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GB/T 16716.2-2010 English PDF (GBT16716.2-2010)

GB/T 16716.2-2010 English PDF (GBT16716.2-2010)

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GB/T 16716.2-2010: Packaging and packaging waste -- Part 2: Means and program for evaluation

This part of GB/T 16716 specifies methods, requirements, procedures and guidelines for the pre-evaluation of packaging and packaging waste. This part applies to all product packaging that putting into market as well as the product packaging for delivery.
GB/T 16716.2-2010
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 55.020
A 80
Packaging and packaging waste -
Part 2. Means and program for evaluation
????????????????????????
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 09, 2010
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 01, 2011
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
4 Basic principles and methods ... 6
5 Requirements ... 8
6 Procedures ... 10
Appendix A (Informative) Evaluation criteria and applicable standards ... 11 Appendix B (Informative) Example of evaluation conclusion ... 14
Appendix NA (Informative) Relationship between various parts of packaging and packaging waste standards and related standards ... 15
References ... 17
Foreword
GB/T 16716 "Packaging and Packaging Waste" is divided into 7 parts.
- Part 1. General rules of disposal and utilization;
- Part 2. Means and program for evaluation;
- Part 3. Prevention by source reduction;
- Part 4. Reuse;
- Part 5. Recoverable by material recycling;
- Part 6. Recoverable by energy recovery;
- Part 7. Recoverable by composting and biodegradation.
This part is the second part of GB/T 16716.
The technical content of this part is equivalent to the EN 13427-2004
?€?Packaging - Requirements for the use of European standard in the field of packaging and packaging waste?€? (English version).
For ease of use, this part has made the following editorial changes.
a) CHANGE the words ?€?this European standard?€? to the words ?€?this part?€?;
b) DELETE the catalogue, preface, introduction and appendix ZA of the
European standard;
c) USE the ?€?clauses of GB/T16716.1?€? to replace the ?€?clauses and
addendums of 94/62/EC?€?;
d) USE ?€?GB/T 16716.3?€? to replace ?€?EN 13428?€?;
e) USE ?€?GB/T16716.4?€? to replace ?€?EN 13429?€?;
f) USE ?€?GB/T 16716.5?€? to replace ?€?EN 13430?€?;
g) In order to facilitate the application of Table A.1, ADD the detailed statement on ?€?basic requirements?€? in Appendix A;
h) ADD an informative Appendix NA to guide the application of the various parts of GB/T 16716 and other relevant standards.
Appendix A, Appendix B and Appendix NA of this part are informative
appendixes.
Packaging and packaging waste -
Part 2. Means and program for evaluation
1 Scope
This part of GB/T 16716 specifies methods, requirements, procedures and guidelines for the pre-evaluation of packaging and packaging waste.
This part applies to all product packaging that putting into market as well as the product packaging for delivery.
2 Normative references
The terms of the following documents become the provisions of this part by reference in this part of GB/T 16716. For the dated references, the subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this standard; however, parties who reach an agreement based on this standard are
encouraged to study if the latest versions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document applies. GB/T 16716.1-2008 Packaging and packaging waste - Part 1. General rules of disposal and utilization
GB/T 16716.3 Packaging and packaging waste - Part 3. Prevention by
source reduction
GB/T 16716.4 Packaging and packaging waste - Part 4. Reuse
GB/T 16716.5 Packaging and packaging waste - Part 5. Recoverable by
material recycling
CEN CR 13695-1 Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging
and their release into the environment - Part 1. Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals present in packaging
CEN TR 13695-2 Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging
and their release into the environment - Part 2. Requirements for measuring and verifying dangerous substances present in packaging, and their
requirements for their environmental emissions
4.2 Evaluation of environmental impacts of heavy metals and chemicals
present in the packaging
After packaging incineration or landfilling, the evaluation of the environmental impact of heavy metals is stated in CEN CR 13695-1, with particular attention to the viewpoints expressed in the standards and the application of their technical measures.
Hazardous substances and preparations are defined by relevant regulations or standards. When incinerating or landfilling waste, the emission of soot, fly ash and leachate shall be in accordance with the requirements of clause 4.4 of GB/T 16716.1-2008. GB/T 16716.3 and CEN TR 13695-2 give the measures for
packaging in accordance with clause 4.1 of GB/T 16716.1-2008.
4.3 Separate evaluation by level
The smallest part of the package is the package component, the combination of the individual components forming the functional unit of the package, and this combination can vary. A complete packaging system may consist of a first layer, a second layer, and a third layer. The evaluation of each layer is as specified in Table 2.
5 Requirements
5.1 Choosing the applicable evaluation criteria
5.1.1 It shall select the applicable standards in the normative references of this part to perform the pre-complete evaluation in accordance with the methods and procedures set forth in this part, based on packaging that is expected to put into market or deliver for use as well as the specific performance of the packaged products, as shown in Appendix NA.
5.1.2 The packaging shall first be evaluated in accordance with the basic requirements of clause 4.1 of GB/T 16716.1-2008. In accordance with the requirements of GB/T 16716.3, CEN CR 13695-1 and CEN TR 13695-2, further reduce the content of heavy metals and control the amount of dangerous
substances or preparations (chemicals).
5.1.3 It shall select applicable standards in accordance with Tables 2 and 3, to ensure the basic functions of packaging and that it meet the needs of
consumers (users) while reducing the environmental impact of packaging waste. Table 3 -- Evaluation items and applicable standards
No. Evaluation Scope of application
1 1.1 Prevention by source reduction (GB/T 16716.3) All 1.2 Limit heavy metal content (CEN CR 13695-1) 5.3 Evaluation data document
The evaluation data, together with the supporting documentation, certifies that the packaging meets the requirements of 5.1 and 5.2, and the supplier shall retain it for at least 2 years after the packaging or packaging product is placed on the market or delivered for use. The evaluation data shall record the necessary tests. The example of the evaluation data document is as shown in Appendix B.
6 Procedures
6.1 Purpose
Select the applicable evaluation items from Table 1 to comprehensively and effectively reduce the adverse environmental impacts of packaging waste disposal.
Note. Due to the diversity of materials and functional requirements, some methods of reducing waste may be mutually exclusive, and through repeated use and improvement of procedures, it can obtain the most suitable method for reducing waste.
6.2 Application
For any existing, improved or newly designed package, it is evaluated in accordance with Table 2 and meets the requirements of the relevant standards in Table 1.
6.3 Conclusion
All results shall be recorded in the implementation of the evaluation process, and a prepared form shall be developed in the form of an evaluation summary as a phased conclusion. An example of the evaluation summary format is given in Appendix B.
of the requirements is given below.
A.2.1 Specific requirements for packaging production and packaging
ingredients
A.2.1.1 Packaging shall limit the manufacturing mass (volume) to the minimum and appropriate level, provided that the product and consumer are provided with adequate and necessary levels of safety, hygiene and acceptable levels of protection.
A.2.1.2 Packaging shall be reusable in terms of design, production and
commercialization, or recovery including recycling, and minimize the
environmental impact of packaging waste and residues from its handling. A.2.1.3 Packaging shall minimize the presence of harmful or other hazardous substances in all components of its materials or components during the
manufacturing process, resulting in minimum fly ash, soot or leachate and the similar substances in the incineration or landfill of waste packaging or its residues produced by the handling of packaging waste.
The three requirements of A.2.1 above shall be met at the same time.
A.2.2 Specific requirements for the reusability of packaging
A.2.2.1 The physical properties and technical characteristics of the package shall be such that it can be returned or recycled several times under normal foreseeable conditions of use.
A.2.2.2 Disposal of used packaging shall be in accordance with certain rules and meet the health and safety requirements for the operator.
A.2.2.3 When the packaging is no longer reused and becomes waste, it meets the specific requirements for recovery.
The three requirements of A.2.2 above shall be met at the same time.
A.2.3 Specific requirements for the recovery of packaging
A.2.3.1 Recovery of packaging in the form of material recycling
Recyclable packaging shall be regenerated in a subsequent manufacturing process to a certain mass percentage of the material to a product that meets current regulations or standards and has a sales channel. This determined percentage can vary due to the type of material required to make up the package.
A.2.3.2 Recovery of packaging in the form of energy recovery
d GB/T 16716.4 Packaging and packaging waste Part 4. Reuse (EN 13429-
2004, IDT)
e GB/T 16716.5 Packaging and packaging waste - Part 5. Recoverable by
material recycling (EN 13430-2004, IDT)
f EN 13431 Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery, including specification of minimum inferior calorific value g EN 13432 Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable through
composting and biodegradation - Test scheme and evaluation criteria for the final acceptance criteria
h GB/T 23156 Packaging - Packaging and the environment - Terminology (EN 13193-2000, IDT)
i GB/T 18455 Package recycling marking (refer to EN 14311)
j CR13695-1 Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging and their release into the environment - Part 1. Requirements for measuring and
verifying the four heavy metals present in packaging
k TR13695-2 Packaging - Requirements for measuring and verifying the four heavy metals and other dangerous substances present in packaging and their release into the environment - Part 2. Requirements for measuring and
verifying dangerous substances present in packaging, and their requirements for their environmental emissions
Figure NA.1 -- Relationship between the seven parts of GB/T 16716 and
other relevant standards

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