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GB/T 10000-2023 English PDF (GBT10000-2023)

GB/T 10000-2023 English PDF (GBT10000-2023)

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GB/T 10000-2023: Human dimensions of Chinese adults

This document gives the basic statistical values of the human dimensions of adults in our country for technical design, including static human dimensions AND functional human dimensions for workspace design. This document applies to the design and technical transformation and update of production and service products, equipment, and facilities for adult consumer goods, transportation, clothing, home furnishing, construction, labor protection, military, etc., as well as the design and the ergonomic evaluation of various operations, maintenance, safety protection and other workspaces related to human dimensions.
GB/T 10000-2023
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 13.180
CCS A 25
Replacing GB/T 10000-1988, GB/T 13547-1992
Human dimensions of Chinese adults
ISSUED ON: AUGUST 06, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: MARCH 01, 2024
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the PEOPLE Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Age grouping and measurement items ... 7
5 Statistical values of human dimensions ... 8
Appendix A (Informative) Schematic diagrams of measurement items of static human dimensions ... 30
Appendix B (Normative) Human functional dimensions ... 36
Appendix C (Normative) Mean and standard deviation of height and weight of adults in six natural regions ... 47
Foreword
This document was drafted in accordance with the rules provided in GB/T 1.1-2020 Directives for standardization - Part 1: Rules for the structure and drafting of standardizing documents.
This document replaces GB/T 10000-1988 Human dimensions of Chinese adults and GB/T 13547-1992 Human dimensions in workspaces. This document is based on GB/T 10000-1988 and integrates the contents of GB/T 13547-1992. Compared with GB/T 10000-1988, in addition to structural adjustments and editorial changes, the main technical changes are as follows:
-- Based on the surveys on human dimensions of Chinese adults conducted from 2014 to 2018, change all statistics on human dimensions (see Tables 1 to 10 in 5.4, Tables B.1 to B.12 in Appendix B, and Tables C.1 to C.2 in Appendix C; Tables 1 to 14 and Tables A1 to A2 in Appendix A of GB/T 10000-1988; Tables 1 to 6 and Tables A1 to A2 in Appendix A of GB/T 13549-1992);
-- Add five measurement items of human dimensions: biceps circumference, thigh circumference, interpupillary distance, hand girth at metacarpale, and boll of foot girth (see Table 1 to Table 10 in 5.4);
-- Change the age groups into the following 4: ?€?18 ~ 25 years old?€?, ?€?26 ~ 35 years old?€?, ?€?36 ~ 60 years old?€? and ?€?61 ~ 70 years old?€? (see 4.1; Chapter 4 of GB/T 10000-1988);
-- Add ?€?human functional dimensions?€?, and change and include the relevant content of GB/T 13547-1992 (see Appendix B).
Please note that some of the contents of this document may involve patents. The issuing organizations of this document are not responsible for identifying patents. This document shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Ergonomics of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 7).
Drafting organizations of this document: China National Institute of Standardization, Anta (China) Co., Ltd., Automobile Engineering Research Institute of Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd., CRRC Qingdao Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., Qingdao Haigao Design and Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Tsinghua University, Capital Normal University, Air Force Medical University Air Force Specialty Medical Center, Donghua University, Chemical Defense Research Institute of the Chinese PEOPLE Liberation Army Academy of Military Sciences, China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., Shanghai Aircraft Design and Research Institute, Tsinghua University Suzhou Automotive Research Institute, Zhejiang Jodoll Garment Co., Ltd.
Human dimensions of Chinese adults
1 Scope
This document gives the basic statistical values of the human dimensions of adults in our country for technical design, including static human dimensions AND functional human dimensions for workspace design.
This document applies to the design and technical transformation and update of production and service products, equipment, and facilities for adult consumer goods, transportation, clothing, home furnishing, construction, labor protection, military, etc., as well as the design and the ergonomic evaluation of various operations, maintenance, safety protection and other workspaces related to human dimensions.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the version corresponding to that date is applicable to this document; for undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this document. GB/T 5703-2023, Basic human body measurements for technological design
GB/T 12985, General rules of using percentiles of the body dimensions for products design
GB/T 22187-2008, General requirements for establishing anthropometric databases 3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1
standing posture
The posture in which the subject?€?s body is straight, the head is positioned in the Frankfurt plane, the eyes are looking straight ahead, the shoulders are relaxed, the upper limbs hang naturally, the hands straighten, the palms are facing in, the fingers are lightly pressed against the sides of the thighs, the heels of the left and right feet are close together, the front ends are separated at an angle of approximately 45??, and the weight is evenly distributed on both feet.
3.2
sitting posture
The posture in which the subject?€?s torso is straight, the head is positioned in the Frankfurt plane, the eyes are looking straight ahead, the knees are bent at roughly a right angle, and the feet are flat on the ground.
3.3
middle fingertip height over head, sitting
The distance between the tip of the middle finger and the chair surface when the upper limbs are lifted vertically in the sitting posture.
3.4
kneeling posture
The posture in which the subject is kneeling on the level ground with the chest raised, the head positioned at the level of the eyes and ears, the eyes looking straight ahead, the shoulders relaxed, the upper limbs drooping naturally, the hands straight, the palms facing the side of the body, the fingers lightly touching the sides of the thighs, the torso and thighs straightened, the front surfaces of the two thighs level, the legs horizontal, and the lower limbs closed together.
3.5
kneeling length
The horizontal distance parallel to the sagittal plane from the most protruding part of the front surface of the thigh to the tip of the toe (the first or second toe) in the kneeling position.
3.6
kneeling height
The distance from the top of the head to the level ground in the kneeling position. 3.7
prone posture
The posture in which the subject lies prone on a horizontal surface, with the torso and lower limbs stretched naturally, the lower limbs closed together, the distance between the two upper limbs shoulder-width apart and horizontally stretched forward, the palms of both hands facing inward, the fingers stretched straight and closed together, the head raised as much as possible, and the eyes looking straight ahead.
-- 26 ~ 35 years old;
-- 36 ~ 60 years old;
-- 61 ~ 70 years old.
4.2 Measurement items
This document gives statistical values of 52 static human dimensions and 16 human functional dimensions. The measurement method of static human dimensions shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 6 in GB/T 5703-2023 and Appendix A. The schematic diagrams of the measurement items are shown in Appendix A.
5 Statistical values of human dimensions
5.1 Static human dimensions of adult male
The percentiles of static human dimensions of adult male by age are shown in Tables 1 to 5.
5.2 Static human dimensions of adult female
The percentiles of static human dimensions of adult female by age are shown in Tables 6 to 10.
5.3 Human functional dimensions
Appendix B gives the percentiles of functional dimensions of adult males and females by age groups.
5.4 Mean and standard deviation of height and weight
Appendix C gives the mean and standard deviation of height and weight of adults in six natural regions: Northeast and North China Region, Central and Western Region, Lower Yangtze River Region, Middle Yangtze River Region, Guangdong-Guangxi-Fujian Region and Yunnan-Guizhou-Sichuan Region.
Note: The provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) included in the six natural regions are as follows.
-- Northeast and North China Region: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shandong, Beijing, and Tianjin;
-- Central and Western Region: Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu,
Xinjiang, Tibet, and Qinghai;
-- Lower Yangtze River Region: Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, and Shanghai;

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