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GB/T 13384-2008 English PDF (GBT13384-2008)

GB/T 13384-2008 English PDF (GBT13384-2008)

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GB/T 13384-2008: General specifications for packing of mechanical and electrical product

This Standard specifies the basic requirements for the packaging, packing modes and protective packaging methods, technical requirements, test methods, packaging marks and accompanying files of machinery, electrical appliances, instrumentation and other products. This Standard is applicable to the transport packages of machinery, electrical appliances, instrumentation and other products.
GB/T 13384-2008
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 55.020
A 80
Replacing GB/T 13384-1992, and GB/T 15464-1995
General specifications for packing of
mechanical and electrical product
ISSUED ON. JULY 18, 2008
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 1, 2009
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PEOPLE Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Normative references ... 4
3 Basic requirements ... 5
4 Packing modes and protective packaging methods ... 6
5 Technical requirements ... 6
6 Test methods ... 11
7 Packaging marks and accompanying files ... 11
Foreword
This Standard supersedes GB/T 13384-1992 General specifications for packing of mechanical and electrical product, and GB/T 15464-1995 General-purpose specification for the packaging of instrumentation products.
Compared with GB/T 13384-1992 and GB/T 15464-1995, the major changes
are as follows.
?€? MODIFY the ?€?General?€? to ?€?Basic requirements?€?;
?€? INTEGRATE the relevant contents of the packing mode and protective
packaging method in the two standards;
?€? CLARIFY the reference standards for the selection of wood and the
allowable defects of various parts of the wood; MODIFY the requirements for content of moisture in wood; SUPPLEMENT the requirements for
wood fumigation;
?€? SUPPLEMENT the requirements for the methods of reinforcement of the
packaging containers made of other materials;
?€? In the content of the protective packaging, CLARIFY the reference
standards; SIMPLIFY the standard content;
?€? CLARIFY the reference standards for test items; CANCEL the selected
test items; SIMPLIFY the standards.
This Standard was proposed by and shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee for Standardization of Packaging (SAC/TC 49).
Drafting organizations of this Standard. Shenzhen MYS Environmental
Protection and Technology Co., Ltd, China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology Group Co., Ltd, China Productivity Center for Machinery.
Main drafters of this Standard. Huang Xue, Cai Shaoling, Liu Ping, Zhang Xiaojian, Ren Guang.
The previous released editions of the standards replaced by this Standard are as follows.
?€? GB/T 13384-1992;
?€? GB/T 15464-1995.
General specifications for packing of
mechanical and electrical product
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the basic requirements for the packaging, packing modes and protective packaging methods, technical requirements, test
methods, packaging marks and accompanying files of machinery, electrical appliances, instrumentation and other products.
This Standard is applicable to the transport packages of machinery, electrical appliances, instrumentation and other products.
2 Normative references
The provisions in the following documents become the provisions of this Standard through reference in this Standard. For dated references, the
subsequent amendments (excluding corrections) or revisions do not apply to this Standard. However, parties who reach an agreement based on this
Standard are encouraged to study if the latest editions of these documents are applicable. For undated references, the latest editions apply to this Standard. GB/T 191 Packaging -- Pictorial marking for handling of goods (GB/T 191- 2008, ISO 780.1997, MOD)
GB/T 4768 Mould-proof packaging
GB/T 4857 (all parts) Packaging -- Basic tests for transport packages
GB/T 4879 Rustproof packaging
GB/T 4892 Dimensions of rigid rectangular packages -- Transport packages GB/T 4897 (all parts) Particleboard
GB/T 5048 Moisture-proof packaging
GB/T 5398 Test methods for large transport packages (GB/T 5398-1999, neq ASTM D 1083.1991)
GB/T 6543 Single and double corrugated boxes for transport packages
GB/T 6544 Corrugated fiberboard
GB/T 6980 Calp box
GB/T 7284 Wooden framed case
GB/T 7350 Waterproof packaging
GB/T 8166 Package cushioning design
GB/T 9846 (all parts) Plywood
GB/T 10819 Wooden skid (GB/T 10819-2005, JJS Z 1405.1984, MOD)
GB/T 12464 Wooden boxes (GB/T 12464-2002, JJS Z 1402.1999, NEQ)
GB/T 12626 (all parts) Hard fibreboard
GB/T 13041 Packaging containers -- Magnesium oxychloride concrete case
GB/T 13123 Bamboo-mat plywood
GB/T 13144 Packaging containers -- Cases with plybamboo
GB/T 16470 Pallet package (GB/T 16470-1996, neq MIL-STD 147D)
GB/T 18924 Wirebound boxes (GB/T 18924-2002, JIS B 1407.1989, NEQ)
GB/T 18925 Skid wooden boxes (GB/T 18925-2002, JIS Z 1402.1990, MOD)
GB/T 18926 Packaging containers -- Wood members (GB/T 18926-2008,
ASTM D 6199-2007, NEQ)
3 Basic requirements
3.1 Packaging shall meet scientific, economical, firm, aesthetic and
marketable requirements. In the circulation environment, it shall be ensured that the product does not cause rust, mildew, reduced accuracy, damage or loss due to improper packaging during the agreement period between the supply and demand sides.
3.2 Packaging design shall be based on product characteristics, circulation environment conditions, and customer requirements, so that the packaging is compact, safe and reliable, with reasonable protection.
3.3 The product must be qualified after inspection and well protected before exterior and interior packing. The accompanying files shall be complete. Generally, such parts shall be fixed in the same box.
5.2.2.3 Parts with special requirements on the product shall be removed as far as possible, marked, and packed according to special requirements.
5.2.2.4 The product (or inner packaging box) shall be securely fixed in the outer packaging box. The fixing modes may adopt cushioning material plugging, wooden block positioning fastening, bolt fastening, pressure rod fastening, etc. Under normal circumstances, the product (or inner packaging box) shall not be in direct contact with the outer packaging box board, and shall have a certain clearance with the inner side, inner end face, and top side of the outer packaging box.
5.2.2.5 The accessory boxes, spare parts boxes, etc. shall be fixed in place in the main boxes. The accessories and spare parts loaded in the boxes shall also take corresponding fixing measures.
5.2.2.6 The inside of the product packaging boxes shall be clean, dry, and free from foreign matters.
5.2.3 Reinforcement
5.2.3.1 After sealed, the wooden boxes shall be reinforced according to the provisions of the relevant wooden box standard.
5.2.3.2 After sealed, the cartons and the calcium-plastic boxes can be
bundled using plastic strapping tapes or oxidizing steel strips if necessary. The plastic strapping tapes shall not be less than 14mm in width. When bundling, plastic tapes or steel strips shall be tightly tied to the cartons, while corresponding measures shall be taken to prevent them from cutting into the cardboards thus damaging the cartons.
5.2.3.3 After sealed, the packaging boxes made of other materials shall be reinforced based on their dimensions, in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 12464, GB/T 18925, and GB/T 7284.
5.2.4 Each packaging box shall have sufficient strength. According to the mass and characteristics of the package, the test items such as the test methods specified in Chapter 6 shall be selected as the relevant test items. After the test, there shall be no obvious displacement of the fixture inside the box; the appearance, performance, accuracy, and relevant technical
parameters of the product shall be within the allowable tolerances; the packaging box shall be free from obvious damage and deformation, and shall comply with the provisions of relevant standards and the design requirements. 5.3 Open package

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