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GB/T 15825.5-2008 English PDF (GBT15825.5-2008)

GB/T 15825.5-2008 English PDF (GBT15825.5-2008)

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GB/T 15825.5-2008: Sheet metal formability and test methods -- Part 5: Bending test

This Part of GB/T 15825 specifies the sheet metal bending formability test methods with the minimum relative bending radius as the index. This Part applies to sheet metal with a thickness of 0.30 mm ~ 4.00 mm.
GB/T 15825.5-2008
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.040.10
J 32
Replacing GB/T 15825.5-1995
Sheet metal formability and test methods -
Part 5: Bending test
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 23, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON: JUNE 01, 2009
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Symbols, names and units ... 5
4 Test principle ... 6
5 Samples ... 7
6 Molds ... 7
7 Test device and testing machine ... 8
8 Test temperature ... 9
9 Test procedure and operating methods ... 9
10 Measurement of bending angle and determination of minimum bending radius .. 10 11 Calculation of test results ... 11
12 Test report ... 11
Appendix A (Informative) Notes on bending tests ... 12
Sheet metal formability and test methods -
Part 5: Bending test
1 Scope
This Part of GB/T 15825 specifies the sheet metal bending formability test methods with the minimum relative bending radius as the index.
This Part applies to sheet metal with a thickness of 0.30 mm ~ 4.00 mm. 2 Normative references
The terms in the following documents become the terms of this Part through the reference of this Part of GB/T 15825. For dated references, all subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this Part. However, parties to agreements that are based on this Part are encouraged to study whether the latest versions of these documents can be used. For undated references, the latest edition applies to this Part.
GB/T 15825.2-2008, Sheet metal formability and test methods - Part 2: General test rules
3 Symbols, names and units
The symbols, names and units used in this Part are shown in Table 1.
When bending angle ??=180??,
f) The test device shall not tilt, offset and vibrate during operation. 7.2 Testing machine
According to 5.2 of GB/T 15825.2-2008, equipment such as material testing machine or hydraulic press can be used, by referring to the following technical conditions: a) The testing machine shall ensure the working load required for bending deformation;
b) The working speed of the testing machine (0.8~3.3) ?? 10-4 m/s;
c) The detection device of the testing machine shall be able to display the movement stroke of the punch, where the display error is not more than 0.1 mm;
d) The testing machine and test device may be equipped with appropriate measurement machines for direct reading of the bending angle values.
8 Test temperature
Usually, the test can be carried out in an ambient environment of 10 ??C ~ 35 ??C, and if necessary, the temperature environment can also be set to 23 ??C ?? 5 ??C. 9 Test procedure and operating methods
9.1 Before the test, clean, inspect and lubricate the mold, test device and testing machine according to 4.2, 5.1.2, 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 of GB/T 15825.2-2008.
9.2 Before each test, use L-AN100 oil for total loss system to lubricate the die mouth fillet area.
9.3 Adjust the die opening and lock it after adjustment.
9.4 According to the specified bending angle, use the method shown in Figure 1 or Figure 2, select the specifications of punch or cushion-type die from large to small, and perform bending tests on the samples one after another (see Appendix A for other test methods), until cracks or significant depressions are found on the outer surface of the deformation zone of the sample under a 5x magnifying glass. The specifications of punch or cushion-type die selected for the test at the beginning can be determined according to experience.
9.5 When the compression bending test method in Figure 1 is used, if the punch or cushion-type die of the smallest specifications still cannot cause cracks or significant depressions on the outer surface of the deformation area of the sample, change the bending angle of the sample OR perform the 180?? fold bending as shown in Figure 2b) for the sample, which, however, shall be stated in the test report.
9.6 If the punch stiffness allows, the sample can be directly bent at 180?? using the compression bending test method shown in Figure 1, and the die opening can be determined according to Formula (2).
9.7 When the compression bending test method cannot be used for 180?? bending, the sample shall be bent to a certain angle, and then moved to between the upper and lower pressing plates for 180?? bending (Figure 2).
9.8 Carry out more than 3 effective repeated tests on the front and back sides of the same material, respectively.
9.9 If there are no cracks on the outer surface of the deformation zone, but there are cracks on the longitudinal sides, the test is invalid. To avoid this phenomenon, grind the burrs if necessary.
10 Measurement of bending angle and determination of
minimum bending radius
10.1 Measure the bending angle under loading conditions, and the allowable measurement error is ??1??.
10.2 When the test device or the testing machine is not provided with a bending angle display device, use the sample plate to measure the bending angle during the test loading process, or convert the bending angle into the punch stroke for test control. 10.3 During the compression bending test or the 180?? bending test with a cushion-type die, determine the minimum bending radius Rmin according to Formula (3). 10.4 During the 180?? bending test without a cushion-type die, determine the minimum bending radius according to the following principles:
a) When there are cracks or significant depressions on the outer surface of the deformation zone of the sample under a 5x magnifying glass, the minimum bending radius Rmin = 0.1 mm;
b) When there is no crack or significant depression on the outer surface of the deformation zone of the sample under a 5x magnifying glass, the minimum bending radius Rmin = 0.

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