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GB/T 18164-2020 English PDF (GBT18164-2020)

GB/T 18164-2020 English PDF (GBT18164-2020)

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GB/T 18164-2020: Specifications of amusement rides wonder wheel category

This Standard specifies the general principles, technical requirements, inspection, detection and test requirements, accompanying documents, signs, packaging, transportation and storage of wonder wheel category of amusement rides. This Standard is applicable to wonder wheel category of amusement rides.
GB/T 18164-2020
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
Y 57
Replacing GB/T 18164-2008
Specifications of Amusement Rides Wonder Wheel
Category
ISSUED ON: MARCH 6, 2020
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 6, 2020
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 General Principles ... 8
5 Technical Requirements ... 9
5.1 Basic Requirements ... 9
5.2 Machinery and Structure ... 9
5.3 Riding System ... 13
5.4 Electrical Control System ... 16
5.5 Emergency Rescue ... 18
5.6 Surface Protection ... 19
5.7 Whole Machine ... 19
6 Requirements for Inspection, Detection and Test ... 20
6.1 Basic Requirements ... 20
6.2 Machinery and Structure ... 21
6.3 Riding System ... 22
6.4 Electrical Control System ... 23
6.5 Emergency Rescue ... 25
6.6 Surface Protection ... 25
6.7 Whole Machine ... 25
7 Accompanying Documents, Signs, Packaging, Transportation and Storage
... 26
7.1 Accompanying Documents and Signs ... 26
7.2 Packaging, Transportation and Storage ... 27
Appendix A (informative) Schematic Diagrams of Commonly-seen Types of
Wonder Wheel Category of Amusement Rides ... 28
Appendix B (informative) Examples of Commonly-seen Important Shafts (pin shafts) and Important Welding Seams ... 31
Appendix C (informative) Schematic Diagrams of Maximum Space Height of
Compartment ... 33
Specifications of Amusement Rides Wonder Wheel
Category
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the general principles, technical requirements, inspection, detection and test requirements, accompanying documents, signs, packaging, transportation and storage of wonder wheel category of amusement rides. This Standard is applicable to wonder wheel category of amusement rides. 2 Normative References
The following documents are indispensable to the application of this document. In terms of references with a specified date, only versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In terms of references without a specified date, the latest version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document. GB/T 191 Packaging - Pictorial Marking for Handling of Goods
GB/T 755 Rotating Electrical Machines - Rating and Performance
GB/T 1184-1996 Geometrical Tolerancing - Geometrical Tolerance for Features without Individual Tolerance Indications
GB/T 1804-2000 General Tolerances - Tolerances for Linear and Angular Dimensions without Individual Tolerance Indications
GB 8408 Large-scale Amusement Device Safety Code
GB/T 8923 (all parts) Preparation of Steel Substrates before Application of Paints and Related Products - Visual Assessment of Surface Cleanliness
GB/T 9286-1998 Paints and Varnishes - Cross Cut Test for Films
GB/T 13384 General Specifications for Packing of Mechanical and Electrical Product GB/T 13912 Metallic Coatings - Hot Dip Galvanized Coatings on Fabricated Iron and Steel Articles - Specifications and Test Methods
GB/T 16855.1 Safety of Machinery - Safety-related Parts of Control Systems - Part 1: General Principles for Design
GB/T 20306 Amusement Devices Terminology
3.4 Top Spin Type
Top spin type refers to the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, where the inner side of the supporting frame in the vertical plane is equipped with supporting shafts (half shafts or through shafts), and the supporting shafts are respectively equipped with a rotary arm, and one end of the rotary arm is connected with the cockpit; the cockpit can rotate in the forward and backward directions with the rotary arm, and simultaneously, it can freely swing; when the rotary arm is equipped with a swing joint, the two arms can asynchronously rotate, and the cockpit will move up and down along with it.
NOTE: please refer to Figure A.4.
3.5 Time and Space Shuttle Type
Time and space shuttle type refers to the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, where the upper end of the vertical column is equipped with a supporting shaft, and the supporting shaft is equipped with a rotary arm; one end of the rotary arm is connected with the cockpit; the rotary arm can rotate forward and backward; the cockpit is fixed with the rotary arm, or can swing left and right.
NOTE: please refer to Figure A.5.
3.6 Flying Carpet Type
Flying carpet type refers to the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, where the cockpit is connected with one end of the rotary arm, makes translational movement around the supporting shaft with the rotary arm, and can rotate in the forward and backward directions.
NOTE: the rotary arm is generally two-arm or four-arm, and the corresponding supporting column is two-column or four-column (see Figure A.6).
3.7 Pendulum Loop Type
Pendulum loop type refers to the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, where the upper end of the vertical column is equipped with a supporting shaft, and the two ends of the supporting shaft stretch out and are respectively equipped with a rotary arm; one end of the rotary arm is the cockpit; the cockpit drives the rotary arm to rotate along a fixed ring-shaped inner slide, and can rotate in the forward and backward directions; the cockpit is fixed with the rotary arm, or can rotate around it. NOTE: please refer to Figure A.7.
3.8 Other Type
Other type refers to the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, where the passenger-taking part rotates or swings around the horizontal axis, and has a similar and the foundation should be equipped with a structure that resists transverse shear or corresponding measures.
5.2.3 When calculating the limit wind for the structure of the wonder wheel category of amusement rides, at least take the wind load of the permitted place of use that emerges once in 50 years; the wind direction shall consider the two directions of the vertical wheel surface and the parallel wheel surface. For seaside and typhoon areas, the wind load that emerges once in 100 years should be taken.
5.2.4 When the height of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category is not less than 40 m, the calculation of the live load of the whole mechanism component shall consider the ice-wrapping load in accordance with the design and operating environment. In the operation and maintenance instructions of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the maximum allowable wind speed and ground roughness shall be clearly stated. 5.2.5 When the height of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category is not less than 40 m, installation verification shall be carried out.
5.2.6 The parallel misalignment between the actual shaft axis of the main supporting shaft and its theoretical shaft axis shall be not greater than 1/1,500 of the design value of the distance between the two supporting centers.
5.2.7 When Type-A wonder wheel category is supported by a vertical column structure, the deviation of perpendicularity between the center line of the vertical column and the horizontal plane shall be not greater than 1/1,000 of the design value. 5.2.8 The deviation between the bearing of the wheel supporting shaft or the slewing supporting center on the two vertical columns of Type-A wonder wheel category and its design value shall be not greater than 1/1,000.
5.2.9 In terms of Type-A wonder wheel category, the deviation between the radial and end run-out of the driving ring on the wheel shall be not greater than 1/1,500 of the diameter of the driving ring.
5.2.10 When Type-A wonder wheel category adopts pin gear transmission, the deviation of the radial and end run-out of the pin gear shall not be greater than 1/2,000 of the pitch circle diameter of the pin gear; the gear shall be equipped with an error compensation device.
5.2.11 In terms of Type-C wonder wheel category, the horizontality of the center line of the main shaft of and the perpendicularity between the main shaft and the swinging arm shall be not greater than 1/1,000.
5.2.12 When the wheel spokes of Type-A wonder wheel category adopts part or all of the cable structure, the cables shall be appropriately adjusted. There shall be no obvious slacking phenomena, such as: bending and sagging, etc.; the cables shall not touch each other. Under full load and 15 m/s wind load, cables in the upper semicircle slewing flange and the ground shall be not greater than 1/1,000.
5.2.24 In terms of Type-E and Type-G wonder wheel category, the lateral movement of the cockpit caused by the bearing clearance or the vacancy of the slewing bearing shall be less than 1/1,000 of the slewing radius of the swinging arm.
5.2.25 In terms of Type-D wonder wheel category, the joint of the swinging arm and the cockpit shall be equipped with a compensation function, so as to ensure free movement of the two arms.
5.2.26 In terms of Type-D wonder wheel category, when the connection between the rotary arm and the cockpit arm adopts a ten-byte structure, the integral forged structure should be adopted.
5.2.27 When Type-C, Type-D and Type-E wonder wheel category stops operation or loses power supply, there shall be measures to prevent excessive idle swings of the cockpit; the idle swinging time shall not exceed 5 min.
5.2.28 In terms of Type-F wonder wheel category, the distance from the center line of the upper and lower shaft holes of the swinging arm shall maintain consistent; the linear dimensional deviation shall be not lower than Level-m (medium level) specified in GB/T 1804-2000. The parallelism and perpendicularity of the center line of the upper and lower shaft holes of the swinging arm shall be not lower than Grade-10 accuracy requirements in GB/T 1184-1996.
5.2.29 In terms of Type-F wonder wheel category of amusement rides, the parallelism between the manned platform and the center line of the connecting shaft of the swinging arm shall be not lower than Grade-10 accuracy requirements in GB/T 1184- 1996. The distance between the center lines of the two shafts shall be consistent with the distance between the center lines of the main shaft of corresponding vertical columns. The linear dimensional deviation shall be not lower than Level-m (medium level) specified in GB/T 1804-2000. When four connecting points are used, each pair of connecting shafts at both ends of the platform shall be concentric.
5.2.30 In terms of Type-F wonder wheel category of amusement rides, the supporting shafts (two shafts or four shafts) on the vertical columns shall be on the same horizontal plane; the deviation shall be less than 1/1,000 of the measured value. The parallelism and perpendicularity of the shaft axis of the supporting shaft shall be not lower than Grade-11 accuracy requirements in GB/T 1184-1996. In case of four shafts, the coaxiality of the two half shafts located on the same shaft axis shall be not lower than Grade-10 accuracy requirements in GB/T 1184-1996.
5.2.31 In terms of Type-G wonder wheel category of amusement rides, the radial run- out deviation of the inner ring raceway of the circular ring shall be not greater than 5/1,000 of the diameter of the inner circle; the raceway surface shall be flat, and without obvious unevenness.
from interfering with surrounding obstacles during the operation, or a safety distance of not less than 500 mm shall be left.
5.3.8 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, safety warning signs shall be set up at prominent positions on the compartment, so as to clarify the rated number of passengers and matters needing attention during riding.
5.3.9 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the height of the floor and the blocks of non-enclosed compartments shall be not less than 1,200 mm. The entrance and exit of the compartment shall not be 300 mm higher than the step. 5.3.10 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, when the operating height is not less than 40 m, the compartment shall be equipped with a system for the communication between the compartment and the ground. Enclosed compartment should be equipped with air-conditioning and ventilation holes.
5.3.11 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the inclined angle between the bottom plate in suspension-type compartment and the horizontal plane shall be not greater than 15??. In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the suspension-type compartments shall be equipped with a damping device to reduce the compartments?€? swinging frequency and the swinging angle. For compartments that use a servo gear to maintain the inner bottom plate in a horizontal state, when the servo gear fails, there shall be an automatic release device.
5.3.12 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the inclined angle between the bottom plate in the surrounding-type compartment and the horizontal plane shall be not greater than 2.5??; the mechanism that maintains the bottom plate in the compartment in a horizontal state shall be reliable. For compartments that use a servo gear to maintain the inner bottom plate in a horizontal state, when the servo gear fails, there shall be an automatic release device.
5.3.13 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the compartment suspension shaft bearings shall maintain good lubrication and flexible rotation. 5.3.14 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the compartment bearing structure and the connecting bolts and welding seams shall be convenient for inspection and maintenance.
5.3.15 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, the doors and windows shall have sufficient strength.
5.3.16 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, when the cockpit doors automatically close, there shall be an anti-pitch device. The clamping force shall be not greater than 150 N; the anti-pinch device shall normally work.
5.3.17 In terms of Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category, when the compartments are equipped with electrical devices, the combustion performance level of the and backward rotation or swing control. When automatic control or manual control is adopted, each movement shall be separately controlled.
5.4.11 The sensor protection selected by the safety protection device shall comply with the requirements of 4.4.5 in GB/T 28265-2012.
5.4.12 When the height of the wonder wheel category of amusement rides is greater than 45 m, aeronautical obstacle warning lights shall be installed; the warning lights shall comply with the requirements of MH/T 6012-2015.
5.4.13 In terms of the wonder wheel category of amusement rides that adopts a lifting platform or mobile platform, there shall be reliable measures to prevent platform maloperation during equipment operation, and interlock control shall also be adopted. 5.4.14 In accordance with the requirements of GB 8408, the wonder wheel category of amusement rides with acceleration in Zone 4 and Zone 5 shall be equipped with an interlocking control function that can only be actuated after the safety pressure bar is closed and locked. The maximum locking position of the closed safety pressure bar shall be able to effectively lock the largest number of passengers allowed in the passenger instructions.
5.4.15 The outdoor wonder wheel category of amusement rides with a height of more than 15 m shall be equipped with a lightning protection device. When a lightning rod is used, a down conductor shall be set at the pole tower; if the equipotential ground is adopted, when the transition resistance of the flange is greater than 0.03 ???, a jumper wire shall be set on the flange, and measures shall be taken to prevent lightning surge intrusion. When the height exceeds 60 m, lightning protection devices against lateral lightning strikes shall also be added. The lightning protection device shall comply with the stipulations of GB 50057 and shall be qualified in the acceptance inspection by relevant departments.
5.4.16 The wonder wheel category of amusement rides shall be equipped with a video monitoring system, so as to ensure that the operation of the whole machine is in a monitor state at any time during the operation of the equipment; the monitoring display screen shall be clear and without interference.
5.4.17 When the control and communication of the wonder wheel category of amusement rides adopts wired transmission system, communication lines with a shielded layer shall be used.
5.4.18 The platform floor for passengers?€? getting-on and getting-off and the compartment floor shall be equipped with anti-skid measures. Type-A and Type-B wonder wheel category shall have the function of preventing eccentric load stall. 5.4.19 Type-C wonder wheel category shall be equipped with two sets of independent limit position detection devices, which shall be sensitive and reliable, and be in a redundant state during normal operation.
effectively isolated from the main electrical control system.
5.6 Surface Protection
5.6.1 The metal structure of the amusement rides shall take appropriate surface protection measures, such as: anti-rust paint, hot (dip) galvanizing, or stainless steel materials.
5.6.2 When anti-rust paint is used for the surface protection of the metal structure, before painting, de-rusting treatment shall be conducted to reach Level-Sa2 in GB/T 8923; the components other than the main force-bearing components shall reach Level-Sa2 or Level-St2 (manual rust removal). The paint surface shall be uniform, delicate, bright, complete and consistent in color; there shall be no defects, such as: roughness, missing paint, wrong paint, wrinkles, pinholes and severe sagging. It is recommended that the total thickness of the paint film shall be not less than 80 ??m. The adhesive force of the paint film shall comply with Class-1 quality requirements in GB/T 9286.
5.6.3 When hot (dip) galvanized coating is used for the surface protection of the metal structure, the hot (dip) galvanized coating shall comply with the stipulations of GB/T 13912.
5.7 Whole Machine
5.7.1 The whole machine of the amusement rides shall have a good appearance state and manifest no damages.
5.7.2 In the main technical parameters, the static parameters, such as: height, slewing diameter, number of cockpits, number of passengers in a single cockpit, shall comply with the design requirements; under allowable normal operating conditions, such as: no-load, full-load and eccentric-load, the allowable deviation of the dynamic parameters (rotating speed, one-sided swinging angle, motion amplitude and speed, etc.) and the calculated value of design shall be between -10% ~ 5%.
5.7.3 For equipment with the design acceleration partition in Zone 3, Zone 4 and Zone 5, an acceleration test shall be conducted; the test value shall be not greater than 5% of the design value (including impact coefficient).
5.7.4 The important force-bearing structure of the first newly designed product shall receive a stress test. The main rotary arm of the newly installed Type-C, Type-D, Type- E, Type-F and Type-G wonder wheel category shall receive a stress test. The stress test results shall satisfy the design requirements.
5.7.5 The whole machine operation test shall include no-load, eccentric-load and full- load test. During the operation test, there shall be no abnormal vibration, impact, heat, noise or jamming. After the operation test, the mechanical and structural components shall not have abnormal wear, deformation, shedding, permanent deformation or 6.2.8 Under the operating conditions of no-load, eccentric-lo...

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