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GB 7000.1-2015 English PDF (GB7000.1-2015)

GB 7000.1-2015 English PDF (GB7000.1-2015)

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GB 7000.1-2015: Luminaires -- Part 1: General requirements and tests

GB 7000.1-2015
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 29.140.40
K 72
GB 7000.1-2015 / IEC 60598-1:2014
Replacing GB 7000.1-2007
Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests
(IEC 60598-1:2014, IDT)
ISSUED ON: DECEMBER 31, 2015
IMPLEMENTED ON: JANUARY 01, 2017
Issued by: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the PRC;
Standardization Administration of the PRC.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 8
0 General introduction ... 15
0.1 Scope ... 15
0.2 Normative references ... 16
0.3 General requirements ... 20
0.4 General test requirements and verification ... 20
0.5 Components of luminaires ... 22
0.6 List of parts of IEC 60598-2 (parts for particular requirements of GB 7000) ... 23 1 Terms and definitions ... 24
1.1 General ... 24
1.2 Terms and definitions ... 24
2 Classification of luminaires ... 45
2.1 General ... 45
2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock ... 45 2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture ... 46
2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the luminaire is designed ... 46
2.5 Classification according to the circumstances of use ... 47
3 Marking ... 47
3.1 General ... 47
3.2 Marking on luminaires ... 47
3.3 Additional information ... 53
3.4 Test of marking ... 56
4 Construction ... 57
4.1 General ... 57
4.2 Replaceable components ... 57
4.3 Wireways ... 57
4.4 Lampholders ... 57
4.5 Starterholders ... 60
4.6 Terminal blocks ... 60
4.7 Terminals and supply connections ... 61
4.8 Switches... 64
4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves ... 64
4.10 Double and reinforced insulation ... 65
4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts ... 67
4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands ... 69
4.13 Mechanical strength ... 73
4.14 Suspensions, fixings and means of adjustment ... 77
4.15 Flammable materials ... 82
4.16 Luminaires for mounting on normally flammable surfaces ... 83
4.17 Drain holes ... 85
4.18 Resistance to corrosion ... 85
4.19 Ignitors ... 86
4.20 Rough service luminaires - Vibration requirements ... 86
4.21 Protective shield ... 87
4.22 Attachments to lamps ... 88
4.23 Semi-luminaires ... 89
4.24 Photobiological hazards ... 89
4.25 Mechanical hazard ... 90
4.26 Short-circuit protection ... 90
4.27 Terminal blocks with integrated screwless earthing contacts ... 91 4.28 Fixing of thermal sensing controls ... 91
4.29 Luminaire with non-replaceable light source ... 92
4.30 Luminaires with non-user replaceable light sources ... 92
4.31 Insulation between circuits ... 93
4.32 Overvoltage protective devices ... 96
5 External and internal wiring ... 96
5.1 General ... 96
5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring ... 96
5.3 Internal wiring ... 104
6 Not used ... 107
7 Provisions for earthing ... 107
7.1 General ... 107
7.2 Provision for earthing ... 107
8 Protection against electric shock ... 110
8.1 General ...110
8.2 Protection against electric shock ...110
9 Resistance to dust, solid objects and moisture ... 115
9.1 General ...115
9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture ...115
9.3 Humidity test ... 121
10 Insulation resistance and electric strength, touch current and protective conductor current ... 122
10.1 General ... 122
10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength ... 122
10.3 Touch current, protective conductor current and electric burn ... 127 11 Creepage distances and clearances ... 128
11.1 General ... 128
11.2 Creepage distances and clearances ... 129
12 Endurance test and thermal test ... 131
12.1 General ... 131
12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts ... 132
12.3 Endurance test ... 132
12.4 Thermal test (normal operation) ... 134
12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation) ... 141
12.6 Thermal test (failed windings in lamp control gear) ... 146
12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp control gear or electronic devices incorporated in thermoplastic luminaires ... 148
13 Resistance to heat, fire and tracking ... 152
13.1 General ... 152
13.2 Resistance to heat ... 152
13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition ... 153
13.4 Resistance to tracking ... 154
14 Screw terminals ... 155
14.1 General ... 155
14.2 Terms and definitions ... 155
14.3 General requirements and basic principles ... 156
14.4 Mechanical tests ... 158
15 Screwless terminals and electrical connectors ... 163
15.1 General ... 163
15.2 Terms and definitions ... 163
15.3 General requirements ... 164
15.4 General instructions on tests ... 166
15.5 Terminal and connections for internal wiring ... 166
15.6 Terminals and connections for external wiring ... 170
Annex A (Normative) Test to establish whether a conductive part may cause an electric shock ... 197
Annex B (Normative) Test lamps ... 198
B.1 General ... 198
B.2 Filament lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-1 and IEC 60432-2 ... 198 B.3 Halogen lamps within the scope of IEC 60432-3 ... 200
B.4 Tubular fluorescent and other discharge lamps ... 200
B.5 LED modules within the scope of IEC 62031 ... 201
Annex C (Normative) Abnormal circuit conditions ... 202
Annex D (Normative) Draught-proof enclosure ... 206
Annex E (Normative) Determination of winding temperature rises by the
increase-in-resistance method ... 210
Annex F (Normative) Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper alloys ... 212
F.1 Test cabinet ... 212
F.2 Test solution ... 212
F.3 Test piece ... 213
F.4 Test procedure ... 213
Annex G (Normative) Measurement of touch current and protective conductor current ... 214
Annex H (Void) ... 219
Annex I (Void) ... 220
Annex J (Informative) Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection 221 Annex K (Informative) Temperature measurement ... 223
K.1 Temperature measurements of the luminaire ... 223
K.2 Temperature measurement of the insulation parts of lampholders ... 224 Annex L (Informative) Guide to good practice in luminaire design ... 226 L.1 General ... 226
L.2 Plastics in luminaires ... 226
L.3 Rust resistance ... 227
L.4 Corrosion resistance ... 228
L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres ... 229
L.6 Reflector design ... 229
L.7 Components in different kinds of luminaires ... 230
L.8 Recommendations for electromagnetic ballast protection for end of life phenomenon of HID lamps ... 231
L.9 Resistance against the effects of vibration ... 231
L.10 Flammability of components ... 232
Annex M (Normative) Determination of creepage distances and clearances
... 233
Annex N (Informative) Explanation of marking for luminaires that are not suitable for mounting on normally flammable surfaces and covering with
insulation materials ... 234
N.0 General... 234
N.1 Protection against flame ... 234
N.2 Protection against heat ... 235
N.3 Thermal protectors ... 236
N.4 Deletion of the F mark requirements ... 237
Annex O (Void)... 238
Annex P (Normative) Absorption requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to luminaires designed for metal halide lamps which emit a high level of UV radiation ... 239
P.1 General ... 239
P.2 Procedure A ... 239
P.3 Procedure B ... 240
Annex Q (Informative) Conformity testing during manufacture ... 242
Q.1 General ... 242
Q.2 Testing ... 242
Annex R (Normative) Schedule of amended subclauses containing more
serious/critical requirements which require products to be retested ... 244 Annex S (Normative) Requirements for the identification of a family or range of luminaires for type testing ... 246
S.1 General ... 246
S.2 Range or family of luminaires ... 246
Annex T (Informative) Reference to Class 0 ... 247
T.1 General ... 247
T.2 Definition ... 247
T.3 Requirements and tests ... 247
Annex U (Informative) Creepage and clearances distances for luminaires
where a higher degree of availability (impulse withstand category III) may be requested ... 249
U.1 General... 249
U.2 Requirements for impulse withstand category III ... 249
Annex V (Normative) Additional test requirements for terminal blocks with integrated screwless earthing contact for direct connection to the luminaire housing or to parts of the body ... 251
V.1 Additional requirements to 7.2.1... 251
V.2 Additional requirements to 7.2.3... 252
Annex W (Normative) Alternative thermal test for thermoplastic luminaires . 253 W.0 General ... 253
W.1 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic devices without temperature sensing controls in thermoplastic luminaires for fluorescent lamps ≤ 70 W ... 253
Annex X (Normative) Requirements for insulation between active part of circuits and accessible conductive parts ... 255
Annex NA (Informative) List of comparison of numbers between national
standards and international standards ... 257
References ... 260
Foreword
All technical content of this Standard is mandatory.
There are 23 parts of national standard GB 7000 for luminaires. As of the date of publication of this Part, the published parts of GB 7000 standard are as follows:
- Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests (GB 7000.1-2015); - Luminaires - Part 2-1: Particular requirements - Fixed general purpose luminaires (GB 7000.201-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-2: Particular requirements - Recessed luminaires (GB 7000.202-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-3: Particular requirements - Luminaires for road and street lighting (GB 7000.203-2013);
- Luminaires - Part 2-4: Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires (GB 7000.204-2008);
- Safety requirements for floodlights (GB 7000.7-2005);
- Luminaires - Part 2-6: Particular requirements - Safety requirements of luminaires with built-in trans-formers for filaments lamps (GB 7000.6-2008); - Luminaires - Part 2-7: Particular requirements: Portable luminaries for garden use (GB 7000.207-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-8: Particular requirements - Handlamps (GB 7000.208- 2008);
- Safety requirements for photo and film luminaires (non-professional) (GB 7000.19-2005);
- Luminaires - Part 2-10: Particular requirements - Portable luminaires for children (GB 7000.4-2007);
- Luminaires - Part 2-11: Particular requirements - Aquarium luminaires (GB 7000.211-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-12: Particular requirements - Mains socket-outlet mounted nightlights (GB 7000.212-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-13: Particular requirements - Ground recessed
luminaires (GB 7000.213-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-14: Particular requirements - Luminaires for cold cathode tubular discharge lamps (neon tubes) and similar equipment (GB
7000.214-2015);
- Luminaires - Part 2-17: Particular Requirements - Luminaires for stage lighting, television, film and photographic studios (outdoor and indoor) (GB 7000.217-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-18: Particular requirements - Luminaries for swimming pools and similar application (GB 7000.218-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-19: Particular requirements - Air-handling luminaires (GB 7000.219-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-20: Particular requirements - Lighting chains (GB 7000.9-2008);
- Luminaires - Part 2-22: Particular requirements - Luminaires for emergency lighting (GB 7000.2-2008);
- Safety requirements for extra low voltage lighting systems for filament lamps (GB 7000.18-2003);
- Safety requirements for luminaries with limited surface temperatures (GB 7000.17-2003);
- Luminaires - Part 2-25: Particular requirements - Luminaires used in clinical areas of hospitals and health care buildings (GB 7000.225-2008).
This Part is Part 1 of GB 7000.
This Part is drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. "Part 2 of GB 7000" appears many times in the text of this Part. Its connotation is the specific luminaire standards in GB 7000 other than GB 7000.1.
This Part replaces GB 7000.1-2007 "Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests".
The main technical differences between this Part and GB 7000.1-2007 are as follows:
1) ADD multiple reference standards (0.2).
2) Definitions
- ADD 16 definitions such as "impact withstand category" (1.2.76~1.2.91); - ADD the requirement to state the protective conductor current (3.3.19); - ADD information requirements for luminaires not mounted within arm’s
reach (3.3.20);
- ADD the requirements for instruction sheet of luminaires with non-
replaceable and non-user replaceable light source (3.3.21);
- ADD a requirement describing the classification of insulation between the power supply of the controllable luminaires and the control
conductors (3.3.22).
5) Construction
- Modify and supplement the test bending moment value and compliance
check requirements of Edison screw lampholders (4.4.4);
- ADD the requirement of connection mode of luminaires designed to be
connected by a standard lampholder or connector (4.4.10);
- Modify the application regulations for self-tapping screws (4.11.2);
- SUPPLEMENT the provisions of the lampholder torque test (4.12.4);
- Modify the test method of screwed glands and add specifications (4.12.5); - ADD the requirements for the means of adjustment of luminaires
installed within arm’s reach [4.14.3 b), 4.14.3 c)];
- Revise the title of Article 4.16 to "Luminaires for mounting on normally flammable surfaces"; indicate the corresponding symbols and warnings
in Annex N (4.16, Annex N);
- Regarding the protective shield, add metal halide lamps to applicable products; modify the specific requirements (4.21.1);
- Regarding the UV radiation of luminaires, add tungsten halogen lamps
to the applicable products; GIVE the function of the protective shield and the applicable conditions of Annex P. In Annex P, give the calculation
formula according to the maximum exposure time of 8 h per day (4.24.1,
Annex P);
- ADD requirements for the assessment of retinal blue light hazard (4.24.2); - Regarding terminal blocks with integrated screwless earthing contacts, add the mounting requirements (4.27);
- ADD the fixing requirements for thermal sensing controls (4.28);
11) Creepage distances and clearances
- Reduce some of the creepage distances and clearances specified in
Table 11.1;
- Modify and supplement the insulation requirements in Annex M Table
M.1 (Table M.1);
- Delete the requirements for IPX1 luminaires; ADD the relevant content to the newly-added informative Annex U.
12) Endurance test and thermal test
- Modify the relevant test method of thermal test (failed windings in lamp control gear) (12.6.1);
- Modify the test method of thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp control gear or electronic devices incorporated in thermoplastic
luminaires (12.7);
- ADD Annex W: Alternative thermal test for thermoplastic luminaires;
ADD Figure 32;
- Modify the contents of the thermal test arrangement of recessed
luminaires in Annex D;
- SUPPLEMENT the regulations for the test voltage of luminaires with
transformers or convertors (12.3, 12.4).
13) INCREASE the number of annexes; modify the numbers of related
annexes. CHANGE the previous Annex S to Annex R; CHANGE the
previous Annex T to Annex S; CHANGE the previous Annex U to Annex
T. ADD Annexes V, W, X and NA.
This Part, using translation method, is identical to IEC 60598-1:2014
"Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests".
China’s documents which have a consistent correspondence with the
international documents normatively referenced in this Part are given in Annex NA.
This Part has made the following editorial changes:
- CHANGE "Bibliography" to "References";
- ADD an informative Annex NA "List of comparison of numbers between
national standards and international standards".
Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests
0 General introduction
0.1 Scope
This Part of GB 7000 specifies general requirements for luminaires,
incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1000 V. The requirements and related tests of this Part cover: classification, marking, mechanical construction, electrical construction and photobiological safety.
Each section of this Part is read in conjunction with this Section 0 and with other relevant sections to which reference is made.
Each standard of Part 2 of GB 7000 details requirements for a particular type of luminaire or group of luminaires on supply voltages not exceeding 1000 V. These parts are published separately for ease of revision and additional sections will be added as and when a need for them is recognized.
The presentation of photometric data for luminaires is under consideration by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and is not, therefore, included in this Part.
Requirements are included in this Part for luminaires incorporating ignitors with nominal peak values of the voltage pulse not exceeding those of Table 11.2. The requirements apply to luminaires with ignitors built into ballasts and to luminaires with ignitors separate from ballasts. For luminaires with ignitors built into lamps, the requirements are under consideration.
Requirements for semi-luminaires are included in this Part.
In general, this Part covers safety requirements for luminaires. The object of this Part is to provide a set of requirements and tests which are considered to be generally applicable to most types of luminaires and which can be called up as required by the detail specifications of Part 2 of GB 7000. This Part is thus not regarded as a specification in itself for any type of luminaire, and its provisions apply only to particular types of luminaires to the extent determined by the appropriate part of particular requirements of GB 7000.
Standards of Part 2 of GB 7000, in making reference to any of the sections of this Part, specify the extent to which that section is applicable and the order in which the tests are to be performed; they also include additional requirements as necessary.
GB 19212.1-2008 Safety of power transformers, power supplies, reactors
and similar products - Part 1: General requirements and tests (IEC 61558- 1:2005, IDT)
IEC 60061 Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control of interchangeability and safety
IEC 60061-2 Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control of interchangeability and safety - Part 2: Lampholders
IEC 60061-3 Lamp caps and holders together with gauges for the control of interchangeability and safety - Part 3: Gauges
IEC 60065:2001 Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus - Safety
requirements Amendment 1:2005
IEC 60068-2-6:2007 Environmental testing - Part 2-6: Tests - Test Fc:
Vibration (sinusoidal)
IEC 60068-2-14:2009 Environmental testing - Part 2-14: Tests - Test N:
Change of temperature
IEC 60068-2-75 Environmental testing - Part 2-75: Tests - Test Eh: Hammer tests
IEC/TR 60083 P...

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