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GB/T 17626.2-2018 English PDF (GBT17626.2-2018)

GB/T 17626.2-2018 English PDF (GBT17626.2-2018)

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GB/T 17626.2-2018: Electromagnetic compatibility -- Testing and measurement techniques -- Electrostatic discharge immunity test

GB/T 17626.2-2018
Electromagnetic compatibility--Testing and measurement techniques--Electrostatic discharge immunity test ICS 33.100.20
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Replace GB/T 17626.2-2006
Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology
Electrostatic discharge immunity test
[IEC 61000-4-2.2008, Electromagneticcompatibility(EMC)-Part 4-2.
2018-06-07 released.2019-01-01 implementation
State market supervision and administration
China National Standardization Administration issued
Foreword I
1 range 1
2 Normative references 1
3 Terms and Definitions 1
4 Overview 3
5 Test level 3
6 test generator 4
6.1 Overview 4
6.2 Characteristics of Electrostatic Discharge Generators 5
6.3 Verification of ESD Arrangement 7
7 test arrangement 8
7.1 Test equipment 8
7.2 Arrangement of laboratory tests 8
7.3 Arrangement for post-installation test 12
8 Test procedure 14
8.1 Laboratory Reference Conditions 14
8.2 Assessment of the equipment under test 14
8.3 Implementation of the test 14
9 Evaluation of test results 16
10 Test report 17
Appendix A (informative) Description 18
Appendix B (Normative) Calibration and discharge current measurement for current measurement systems 22 Appendix C (informative) Example of a calibration target that meets the requirements of Annex B 27 Appendix D (informative) Radiation field generated by human metal discharge and electrostatic discharge generators 32 Appendix E (informative) Measurement uncertainty (MU) considerations 40 Appendix F (informative) Changes in test results and adjustment strategies 46 Reference 47
GB/T 17626 "Electromagnetic Compatibility Test and Measurement Technology" currently includes the following parts. ---GB/T 17626.1-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.3-2016 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology RF electromagnetic field radiation immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.4-2018 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Electrical fast transient burst immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.5-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology surge (impact) immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.6-2017 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Conducted disturbance immunity of RF field induction; ---GB/T 17626.7-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Power supply system and connected equipment Harmonic, interharmonic wave measurement and Guide to measuring instruments;
---GB/T 17626.8-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power frequency magnetic field immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.9-2011 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology pulse magnetic field immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.10-2017 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology damping magnetic field immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.11-2008 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Immunity of voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage changes test;
---GB/T 17626.12-2013 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology ringing wave immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.13-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology AC power port harmonics, interharmonics and grid signals Low frequency immunity test;
---GB/T 17626.14-2005 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology voltage fluctuation immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.15-2011 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology scintillator function and design specifications; ---GB/T 17626.16-2007 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology 0Hz~150kHz common mode conducted disturbance immunity test;
---GB/T 17626.17-2005 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology DC power input port ripple immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.18-2016 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology damping oscillatory wave immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.20-2014 Electromagnetic Compatibility Test and Measurement Technology Emission and Immunity in Transverse Electromagnetic Wave (TEM) Waveguides Degree test
---GB/T 17626.21-2014 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology mixing chamber test method; ---GB/T 17626.22-2017 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Radiation emission and immunity in full anechoic chamber measuring;
---GB/T 17626.24-2012 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology Test of HEMP conducted disturbance protection device method;
---GB/T 17626.27-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology three-phase voltage unbalance immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.28-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power frequency change immunity test; ---GB/T 17626.29-2006 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology DC power input port voltage dip, short interruption and Immunity test for voltage changes;
---GB/T 17626.30-2012 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology power quality measurement method; ---GB/T 17626.34-2012 Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology for main power supply per phase current greater than 16A Voltage dip, short interruption and voltage variation immunity test.
This part is the second part of GB/T 17626.
This part is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This part replaces GB/T 17626.2-2006 "Electromagnetic Compatibility Test and Measurement Technology Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test". Compared with GB/T 17626.2-2006, the main technical changes are as follows. --- Increased calibration procedures and measurement uncertainty in the range; --- Added terminology. calibration, compliance testing, rise time, verification; --- Chapter 5 test level description was modified;
--- Added charging switch to the test generator;
--- Modified the schematic diagram of the electrostatic discharge generator; --- Increased the characteristics of the electrostatic discharge generator (see 6.2); --- Added verification of ESD placement (see 6.3);
--- Added A.8 (see Appendix A);
--- Revised Appendix B for calibration and discharge current measurement of current measurement systems; --- Added Appendix C to meet the requirements of Appendix B for current targets; --- Added Appendix D, the human metal discharge and the radiation field generated by the electrostatic discharge generator; --- Added Appendix E, Measurement Uncertainty (MU) considerations;
--- Added Appendix F, changes in test results and adjustment strategies. This section uses the translation method equivalent to IEC 61000-4-2.2008 "Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-2. Test and measurement techniques Electrostatic discharge immunity test.
The documents of our country that have a consistent correspondence with the international documents referenced in this part are as follows. --- GB/T 2421-2008 Environmental testing of electrical and electronic products - Part 1. General (IEC 60068-1.1988, IDT). This section has made the following editorial changes.
--- In line with the existing standard series, this part of the name was changed to "electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology electrostatic discharge immunity test".
This part is proposed and managed by the National Electromagnetic Compatibility Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC246). This section drafted by. Shanghai Industrial Automation Instrumentation Research Institute Co., Ltd., Shanghai Institute of Metrology and Testing Technology, Shanghai Electric Appliances Division Institute of Research, Beijing Oriental Metrology and Testing Institute, Army Engineering University, Shanghai Instrumentation Automation System Inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. The main drafters of this section. Wang Ying, Yu Lei, Gong Zeng, Song Jiangwei, Ji Qizheng, Liu Zhihong, Hu Xiaofeng, Yuan Qingyun, Zhang Yixiang, Weng Haifeng, Yang Wei.
The release of previous versions of the standard replaced by this section is. ---GB/T 17626.2-2006.
Electromagnetic compatibility test and measurement technology
Electrostatic discharge immunity test
1 Scope
This part of GB/T 17626 stipulates that electrical and electronic equipment is subject to static electricity directly from the operator and its operators to adjacent objects. The immunity requirements and test methods for discharge also specify the range of test levels and test procedures for different environments and installation conditions. The purpose of this section is to establish a common and reproducible benchmark to evaluate the performance of electrical and electronic equipment subjected to electrostatic discharge. In addition, it includes electrostatic discharges that can occur from the human body to objects that are close to critical equipment. The provisions of this section include.
--- Typical waveform of discharge current;
---The scope of the test level;
---Test equipment;
---Test configuration;
---Test procedure;
--- Calibration procedure;
--- Measurement uncertainty.
This section sets forth technical requirements for the “laboratory” test and the “test after the installation of the equipment”. This section does not regulate the testing of special equipment and systems. Its main purpose is to provide recommendations for all relevant professional standardization technical committees. For a general basic principle. The relevant professional standardization technical committee (or the user and manufacturer of the equipment) is responsible for selecting the test and determining The severity of the test conditions.
In order not to interfere with the tasks of coordination and standardization, it is highly recommended that the relevant professional standardization technical committee or users and manufacturers consider In the future work or the revision of the original standard) the relevant immunity test specified in this section is used. 2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only dated versions apply to this article. Pieces. For undated references, the latest edition (including all amendments) applies to this document. GB/T 4365-2003 Electrotechnical terminology electromagnetic compatibility [IEC 60050 (161)..1990, IDT] IEC 60068-1 Environmental Test Part 1. General and Guidelines (Environmentaltesting-Part 1. General Guidance)
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions as defined in GB/T 4365-2003 apply to this document. For ease of use, the following is repeated Some terms and definitions in GB/T 4365-2003.
Air discharge method airdischargemethod
A test method in which the charging electrode of the test generator is placed close to the device under test until it contacts the device under test. 3.2
Antistatic material antistaticmaterial
A material that produces a minimum amount of charge when rubbed or separated from the same material or other similar materials. 3.3
Calibration calibration
A set of operations that establish a relationship between the labeled value and the measured result by reference standard under the specified conditions with reference to the standard. Note 1. This term is used in the “uncertainty” method.
Note 2. In principle, the relationship between the marked value and the measured result can be represented by a calibration chart. [GB/T 2900.77-2008, definition 311-01-09]
Compliance test conformancetest
Test a representative sample to verify that the design and manufacturing equipment meets the requirements of this standard. 3.5
Contact discharge method contactdischargemethod
A test method in which the electrodes of the test generator remain in contact with the device under test and are energized by a discharge switch within the generator. 3.6
Coupling board couplingplane
A piece of metal or metal plate that is discharged to simulate electrostatic discharge to objects in the vicinity of the device under test. The HCP is a horizontal coupling plate; the VCP is a vertical coupling plate. 3.7
(performance) degradation (ofperformance)
Undesirable deviations in performance and normal performance of devices, equipment, and systems. Note. The term "lowering" can be used for temporary or permanent failure. [GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-01-19]
Direct discharge directapplication
Discharge directly to the device under test.
Electromagnetic compatibility electromagneticcompatibility; EMC
A device or system that works properly in its electromagnetic environment and does not constitute an unacceptable electromagnetic disturbance to anything in the environment. ability.
[GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-01-07]
Electrostatic discharge
Charge transfer caused by objects with different electrostatic potentials being close to each other or in direct contact. [GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-01-22]
Energy storage capacitor energystoragecapacitor
A capacitor in an electrostatic discharge generator that is used to represent the capacitance of a human body when it is charged to a test voltage value. Note. It can be a discrete component or a distributed capacitor.
EUT equipmentundertest
Test equipment.
Ground reference plane groundreferenceplane; GRP
A conductive plane whose potential is used as a common reference potential. [GB/T 4365-2003, definition 151-04-36]
Hold time holdingtime
Prior to discharge, the test voltage drops by no more than 10% of the time interval due to leakage. 3.15
Immunity (toadisturbance)
The ability of a device, device, or system to experience electromagnetic disturbances without degrading operational performance. [GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-01-20]
Indirect discharge
Discharge the coupling plate near the device under test to simulate the discharge of personnel from objects near the device under test. 3.17
Rise time risetime
The time it takes for the pulse instantaneous value to rise from 10% of the pulse amplitude to 90% for the first time. [GB/T 4365-2003, definition 161-02-05]
Verification verification
Used to inspect test equipment systems (eg, test generators and interconnecting cables) to demonstrate a complete set of operations for the test system to function properly. Note 1. The method of verification may be different from the calibration method. Note 2. For the purposes of this basic EMC standard, this definition differs from the definition given in IEV311-01-13. 4 Overview
This section deals with devices, systems, subsystems, and external devices that are in an electrostatic discharge environment and under installation conditions, such as low phase. For humidity, use low conductivity (rayon) carpets, vinyl garments, etc., which exist in the same standards as electrical and electronic equipment. In the classification regulations (see Appendix A, A.1 for details).
Note. From a technical point of view, the exact English term for these phenomena is “staticelectricitydischarge” (electrostatic discharge), but in the technical field and technology The English term "electrostaticdischarge" (electrostatic discharge) is widely used in the literature, so it is decided in the English terminology section of this section. The term "electrostaticdischarge" is reserved.
5 test level
Table 1 gives the preferred range of test levels for the ESD test.
Contact discharge is the preferred test method, and air discharge is used where contact discharge cannot be used. Table 1 gives each The voltage of a test method. Because of the different test methods, the voltage of each method is different, which does not indicate the severity of the two test methods. the same.
See Appendix A, A.2, for details on various parameters that may affect the human-charged voltage level. Appendix A, A.4 also Includes examples of test levels related to environmental installation levels. For air discharge tests, the test shall be carried out step by step according to the test level specified in Table 1 until the specified test level is reached. For pick up The discharge test shall be carried out in accordance with the specified test level unless otherwise specified by the product committee. More detailed information is provided in A.3, A.4 and A.5 of Appendix A. Table 1 Test level
Contact discharge air discharge
Test voltage
Test voltage
×a specific × a specific
a "X" can be any level above, below or between other levels. This grade shall be specified in the specification of the special equipment, if specified For the voltage in the table, special test equipment may be required.
6 test generator
6.1 Overview
The main parts of the test generator include.
---Charging resistor Rc;
--- Energy storage capacitor Cs;
---Distributed capacitance Cd;
---Discharge resistor Rd;
---Voltage indicator;
---Discharge switch;
---Charging switch;
--- Replaceable discharge electrode tip (see Figure 3);
---Discharge loop cable;
---Power supply unit.
Fig. 1 shows a schematic view of an electrostatic discharge generator, and a detailed structural diagram is not provided. Note 1. Cd in the figure is the distributed capacitance existing between the generator and the surrounding. Note 2. The typical value of Cd Cs is 150pF.
Note 3. The typical value of Rd is 330Ω.
Figure 1 Electrostatic discharge generator diagram
When evaluated in accordance with Appendix B procedures, the generator shall meet the requirements given in 6.2. So whether it is the schematic diagram of Figure 1 or the parameter value There are no detailed regulations.
6.2 Characteristics of Electrostatic Discharge Generator
The test generator shall meet the specifications in Tables 2 and 3. Figure 2 shows the ideal current waveforms and measurements specified in Tables 2 and 3. point. Compliance should be demonstrated in accordance with the method given in Appendix B. Table 2 General Specifications
Parameter value
Output voltage, contact discharge mode (see Note 1) at least 1kV~8kV (nominal value) Output voltage, air discharge mode (see Note 2) At least 2kV~15kV (nominal value) (see Note 3) Output voltage tolerance ±5%
Output voltage polarity positive polarity and negative polarity
Hold time ≥ 5s
Single discharge of operating discharge mode (see Note 2)
Note 1. The open circuit voltage measured on the discharge electrode of the ESD generator. Note 2. For the purpose of detection only, the generator should be capable of generating a discharge with a repetition rate of at least 20 times/s. Note 3. If the highest test voltage is low, it is not necessary to use a generator with 15kV air discharge capability. Table 3 Contact discharge current waveform parameters
Indication voltage
First discharge
Peak current (±15%)
Rise time tr
Current at 30ns
Current at 60ns
1 2 7.5 0.8 4 2
2 4 15 0.8 8 4
3 6 22.5 0.8 12 6
4 8 30 0.8 16 8
The time reference point for measuring currents at 30 ns and 60 ns is that the current first reaches 10% of the first peak of the discharge current. Note. The rise time tr is the interval between 10% and 90% of the first current pea...

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