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GB/T 18159-2008 English PDF (GBT18159-2008)

GB/T 18159-2008 English PDF (GBT18159-2008)

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GB/T 18159-2008: Specifications of amusement rides coaster category

This Standard specifies the specifications and technical requirements of amusement rides coaster category. This Standard is applicable to the design, manufacture, installation, modification, maintenance, test, inspection, and use management of amusement rides coaster category.
GB/T 18159-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.40
Y 57
Replacing GB 18159-2000
Specifications of amusement rides coaster category
ISSUED ON. NOVEMBER 12, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. MAY 1, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 General ... 6
4 Basic design provisions ... 6
5 Drive system ... 8
6 Electrical and control systems ... 9
7 Track and support column ... 10
8 Vehicle ... 11
9 Safety facilities ... 11
10 Manufacture and installation ... 12
11 Test procedures ... 14
12 Inspection rules ... 16
Appendix A (Normative) Provisions on ?€?wheel train?€? ?€?important components?€? ?€?key welded joints?€? ?€?important shafts?€? ... 18
Foreword
This Standard replaces GB 18159-2000 ?€?Specifications of amusement rides coaster category?€?. Compared with GB 18159-2000, the main changes of this Standard are.
- Chapter 1 ?€?Scope?€?
SPECIFY the design, manufacture, installation, modification, maintenance, test, inspection, and use management of coasters.
- ADD the following contents.
Chapter 7 ?€?Track and support column?€?;
Chapter 8 ?€?Vehicle?€?;
Chapter 9 ?€?Safety facilities?€?;
Chapter 10 ?€?Manufacture and installation?€?;
Appendix A.
- CHANGE the previous ?€?Technical requirements?€? to Chapter 4 ?€?Basic design provisions?€?;
ADD various loads to be considered in the design;
ADD design calculations. including stress, stiffness calculation, fatigue strength, etc.
- Chapter 11 ?€?Test procedures?€?.
ADD acceleration test requirements.
- ADJUST the previous ?€?non-destructive testing?€? content. When the vehicle speed is not less than 50 km/h, instead of no less than 70% radiographic testing being carried out on the butt weld of track, 100% ultrasonic testing shall be carried out on the butt weld and if necessary, radiographic testing shall be carried out. Also, ADD testing requirements for bridge frame, wheel frame, vehicle connector, and other welded structures.
Appendix A of this Standard is normative.
This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Standardization of Ropeway, Amusement Ride and
Recreation Facilities.
Specifications of amusement rides coaster category
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the specifications and technical requirements of amusement rides coaster category.
This Standard is applicable to the design, manufacture, installation,
modification, maintenance, test, inspection, and use management of
amusement rides coaster category.
2 Normative references
The clauses in the following documents, through reference in this Standard, constitute the clauses of this Standard. For the dated references, all their subsequent amendments (excluding errata content) or revisions do not apply to this Standard. However, parties who have reached agreement according to this Standard are encouraged to study whether the latest versions of these documents can be used. For the undated references, the latest version is applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 1032 Test procedures for three-phase induction motors
GB/T 1447 Fiber-reinforced plastics composites - Determination of tensile properties
GB/T 1449 Fiber-reinforced Plastic Composites - Determination of Flexural Properties
GB/T 1451 Fiber-reinforced plastics composites - Determination of Charpy impact properties
GB/T 3805-2008 Extra-low voltage (ELV) - Limit values
GB/T 4025 Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification - Coding principles for indicators and actuators
GB 4706.1-2005 Household and Similar Electrical Appliances - Safety - Part 1. General Requirements (IEC 60335-1.2001, IDT)
GB 5226.1 Electrical Safety of Machinery - Electrical Equipment of Machines - Part 1. General Requirements
GB 8408-2008 Amusement device safety code
GB/T 15706 (all parts) Safety of machinery - Basic concepts general
principles for design
GB 16754 Safety of machinery - Emergency stop - Principles for design
GB/T 16855.1 Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1. General principles for design
GB 19212.1 Safety of power transformers power supplies reactors and
similar products - Part 1. General requirements and tests (GB 19212.1-2008, IEC 61558-1.2005, IDT)
GB/T 20438 (all parts) Functional safety of
electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems
GB 50005 Standard for design of timber structures
GB 50017-2003 Code for design of steel structures
GB 50065 Code for Earthing Design of AC Electrical Installations
GB 50231 General code for construction and acceptance of mechanical
equipment installation engineering
3 General
3.1 Amusement rides coaster category refers to amusement rides which glide along a rigid track, have an inertial glide feature, and have a similar form of movement (including amusement equipment which runs along a fixed track in water).
3.2 The design, manufacture, installation, modification, maintenance, test, inspection, and use management of amusement rides coaster category shall comply with the relevant provisions of this Standard and GB 8408-2008.
3.3 The design, manufacture, installation, and use of amusement rides coaster category shall ensure personal safety.
3.4 Other requirements not mentioned in this Standard shall be implemented according to relevant national standards, codes, and regulations.
4 Basic design provisions
5.1 The design of drive system shall ensure the safety of operation. In the event of a failure of this system, the vehicle shall be in a safe state. Amusement rides coaster category, when starting, shall not obviously skid; and the drive mechanism shall operate normally.
5.2 Mechanical drive part shall meet the requirements of 5.3.2, 5.3.3, 5.3.4, 5.3.5, 5.3.6, 5.3.7 in GB 8408-2008.
5.3 When using gear and rack drives, it shall comply with the relevant standards for gear and rack; and shall comply with the requirements of 5.3.3 of GB 8408- 2008. Contact spot requirements and measurement methods for gear meshing shall be in accordance with GB 50231.
5.4 When using belt drive, the assembly requirements shall meet the
requirements in GB 50231. The belt shall be tensioned moderately; and there shall be no obvious deviation phenomenon. The guiding device shall be flexible and reliable.
5.5 When adopting steel wire rope and chain drives, it shall be tensioned moderately; and it shall meet the requirements of 5.3.8 in GB 8408-2008. When using steel wire rope for lifting, there shall be a device for preventing the wire rope over-winding and loosening. The allowable value of wear of the steel wire rope shall comply with the provisions of 9.4 of GB 8408-2008.
5.6 Hydraulic and pneumatic systems shall comply with the provisions of 5.4 of GB 8408-2008.
6 Electrical and control systems
6.1 The electrical system shall comply with the provisions of 6.1 of GB 8408- 2008 and the provisions of GB 5226.1.
6.2 The control system shall comply with the provisions of 6.2 of GB 8408-2008 and the provisions of GB/T 16855.1. The control system which uses
electrical/electronic/programmable devices shall meet GB/T 20438 (all parts). 6.3 The control of speed limiting device and stop block shall comply with the requirements of 6.3.1 and 6.3.2 in GB 8408-2008.
6.4 Safety protection shall comply with the provisions of 6.4 of GB 8408-2008, in which the design of emergency stop, and braking devices shall be in
accordance with the provisions of GB 16754.
6.5 Electrical installation shall comply with the provisions of 6.5 of GB 8408- 2008.
analysis and safety assessment. The content and scope of the safety
assessment shall comply with the requirements of 7.1.2 of GB 8408-2008. Where the safety of passengers is endangered, there shall be appropriate safety measures.
9.2 The setting of safety marking shall comply with the provisions of 7.1.6 in GB 8408-2008.
9.3 Coasters, which use steel wire rope for driving (or steering), shall comply with the requirements of 7.2.3 in GB 8408-2008.
9.4 The vehicle connectors shall be reasonable in structure, flexible in rotation, and be equipped with safety devices.
9.5 When there are two or more groups of bicycles or trains running on the same track, automatic control devices and buffer devices shall be provided to prevent mutual collision.
9.6 Coasters, which are towed along a slope or in a vertical direction, shall be provided with anti-vehicle retrograde devices in the lift section. The anti- retrograde device shall be reliable in operation. In the area where the vehicle may unexpectedly stop or used for maintenance along the track, there shall be a safe walkway or passenger diversion measures. The passenger diversion measures shall meet the requirements for safe diversion of passengers at any position in the lift section.
9.7 In the lift section, when the power supply is suddenly cut off or the equipment stops due to a malfunction, after the power supply is restored, the coaster shall be able to resume normal operation, to ensure the safety of the equipment and personnel.
9.8 The safety restraint devices for passengers shall comply with the provisions of 7.6 of GB 8408-2008.
9.9 The braking device shall comply with the provisions of 7.7 of GB 8408-2008. 9.10 When the height of the coaster?€?s track from the ground is greater than 15 m, lightning protection devices shall be provided. The grounding resistance shall not exceed 30 ??.
10 Manufacture and installation
10.1 General provisions shall comply with the provisions of 8.1 of GB 8408- 2008.
radiographic testing methods and quality assessment shall comply with the provisions of 8.13.5 of GB 8408-2008.
10.12 In accordance with the needs of the site, necessary rescue facilities shall be provided and shall comply with the provisions of 9.2.2 of GB 8408-2008. 10.13 The setting of safety fences, platforms, ladders, and consoles shall comply with the provisions of 7.8 of GB 8408-2008.
11 Test procedures
11.1 Any new products, products of plant-transfer manufacture, and products with major improvements, before leaving the factory, shall be subjected to relevant tests according to this Standard.
11.2 Test conditions
11.2.1 During the open-air test, the wind speed shall not exceed 8 m/s. 11.2.2 The ambient temperature during the test is generally between
0 ??C~40 ??C. The environment relative humidity is not more than 85%.
11.2.3 The error between the test load and the rated load shall not exceed ??5%. 11.3 Test instruments
11.3.1 According to test requirements, SELECT test instruments and measuring tools with corresponding accuracy.
11.3.2 The instruments and measuring tools used for the tests shall be certified by the department of legal metrology and checked before and after the tests. 11.4 The safety device test shall meet the requirements of this Standard. 11.5 The test of fiber reinforced plastics shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 1447, GB/T 1449, and GB/T 1451.
11.6 No-load test
11.6.1 PERFORM manual and automatic tests respectively, more than 5 times each.
11.6.2 According to the actual working conditions, continuously RUN the test for 8 h.
11.7 Full-load test

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