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GB/T 223.63-1988 English PDF (GBT223.63-1988)

GB/T 223.63-1988 English PDF (GBT223.63-1988)

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GB/T 223.63-1988: Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy - The sodium (potassium) periodate photometric method for the determination of manganese content

This Standard is applicable to the determination of manganese content in pig iron, iron powder, carbon steel, alloy steel, high-temperature alloy, precision alloy. The measuring range is 0.010% ~ 2.00%.
GB 223.63-1988
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
UDC 669.14/.15. 543.06
H 11
GB 223.63-88
Replacing GB 223.4-81 Method III
Methods for Chemical Analysis of Iron, Steel and Alloy -
The Sodium (Potassium) Periodate Photometric Method
for the Determination of Manganese Content
ISSUED ON. FEBRUARY 05, 1988
IMPLEMENTED ON. FEBRUARY 01, 1989
Issued by. National Bureau of Standards;
Approved by. Ministry of Metallurgical Industry of PRC, January 18, 1988. Table of Contents
1 Method Summary ... 3
2 Reagents ... 3
3 Analysis Procedures ... 4
4 Calculation of Analysis Results ... 6
5 Precision ... 6
Appendix A Original Data on Precision Test (Supplement) ... 8
Additional information... 8
Methods for Chemical Analysis of Iron, Steel and Alloy -
The Sodium (Potassium) Periodate Photometric Method
for the Determination of Manganese Content
This Standard is applicable to the determination of manganese content in pig iron, iron powder, carbon steel, alloy steel, high-temperature alloy, precision alloy. The measuring range is 0.010% ~ 2.00%.
This Standard complies with GB 1467-78 Method for Chemical Analysis of Metallurgy Product ?€? General Rules and Regulations.
This Standard complies with GB 7729-87 Chemical Analysis of Metallurgical Products ?€? General Rule for Spectrophotometric Methods.
1 Method Summary
After the specimen is dissolved in the acid, use sodium (potassium) periodate to oxidize the manganese in the sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid medium into heptavalent; then measure its absorbance.
2 Reagents
2.1 Hydrofluoric acid (?? 1.15g/ml).
2.2 Hydrochloric acid (?? 1.19g/ml).
2.3 Nitric acid (?? 1.42g/ml).
2.4 Nitric acid (1+4).
2.5 Nitric acid (2+98).
2.6 Sulfuric acid (1+1).
2.7 Mixed acid of phosphoric acid ?€? perchloric acid. evenly mix 3 pieces of phosphoric acid (?? 1.69g/ml) and 1 piece of perchloric acid (?? 1.67g/ml). 2.8 Sodium (potassium) periodate solution (5%). take 5g of sodium (potassium) periodate; place into 250ml beaker; add 60ml of water, 20ml of nitric acid (2.3); after warmly dissolving, cool off. Use water to dilute to 100ml; mix evenly.
2.9 Sodium nitrite solution (1%).
2.10 Standard manganese solution
2.10.1 Take 1.4383g of reference potassium permanganate; place into 600ml beaker; add 300ml of water to dissolve; add 10ml of sulfuric acid (2.6), titrate hydrogen peroxide (?? 1.10g/ml) till the red just fades; heating and boiling for 5~10min; cool off. Transfer into 1000ml volumetric flask; use water to dilute to the scale; mix evenly. 1ml of such solution contains 500??g of manganese.
It can also take 0.5000g of electrolytic manganese (99.9% above) [the electrolytic manganese shall be pre-cleaned in sulfuric acid (5+95), after the manganese oxide on the surface is removed, take out; immediately use distilled water to wash repeatedly; then place into anhydrous ethanol to wash for 4~5 times; take out to place into the dryer; it can be used after drying], place into 250ml beaker; add 20ml nitric acid (1+3); heat and dissolve; boiling to expel the nitrogen oxide; take off, cool off to the room temperature; transfer into 1000ml volumetric flask; use water to dilute to the scale, mix evenly. 1ml of such solution contains 500??g of manganese.
2.10.2 Take 20.00ml of standard manganese solution (2.10.1); place into 100ml volumetric flask; use water to dilute to the scale, mix evenly. 1ml of such solution contains 100??g of manganese.
2.11 Water containing no reduction material. heat and boil the deionized (distilled) water; each liter shall be acidized by 10ml of sulfuric acid (1+3); add several particles of sodium (potassium) periodate; continue to boil for several minutes; it can be used after cooling off.
3 Analysis Procedures
3.1 Specimen quantity
Take specimen as per Table 1.
Table 1
3.2 Determination
3.2.1 Place the specimen (3.1) into 150ml conical flask; add 15ml of nitric acid (2.4) [high-silicon specimen shall be added 3~4 drops of hydrofluoric acid (2.1); pig-iron specimen shall be dissolved by nitric acid (1+4); and titrate 3~4 drops of hydrofluoric acid (2.1); after the specimen is dissolved; take off to cool; use the rapid filter paper to filter it into another 150ml conical flask; use hot nitric acid (2.5) to wash the original conical flask and filter paper for 4 times; high-nickel-chromium specimen shall be dissolved by appropriate proportion of mixed acid between hydrochloric acid (2.2) and nitric acid (2.3); for high-tungsten specimen (5% above) or hard-to-dissolve specimen, add 15ml of mixed acid of phosphoric acid-perchloric acid (2.7) to dissolve], heat at low temperature and dissolve.
3.2.2 Add 10ml of mixed acid of phosphoric acid-perchloric acid (2.7) [when high- tungsten specimen is dissolved by 15ml of mixed acid of phosphoric acid-perchloric acid (2.7), it shall not be added]; heat, vaporize till perchloric acid (high-chromium specimen shall be oxidized the chromium) is smoked; cool off slightly; add 10ml of sulfuric acid (2.6); use water to dilute to about 40ml.
3.2.3 Add 10ml of sodium (potassium) periodate solution (2.8); heat to boil, and keep for 2~3min (avoid the specimen solution splashing); cool off to the room temperature; transfer into 100ml volumetric flask; use water containing no reduction material (2.11) to dilute to the scale, mix evenly.
3.2.4 Transfer partial coloring solution into absorption vessel as per Table 1; titrate sodium nitrite solution (2.9) to the remained coloring solution as shake it till the purple red just fades [when use sodium nitrite solution to fade the cobalt-containing specimen, if the slight-red doesn?€?t fade, it can be treated by the following method. shake the volumetric flask continuously; slowly titrate sodium nitrite solution (2.9); if the slight-red of specimen has no change, place the specimen solution into the absorption vessel; measure its absorbance; add sodium nitrite solution (2.9) to the remained solution; measure the absorbance again till the two absorbances have no change; then such Content Range, %
Specimen quantity, g
Concentration of standard manganese solution, ??g/ml
Transferring volume of standard manganese
solution, ml
Absorption vessel, cm
solution can be used as the reference solution], transfer such solution into another absorption vessel as the reference; measure its absorbance at wavelength of 530nm on the spectrophotometer.
3.2.5 According to the measured absorbance of specimen solution, then check the corresponding manganese content from the working curve.
3.3 Draw working curve
Take standard manganese solution as per Table 1; separately place into 150ml conical flasks; then follow the procedures of 3.2.2~3.2.4; measure its absorbance. Take manganese content as abscissa, and absorbance as the ordinate to draw working curve.
4 Calculation of Analysis Results
Calculate the percentage content of manganese as per the following formula. Where.
m1 ?€? manganese content checked from the working curve, g;
m0 ?€? specimen quantity, g.
5 Precision
The precision in this Standard indicates after testing the same uniform specimens uniformly distributed in the measuring range of this method according to the analysis procedures of this method in 10 laboratories in 1987, then summarize the data; and obtained the repeatability of r and reproducibility of R (see Table 2) through statistical analysis as per GB 6379-86 Precision of Test Methods; Determination of Repeatability and Reproducibility for A Standard Test Method by Interlaboratory Tests. Table 2
Repeatability indicates the maximum difference between two independent test results Level, % (m/m) Repeatability r Reproducibility R
performed on the same specimen by the same operator, in the same laboratory using the same instrument under the normal and correct conditions under this method, with a 95% probability.
Reproducibility indicates the maximum difference between two independent test results performed on the same specimen by two operators, in different laboratories under normal and correct conditions of this method, with a 95% probability. If the difference of two independent test results exceed the corresponding repeatability and reproducibility; then the two results are dubious.
Appendix A
Original Data on Precision Test
(Supplement)
Additional information.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Ministry of Metallurgical industry.
This Standard was responsibly drafted by Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Ministry of Metallurgical industry.
This Standard was drafted by Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Ministry of Levels
Labs
Metallurgical industry; and Jiangxi Steel Plant.
This Standard?€?s chief drafter. Ke Ruihua.
This Standard?€?s level mark. GB 223.63-88 Y

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