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GB/T 11951-2018 English PDF (GBT11951-2018)

GB/T 11951-2018 English PDF (GBT11951-2018)

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GB/T 11951-2018: Natural fibres -- Terminology

This standard defines the terms and definitions of the main natural fibers used for textiles based on the source or composition of the fibers, and provides the corresponding English generic names and common names. This standard applies to textile natural fibers.
GB/T 11951-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 59.060.10
W 04
Replacing GB/T 11951-1989
Natural fibers - Terminology
(ISO 6938.2012, Textiles - Natural fibers - Generic name and definitions, MOD) ISSUED ON. FEBRUARY 06, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. SEPTEMBER 01, 2018
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Natural fiber classification ... 5
2.1 Natural fibers ... 5
2.2 Animal fibers ... 5
2.3 Vegetable fibers ... 5
2.4 Mineral fiber ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 6
3.1 Animal fibers ... 6
3.2 Vegetable fibers ... 9
3.3 Mineral fiber ... 11
Appendix A (Informative) Fiber terms, English generic names and common
name index table ... 12
Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This standard replaces GB/T 11951-1989 ?€?Textiles - Natural fiber - Terminology?€?. The main differences between this standard and GB/T 11951-1989 are.
- MODIFY the standard name;
- MODIFY the scope of the standard;
- In ?€?animal fibers?€?, ADD the classification of ?€?fibers secreted by some molluscs?€? (see 2.2 and 3.1.2);
- ADD 7 terms (see 3.1.1.3, 3.2.2.13, 3.2.2.14, 3.2.3.10 ~ 3.2.3.13);
- MODIFY 3 English generic names (see 3.1.1.1, 3.1.1.2 and 3.2.3.2; 3.1.1.1, 3.1.1.2 and 3.2.3.6 of the 1989 version);
- MODIFY the English generic names of the two plants (see 3.2.2.12 and
3.2.3.9; 3.2.2.8 and 3.2.3.4 of the 1989 version);
- CHANGE ?€?wool?€? into ?€?sheep wool?€?, ADD the corresponding notes (see
3.1.3.1; 3.1.2.1 of the 1989 version);
- CHANGE ?€?Alpaca hair?€? into ?€?Alpaca wool?€?, ?€?Guanaco hair?€? into ?€?Guanaco wool?€?, ?€?Llama hair?€? into ?€?Llama wool?€?, ?€?Vicuna hair?€? into ?€?Vicuna wool?€? (see 3.1.3.2, 3.1.3.6, 3.1.3.7, 3.1.3.9; 3.1.2.2, 3.1.2.6, 3.1.2.7, 3.1.2.9 of the 1989 version);
- DELETE the term ?€?Zhongwei goat wool?€? (3.1.2.12 of the 1989 version);
- ADD the notes on horse hair (see 3.1.3.15);
- ADD notes on cannabis (see 3.2.2.1);
- In ?€?bast fibers?€?, ADD the note on ?€?Jute and similar fibers?€? (see footnote c of 3.2.2);
- DELETE the Chinese index from original Appendix A and English index from Appendix B, ADD informative Appendix ?€?Fiber terms, English generic name and common name index table?€? (see Appendix A).
This standard uses the redrafting method to modify and adopt ISO 6938.2012 ?€?Textiles - Natural fibers - Generic names and definitions?€?.
The technical differences between this standard and ISO 6938.2012 are as follows.
Natural fibers - Terminology
1 Scope
This standard defines the terms and definitions of the main natural fibers used for textiles based on the source or composition of the fibers, and provides the corresponding English generic names and common names.
This standard applies to textile natural fibers.
Note. The English generic name for various natural fibers defined in this standard is shown in Appendix A.
2 Natural fiber classification
2.1 Natural fibers
Natural fibers are divided into animal fibers, vegetable fibers, and mineral fibers by source.
2.2 Animal fibers
Animal fibers mainly include.
- Fiber from silk glands. secreted by some insects, particularly by larvae of the lepidopter order, in the form of two filaments of fibroin cemented
together by sericin.
- Fibers secreted by molluscs. fibres secreted by some molluscs.
- Fiber from hair follicles. with a multicellular structure, composed of keratin, forming the animal hair follicles.
2.3 Vegetable fibers
Vegetable fibers mainly include.
- Fiber from seeds. Single-cell structure, generated by the epidermal cells of the seed, almost entirely constituted of cellulose.
(Castor)
3.1.3.13 d ?????? DEER (Daim) Fiber obtained from Genus cervus
3.1.3.14 d ????????? GOAT (Ch??vre) Fiber obtained from Genus capra
3.1.3.15 d ?????? e HORSE (Cheval) Fiber obtained from Equus caballus
3.1.3.16 d ?????? RABBIT (Lapin) Fiber obtained from Oryctolagus cuniculus
3.1.3.17 d ????????? HARE (Li??vre)
Fiber obtained from Lepus europaeus and
Lepus timidus
3.1.3.18 d ????????? OTTER (Loutre) Fiber obtained from Lutra lutra
3.1.3.19 d ???????????? NUTRIA (Myocastor) Fiber obtained from Myocastor coypus 3.1.3.20 d ????????? SEAL (Phoque) Fiber obtained from Family pinnipedia
3.1.3.21 d ????????? MUSKRAT (Ratmusqu??) Fiber obtained from Fiber zibathicus 3.1.3.22 d ????????? REINDEER (Renne) Fiber obtained from Genus rangifer
Table 3 (continued)
Entry number Chinese name English generic name a Definition
3.1.3.23 d ????????? MINK (Vison) Fiber obtained from Mustela vison
3.1.3.24 d ?????? MARTEN (Martre) Fiber obtained from Mustela martes
3.1.3.25 d ????????? SABLE (Zibeline) Fiber obtained from Mustela zibellina
3.1.3.26 d ????????? WEASEL (Belette) Fiber obtained from Mustela misalis
3.1.3.27 d ?????? BEAR (Ours) Fiber obtained from Ursus arctos
3.1.3.28 d ????????? ERMINE (Hermine) Fiber obtained from Mustela eminea
3.1.3.29 d ???????????? ARTICFOX (Renardarctique)
Fiber obtained from Vulpus lagopus, Canis
isatis
a Names in brackets are equivalent French-language names.
b Synonym. wool.
c The affixes ?€?wool?€? and ?€?hair?€? can be added after the English generic names of 3.1.3.2 ~ 3.1.3.10, 3.1.3.12, and 3.1.3.18.

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