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GB/T 18344-2016 English PDF (GBT18344-2016)

GB/T 18344-2016 English PDF (GBT18344-2016)

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GB/T 18344-2016: Specification for the inspection and maintenance of motor vehicle

This standard specifies the classification and cycle of vehicle maintenance, maintenance requirements, and quality assurance. This standard applies to petrol or diesel motor vehicles in service, AND trailer may make reference to this standard.
GB/T 18344-2016
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.180
R 16
Replacing GB/T 18344-2001
Specification for the inspection
and maintenance of motor vehicle
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 13, 2016
IMPLEMENTED ON. JULY 01, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
3. No action is required - Full-copy of this standard will be automatically and immediately delivered to your EMAIL address in 0~60 minutes.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Classification and cycle of motor vehicle maintenance ... 7
5 Motor vehicle maintenance requirements ... 7
6 Quality assurance ... 19
Appendix A (Informative) Recommended cycle for elementary maintenance
and complete maintenance of road transport vehicles ... 20
Appendix B (Informative) Complete maintenance workflow ... 21
Appendix C (Informative) Complete maintenance completion inspection record ... 22
Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T
1.1-2009.
The standard replaces GB/T 18344-2001 ?€?Specification for the inspection and maintenance of motor vehicle?€?.
As compared with GB/T 18344-2001, in addition to editorial changes, the main technical changes of this standard are as follows.
- MODIFY the statement of ?€?scope?€?; ADD the statement that ?€?trailer may
make reference to it?€? to the scope of application (SEE chapter 1; chapter 1 of 2001 version);
- ADD the recommended cycle for the elementary maintenance and
complete maintenance of the road transport vehicles (SEE 4.2.2.3);
- ADJUST the daily maintenance work items, ADD daily maintenance
technical requirements (SEE 5.1);
- In the elementary maintenance, ADD such maintenance items as wheel
and axle bolt nuts, retarders and protective devices, etc.; DELETE such maintenance items as the ignition system, carburetor, frame, body and
accessories, suspension mechanism, crankcase ventilation device, and
three-way catalytic converter and so on (SEE 5.2; chapter 6 of 2001
version);
- ADD the complete maintenance in-factory inspection item requirements
(SEE 5.3.2);
- In the complete maintenance, ADD such maintenance items as engine
exhaust outside purification device, disc brakes, tractor and trailer
connection device; DELETE such maintenance items as ignition system,
carburetor and linkage mechanism, fuel pump, cylinder head, valve
clearance, distributor, steering angle, and air conditioning device (SEE 5.3.3; 7.5 of 2001 version);
- In the complete maintenance completion inspection, ADD such inspection items as the on-board diagnostics (OBD) fault code, the auxiliary facilities, the traction connection device, and the locking mechanism; DELETE
such inspection items as the engine power, the front beam and the
maximum steering angle, the sliding performance, clutch pedal free travel, and brake pedal free travel, etc. (SEE 5.3.3; 7.6 of 2001 version);
- ADD the quality assurance (SEE chapter 6);
- ADD the informative appendixes ?€?Recommended cycle for the elementary
maintenance and complete maintenance of road transport vehicles?€?,
Specification for the inspection
and maintenance of motor vehicle
1 Scope
This standard specifies the classification and cycle of vehicle maintenance, maintenance requirements, and quality assurance.
This standard applies to petrol or diesel motor vehicles in service, AND trailer may make reference to this standard.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) are applicable to this Standard.
GB 3847 Limits and measurement methods for exhaust smoke from C.I.E
(compression ignition engine) and vehicle equipped with C.I.E
GB/T 5624-2005 Motor vehicle maintenance and repair items
GB 7258-2012 Safety specifications for power-driven vehicles operating on roads
GB 18285 Limits and measurement methods for exhaust pollutants from
vehicles equipped ignition engine under two-speed idle conditions and
simple driving mode conditions
GB 18565 Composite performance requirement and detecting methods for
road transport vehicles
3 Terms and definitions
The terms and definitions as defined in GB 7258-2012 and GB/T 5624 apply to this document. For ease of use, some of the terms and definitions in GB 7258 and GB/T 5624 are repeated below.
3.1
Motor vehicle
It refers to the non-track bearing vehicles which are driven by power AND have four or more wheels, AND it is mainly used for.
- Carrying personnel and/or cargo (article);
- Traction cargo/article carrying vehicles OR for special purposes;
- Special operations.
[Definition 3.2, GB 7258-2012]
3.2
Trailer
It refers to the non-power driven road vehicles which, in design and
manufacturing, require traction by motor vehicles or tractor for the purposes of normal use on roads, AND it includes traction bar trailers, countershaft trailers, and semi-trailers, which is used for.
- Carrying goods;
- Special operations.
[Definition 3.3, GB 7258-2012]
3.3
Daily maintenance
It refers to the maintenance work centered on cleaning, replenishment and safety performance visual inspection.
[Definition 2.3.1.3.1, GB/T 5624-2005]
3.4
Elementary maintenance
It refers to, in addition to daily maintenance operations, the maintenance operations centered on lubrication and tightening as well as the inspection of the safety components in such systems as braking and operation.
[Definition 2.3.1.3.2.1, GB/T 5624-2005]
3.5
Complete maintenance
It refers to, in addition to the elementary maintenance operations, the maintenance operations centered on the inspection and adjustment of the braking system, steering control system, suspension and other safety
components, the disassembly and inspection of tires, the replacement of tires, the inspection and adjustment of engine operating conditions and vehicle emissions related systems.
[Definition 2.3.1.3.2.2, GB/T 5624-2005]
crimping rings rings free from crack, damage or
deformation
Others
Battery Check the battery
Liquid level in line with the
requirements, the vent hole is
smooth, the electric pile and
chuck are clean and tight, and
the maintenance-free battery
power status indicator is normal
14 Protective device
Check the side protective
device and the rear protection
device, tighten the bolts and
nuts
They are intact and effective,
and installed reliably
15 Whole vehicle lubrication
Check and lubricate all
lubrication points
Lubricating mouth is complete
and effective, the lubrication is
good. The dust cover at each
lubrication point is complete
and intact. The centralized
lubrication device is working
properly and the seal is good
16 Whole vehicle sealing Check the leakage conditions
The whole vehicle is free from
oil leakage, liquid leakage, or
air leakage
5.3 Complete maintenance
5.3.1 Basic requirements for complete maintenance
5.3.1.1 The complete maintenance procedure is as shown in Appendix B.
5.3.1.2 The complete maintenance work items include basic work items and additional work items, all of which shall be carried out together during the complete maintenance.
5.3.1.3 Before the complete maintenance, it shall perform the in-factory testing, and the in-factory testing results are based to conduct fault diagnosis and determine the additional work items. AND any maintenance items found in the complete maintenance work procedure shall also be considered as additional work item.
5.3.1.4 Process inspection shall be carried out during the complete
maintenance procedure.
5.3.1.5 After the completion of the complete maintenance, it shall carry out completion inspection, AND the maintenance enterprise will issue the
maintenance completion exit-factory certificate for those passing the
completion inspection.
5.3.1.6 The instrument and equipment used for complete maintenance testing shall comply with the relevant national standards and industry standards, AND the measuring instruments and equipment shall be qualified or calibrated within the validity period.
Engin
Intake and
exhaust
manifold,
muffler,
exhaust pipe
Check intake, exhaust
manifold, muffler, exhaust
pipe
It has no damage or crack, AND the
muffler function is good
11 Engine assembly
Clean the engine outside and
check the insulation
There is no oil stain or dust, AND the
insulation layer is well sealed
Check and tighten bolts and
nuts
Oil pan, engine support, water pump, air
compressor, turbocharger, intake and
exhaust manifold, muffler, exhaust pipe,
oil pump and fuel pump and other parts
are reliably...

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