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GB/T 19056-2021 English PDF (GBT19056-2021)

GB/T 19056-2021 English PDF (GBT19056-2021)

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GB/T 19056-2021: Vehicle travelling data recorder

This Document specifies the terms and definitions, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, installation and packaging of vehicle travelling data recorder. This Document applies to the design, manufacture, inspection and installation of the vehicle travelling data recorder.
GB/T 19056-2021
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.01
CCS T 35
Replacing GB/T 19056-2012
Vehicle Travelling Data Recorder
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2021
IMPLEMENTED ON: JULY 01, 2022
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 6
2 Normative References ... 6
3 Terms and Definitions ... 7
4 Abbreviations ... 9
5 Requirements ... 9
6 Test Methods ... 24
7 Inspection Rules ... 34
8 Installation ... 37
9 Packaging ... 38
Appendix A (Normative) Driving Record Data Storage Format ... 39
Appendix B (Normative) USB Data Acquisition Conventions ... 51
Appendix C (Normative) Driver Information IC Card Data Storage Format ... 52 Appendix D (Normative) Bluetooth Data Communication Protocol ... 53
Appendix E (Normative) Protection Performance Requirements and Test Methods of Protection Memory ... 62
Bibliography ... 66
Vehicle Travelling Data Recorder
1 Scope
This Document specifies the terms and definitions, requirements, test methods, inspection rules, installation and packaging of vehicle travelling data recorder.
This Document applies to the design, manufacture, inspection and installation of the vehicle travelling data recorder.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Document through reference in this Document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this Document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is applicable to this Document.
GB/T 2423.1 Environmental Testing for Electric and Electronic and Electronic Products - Part 2: Test Methods - Tests A: Cold
GB/T 2423.2 Environmental Testing for Electric and Electronic and Electronic Products - Part 2: Test Methods - Tests B: Dry Heat
GB/T 2423.3 Environmental Testing - Part 2: Testing Method - Test Cab: Damp Heat, Steady State
GB/T 2423.5 Environmental Testing for Electric and Electronic Products Part 2: Test Methods Test Ea and Guidance: Shock
GB/T 2423.10 Environmental Testing for Electric and Electronic Products - Part 2: Tests Methods - Test Fc: Vibration (Sinusoidal)
GB 4094 Motor Vehicles - Symbols for Controls, Indicators and Tell-Tales GB/T 4208 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosure (IP Code)
GB/T 16649.1 Identification Cards - Integrated Circuit(S) Cards with Contacts - Part 1: Physical Characteristics
GB/T 16649.2 Identification Cards - Integrated Circuit(S) Cards with Contacts - Part 2: Dimensions and Location of the Contacts
the installation self-check fails, the corresponding unfinished installation operation shall be displayed, and the abnormal self-check state signal of the recorder shall be output to the vehicle.
b) Power-on self-check function: After the recorder is installed and self-checked normally, each time the ignition switch (ACC) is turned on, the self-check of the positioning, communication, memory and other modules and signal input state shall be carried out first. If the power-on self-check fails, the corresponding abnormal information shall be displayed, and the abnormal self-check state signal of the recorder shall be output to the vehicle.
5.4.1.2 Data recording function
5.4.1.2.1 Driving state record
The recorder shall have the function of recording the driving state, and the driving state recording shall meet the following requirements:
a) The recording contents include: real-time, real-time position information, corresponding average driving speed (based on vehicle speed sensor or CAN signal) of each second interval, reference speed (based on satellite positioning signal), and switch quantity signal of the corresponding time during the driving process of the vehicle; b) The time interval of recording is 1s;
c) The time for recording valid data records is no less than the last 168 unit-hours; d) The speed recording unit is kilometers per hour (km/h), the measurement range is at least 0 km/h~220 km/h, and the resolution is no more than 1 km/h
5.4.1.2.2 Accident suspect point record
The recorder shall have the function of recording accident suspect points, and the accident suspect point record shall meet the following requirements:
a) The record contents include: vehicle speed and switch quantity signal before 20s of the end time of traveling, and position information at the end of driving; vehicle speed and switch quantity signal within 20s before the power supply (including the backup battery) power-off, and the position information at the power-off;
b) The recording time interval is 0.1s;
c) The number of records is no less than the latest 100;
d) The speed recording unit is kilometers per hour (km/h), the measurement range is at least 0 km/h~220 km/h, and the resolution is no more than 1 km/h.
5.4.1.2.3 Overtime driving record
The recorder shall have the function of overtime driving record, and the overtime driving record shall meet the following requirements:
a) The record contents include: motor vehicle driver's license number, start time of continuous driving and position information, end time of continuous driving and position information;
b) The number of records is no less than the latest 50.
5.4.1.2.4 Driver information record
The recorder shall have the function of driver information recording, and the driver information recording shall meet the following requirements:
a) Within 30s after the start time of travelling, record the corresponding picture of the driver's facial features (obtained by video), motor vehicle driver's license number (obtained by IC card), and driver's name (obtained by IC card);
b) The number of records is no less than the latest 100;
c) Time information needs to be superimposed on the driver's facial feature picture, and the superimposed information does not affect the recognition of facial features. 5.4.1.2.5 Log record
The recorder shall have a log record function, and the number of records of various types of log records shall be no less than the latest 100. The specific log records include: a) External power supply log: Recorder?€?s log record of the power on and off; b) Parameter setting log: Recorder?€?s log record of the setting and modification of relevant parameters such as the motor vehicle plate number and plate classification; c) Self-check log: Recorder?€?s log records related to the installation self-check and power-on self-check;
d) Speed state log: Recorder?€?s log records of normality and abnormality based on the vehicle speed sensor or CAN signal of the recorder;
NOTE: When the satellite positioning module works normally, the reference speed of the recorder (speed based on the satellite positioning signal) is continuously greater than 40 km/h for 5 min: when the difference (the difference between the recording speed and the reference speed divided by the reference speed) between the recording speed (speed based on the vehicle speed sensor or CAN signal) and the reference speed exceeds ??11%, the speed state is judged to be abnormal. When the difference rate between the recording speed and the reference speed is within the range 5.4.1.4.2 IC card information identification communication
The recorder shall have the function of IC card information identification and communication, which shall meet the following requirements:
a) The driver logs in through the IC card before driving, and the log in is done in the parking state;
b) The IC card shall be able to record the driver's information such as motor vehicle driver's license number and name; and the data storage format shall comply with the provisions of Appendix C;
c) For contact IC cards, the physical characteristics meet the requirements of GB/T 16649.1, and the size and position of the contacts meet the requirements of GB/T 16649.2; d) The front of the recorder host is equipped with a reading and writing device matching the IC card. The reading and writing device are equipped with a dust-proof protection device, and can at least support reading and writing data of 24C0X series and 4442 series IC cards.
5.4.1.4.3 Bluetooth communication
The recorder shall have the function of Bluetooth data communication, which shall meet the following requirements:
a) Support the transmission protocol of Bluetooth 4.1 and above, and support the wireless transmission rate of 1Mbit/s and above;
b) It is only used for data communication related to the driving record function, and cannot be connected to public networks such as the Internet through Bluetooth; c) Bluetooth data communication (pairing, connection, transmission) can only be used in the parking state;
d) During Bluetooth data communication, the recorder transmits the corresponding data according to the communication command;
e) The Bluetooth data communication protocol complies with the provisions of Appendix D. 5.4.1.4.4 Wireless public network communication
The recorder shall support general wireless public network communication, which shall meet the following requirements:
a) support two or more remote connections;
b) The communication protocol for uploading the driving record data supports the relevant requirements of JT/T 808, in which the command word complies with the provisions of Table A.2 in Appendix A; and the driving record file complies with the provisions of A.2. The recorder should support network secure connection and encrypted data transmission. 5.4.1.4.5 Data communication interface
The recorder shall be equipped with physical interfaces such as USB interface, driver information identification interface, wireless public network communication antenna, and satellite positioning communication antenna. The USB interface and the driver information identification interface shall be located at the front of the host; and the USB interface connector shall be Type-A, and an effective protection device shall be configured when not in use. The satellite positioning communication antenna connector shall be Fakra-C; the wireless public network communication antenna connector shall be Fakra-D; and all antenna connectors shall be located at the rear of the host.
5.4.1.5 Safety warning function
The recorder shall be able to prompt the safety warning state by voice, and the content and process of the voice prompt shall match the current driving state. The types and contents of prompts include:
a) At 1h and 45min before the overtime driving occurs, the warning message "Overtime driving is coming, please stop and rest for 20 min" shall be prompted once. Within 30 min before the occurrence of overtime driving, the warning information shall be prompted at a frequency of 1 group every 5 min and 3 times per group; and the display shall show the continuous driving time at the same time; after the occurrence of the overtime driving, the warning information of ?€?overtime driving, have continuously driven for ?? ?? hours ?? ?? minutes?€? shall be prompted; the prompt frequency is 1 time per minute; and the display shows the continuous driving time at the same time. b) When the driving speed of the vehicle is greater than the speed limit set by the recorder, or the speed difference from the speed limit is within the range of -2 km/h~0 km/h, a speeding warning or warning message is issued to remind the driver to control the driving speed, overspeed warning prompts 1 time, and the frequency of overspeed warning prompts is 2 prompts per minute.
c) When driving the vehicle without the driver logging in, the driver shall be prompted to log in within the first 5 min; and the display shall simultaneously display the prompt information of not logging in, and the prompt frequency is 1 prompt per minute. d) When the recorder?€?s self-check or speed state is judged to be abnormal, it shall prompt the abnormality of self-check or speed state within the first 5 min, and the prompt frequency is 1 prompt per minute.
5.4.1.6 Display function
than 60% value specified in Table 3; and there shall be no interference stripes, water ripples and other phenomena.
5.6 Data analysis system
The data analysis system shall be able to collect, store and analyze the driving record data; and the data analysis protocol shall comply with the provisions of Appendix A. The system shall use the Chinese interface, which can be installed and used in the general Chinese operating system. The system shall have functions such as query and statistics of driving record data, graph generation, audio and video playback, parameter query, and operation authority management. The data analysis system shall be able to generate at least the following charts: a) Driving state record curve chart. The content and recording format of the chart meet the requirements of 5.4.1.2.1; the abscissa is the real-time, and the ordinate is the vehicle speed value, switch quantity signal, etc. corresponding to the real-time. The chart information also includes the motor vehicle license plate number, motor vehicle license plate classification, and motor vehicle driver's license number. Among them, the information of the motor vehicle driver's license number needs to change with the login time of different drivers.
b) The data curve chart of the suspected point of the accident. The content and recording format of the chart meet the requirements of 5.4.1.2.2; and its ordinate is the vehicle speed value and braking state signals corresponding to the real-time. The chart information also includes the motor vehicle license plate number and motor vehicle license plate classification, motor vehicle driver's license number, etc. c) List of overtime driving records. The content of the list includes various data specified in 5.4.1.2.3.
d) List of driver information records. The content of the list includes various data specified in 5.4.1.2.4.
e) List of log records. The content of the list includes the data of each log record specified in 5.4.1.2.5.
5.7 Data security
The data security requirements for the recorder are as follows:
a) The recorder shall be equipped with a protection memory for storing driving record data; and a spare data reading interface shall be provided inside; and the performance of the protection memory shall meet the requirements of Appendix E;
b) Reliable safety measures (such as lead sealing) shall be taken on the host of the recorder or other appropriate places to prevent key components from being replaced; and the protection memory shall not be disassembled and replaced through external components such as the operation panel;
c) The driving record data shall not be able to be rewritten or deleted through external devices;
d) The recorder shall be set with a unique number that represents the traceability of the driving record data. The unique number and data abstract Salt value shall not be changed or deleted after being set. Other parameters need to be set again under special conditions requires authorized operations.
5.8 Climate and environmental adaptability
After the recorder has been subjected to various climatic and environmental tests, there shall be no electrical failure, and the casing, connectors, etc. shall not be seriously deformed; its data recording function and display function shall remain normal; the data stored before the test shall not be lost.
5.9 Adaptability to mechanical environment
After the recorder has been subjected to various mechanical environmental tests, there shall be no permanent structural deformation; no damage to parts; no electrical failure, no loosening of fastening parts, and connectors such as plugs and communication interfaces shall not fall off or poorly contact; its data recording function and display function shall remain normal; the data stored before the test shall not be lost.
5.10 Enclosure protection grade
The enclosure protection grade of the recorder host shall meet the requirements of IP43 specified in GB/T 4208.
After the waterproof and dustproof test, the data communication function of the recorder shall be normal, and the stored data shall not be lost.
5.11 Anti-electric ignition interference of the vehicle
The recorder shall not appear abnormality when conducting the electric ignition interference of the vehicle; and the data recording function and display function shall be normal. 5.12 Electrostatic discharge immunity
There shall be no electrical failure during and after the electrostatic discharge test; the data recording function shall be normal; and the data stored before the test shall not be lost. It is allowed to display abnormal phenomena during the test, but the function shall return to normal after the end of the test.
5.13 Transient immunity
installation and replacement method of the fuse.
6.3 Electrical performance test
6.3.1 Power supply voltage adaptability test
According to the different nominal power supply voltage of the recorder, test shall be carried out according to the following methods:
a) When the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 12V, adjust the test voltage to 9V and 16V, work continuously for 1h respectively; input analog signals during this period, and inspect the function of the recorder;
b) When the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 24V, adjust the test voltage to 18V and 32V, work continuously for 1h respectively; input analog signals during this period, and inspect the function of the recorder;
c) When the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 36V, adjust the test voltage to 27V and 48V, work continuously for 1h respectively; and input analog signals during this period, and inspect the function of the recorder.
6.3.2 Resistance to power supply reverse polarity test
A test voltage of opposite polarity to the nominal supply voltage is applied to the recorder's power supply line. When the nominal power supply voltage is 12V, apply a reverse test voltage of 14V??0.1V; when the nominal power supply voltage is 24V, apply a reverse test voltage of 28V??0.2V; when the nominal power supply voltage is 36V, apply a reverse test voltage of 42V??0.2. The duration of the above test is 1min. Inspect the function of the recorder after the test.
6.3.3 Resistance to power supply overvoltage test
When the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 12V, apply a test voltage of 24V to it; when the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 24V, apply a test voltage of 36V to it; when the nominal power supply voltage of the recorder is 36V, apply a test voltage of 54V to it. The duration of the above test is 1min. Inspect the function of the recorder after the test. 6.3.4 Power-off protection test
Connect the recorder stored with data to the nominal power supply voltage to work normally; disconnect the external power supply and the host power supply battery (if any); after 15 calendar days, inspect the real-time recorded by the recorder and its stored data information. 6.4 Functional inspection
6.4.1 Inspection of the driving record function
6.4.1.1 Inspection of self-check function
Turn on the power of the recorder and inspect the self-check function of the recorder. Simulate the unfinished state of the recorder wiring, parameter setting, etc.; inspect the result of the recorder installation self-check. Simulate the abnormal signal input of the recorder and other states; inspect the result of the recorder's power-on self-check.
6.4.1.2 Inspection of data recording function ...

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