the complete converter shall not be lower than IP23.
NOTE: If there are special requirements, the protection level of the converter is agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer.
4.10 Requirements for vibration test
The requirements for vibration test of the converter shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 2423.56.
NOTE: If there are special requirements, the characteristic requirements of the vibration test of the converter shall be agreed upon between the user and supplier/manufacturer. 4.11 Requirements for high temperature test
The product is unpackaged. Under the condition that the test temperature is (45 ?? 2) ???, after the temperature is balanced, the converter is powered on and run at full load for 8 h. During this period, the converter shall be able to operate normally. 4.12 Requirements for low temperature test
The product is unpackag...

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