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GB/T 20877-2016 English PDF (GBT20877-2016)

GB/T 20877-2016 English PDF (GBT20877-2016)

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GB/T 20877-2016: Guide on inclusion of environmental aspects in electronic and electrical product standards

This Standard specifies the guide on consideration of factors of which products shall have an impact on the environment when standard writes are stipulating standards for electronic and electrical products.
GB/T 20877-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF
THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.020
K 04
Replacing GB/T 20877-2007
Guide on inclusion of environmental aspects in
electronic and electrical product standards
(IEC Guide109.2012, Environmental aspects - Inclusion in Electrotechnical product standards, MOD)
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 29, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. MARCH 1, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration Committee.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 5
1 Scope ... 7
2 Terms and definitions ... 7
3 General principle of which product standard and environment need to
consider ... 10
4 Input and output that should be considered in the development of product standard ... 15
Annex A (Informative) List of environmental factors in product standard ... 18 Bibliography ... 20
Foreword
This Standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Standard replaces GB/T 20877-2007 Environmental aspects - Inclusion in electrotechnical product standards.
Main technical modifications between this Standard and GB/T 20877-2007 are as follows.
- modified the standard name to ?€?Guide on inclusion of environmental
aspects in electronic and electrical product standards?€?;
- modified the terms as follows.
deleted "standard writers" and "wastes" (see 3.17 and 3.18 of Edition
2007);
modified ?€?end life?€? to ?€?end of life?€?, ?€?life cycle concept?€? to ?€?life cycle thinking?€?, Chinese), ?€?retrievability?€? to ?€?recycling?€? (see 3.1, 3.10, 3.15, 3.16 of this Edition, 3.1, 3.10, 3.15, 3.16 of Edition 2007);
made editorial modifications on other terms except ?€?input?€? and ?€?output?€?. - The following modifications were made to the content.
?€? modified ?€?4.2 Product standard and environment?€? in Clause ?€?4 General
principles which product standard and environment need to consider?€?
to ?€?4.2 Impact of the provisions of the product standards on the
environment?€? and merged into the content of ?€?4.2.1 General principle?€?;
modified ?€?4.2.2 Environmental impact?€? to ?€?4.3 Environmental strategy?€?
(see Clause 4 of this Edition, Clause 4 of Edition 2007);
?€? deleted Clauses ?€?5 Impact of the provisions of the product standards
on the environment, and the role of standard writers?€? and ?€?7 Methods
used when considering environmental factors during the process of
product design and development?€? (see Clause 5 and Clause 7 of
Edition 2007);
?€? modified Clause ?€?6 Input and output that should be considered in the
development of product standards?€? to ?€?5 Input and output that should
be considered in the development of product standards?€? (see Clause 5
of this Edition, Clause 6 of Edition 2007).
This Standard uses redrafting method to modify and adopt IEC Guide 109.2012 Environmental aspects - Inclusion in Electrotechnical product standards. This standard has structural changes compared to IEC Guide 109. 2012. It deleted the clause of normative references because there were no specific documents.
The editorial differences between this Standard and IEC Guide 109. 2012 as well as reasons are as follows.
- in order to keep consistent with the present standard system, modified the standard name to ?€?Guide on inclusion of environmental aspects in
electronic and electrical product standards?€?;
- deleted ?€?IEC Environmental Policy?€? in the introduction of IEC Guide
109.2012.
This Part was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Environmental Committee on Electrical and Electronic Products and Systems of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 297).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Mechanical Industry Beijing Institute of Electrical and Technical Economics, Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute (Group) Co., Ltd., Changshu Switch Manufacturing Co., Ltd., China Electrical Equipment Industry Association, China Quality Certification Center, Shanghai Cable Research Institute, China Household Electrical
Appliances Research Institute, Shenzhen Xinyu Central Standard Technology Co., Ltd., Rockwell Automation (China) Co., Ltd., SGS - CSTC Standards
Technical Services (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Philips (China) Investment Co., Ltd., Beijing ABB Low Voltage Electrical Appliance Co., Ltd.
Main drafters of this Standard. Teng Yun, Zhang Liang, Huang Huijie, Zhou Jianxing, Ma Qiju, Sun Jiansheng, Zhu Yan, Xiao Di, Song Weihong, Du Juan, Zhang Lingzi, Wang Zhongdan.
Versions of standard substituted by this Standard are.
- GB/T 20877-2007.
(LCA) for life cycle thinking (LCT). IEC62430 provides information for all interested parties on how to integrate ECD principles into the design and development of products. Standards writers are not required to apply the LCA principles, but are encouraged to use the ECD principles whenever possible. Manufacturers can capture more detailed design scenarios and reasons for supporting them until more data is available. This approach broadens
knowledge based on these options and options, in addition to generating specific environmental standardization requirements, as well as helping to recycle and discard products at end-of-life (EoL).
In this context, it is important to note that the standard compilers should carefully consider the environmental aspects of the test method when
specifying test methods.
Standards writers need to compare environmental data for materials and
substances. In any case, they may be careful to process the information derived from the LCA study when making the choices required by the standard.
Consultation may be required with specialized environmental factors research institutes.
Guide on inclusion of environmental aspects in
electronic and electrical product standards
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the guide on consideration of factors of which products shall have an impact on the environment when standard writes are stipulating standards for electronic and electrical products. Its purposes are as follows. a) to enhance awareness of the positive and negative environmental impact of the provisions of the product standards;
b) to briefly describe the relationship between product standards and the environment;
c) helping to identify the terms in product standards that may cause
improvement on environmental performance and avoid the terms that may
cause negative effects on environment;
d) emphasize that to stipulate on environmental factors during the
development of product standards is complex, which requires weighing
various factors;
e) while stipulating on environmental factors during the development of product standards, life cycle thinking is recommended.
This Standard is applicable to writers of product technical standards and norms and consistent with ISO Guide 64 as much as possible.
The stipulation of standardization document for environmental awareness design specifically for electrical and electronic products or industries should be based on IEC 62430.
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 2.1 EoL; end of life
life cycle stage after the product eventually exits the stage of use
[rewriting IEC 62075.2008, definition 3.4]
product standard. And these environmental factors and environmental impact are from the product requirements.
The environmental aspects of the product should be weighed against a number of other factors, such as function, performance, cost, market and quality of the product, as well as legal, regulatory and safety requirements. The standards should be prepared so that the designer of the device or system can achieve a trade-off that promotes the protection of the environment while meeting the standard objectives.
3.2 Impact of the provisions of product standard on environment
The provisions in the product standards have more or less contact with product life cycle in the environmental factors, as shown in Figure 1. In this way, product standards can effectively promote the continuous improvement of product environmental factors.
The purpose of this article is to provide the standard compilers with background information on matters they need to consider when considering the introduction of environmental considerations into product standards.
The provisions of the product standards can play a catalytic role or a role in hindering to environmental improvement. Unless there is a significant need (for example, in terms of health, safety, or product performance), the standards should, as far as possible, avoid provisions for material used in the product, but define the expected results. Prescribing materials may hinder the innovation and development of new methods for improving environmental factors through the use of alternative materials. For example, the provisions of the product standards should not prevent the use of appropriate secondary use or recycling of materials. If material is to be specified, consideration should be given to how the use of the specif...

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