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GB/T 24925-2019 English PDF (GBT24925-2019)

GB/T 24925-2019 English PDF (GBT24925-2019)

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GB/T 24925-2019: Low temperature valve -- Technical specifications

This Standard specifies the structural style, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, painting, packaging, transportation, and storage of low temperature valve.
GB/T 24925-2019
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 23.060.99
J 16
Replacing GB/T 24925-2010
Low temperature valve - Technical specifications
ISSUED ON: OCTOBER 18, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: MAY 01, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 4
1 Scope ... 7
2 Normative references ... 7
3 Terms and definitions ... 9
4 Structural style ... 10
5 Technical requirements ... 19
5.1 General requirements ... 19
5.2 Performance ... 20
5.3 Valve ... 21
5.4 Bonnet ... 22
5.5 Stem ... 25
5.6 Opening-closing parts and valve seats ... 26
5.7 Packing and stuffing box ... 26
5.8 Medium flange seal ... 26
5.9 Operation ... 27
5.10 Material ... 27
5.11 Visual quality of steel castings ... 28
5.12 Defect treatment ... 28
5.13 Nondestructive testing ... 28
6 Test methods ... 30
6.1 Marking inspection ... 30
6.2 Visual quality of steel castings ... 30
6.3 Dimensional check ... 30
6.4 Chemical composition ... 30
6.5 Mechanical properties ... 30
6.6 Normal temperature test ... 31
6.7 Low temperature test ... 31
6.8 Low temperature cycle life test ... 35
6.9 Nondestructive testing ... 35
6.10 Anti-static test ... 36
7 Inspection rules ... 36
7.1 Inspection items ... 36
7.2 Exit-factory inspection ... 36
7.3 Type test ... 36
8 Marking ... 37
9 Painting, packaging, transportation, and storage ... 38
Appendix A (Informative) Table of recommended materials for low temperature valve ... 39
Appendix B (Informative) Schematic diagram of internal cooling cycle ... 41 Foreword
This Standard is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard replaces GB/T 24925-2010 "Cryogenic valve technical
specifications". Compared with GB/T 24925-2010, in addition to editorial changes, the main technical changes are as follows:
- ADD the terms cryogenic treatment, drip plate, CWP, internal cooling cycle, cold box; modify the term "neck elongation" to "bonnet extension" (see
Clause 3; Clause 3 of the 2010 edition).
- In Clause 4, add axial flow check valve, top-mounted fixed ball valve, top- mounted floating ball valve, top-mounted eccentric butterfly valve; modify "low temperature worm geared butterfly valve" to "eccentric butterfly valve" (see Clause 4; Clause 4 of the 2010 edition).
- In 5.1, add the requirements of the valve's pressure-temperature rating, valve connection type, drip plate, structural length, minimum diameter of valve seat, valve installation direction, and pressure relief method
identification, etc. (see 5.1; 5.1 of the 2010 edition).
- ADD "Performance"; modify the leakage rate of the sealing test; ADD the fugitive test of the medium flange and the valve stem, and the low
temperature cycle life test, etc. (see 5.1; Table 2 of the 2010 edition). - ADD the minimum wall thickness of the valve body and flange requirements (see 5.1.4 and 5.3.2; 5.2 of the 2010 edition).
- ADD the requirements for minimum elongation of bonnet extension
(including the elongation of bonnet extension of low temperature valve for cold box and non-cold box), thermal insulation layer, and drip plate (see 5.4.1 and 5.4.5; 5.3 of the 2010 edition).
- ADD stem torque requirements, anti-blowout structure requirements;
modify requirements for dangerous section setting (see 5.5; 5.4 of the 2010 edition).
- Modify "Valve clack" to "Opening-closing parts (valve clack, valve plate, ball) and valve seats", where the requirements for ball valves and butterfly
valves are added (see 5.6; 5.5 of the 2010 edition).
- Modify "Stuffing box" to "Packing and stuffing box"; ADD requirements for packing and stuffing box structure (see 5.7; 5.6 of the 2010 edition).
- ADD requirements for medium flange seal (see 5.8).
Low temperature valve - Technical specifications
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the structural style, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, painting, packaging, transportation, and storage of low temperature valve (hereinafter referred to as "valve").
This Standard is applicable to flange, wafer and welding-connected low
temperature gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, and butterfly valves with nominal pressure PN16~PN400, nominal size DN15~DN1200;
pressure class Class150~Class2500, nominal size NPS1/2~NPS48, medium
temperature -196 ??C~-29 ??C.
Other low temperature valves may refer to it for use.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For the dated references, only the editions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document. For the undated references, the latest edition (including all the amendments) are applicable to this document.
GB/T 229 Metallic Materials - Charpy Pendulum Impact Test Method
GB/T 9113 Integral steel pipe flanges
GB/T 12220 Industrial valves - Marking
GB/T 12221 Metal valves - Face to face, end to end, center to face and
center to end dimensions
GB/T 12222 Multi-turn valve actuator attachments
GB/T 12223 Part-turn valve actuator attachments
GB/T 12224 General requirements for industrial steel valves
GB/T 12225 General purpose industrial valves - Specification of copper alloy castings
GB/T 12234 Bolted bonnet steel gate valves for petroleum and natural gas industries
JB/T 8527 Metallic sealing butterfly valve
JB/T 12003 Specification for valve cryogenic test rig
JB/T 12622 Liquified natural gas valves - Performance testing
NB/T 47009 Alloy steel forgings for low temperature pressure equipment
NB/T 47010 Stainless and heat-resisting steel forgings for pressure
equipment
NB/T 47013.2-2015 Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 2: Radiographic testing
NB/T 47013.4 Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 4:
Magnetic particle testing
NB/T 47013.5-2015 Nondestructive testing of pressure equipment - Part 5: Penetrant testing
NB/T 47014 Welding procedure qualification for pressure equipment
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
Bonnet extension
The part from the uppermost end of the bonnet support to the bottom of the bonnet stuffing box.
The part from the top of lower bushing to the bottom of stuffing box of the bonnet of the lift stem valve.
The part from the top of the lower bonnet bearing of the quarter-turn valve to the bottom of the stuffing box.
3.2
Cryogenic treatment
The treatment process in which the parts are immersed in liquid nitrogen for cooling, and when the temperature of the parts is stable at -196 ??C, the heat is kept for 2 h~4 h according to the thickness of the parts, and then taken out of the box to naturally return to room temperature.
5 Technical requirements
5.1 General requirements
5.1.1 In addition to meeting the requirements of this Standard, the valve shall also comply with the corresponding valve product standards, such as GB/T 12234, GB/T 12235, GB/T 12236, GB/T 12237, GB/T 21387, JB/T 8527, JB/T
7746.
5.1.2 The pressure-temperature rating of the valve shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12224 and JB/T 7746.
5.1.3 According to the contract requirements, the valve shall be provided with a drip plate.
5.1.4 The end connection of the valve can be flanged or welded. The flange shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 9113 and GB/T 13402. The welded connection shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12224, or as required by the order contract. The structural length of the flange connection and welded connection valve shall comply with the provisions of GB/T 12221, or as
specified in the order contract.
5.1.5 The structural length of the welded end valve shall consider the effect of end welding on the seat seal. When the contract stipulates that a sleeve is added to the welded end, the inside and outside diameter dimensions and materials of the sleeve shall be consistent with or match the pipeline. 5.1.6 The valve and bonnet shall be connected by bolts, welding, or pipe joints. The bonnet connected by pipe joints is only suitable for low temperature valves with a nominal size not greater than DN50. The pipe joint nut shall be locked with the valve. The threaded bonnet shall not be used.
5.1.7 The minimum diameter of the valve seat shall meet the requirements of GB/T 12224, GB/T 28776, GB/T 12238 and related product standards, or
according to the order contract. The minimum diameter of the valve seat of reduced-opening valve shall be in accordance with the order contract.
5.1.8 For the valve for transmitting liquid medium and the valve for non-cold box, it shall be able to operate the valve stem on the ground at a direction not less than 45?? from the ground; see Figure 11 a). For the valve for cold box, it shall be able to operate the valve stem on the ground at the direction of 15??~90?? from the ground; see Figure 11 b).
5.6 Opening-closing parts and valve seats
5.6.1 The sealing pair of low temperature valve shall be designed as a metal- to-metal or metal-to-non-metal sealing surface.
5.6.2 The valve clack of globe valve shall adopt a conical or spherical sealing structure. It shall not use flat-sealed valve clack.
5.6.3 The sealing pair of ball valve should adopt the elastic element loading structure, to meet the one-way sealing requirements.
5.6.4 The sealing pair of butterfly valve shall adopt double-eccentric or triple- eccentric structure. It shall meet the requirements of one-way sealing. When required by the order contract, it shall also meet the requirements of two-way sealing.
5.6.5 The overlaying-welding hard alloy on the sealing surface of the closing part and the valve seat shall comply with the provisions of JB/T 6438 or relevant standards. The thickness of the overlaying-welding layer after processing shall not be less than 1.6 mm. When the use temperature is lower than -100 ??C, after overlaying welding, cryogenic treatment shall be carried out.
5.7 Packing and stuffing box
5.7.1 The packing shall meet the performance requirements of small friction coefficient and good wear resistance; under the conditions of use, have good material toughness and ductility.
5.7.2 According to the use temperature, the packing can adopt multiple
combinations of PTFE, flexible graphite, and lip seal ring, or according to the requirements of the order contract.
5.7.3 The surface roughness Ra value of stuffing box shall be no more than 1.6 ??m.
5.7.4 The packing pressing device shall not, in the form of threaded connection with the bonnet, apply a pre-tightening force to the packing.
5.7.5 When required in the order contract, bellows can be used for sealing at the valve stem.
5.7.6 When required in the order contract, the structural design of the stuffing box shall meet the fugitiveness requirements.
5.8 Medium flange seal
The medium flange seal should adopt metal wound flexible graphite gaskets and metal ring gaskets with resistance to temperature alternation and high 5.13.1.1 The pressure castings shall be subjected to radiographic testing. The testing locations are as follows:
a) For casting shells, according to the parts specified in GB/T 12224;
b) Butt welding seam and welding groove.
5.13.1.2 The inspection results shall meet the following requirements:
a) The radiographic testing of the steel castings of valve and bonnet is not lower than the requirements of level 2 in JB/T 6440-2008;
b) The radiographic testing of the connection end of the valve at the butt welded joint meets the requirements of level 1 in JB/T 6440-2008;
c) The radiographic testing of the pressure welds is not lower than the requirements of class I in NB/T 47013.2-2015.
5.13.2 Liquid penetrant testing
The pressure-bearing outer surface of the valve and bonnet, the accessible inner surface, and the overlaying-welding surface of hard alloy sealing surface shall be subjected to liquid penetrant testing. The overlaying-welding surface of hard alloy sealing surface shall not have any harmful defects. The testing of the overlaying-welding surface shall be carried out in accordance with the
provisions of GB/T 22652. Other testing results shall meet the following requirements:
a) No crack;
b) The maximum allowable length of linear and non-linear defects meets the requirements of level 2 in NB/T 47013.5-2015.
5.13.3 Ultrasonic testing
Forged valve body, bonnet, and stem, etc. shall be subjected to ultrasonic testing. The inspection result shall not be lower than the requirements of level 2 in JB/T 6903-2008.
5.13.4 Magnetic particle testing
5.13.4.1 The parts and locations tested by magnetic particle are the pressure- bearing outer surfaces of the valve body and bonnet of ferromagnetic material. 5.13.4.2 The defect at the welding groove location shall not be lower than the requirements of level 1 in JB/T 6439-2008. Defects at other locations shall not be lower than the requirements of level 2 (including level 2). There shall be no cracks and linear defects in the magnetic particle inspection locations. in the valve body, there shall be temperature thermocouple in the cooling medium. If the nominal size of the test valve is small, only one thermocouple may be placed in the flange part of the valve body and the inside of the valve body, respectively.
6.7.2.5 Test preparation
Before the test, the valve parts shall be degreased and dried. The valve shall be installed in a clean and dustproof environment. Except for the primer, the valve shall not be painted.
6.7.3 Test procedure
6.7.3.1 The normal temperature test uses nitrogen or air as the initial detection test, to ensure that the valve is tested under appropriate conditions.
6.7.3.2 The typical test device of low temperature valve is shown in Figure 13. Install the valve in the test container; connect all the joints, to ensure that the valve packing gland is located above the lid of the incubator.
6.7.3.3 Before the valve starts to cool, use 0.2 MPa helium medium to
continuously purge the valve cavity, to replace the air in the valve cavity. 6.7.3.4 Immerse the valve in the cooling medium. The cooling medium covers the upper end of the connection part between the valve body and the bonnet, to cool the valve to the corresponding low temperature test temperature of the valve. KEEP inflated during cooling. The test temperature shall be consistent with the design minimum temperature of the valve. SOAK the valve, until the temperature is stable everywhere. When the valve cools to the test temperature, turn off the inflated nitrogen or helium; USE a thermocouple to measure. It shall be ensured that the temperature of each location of the valve is the same. The setting of the location where the thermocouple measures the valve temperature shall be in accordance with 6.7.2.4.
6.7.3.5 The test procedure of low temperature operating performance and sealing performance is as follows:
a) At low temperature test temperature, pressurize to 0.2 MPa; OPEN and close the valve 5 times, to do low temperature operating performance test. The valve equipped with actuator is, according to the above requirements, subjected to the operating cycle test; the last switching action is completed. After the pressure is stabilized, measure the leakage rate of the valve seat; b) Under high-pressure gas test conditions, attention shall be paid to the danger of gas test. The test pressure incremental value shall be in
accordance with Table 9;
c) If there is a requirement for the fugitive test, under the state of 6.7.4.5 b), according to the provisions of JB/T 12622, conduct the fugitive test.
REMOVE the valve from the test container; quickly check the tightness of the connection between the valve body and bonnet.
6.7.4.6 The test results of low temperature performance shall meet the
requirements of Table 1.
6.7.4.7 Restore the valve to ambient temperature; then, repeat the verification test of 6.7.4.2; MEASURE and record the leakage rate of the valve. The result shall meet the requirements of GB/T 26480.
6.7.5 Post-test treatment
6.7.5.1 After the test, the valve shall be disassembled in a clean environment, to check the degree of wear of various parts.
6.7.5.2 Valves, which pass the low temperature test, shall be cleaned and dried. 6.8 Low temperature cycle life test
The low temperature cycle life test shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of JB/T 12622. The low temperature cycle life test can also be carried out under the conditions of internal cooling cycle. See Appendix B for the schematic diagram of the internal cooling cycle device.
6.9 Nondestructive testing
6.9.1 Radiographic testing
Radiographic testing is carried out in accordance with the provisions of JB/T 6440-2008 and NB/T 47013.2-2015. The inspection result shall meet the
requirements of 5.13.1.2.
6.9.2 Penetrant testing
Penetrant testing of the overlaying-welding surface is carried out in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 22652. The others are carried out in accordance with the provisions of NB/T 47013.5-2015. The inspection result shall meet the requirements of 5.13.2.
6.9.3 Ultrasonic testing
Valves with a nominal size greater than DN25 are tested in accordance with the provisions of JB/T 6903-2008. The forged valve body, bonnet, and stem, etc. are subjected to ultrasonic testing piece by piece. The testing results shall meet the requirements of 5.13.3.
6.9.4 Magnetic particle testing
6.9.4.1 The parts of ferromagnetic materials such as valve body and bonnet shall be subjected to magnetic particle testing.
6.9.4.2 The magnetic particle testing method of steel castings is in accordance with the provisions of JB/T 6439-2008. The magnetic particle testing method of forgings is in accordance with the provisions of NB/T 47013.4. The inspection results shall meet the requirements of 5.13.4.2.
6.10 Anti-static test
A new and dry valve shall be subjected to no less than 5 cycles of opening and closing operation. It shall use a DC power supply not exceeding 12 V for resistance measurement. The measurement result shall meet the requirements of 5.1.11.
7 Inspection rules
7.1 Inspection items
7.1.1 The inspection of low temperature valves is divided into exit-factory inspection and type test.
7.1.2 The inspection items, technical requirements, and test methods shall be in accordance with Table 10.
7.2 Exit-factory inspection
Valves shall be subjected to exit-factory inspection one by one. Only after passing the inspection, can it leave the factory.
7.3 Type test
7.3.1 In one of the following situations, the prototype shall be type tested. The mass production can only be carried out after the test is passed:
- Trial production and finalization of new products;
- After the formal production, if the product structure, material, process have a significant change and the product performance may be affected.
7.3.2 When the type test is required by the technical agreement, the type test shall be conducted by sampling. Samples can be randomly selected from the products, which pass the inspection, at the end of the production line; or randomly selected from the finished product warehouse. Or 1 piece is randomly selected from p...

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