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GB/T 18165-2019 English PDF (GBT18165-2019)

GB/T 18165-2019 English PDF (GBT18165-2019)

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GB/T 18165-2019: Specifications of amusement rides fairy train category

This Standard specifies the general rules, technical requirements, inspection, detection and test requirements, random documents, markings, packaging, transportation and storage of amusement rides fairy train category. This Standard is applicable to the amusement rides fairy train category.
GB/T 18165-2019
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
Y 57
Replacing GB/T 18165-2008
Specifications of Amusement Rides Fairy Train
Category
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2019
IMPLEMENTED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2019
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 General ... 7
5 Technical Requirements ... 8
5.1 Basic requirements ... 8
5.2 Machinery and structure ... 8
5.3 Riding system ... 11
5.4 Electrical control system ... 12
5.5 Emergency rescue ... 15
5.6 Surface protection ... 15
5.7 Complete machine ... 15
6 Requirements for Inspection, Detection and Test ... 16
6.1 Basic requirements ... 16
6.2 Machinery and structure ... 17
6.3 Riding system ... 18
6.4 Electrical control system ... 19
6.5 Emergency rescue ... 19
6.6 Surface protection ... 20
6.7 Complete machine ... 20
7 Random Documents, Marking, Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 21 7.1 Random documents and marking ... 21
7.2 Packaging, transportation and storage ... 21
Appendix A (Informative) Examples of Common Important Shafts (Pin Shafts) and Important Weld Seams... 23
Specifications of Amusement Rides Fairy Train
Category
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the general rules, technical requirements, inspection, detection and test requirements, random documents, markings, packaging, transportation and storage of amusement rides fairy train category.
This Standard is applicable to the amusement rides fairy train category. 2 Normative References
The following documents are essential to the application of this document. For the dated documents, only the versions with the dates indicated are applicable to this document; for the undated documents, only the latest version (including all the amendments) is applicable to this document.
GB/T 191 Packaging ?€? Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB/T 4208-2017 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosure (IP Code)
GB/T 7251.1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear Assemblies ?€? Part 1: General
GB/T 7403.1 Lead-Acid Traction Batteries - Part 1: Technical Conditions GB 8408 Large Amusement Device Safety Code
GB/T 8923 (all parts) Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of Paints and Related Products - Visual Assessment of Surface Cleanliness
GB/T 9286-1998 Paints and Varnishes - Cross Cut Test for Films
GB/T 13384 General Specifications for Packing of Mechanical and Electrical Product
GB/T 13912 Metallic Coatings - Hot Dip Galvanized Coatings on Fabricated Iron and Steel Articles - Specifications and Test Methods
GB/T 20306 Amusement Devices Terminology
machine is running.
5.2.2 The design of mechanical transmission structure shall be convenient for disassembly, assembly and maintenance.
5.2.3 A large fillet transition shall be adopted at the axle step to reduce stress concentration.
5.2.4 The design of the main components of the drive system shall meet the requirements for use during the life cycle.
5.2.5 Welds with higher stress shall be ground to make the transition smooth. 5.2.6 Welding structure shall be treated to eliminate welding stress after assembly welding.
5.2.7 Train oil pipes and hoses shall be neatly arranged, reasonably distributed, fixed and reliable; and there shall be no oil or gas leakage.
5.2.8 Train hard pipes and hoses shall be neatly arranged; pipe clamps shall be reasonably distributed; and there shall be no overpressure or over-curving at the bends. 5.2.9 For connecting hoses with relatively moving parts, the length of the hoses shall be moderate; the bundles shall be strong; and they shall not rub against each other. 5.2.10 The arrangement of various pipe joints is reasonable and easy to repair. 5.2.11 The hydraulic and pneumatic systems shall be able to be used normally within the allowable operating temperature range of the fairy train.
5.2.12 In the hydraulic or pneumatic systems, there shall be an overpressure protection device that does not exceed 1.2 times the rated working pressure; and the instrument that monitors the working conditions of the system shall be set on the driver's console for easy observation by the driver.
5.2.13 Reasonably set the braking rate of each carriage to prevent insufficient braking force or sliding. Under the rated load and rated speed, the emergency braking distance shall be no greater than 8m at any position in the entire running line. 5.2.14 The emergency braking device shall adopt a fail-safe braking mode; and the train shall adopt both electrical braking and mechanical braking at the same time. The mechanical brake shall ensure that the brake is effective in the unexpected situation of power supply interruption or electrical brake failure to make the train stop safely. 5.2.15 Each carriage shall be equipped with an independent braking device. When a train carriage is accidentally separated, emergency braking shall be implemented immediately to ensure that the separated train carriage is automatically braked. shall meet the design requirements; the quantity shall be complete; and the adhesion shall be close, and fastening be effective.
5.2.30 Rail seams shall be set reasonably according to the different meteorological conditions in various places.
5.2.31 At the track joints, the mismatch of the high-low and left-right of the inner side of the two track surfaces shall be no more than 2mm.
5.2.32 The track surface shall be farsighted and smooth; and the track direction shall be straight and smooth; and the curve shall be round and smooth.
5.2.33 Standard products should be selected for rail turnouts. According to the reasonable configuration of wheel-set tread and track type; the reversing action of the turnout shall be safe and reliable. The train can pass after the reversal is in place to ensure the safe and stable operation of the train.
5.2.34 600mm, 762mm, 1000mm are preferred for the gauge.
5.2.35 The gauge shall conform to the design; the allowable tolerance of the straight section (after the curve section is widened) is -3mm~5mm; and the change rate of the gauge tolerance of the transition section shall not exceed 5/1000.
5.2.36 The radius of curvature of the track shall be adapted to local conditions and selected reasonably; the connection of each curved track shall be smoothly transitioned to make the train run smoothly.
5.2.37 The important shafts (pin shafts) and important weld seams of the amusement rides fairy train category shall be subjected to non-destructive testing. Non-destructive testing methods and requirements shall be implemented in accordance with GB/T 34370. See Appendix A for examples of common important shafts (pin shafts) and important weld seams.
5.3 Riding system
5.3.1 Each carriage should be marked with the fixed number of personnel, and overload operation is strictly prohibited.
5.3.2 The train body shall be equipped with a frame-fulcrum and a crane-fulcrum. The train body shall have sufficient rigidity and strength during maintenance or accident lifting.
5.3.3 The height of the carriage seat from the pedal shall be no greater than 450mm; the seat shall be made of soft, wood or fiberglass and other materials. 5.3.4 Where passengers can reach, no exposed sharp edges, sharp corners, burrs and dangerous protrusions are allowed.
b) Outdoor exposed current collectors shall take waterproof measures or have a waterproof function to meet the requirements for use under exposed conditions. 5.4.3 The power generation compartment (battery compartment), power distribution cabinet, and traction motor shall have ventilation and heat dissipation design calculations to ensure that the temperature rise of the traction generator (battery pack), traction motor, and controller meets the requirements.
5.4.4 When there are multiple trains running simultaneously on the fairy train track, a buffer device and an anti-collision protection device shall be provided. 5.4.5 The electrical system shall be equipped with various protective devices related to the safety of operation of the main unit.
5.4.6 The insulation class of wires and cables shall be consistent with the working voltage.
5.4.7 The wiring of electrical equipment shall meet the requirements of TB/T 1759. 5.4.8 The electrical cabinet shall meet the requirements of GB/T 7251.1. 5.4.9 The enclosure protection of electrical equipment shall meet the requirements of GB/T 4208-2017.
5.4.10 The electrical system shall be able to control the transmission system, running system, braking system, hydraulic system and pneumatic system. It should have interlocking protection and alarm functions.
5.4.11 The grades and specifications of all instruments shall meet the design requirements. The instrument shall be in the zero position before being used; and the measured value shall be within 20% ~ 95% of the instrument range.
5.4.12 The primary and secondary windings of the rectifier transformer used for track power shall be insulated with a level equivalent to double insulation or reinforced insulation. The insulation resistance between the primary and secondary windings of the transformer shall be no less than 7M??. The insulation resistance between the transformer winding and the metal casing shall be no less than 2M??.
5.4.13 The insulation resistance between the rail and the conductive rail shall be no less than 0.1M??.
5.4.14 The cable (wire) connection between the carriages shall adopt safe and waterproof plugs and the connection shall be reliable.
5.4.15 The power distribution cabinet with a rated voltage greater than the safe voltage shall not be installed in an area accessible to passengers in the carriage; and it shall take safety isolation measures.
f) The energy storage unit shall be equipped with a management system to monitor voltage, current, temperature, capacity and other parameters in real time. 5.4.20 The tractor of electric powered fairy train should be equipped with resistance braking device or feedback braking device, etc. The electric braking performance shall meet the design requirements.
5.4.21 The operation panel in the driver's cab of the electric powered fairy train shall be able to display the remaining battery power.
5.5 Emergency rescue
5.5.1 Evacuation passages shall be set up in restricted areas; when set on both sides, the width of each side should be no less than 0.8m; when set on one side, the width should be no less than 1.1m.
5.5.2 The fairy train shall have a reliable rescue plan.
5.6 Surface protection
5.6.1 Appropriate surface protection measures shall be taken for metal structures, such as taking anti-rust paint, hot (dip) galvanizing, etc., or stainless-steel materials. 5.6.2 When using anti-rust paint for surface protection of metal structures, the metal structure shall be de-rusted before painting to reach the Level-Sa2 in GB/T 8923; the structures other than the main stressed structure shall reach Level-Sa2 or Level-St2 (manual de-rusting). The paint surface shall be uniform, fine, bright, complete and consistent in color. There shall be no defects such as roughness, missing paint, wrong paint, wrinkles, pinholes, and severe sagging. It is recommended that the total thickness of the paint film shall be no less than 80??m. The paint film adhesion shall meet the quality requirements of Grade-1 specified in GB/T 9286-1998.
5.6.3 When using hot (dip) galvanizing for surface protection of metal structures, the hot (dip) galvanizing layer shall meet the requirements of GB/T 13912.
5.7 Complete machine
5.7.1 The appearance of the complete machine shall be in good condition and not damaged.
5.7.2 The static parameters such as the operating height, the number of loading people/cars, and the number of vehicles in the main technical parameters shall meet the design requirements. The dynamic parameters such as the operating speed shall be tested under normal operating conditions such as no-load, full-load, and partial load allowed for the use; the deviation between the measured value and the designed and calculated value of the dynamic parameters shall be -10%~5%.
a) Inspection time and location;
b) Equipment name, number, main technical parameters;
c) Inspection basis;
d) The name, requirements, methods, results of the inspection items; and signature of test personnel;
e) Inspection conclusion;
f) Preparation, review and approval of the inspection report; and the signature of the reviewed personnel.
6.1.9 The manufacturer shall keep product inspection reports and related records, drawings, quality certification documents and technical documents.
6.2 Machinery and structure
6.2.1 The inspection and detection of machinery and structure shall be carried out before and after the test. The contents of the inspection and detection shall at least include the foundation, steel structure, mechanical transmission parts, important weld seams, important shafts (pin shafts), important bolt connections, etc.
6.2.2 The amusement rides fairy train category is operated at the maximum rated speed under the maximum full load and partial load allowed by the design; and the test is no less than 5 times under each working condition. The mechanical structure and transmission mechanism shall be free of obvious shaking, slipping, stalling, noise, permanent deformation, etc.
6.2.3 For the deceleration brake device test, respectively under no-load, partial load, full-load conditions and fault conditions that are allowed by the design, the test is no less than 3 times under each condition. The brake device shall be balanced, effective; while the braking distance shall meet the requirements of this Standard. 6.2.4 For the fail-safe brake device test, under the allowable maximum full-load and partial load conditions, the test the fail-safe brake device 3 times; while the brake device shall be effective.
6.2.5 Measure the maximum slope value of the road to verify whether the measures to prevent the train from slipping are effective.
6.2.6 In the hydraulic or pneumatic system, check whether there is an overpressure protection device that does not exceed 1.2 times the rated working pressure; and check whether the instrument monitoring the working status of the system is clearly displayed on the driver's console for easy observation.
fully confirmed in the static state, a frame that simulates the envelope range is used for the operation test.
6.3.3 The door locking device test of the amusement rides fairy train category uses a tension gauge to apply a force of 1kN to the opening direction of the carriage door, and simulates opening. Measure for at least 3 times, the carriage door locking device shall be effective.
6.4 Electrical control system
6.4.1 The electrical control system shall be inspected before and after the test, which includes at least inspecting the various electrical control components, circuits and their connections, and safety interlock functions.
6.4.2 Perform the test under permitted normal conditions. The electrical and control system shall satisfy the equipment operation and shall not endanger personnel safety. 6.4.3 For the interlock or false start test, if the pre-order action of the simulated equipment is not ready, then the subsequent action shall not be started. Test automatic door opening and closing interlocking, hydraulic and pneumatic system pressure interlocking, etc., each test is no less than 3 times.
6.4.4 For the test to prevent overspeed, under the operation conditions of the equipment, when simulating the maximum speed is exceeded, test whether the test equipment can alarm and stop automatically; the number of tests is no less than 3. 6.4.5 For the insulation resistance test, measure the resistance between the live circuit of the equipment and the ground, between the phases of the motor, between the primary and secondary windings of the transformer, and between the rail and the conductive rail; the resistance of each test point shall meet the requirements. Each test point is continuously measured for 3 times, and the minimum value is taken as the measured value.
6.4.6 For the grounding resistance test, measure the resistance between the non- charged metal shell and the ground under normal conditions. The resistance of each test point shall meet the requirements. Each test point is continuously measured for 3 times, and the maximum value is taken as the measured value.
6.4.7 Measure the illumination; the measurement shall be no less than 3 times; the measured value shall be no less than the illumination value specified in this Standard. 6.5 Emergency rescue
6.5.1 The emergency rescue inspection shall at least include the effectiveness and timeliness of rescue devices and rescue measures under various foreseeable working conditions in the plan.

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