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GB 6675.1-2014 English PDF (GB6675.1-2014)

GB 6675.1-2014 English PDF (GB6675.1-2014)

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GB 6675.1-2014: Toys safety -- Part 1: Basic code

This Part of GB 6675 specifies the basic safety requirements and their implementation and supervision, legal responsibilities, etc. for toys. The basic safety requirements include the mechanical and physical properties, flammability properties, chemical properties, electrical properties, hygienic requirements, radiance properties and labelling requirements. This Part applies to toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. It also applies to products intended for use by children under 14 years of age which are not specially designed for play but have the function for play.
GB 6675.1-2014
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 97.200.50
Y 57
Replacing GB 6675-2003
T o y s s a f e t y ?€? P a r t 1 . B a s i c c o d e
ISSUED ON. MAY 6, 2014
IMPLEMENTED ON. JANUARY 1, 2016
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 6
3 Terms and definitions ... 7
4 General ... 11
5 Technical requirements ... 12
6 Implementation and supervision ... 19
7 Legal responsibilities ... 20
8 Others ... 20
Annex A (Normative) Warnings ... 21
Foreword
All technical content of this Part of GB 6675 is compulsory.
GB 6675 is a standard series relating to safety of toys, which comprises the parts as follows.
-- Basic code (GB 6675.1);
-- General requirements, including but not limited to Mechanical and physical properties (GB 6675.2), Flammability (GB 6675.3) and Migration of certain elements (GB 6675.4);
-- particular requirements. This Part is the requirements for certain products. This Part is Basic code for Safety of Toys. The products, which this Part applies to and comply with the general requirements and the particular requirements of the standard series, as well as GB 19865, are deemed to comply with the requirements of this Part. This Part was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009. This Part replaces GB 6675-2003, National safety technical code for toys. Compared with the partly replaced GB 6675, National safety technical code for toys, Clause 3 to Clause 8, the major changes of this Part are as follows.
-- Clause 1, Scope, reflects the adjustments of the applicable objects and the inapplicable scope, of this Part as a basic code. It extends the applicable objects scope and normalize the inapplicable scope in accordance with the toy
categories and non-toy categories.
-- with respect to the technical requirements of Clause 5, this Part only gives specifications in principle, and it provides significant adjustments in clauses and contents. The adjustments are as follows.
??? it adds 5.1.10 and 5.1.11;
??? it adds 5.2.3;
??? it adds 5.3.1, 5.3.2, 5.3.7;
??? it changes 4.3 of the former standard into 5.3.3 of the current standard; ??? it adds 5.4, 5.5 and 5.6;
??? it changes 4.4 of the former standard into 5.7.1, 5.7.2 and Annex A of the current standard.
-- with respect to the implementation and supervision of Clause 6, some adjustments are made in accordance with the CCC system and recall system of China. The adjustments are as follows.
Toys safety ?€? Part 1. Basic code
1 Scope
This Part of GB 6675 specifies the basic safety requirements and their implementation and supervision, legal responsibilities, etc. for toys. The basic safety requirements include the mechanical and physical properties, flammability properties, chemical properties, electrical properties, hygienic requirements, radiance properties and labelling requirements.
This Part applies to toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. It also applies to products intended for use by children under 14 years of age which are not specially designed for play but have the function for play.
This Standard applies to toys intended for sales and use within the territory of China (including trial and complimentary toys).
This Part does not apply to the toys as follows.
??? equipment for public activity space;
??? public automatic entertainment equipment, whether it requires the insertion of coins or not;
??? toy vehicles in which an internal combustion engine is installed;
??? toy steam engines and toys in which a toy steam engine is installed;
??? catapults/slingshots.
The following products are not deemed as toys in this Part.
??? decorations for holidays or celebrations;
??? collectible products which shall be labelled on themselves or their package in a clear and conspicuous manner, indicating they are for use by collectors 14 years of age and above. The examples of the category.
-- detailed models scaled down;
-- assembly kits of detailed models scaled down;
-- ethnic dolls and decorative dolls and other similar articles;
-- toy replicas of historical significance;
-- imitation firearms;
EXAMPLE. Stove with heating properties.
3.6
design speed
representative potential operating speed which is determined by the design of toys 3.7
activity toy
toy intended for family domestic use, intended to bear the mass of one or more children, the support structure which is connected to a crossbeam or carries with a crossbeam and which is intended for the play of children inside or on.
EXAMPLE. Swings, slides, carousels and climbing frames.
3.8
chemical toy
toy which is intended for the direct handling of chemical substances and mixtures and which is used in a manner appropriate to a given age group and under the supervision of an adult
3.9
olfactory board game
toy the purpose of which is to assist a child to learn to recognize different odours or flavours
3.10
cosmetic kit
toy the purpose of which is to assist a child to learn to make products such as fragrances, soaps, creams, shampoos, bath foams, glosses, lipsticks, other make-up, tooth-paste and conditioners
3.11
gustative game
toy the purpose of which is to allow children to make sweets or dishes which involve the use of food ingredients such as sweets, liquids, powders and aromas detachable/removable component
part or component that is intended to be removed from the toy without the use of tools 3.19
accessible
part or component, any area of the toy that can be contacted by any portion forward of the collar of the accessibility probe as described in GB 6675.2
3.20
packaging
material accompanying the toy when purchased, but having no intended play function 3.21
projectile
object without capacity for self-propulsion, intended to be launched into free flight 3.22
projectile toy
toy with a projectile propelled by energy imparted by children or by means of a discharge mechanism incapable of storing energy
3.23
simulated protective equipment
toys designed to mimic products which infer some sort of physical protection to the wearer
EXAMPLE. Toy helmets, toy visors and toy protective masks.
3.24
toy bicycle
two-wheeled vehicle, with or without stabilizers, with a maximum saddle height of 435 mm and which is propelled solely by the muscular energy of a child on that vehicle, in particular by means of pedals
3.25
wires and fasteners on toys shall minimize the injury hazards caused in contact with them.
5.1.3 The design and structure of toys shall prevent the hazards to human body because of the movement of toy components or minimize the hazards.
5.1.4 The design and manufacture of toys shall ensure.
a) that toys and their components shall be free from any hazard of strangling and suffocation;
b) that toys and their components shall be free from any hazards caused by blockage of respiratory tracts outside oral and nasal cavities and isolation of air circulation;
c) that toys and their components shall be free from any hazards caused by wedging into oral and nasal cavities, or blockage of entrance of lower respiratory tract, or isolation of air circulation;
d) that the dimensions of toys, toy components and their detachable parts, which are defined to be intended for use by children under 36 months of age, shall ensure that they are not ingested or inhaled by children. This requirement also applies to toys, toy components and their detachable parts which are intended to be placed in the mouth;
e) that the packaging used for distribution of toys shall be free from any hazard of strangling or suffocation caused by blockage of respiratory tracts of oral and nasal cavities;
f) that toys in food or mixed with food shall be packaged independently. The dimensions of their package shall avoid being ingested or inhaled by children; g) that toys, which are firmly adhered to food and can only be touched directly after the food is eaten, are prohibited. The components of toys directly adhered to food shall comply with the requirements of c) and d).
In e) and f), the package of spherical, ovoid or ellipsoidal toys and its detachable components, or any cylindrical toys packaged with a round end, their dimensions shall ensure they are free from hazards of suffocation caused by wedging in the oral cavity and throat or blockage of the entrance of lower respiratory tract.
5.1.5 The design and manufacture of aquatic toys shall give consideration to the recommend use modes of toys as much as possible, trying to minimize the hazards caused by toys?€? loss of buoyancy and children?€?s loss of support.
5.1.6 Toys, which form a closed space for entrants after they enter, shall be provided e) the dimensional proportion and structure shall be significantly different from system made firearms.
5.2 Flammability
5.2.1 Toys shall not constitute a hazardous combustion element in the environment for children. The materials of toys shall comply with one or more items as follows. a) that if they are directly exposed to flames, sparks or other potential fire sources, the materials shall not burn;
b) that they shall not have afterflame (extinguishing immediately after they are away from flames);
c) that if they are ignited, the spread of flames shall be at a low speed; d) that without considering the chemical composition of toys, the design of toys shall be capable of retarding combustion by means of their structure.
The above-mentioned materials shall not pose the risks of igniting other materials used for toys.
5.2.2 If toys contain hazardous substances or preparations specified by the State because of functions, especially the materials and installations used for chemical experiments, model assemblies, plastic/ceramics mould pressing, glazing, photographing or similar activities. They shall not become flammable substances because of the loss of volatile non-combustible ingredients.
5.2.3 Except the percussion caps of toys, toys shall not be explosives themselves, or contain explosive substances or ingredients which may cause injuries to children themselves or a third person.
5.2.4 Toys, particularly chemical game toys, shall not contain the following substances.
a) which will explode because of chemical reactions or heating when mixing; b) which will explode when mixed with oxides;
c) which contains volatile ingredients which are flammable in the air and liable to form flammable or explosive gas/air mixtures.
5.3 Chemical properties
5.3.1 The exposed chemical substances of toy products after normal use and abuse test shall not cause negative effects on the health of human body.
e) the warnings which play a decisive role in the purchase of toys, such as the labelling of the minimum or maximum ages of users and the applicable warnings specified in Annex A, shall appear on the consumer package or let the
consumers see clearly before purchase. And it shall include shopping online. f) electric toys shall be provided with the markings and instructions for use relating to electrical safety to warn carers and users to use toys properly to prevent the occurrence of hazards.
6 Implementation and supervision
6.1 Production, distribution and import
In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China and the Regulations for the Implementation of the Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China, the organizations and individuals involving in the research, production and distribution of toys shall implement this Part. Production, distribution and import of products, which do not comply with this Part, are prohibited. 6.2 Prosecution, appeal and complaint
In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China and the Regulations for the Implementation of the Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China, the state organs, enterprises and public institutions and all citizens shall have the right of prosecution, appeal and complaint with respect to the behaviours of this Part.
6.3 Supervision and inspection
In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Product Quality Law of the People's Republic of China, China implements a supervision and inspection system with the random inspection as the main method for the quality of toys (products). 6.4 Safety certification
The safety certification involved in this Part shall be implemented in accordance with national laws, regulations and provisions. China implements the National Compulsory Certification (CCC) for baby carriages, plastic toys, electric toys, metal toys, projectile toys and baby dolls.
6.5 Recall
For unreasonably hazardous toys which are identical and endanger the health and safety of children, they shall be implemented as required by the Administrative Provisions on the Recall of Children?€?s Toys.
devices, etc.) and indicate that if these inspection are not carried out, then toys may collapse or turn over.
Instructions for use shall also provide the correct installation method of toys, and indicate that if they are not installed correctly, hazards may occur in certain components. They shall also provide detailed information of the planes on which it is suitable to place toys.
A.2.3 Functional toys
Functional toys shall be provided with the following warning.
?€?Warning! Only use under the supervision of an adult.?€?
In addition, normally, if toys are the scale models of certain devices or products, the possible hazards of such devices or products shall be indicated in the accompanying instructions for use, to inform users of the precautions to be taken; and users shall be warned of the possible hazards if these precautions are not taken. Meanwhile, such toys shall be kept from the access of children under a certain age group; the above certain age group shall be designated by manufacturer.
A.2.4 Chemical toys
A.2.4.1 In case the clauses of the applicable laws on the classification, packaging and labelling of hazardous substances or mixtures, the instruction for use of toys containing intrinsic hazardous substances or mixtures shall indicate the warnings of the hazardous characteristics of these hazardous substances or mixtures, and describe the precautions taken by users to avoid corresponding hazards. With respect to these hazards, they can be explained briefly in accordance with different types of toys. The emergency treatments for a serious accident caused by the use of such toys shall also be indicated. Meanwhile, it shall also be pointed out that such toys shall be kept from the access of children under a certain age group; the above certain age group shall be designated by manufacturer.
A.2.4.2 In addition to the instructions specified in A.2.4.1, chemical toys shall be marked on the package of the following warning.
?€?Warning! Not suitable for children under xx years of age. Only use under the supervision of an adult.?€?
The following toys are deemed as chemical toys in particular. chemical kits, plastic embedded toys, small potting utensils, and glazing, photographing and similar toys where there is chemical reaction or similar substance transformation during the use process.

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