GB/T 18169-2023 English PDF (GBT18169-2023)
GB/T 18169-2023 English PDF (GBT18169-2023)
GB/T 18169-2023: Specifications of amusement rides bumper car category
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
CCS Y 57
Replacing GB/T 18169-2008
Specifications of Amusement Rides Bumper Car Category
ISSUED ON: MAY 23, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: SEPTEMBER 1, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 General Requirements ... 6
5 Technical Requirements ... 7
5.1 Machinery and structure ... 7
5.2 Ride system ... 7
5.3 Electrical control system ... 8
5.4 Parking lot ... 9
5.5 Surface protection ... 10
5.6 Emergency rescue ... 10
5.7 Whole machine ... 10
5.8 Special requirements for different types of bumper cars ... 11
6 Test Methods ... 14
6.1 Basic requirements ... 14
6.2 Specific inspection method ... 15
7 Accompanying Documents, Product Nameplates, Marking, Packaging,
Transportation and Storage ... 18
7.1 Accompanying documents ... 18
7.2 Product nameplate ... 18
7.3 Marking, packaging, transportation and storage ... 19
Specifications of Amusement Rides Bumper Car Category
This Document specifies the overall requirements, technical requirements, test methods, random documents, product nameplates, marking, packaging, transportation and storage of amusement rides bumper car.
This Document applies to the design, manufacturing, installation, modification, maintenance, testing, inspection and use management of amusement rides bumper car.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the essential provisions of this Document through reference in this Document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this Document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is applicable to this Document.
GB/T 191 Packaging ?€? Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB 4706.1-2005 Household and Similar Electrical Appliances - Safety - Part 1: General Requirements
GB 8408 Large-scale amusement device safety code
GB/T 8923 (all parts) Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related products-Visual assessment of surface cleanliness
GB/T 9286 Paints and varnishes - Cross cut test for films
GB/T 13384 General specifications for packing of mechanical and electrical product GB/T 13912 Metallic coatings - Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles - Specifications and test methods
GB 14166-2013 Safety-belts, restraint systems, child restraint systems and ISOFIX child restraint systems for occupants of power-driven vehicles
GB/T 20050-2020 Inspection and testing specifications of large-scale amusement device - General principles
GB/T 20306 Amusement devices terminology
GB/T 34371 Risk assessment for amusement ride - General principles
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Document, the terms and definitions given in GB/T 20306 and the following apply.
3.1 Pole-mounted bumper car
A bumper car that is fed by sliding (or rolling) contact between electrical components and the sky-net, driven by electrical energy, and runs in a fixed parking lot.
3.2 Floor feeding bumper car
A bumper car that is fed by sliding (or rolling) contact between electrical components and the floor, driven by electrical energy, and runs in a fixed parking lot.
3.3 Accumulator feeding bumper car
A bumper car that uses its own energy storage unit to provide power and runs in a fixed parking lot.
3.4 Energy storage unit
The minimum energy storage system that consists of a battery pack, a battery management system and a power conversion system connected to it.
4 General Requirements
4.1 The design, manufacturing, installation, modification, repair, testing and inspection, random documents and complete product nameplates of amusement rides bumper car shall meet the relevant requirements of GB 8408 and this Document.
4.2 Risk assessment shall be carried out in accordance with GB/T 34371 during the design stage of amusement rides bumper car. Risk assessment shall also be carried out for amusement rides bumper car that needs to be modified or that continue to be used after the designed service life of the whole machine has expired.
5 Technical Requirements
5.1 Machinery and structure
5.1.1 The frame shall be made of metal material.
5.1.2 There shall be no exposed sharp edges, corners, burrs, or dangerous protrusions in any part of the bumper car that is accessible to passengers.
5.1.3 The bumper car shall be able to move forward, backward, turn left, and turn right. 5.1.4 The wheel axle shall be designed for infinite life.
5.1.5 The wheel device shall be flexible in rotation, easy to lubricate and repair. 5.1.6 A collision buffer device shall be installed on the steering wheel. The collision buffer device can be made of sponge or foam material.
5.1.7 Steering wheel operation shall be light and effortless. Under full-load conditions, the steering operation resistance at any point on the steering wheel shall be no greater than 40N. 5.1.8 The steering mechanism shall be flexible and reliable; and there shall be no sticking or axial movement.
5.1.9 When the bumper car is blocked, the clutch shall be able to work effectively. 5.1.10 The weld seams of the bumper car frame shall comply with the requirements for weld seams with Level-IV risk assessment of GB 8408.
5.1.11 Buffer devices shall be installed around the bumper car frame and installed at the same height. Bumper car with a maximum operating speed of 4km/h ~ 10km/h shall be equipped with buffer tires. The buffer tires shall protrude from the car body and decoration by no less than 70mm. The size and height of the buffer tires shall be no less than 130mm. For bumper cars with a maximum operating speed of less than 4km/h, the buffer device shall protrude from the car body and decoration by no less than 40mm.
5.1.12 The bumper car shall run normally during startup and operation, and there shall be no obvious slipping.
5.1.13 Rubber tires shall have normal tire pressure and no abnormal damage. 5.2 Ride system
5.2.1 The width of the seat shall be no less than 400mm per person; and the width of the seat specially designed for children shall be no less than 250mm per person. The seat surface shall be appropriately increased in backward inclination. When the maximum operating speed is less resistance between the primary and secondary windings of the transformer shall be no less than 7M??. The insulation resistance between the transformer winding and the metal shell shall be no less than 2M??.
5.3.2 The insulation resistance between the metal parts of the vehicle body and the conductor shall be no less than 2M??.
5.3.3 When the bumper car is blocked and cannot run, the motor shall have the ability to withstand overload, and the motor is not allowed to burn out.
5.3.4 Each bumper car shall be equipped with a short-circuit protection device. 5.3.5 Electrical switches (including pedal switches) operated by passengers shall use a safety voltage of no more than 50V. When the working voltage is difficult to meet the above requirements, the switch operating handle (including pedal switches) and other similar structures shall comply with provisions of 8.1.1, 8.1.4, 8.1.5, and 8.2 of GB 4706.1-2005. 5.3.6 The motor current of pole-mounted bumper car and floor feeding bumper car during the full-load test shall be no greater than the rated current of the motor. During the full load test and cruise, the battery voltage of energy storage unit (such as battery) bumper car shall be no less than 85% of the rated voltage; and the motor current shall be no greater than the motor rated current.
5.3.7 An emergency stop button shall be installed on the operating platform. The button shall be red and cannot reset automatically. Resetting the emergency stop button shall not cause the equipment to restart.
5.3.8 The entrance and exit doors of the parking lot shall be equipped with electrical safety interlocking devices.
5.4 Parking lot
5.4.1 The parking lot shall be flat and solid, with no unevenness.
5.4.2 Barriers shall be set up around the parking lot. The barriers shall be installed firmly and the strength shall meet the design requirements. The upper edge of the barriers shall be higher than the upper edge of the bumper car buffer device; and the lower edge of the barriers shall be lower than the lower edge of the bumper car buffer device; collision corners shall be arc-shaped. 5.4.3 The parking lot shall have rainproof facilities.
5.4.4 For a parking lot that does not exceed 10 vehicles (including 10 vehicles), the area occupied by each vehicle shall be no less than 20m2; for a parking lot that exceeds 10 vehicles, the area occupied by each vehicle in the excess area shall be no less than 15m2. 5.4.5 If there are obstacles such as pillars in the parking lot, barriers shall be set around them; and the safety distance shall meet the requirements of GB 8408.
5.5 Surface protection
5.5.1 Appropriate surface protection measures shall be taken for the metal structure of the facility, except for the surface of the feeder board; such as coating with anti-rust paint, hot-dip galvanizing, etc., or using stainless steel materials.
5.5.2 Use anti-rust paint to protect the surface of metal structures. Rust removal treatment shall be carried out before painting to reach the Level- in GB/T 8923 (all parts); components other than the main stress-bearing components shall reach Sa2 or St2 Grade (manual rust removal). The paint surface shall be uniform, fine, bright, complete, and consistent in color; and shall not have defects such as roughness, leakage, mis-painting, wrinkles, pinholes, and severe sagging. The total thickness of the paint film should be greater than 80??m. The paint film adhesion shall meet the first-level quality requirements specified in GB/T 9286. 5.5.3 If hot-dip galvanizing is used to protect the surface of metal structures; the hot-dip galvanizing layer shall meet the requirements of GB/T 13912.
5.6 Emergency rescue
5.6.1 Amusement rides bumper car shall have emergency rescue plans and be equipped with emergency rescue equipment and first-aid supplies. Regularly conduct professional training on safety management and rescue personnel to improve the rescue capabilities of rescue personnel. Conduct drills no less than once a year in accordance with the requirements of the emergency plan, and keep records and summaries of drills.
5.6.2 The site shall be equipped with emergency lighting facilities, evacuation signs, evacuation passages and other measures. In the event of sudden power outage or emergency stop, evacuation measures shall ensure orderly evacuation of personnel to avoid crowding, trampling and other phenomena due to panic.
5.7 Whole machine
5.7.1 The maximum operating speed of the bumper car shall be no greater than 10km/h. 5.7.2 There shall be no abnormal vibration, impact, heat, sound or stagnation when the whole machine is running.
5.7.3 During various operation tests, the motor and structural components of the bumper car shall not be damaged; and the components shall not be permanently deformed or damaged. 5.7.4 Each bumper car shall operate according to the approved number of passengers and rated load capacity, and operation beyond regulations and overloading is strictly prohibited. 5.7.5 The load test shall include eccentric load test and full load test. No abnormal vibration, impact, heat, sound or stagnation is allowed during the test. After the test, mechanical and structural parts shall not have abnormal wearing, deformation, detaching, permanent F ?€? contact force.
Figure 3 ?€? Typical Current Collector Example
18.104.22.168 The current collector seat shall be flexible and reliable, with moderate tension and sufficient compensation ability, and can apply a contact pressure of no less than 10N to the electrode plate.
22.214.171.124 The current collector shall be made of materials with wear resistance and good conductivity.
126.96.36.199 The floors shall be spliced tightly and flat; and the height difference between the splices shall be no greater than 1mm.
188.8.131.52 The width of the insulating plate between the positive and negative electrode plates shall be no less than 50mm.
184.108.40.206 The floor shall have overhead measures, and the distance between the floor and the ground shall be no less than 10mm.
5.8.3 Energy storage unit bumper car
220.127.116.11 Energy storage units (such as lithium batteries and supercapacitor banks, etc.) shall be installed firmly and shall not move due to collision.
18.104.22.168 The energy storage unit shall be well sealed, and there shall be no leakage, seepage, damage, etc.
22.214.171.124 Under full load conditions, the continuous working time of the energy storage unit capacity shall be no less than 4 h according to actual working conditions. 126.96.36.199 The energy storage unit shall be equipped with an automatic power-off device and a prompt device after it is fully charged.
188.8.131.52 During the charging process of the energy storage unit, the bumper car shall be equipped with protective measures to prevent it from starting.
184.108.40.206 The energy storage unit shall be equipped with a charging safety area; and fire isolation devices shall be installed around the safety area. Ammonium phosphate dry powder fire extinguishers shall be used. No less than two 5kg dry powder fire extinguishers shall be equipped per 100m2. The dry powder fire extinguishers shall be placed in an obvious and easily accessible location.
220.127.116.11 The remaining battery capacity of the bumper car shall be displayed in a conspicuous position to facilitate the operator's observation.
6 Test Methods
6.1 Basic requirements
6.1.1 Manufacturing and installation organizations shall formulate specific inspection plans based on relevant standards, design documents, manufacturing processes and equipment characteristics. The plan shall include machinery and mechanisms, ride systems, electrical control systems, parking lots, as well as inspection, detection and testing of emergency rescue, complete machines, etc.
6.1.2 After each product is debugged, it shall be inspected, detected and tested according to the established inspection plan. It can be delivered for use only if all inspection items are qualified. 6.1.3 The test conditions meet the following requirements:
a) The wind speed during the test shall be no greater than 8m/s;
b) Unless there are special requirements, the ambient temperature shall be -5???~40???, and the relative humidity of the environment shall be no greater than 85%;
c) The error between the test load and its rated value shall not exceed ??5%. 6.1.4 Select testing instruments and measuring tools with corresponding accuracy according to test requirements.
6.1.5 Depending on the structural type, operation mode and test purpose, the test items may be increased or decreased.
6.1.6 Before the test, check the parts, components and connection methods of the bumper car machinery and structure, ride system, electrical control system, emergency rescue equipment and facilities, the tightness of the fasteners, and the lubrication and sealing degree of each lubrication point shall be consistent with the design.
6.1.7 The static parameters among the main technical parameters shall meet the design requirements. The allowable deviation of dynamic parameters such as operating speed and the design calculation value is between -10% ~ 5%.
6.1.8 After the test, the structural parts of the bumper car shall not be deformed or detached; and the foundation shall not be subsided or cracked.
6.1.9 After the test, the components with problems or doubts shall be inspected; the causes of the found problems shall be determined promptly and measures shall be taken; and detailed records shall be kept. The recording method can be text, pictures, images, etc. 6.1.10 After each inspection, an inspection report shall be prepared. The inspection report shall at least contain the following contents: