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GB/T 17626.3-2016 English PDF (GBT17626.3-2016)

GB/T 17626.3-2016 English PDF (GBT17626.3-2016)

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GB/T 17626.3-2016: Electromagnetic compatibility -- Testing and measurement techniques -- Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test

GB/T 17626.3-2016
Electromagnetic compatibility - Testing and measurement techniques - Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test ICS 33.100.20
L06
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replacing GB/T 17626.3-2006
Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques
Test RFEMS
Published 2016-12-13
2017-07-01 implementation
Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People's Republic of China Standardization Administration of China issued
Table of Contents
Preface Ⅰ
1 Scope 1
2 Normative References 1
Terms and definitions 1 3
4 Overview 4
5 Test Level 4
5.1 General Test Level 5
5.2 Test Protection Level (device) digital wireless phone RF radiation resistance and other radio frequency transmission device 5 5 6 Test Equipment
6.1 Description of the test facility 6
6.2 Calibration field 6
7 Test arrangement 9
7.1 desktop device 10 disposed
7.2 arrangement floor apparatus 10
7.3 wiring 10
7.4 person carrying device 10 is arranged
8 Test procedure 10
8.1 laboratory confirmation of the relevant conditions 11
Test Example 11 8.2
12 9 Evaluation of test results
10 12 Test Report
Modulation scheme selection principle of the test Annex A (normative) Protection (device) digital wireless phone RF radiation resistance of 19 Annex B (normative) field transmitting antenna 23
Application of Annex C (informative) anechoic chamber 24
Example Annex D (informative) and a nonlinear amplifier calibration method 26 6.2 Annex E (informative) product standardization committee of professional grade test Selection Guide 30 Selecting test method (informative) Appendix F 32
Annex G (normative) Environment Description 33
Annex H (normative) an alternative frequency irradiation method ( "separate window method") is higher than 37 at 1GHz The calibration method Annex I (informative) electric field probe 40
Measurement Appendix J (informative) induced by the test instrument 53 Uncertainty Foreword
GB/T 17626 "electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques" now includes the following components. --- GB/T 17626.1-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques Overview of immunity tests; --- GB/T 17626.2-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques electrostatic discharge immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.4-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques Electrical fast transient burst immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.5-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques surge (impact) immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.6-2008 electromagnetic compatibility test technology and radio frequency fields induced conduction measurement harassment immunity; --- GB/T 17626.7-2008 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power supply systems and equipment connected thereto harmonics, harmonic wave between the measurements and instrumentation guidance; --- GB/T 17626.8-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques immunity test frequency magnetic field; --- GB/T 17626.9-2011 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques pulsed magnetic field immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.10-1998 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques Damped oscillatory magnetic field immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.11-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility Testing and measurement techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.12-2013 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques ring wave immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.13-2006 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques harmonics AC power port, immunity test interharmonics low power signal; --- GB/T 17626.14-2005 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques Voltage fluctuation immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.15-2011 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques scintillation Functional and design specifications; --- GB/T 17626.16-2007 Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques 0Hz ~ 150kHz common mode immunity test conducted disturbances; --- GB/T 17626.17-2005 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques ripple DC power input port immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.20-2014 EMC testing and measurement techniques in transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguide emission and immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.21-2014 electromagnetic compatibility test wave mixing technique and laboratory test method for measuring; --- GB/T 17626.24-2012 electromagnetic compatibility test and test methods HEMP conducted disturbance protection technology measuring device; --- GB/T 17626.27-2006 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques - Unbalance immunity test; --- GB/T 17626.28-2006 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power frequency variations immunity tests; --- GB/T 17626.29-2006 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques DC power input port voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests; --- GB/T 17626.30-2012 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power quality measuring method; --- GB/T 17626.34-2012 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques each phase current is greater than the primary power supply apparatus 16A of the voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests. This is Part 3 GB/T 17626's.
This section drafted in accordance with the rules GB/T 1.1-2009 given.
This partial replacement GB/T 17626.3-2006 "electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques RFEMS test." Compared with GB/T 17626.3-2006, the main technical changes as follows. --- terms and definitions Chapter 4, delete the original 4.14 4.15 stripline and stray radiation; Chapter 5 --- combined original table 1 Table 1 and Table 2 with the conventional use of the device, a digital wireless telephone, and other radio frequency transmission means associated Test levels;
5.2 --- Protection (device) digital wireless phone RF radiation resistance and other radio frequency transmission frequency range of the test apparatus by a 2GHz Extended to 6GHz;
--- Chapter 6 revise the requirements for the power amplifier;
6.2 --- field calibration added to complete the irradiation, the irradiation portion and the application requirements separate window of a uniform field; --- 6.2.1 Calibration constant field strength increases the step j), to confirm that the test system; --- 6.2.2 Calibration constant power increase step m), confirmed that the test system; --- Appendix B field antennas transmit a circularly polarized antenna is deleted; --- deleted the original Appendix D TEM cell and stripline test method; --- the original G and Appendix I to Appendix G.3 increase table;
--- changed the original Appendix H Appendix F;
Appendices Appendix J to the original --- H;
--- changed the original Appendix K Appendix D;
--- Appendix F and Appendix G of the original consolidated in Appendix E; --- increasing the calibration of field probes in Appendix I;
--- increased measurement uncertainty caused by Appendix J test equipment. This section uses the translation method is equivalent to using IEC 61000-4-3.2010 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-3. Testing and measurement techniques RFEMS test. "
Consistency correspondence relationship with international documents in this section of our normative references the following documents. --- GB/T 4365-2003 term Electrotechnical EMC [IEC 60050 (161).1990, IDT]; --- GB/T 17626.6-2008 electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement techniques induced by radiofrequency fields conducted disturbances Degree (IEC 61000-4-6.2006, IDT).
This section presents the electromagnetic compatibility and administered by the National Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC246). This section was drafted. Shanghai Electric Apparatus Research Institute, Shanghai Institute of Measurement and Testing Technology, Shanghai Institute of Industrial Automation Instrumentation, Beijing Medical Device Testing, East Shuo Inspection Technologies (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Shanghai-based Electronic Industrial Co., Ltd.. The main drafters of this section. Zheng Junqi, Liu Yuan, Gong Zeng, Wang Ying, Meng Zhiping, drizzly, Yuan Mingcong, Ye Qiongyu, Xia Jian Shou, Qian Feng. This section replaces the following previously issued as follows.
--- GB/T 17626.3-1992, GB/T 17626.3-1998, GB/T 17626.3-2006.
Electromagnetic compatibility testing and measurement techniques
Test RFEMS
1 Scope
GB/T 17626 of this section is for electrical, electronic equipment electromagnetic radiation immunity requirements, the test level and a predetermined necessary Test procedures.
The object of this is to establish electrical and electronic equipment by radio frequency immunity based on the assessment when electromagnetic radiation. Given in this section The test method describes the evaluation method of compliance immunity against the certain device or system environment. Note 1. The/the GB Z18509, the present section is relevant for EMC publication Standardization Technical Committee of use. While GB /Z18509 Provided that the relevant professional Standardization Technical Committee is responsible for determining whether this immunity test standard applicable, if applicable, they are responsible for determining the appropriate test Test grade and performance criteria. EMC National Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC246) and its branch-related professional Standardization Technical Committee Cooperation in order to assess their test levels and performance criteria specific immunity tests of the product. This section applies to prevent radio frequency electromagnetic fields immunity test all emission sources. Special attention to prevent RF radiation digital wireless telephone and other radio frequency transmission means. Note 2. This section specifies the test method of impact assessment of the degree by the EUT to electromagnetic radiation conditions. Electromagnetic radiation measurement and simulation quantitatethis The degree of influence is not accurate enough. Test methods defined aim is to establish a qualitative analysis can get good repeatability of measurements of the various EUT The method of the amount of results.
This section is an independent test method. Other alternative test methods can not be used to claim that compliance with this section. 2 Normative references
The following documents for the application of this document is essential. For dated references, only applies to the version dated paper Pieces. For undated references, the latest edition (including any amendments) applies to this document. IEC 60050 (161) International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) Chapter 161. Electromagnetic compatibility [InternationalElectrotechnicalVo- cabulary (IEV) -Chapter161. Electromagneticcompatibility]
IEC 61000-4-6 EMC - Part 4-6 Test and measurement techniques - conducted interference immunity induced by radiofrequency fields [elec- tromagneticcompatibilitity (EMC) -Part 4-6. Testingandmeasurementtechniques-Immunityto conducteddisturbances, inducedbyradio-frequencyfields]
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
AM amplitudemodulation
Carrier amplitude according to a procedure given law of variation.
3.2
Anechoic chamber anechoicchamber
Installation absorbing material to reduce reflection of the inner surface of the radio wave shielding room. 3.2.1.
Fully anechoic chamber fulyanechoicchamber
All mounting inner surface of the shield absorbing material chamber.
3.2.2.
Semi-anechoic chamber semi-anechoicchamber
In addition to ground-mounted reflector ground plane, the other inner surface of the chamber are mounted absorbing shielding material. 3.2.3
Adjustable semi-anechoic chamber modifiedsemi-anechoicchamber
Semi-anechoic chamber additional absorbing material on the ground of the ground plane reflector. 3.3
Aerial antenna
A signal source transmitting RF power to a space or a space intercept electromagnetic field into an electric signal converter. 3.4
Ping Heng - balun balun
It means for the unbalanced voltage and the Ping Heng voltage conversion. [IEC 60050 (161)]
3.5
Continuous wave (CW) continuouswaves (CW)
Under steady state conditions, a continuous wave oscillation same, may be interrupted or modulated to transmit information. 3.6
Wave electromagnetic (EM) wave
Radiant energy generated by the charge oscillations, characterized in that the oscillating electromagnetic field. 3.7
Far-field farfield
The power flux density emitted by the antenna is approximately the square of the distance as a field inverse relationship. For dipole antennas, the distance field corresponding to greater than λ/2π is, [lambda] is the wavelength of the radiation. 3.8
Field fieldstrength
I.e., the strong electric field strength, electric charge is placed at a point 'Static electricity and its ratio of the amount of charge that represents the intensity of electric field And the direction of physical quantities.
"Field" term only applies to far field measurements. The electric field component may be measured or a magnetic field component, available V/m, A/m or W/m2 Table Room shown, the unit can be converted to each other.
Near field measurements, the term "electric field strength" or "magnetic field strength" depends on whether the component measuring electric or magnetic field, respectively. Near Field Relationship, the electric field and magnetic field strength and distance are complex and difficult to predict, it relates to a field in a particular arrangement. Therefore, generally do not Possible to determine the component of the composite field varying in time and spatial phases, the power flux density is also uncertain. 3.9
Band frequencyband
Frequency continuum extending between the two frequencies is defined.
3.10
Ec
Strong calibration handy.
3.11
Et
Test carrier field strength.
3.12
Fully illuminated fulilumination
EUT testing surface is completely the UFA (uniform field, see test methods covered by 3.27). This test method is applicable to all test frequencies.
3.13
The person carrying the device humanbody-mountedequipment
Equipment for personal or close subsidiaries carry.
Including running a handheld device (e.g., portable equipment) and the auxiliary electronic devices and implantable devices carried by people. 3.14
Independent window method independentwindowsmethod
Test Method for testing surface when the EUT is not completely covered UFA used (use of UFA 0.5m × 0.5m). This test method is applicable to test frequencies above 1GHz.
3.15
Induction field inducedfield
Electric and/or magnetic field energy present in the main region a distance d < λ/2π is, [lambda] is the wavelength, the size should be much smaller than the field source d. 3.16
Radio frequency transmission means intentional intentionalRFemittingdevice Intentionally transmitting device an electromagnetic field (propagation) is carried out. Includes, for example digital mobile phones and other wireless devices. 3.17
Isotropic isotropic
It has the same characteristic value in various directions.
3.18
RMS maximum maximumRMSvalue
In a modulation period, the modulated RF signal short-term maximum RMS. Short-term RMS is calculated in a cycle carrier of. For example, FIG. IB), a maximum RMS voltage of.
VmaximumRMS = Vp-p/(2 × 2) = 1.8V (1)
3.19
Non-constant envelope modulation non-constantenvelopemodulation
With respect to the constant amplitude modulation signal of constant envelope modulation, the modulation process, if the mutation phase (180 °), after treatment with a restriction guide Induced non-constant envelope, the signal processing at this time is the non-constant envelope modulation. RF modulation scheme, selected in time, the amplitude of a carrier of a slow periodic variation with respect to its RF modulation scheme. For example, including conventional Amplitude modulation and time division multiple access modulator.
3.20
Pc
Generating forward power required calibration field strength.
3.21
Irradiated portion partialilumination
Test Method for testing the EUT is not completely covered the surface of the UFA (minimum size of 1.5m × 1.5m UFA). This test method is applicable to all test frequencies.
3.22
Polarization polarization
The direction of the electric field vector of the radiation field.
3.23
Shielded room shieldedenclosure
Designed for internal and external isolation electromagnetic environments gridded metal or a whole house. Its purpose is to prevent electromagnetic interference indoor outdoor electromagnetic environment Characteristics, and to avoid electromagnetic emission interference indoor outdoor activities. 3.24
Scanning sweep
Continuous or stepwise sweeping range of frequencies.
3.25
Time Division Multiple Access TDMA (timedivisionmultipleaccess)
Doubling time division modulation circuit complex modulation scheme, a communication channel set several within a same carrier frequency allocation. Each channel Is assigned to a certain period of time, within the time period, if the channel is active, then the signal is transmitted as an RF pulse, whereas if the channel Is not active, the pulse is not transmitted, so it is not constant carrier envelope. The pulse amplitude fixed value, RF carrier frequency is Or phase modulation.
3.26
Transceiver transceiver
A housing shared radio transmitting and receiving equipment combinations. 3.27
Uniform field uniformfieldarea; UFA
Field calibration imaginary vertical plane, in this plane is sufficiently small field strength variations. The purpose is to ensure the effectiveness of field calibration test results. See 6.2. 4 Overview
Most electronic devices are affected by electromagnetic radiation in some cases. Small operations such as maintenance and security personnel use Handheld radio transceiver, fixed radio, television transmitters, radio transmitters and various industrial vehicle electromagnetic source, such General purpose transmitting such radiation sources are frequently generated. In recent years, the use of wireless phones and other radio frequency transmission means significantly increased, which uses frequencies between 0.8GHz ~ 6GHz. its There are many devices use a non-constant envelope modulation techniques (e.g., TDMA), see 5.2. In addition to the intentionally produced electromagnetic energy, there are some devices producing radiation, such as welding, thyristor devices, fluorescent lamps, inductive load Switching operation. This interference performance for conducted interference in most cases, conducted interference in other IEC 61000-4 series of standards Section involved. A method for preventing the influence of electromagnetic fields will often reduce the impact of such interference sources. Electromagnetic field strength in the environment depending on the environment. Because of the surrounding buildings and near other devices causes reflection of electromagnetic waves And/or distortion, if there is no advanced equipment, the field strength is difficult to measure, it is difficult to classical formulas or equations to calculate. 5 test levels
The test levels are listed in Table 1.
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