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GB/T 23384-2009 English PDF (GBT23384-2009)

GB/T 23384-2009 English PDF (GBT23384-2009)

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GB/T 23384-2009: The recovery marking of products and components

This standard specifies the technical requirements for the types of recovery marking of products and components, the recovery marking and requirements of products, the indication of composition of plastic components, the recycling marking, etc. This standard applies to producers and importers.
GB/T 23384-2009
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.020.01
Z 00
The recovery marking of products and components
ISSUED ON. APRIL 08, 2009
IMPLEMENTED ON. DECEMBER 01, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Terms and definitions ... 4
4 Recovery marking and requirements of product ... 6
5 Identification of composition and recovery marking of plastic compositions . 8 Appendix A (Normative) Pattern and size of marking ... 11
Foreword
Appendix A of this standard is a normative appendix.
This standard was proposed by the Department of Energy Conservation and Comprehensive Utilization of the Ministry of Industry and Information
Technology, the Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental
Protection of the National Development and Reform Commission.
This standard shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Product Recycling Foundation and Management Standardization Technical Committee.
Drafting organizations of this standard. China National Institute of
Standardization, China Electronics Technology Standardization Institute, Beijing University of Technology, Peking University, China Household Electrical Appliances Association Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Recycling Branch, China Academy of Environmental Sciences, China Recovery
Resources Recycling Association, Renmin University of China, Haier Group, Hisense Kelon Electric Co., Ltd., Guangdong Zhigao Air Conditioning Co., Ltd., Suzhou Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Henan Xinfei Electric Co., Ltd., Boxihua Household Appliances Co., Ltd., Daikin Air Conditioning (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Ningbo Aux Air Conditioning Co., Ltd., Philips (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Midea Group Washing Machine Manufacturing (Hefei) Co., Ltd., Wuxi Little Swan Co., Ltd.
Drafters of this standard. Lin Ling, Li Aixian, Yang Meng, Li Hongqi, Wang Xuejun, Han Shuoxiang, Liu Fuzhong, Zhou Zhongfan, Chen Miaonong, Fu
Hongjun, Le Min, Gao Dongfeng, Zhang Youliang, Yin Fengfu, Yan Zhiheng, Li Wei, Gu Zhigang, Zhang Hongwei, Zhu Weizhong, Shi Jianchun, Zhu Jianjun, Chen Gang, Wang Xiyu, Fan Shu, Gao Baohua.
The recovery marking of products and components
1 Scope
This standard specifies the technical requirements for the types of recovery marking of products and components, the recovery marking and requirements of products, the indication of composition of plastic components, the recycling marking, etc.
This standard applies to producers and importers.
2 Normative references
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this standard through reference in this standard. For the dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this standard; however, parties who reach an agreement based on this standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies. GB/T 1844.1 Plastics - Symbols and abbreviated terms - Part 1. Basic
polymers and their special characteristics
GB/T 1844.2 Plastic - Symbols and abbreviated terms - Part 2. Fillers and reinforcing materials
GB/T 1844.3 Plastics - Symbols and abbreviated terms - Part 3. Plasticizers GB/T 1844.4 Plastics - Symbols and abbreviated terms - Part 4. Flame
retardants
GB/T 16288 Marking of plastics products
GB/T 20861 Terminology of waste product recovery
SJ/T 11363 Requirements for concentration limits for certain hazardous
substances in electronic information products
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions as defined in GB/T 20861 and the following terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Hazardous substance
Substances contained in the product that are harmful to humans, animals, plants and the environment, including lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium
(Cd), hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB),
polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and so on.
3.2
Producer
A natural or legal person engaged in the production of products within the territory of the People's Republic of China.
3.3
Importer
A natural or legal person engaged in the import of products within the territory of the People's Republic of China.
3.4
Material
A substance or a mixture of substances, such as metals and alloys, plastics, ceramics, rubber, and the like.
3.5
Homogeneous material
Materials with the same composition and which cannot be further separated by mechanical means.
3.6
Component
A structural unit with a certain function or purpose in the product.
3.7
Environment-friendly use period
The period in which the use of the product, by the product user, which
contains hazardous substance that will not leak or be abrupt under the
of plastic compositions
5.1 Composition and recovery marking of plastic components
Identify the plastic composition used in the product and component for
reference by producers, consumers, recyclers, and processors.
5.2 Object of marking
Plastic parts which have a mass of not less than 25 g or a maximum surface area of not less than (5 x 10) mm2 should all be marked.
5.3 Requirements of marking
The abbreviation code of plastic composition is executed in accordance with GB/T 1844.1, GB/T 1844.2, GB/T 1844.3, GB/T 1844.4. The marking
requirements of plastic components are in accordance with GB/T 16288.
The recovery plastic components may use the marking pattern which combines the graphics and the plastic composition codes, the example is as shown in Figure 3.
Note. > PP + PET < indicates the composition of plastics
Figure 3 -- Identification of composition and recovery marking of plastic compositions
5.4 Location of marking
5.4.1 Provide marking at the location of the component which is easy to view after separated and disassembled, for example, the surface of the component, the convex part where the unevenness changes greatly, try to avoid marking in the concave part that is difficult to view.
5.4.2 Provide marking at the visible part which is not covered.
5.5 Special circumstances

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